More or less to resist the Turkish Naval Forces, the Russian Black Sea fleet can only with additional resources and manpower of the armed forces of the Russian Federation.
MEKO type frigates
At the armed Turkish frigates are 8 projects MEKO 200 Track I and MEKO 200 Track II. Most of them is an old frigate "Yavuz" and "" Turgutreis ", built them back in West Germany in 1987 — 1988 years.
The main performance characteristics of the project MEKO 200 TN Series 1
Displacing 2,200 tons
Their length — 110.5 m
Width — 13.6 m
Draught — 3.7 m
High speed — 28 knots
Two-shaft power plant consists of 4 ships with a total capacity of diesel engines 40000 hp
Armament: Sea Sparrow SAM except for "Yavuz" are 2 launchers (with 4 missiles) anti-ship complex "Harpoon", a hangar for the helicopter deck of LAMPS
The crew — 180 people.
The next two ships of this project, "Fatih" and "Yildirim", 1988-1988 gg. Construction is already built in Turkey, their displacement increased to 2900 tonnes. Hulls designed taking into account the introduction of nuclear weapons, because of the Turkish Navy (which comes in NATO) were considered the main opponents of the Soviet Black Sea Fleet. Each compartment of the 12 was equipped with a ventilation system and battery fire, on every ship 2-va post vitality and energy. Frigate keeps fighting capacity of the flooding of 3 adjacent compartments.
Then the Turkish Navy frigate got 2 more MEKO 200 TN Series 2A — "Barbaros" and "Oruchreys" 1995-1996., Then 2 frigates 2B series of the same project — "Salihreys" (1998), "Kemalreys" (2000). They are distinguished by the fact that it was increased displacement — 3380 tons, greater stability, increased capacity — 4 GTE 60,000 horsepower, twice was increased ammunition for SAM Sea Sparrow (Aspide) and ASM "Harpoon".
F 241 "Turgutreis" in Istanbul's waters
Frigate F 243 "Yildirim"
Type frigates «Oliver Hazard Perry»
In 1998-2003, Ankara has received from the U.S. 8-NIL American frigate like "Oliver H. Perry" built 1978-1981. Coupled with the company Lockheed Martin, they have been upgraded to the Turkish shipyards.
Their main performance characteristics: Displacement of 4100 tons, greater speed of 30 knots, 41,000 horsepower turbine engine, such as weapons, as well as on the project MEKO 200 frigates, but twice the deck fleet — 2 helicopter Seahawk SH-60B.
F 490 frigate Gaziantep like "Oliver H. Perry" in Sevastopol Bay
Only these 16 frigates, able to strike the first salvo in 96 RCC.
Type frigates «Knox» Corvettes and type «D'Estienne d'Orves»
Not counting the 16 frigates 1st band of the Turkish Navy own 3-an old American-built frigates 1970-1972 of the "Knox".
TTX frigates "Knox"
Tonnage (standard) 3020 tons
Tonnage (full) 4163 tons
Great length 133.5 m
Width of 14.3 m large
Draft (to fade) 7.6 m
Power plant 1 GEMs
Capacity of 35,000 liters. s.
Maximum speed of 27 knots
Cruising range of 4,500 miles at 20 knots
The crew of 244 people (including 13 officers)
Armament: Armament 1×1 127mm AC Mk. 42
Torpedo-mine armament 4×3 324-mm tubes
Antiship weapons 1X8 Harpoon anti-ship missiles
Antisubmarine armament 1×8 PU MK16 PLRK ASROC
Anti-aircraft weapons mounted SAM Sea Sparrow, or Zaw Vulcan Phalanx
Air Force 1 helicopter
Frigate of the "Knox".
In addition there are 6 French-built corvettes. 1974-1976 years, they are armed with PRK "Exocet". The Turks are planning to throw them in service until 2028, when they will change 8 corvettes Turkish construction project MilGem.
Corvette F500 «Bozcaada" type of D'Estienne D'Orves comes in Sevastopol Bay
Prospects for the Turkish Navy
The lead ship of the latest series of the project MilGem F511 "Heybeliada" (with the introduction of stealth technology in the design of the case) launched.
The basic performance characteristics of the corvette: displacement — 1325 tons, length — 99.5 m, width — 14 m, draft — 3.7 m; weapons: anti-ship missiles, "Harpoon" (4 pcs., 1 PD) and the helicopter Seahawk SH-60B, new functional radar Station type Smart-S Mk2 3D medium range, working in the F-band (Norwegian Development)
F 511 Heybeliada at berth-deck factory in Istanbul
F 511 "Heybeliada" sea trials
In addition, together with the experts at the Turkish designers from companies Lockheed Martin, Saab Bofors Dynamics (missile weapon, Sweden) and Kongsberg Gruppen (shipboard systems, Norway) are working on-air defense frigate project TF-2000. The head frigate series of 6 ships will be laid in 2014. The layout of the promising Turkish frigate was a Norwegian frigate F-310 Fridtjof Nansen kitted combat information and control system with the Aegis radar SPY-1F. The Turkish fleet on the way to the establishment of a large command and control systems, as frigates, corvettes, missile boats, submarines become a common combat system.
As part of the Turkish Navy has 12 missile boats, planned to build a new mine-sweeping ships of "Alania", the construction of new patrol boats — Golcuk, Dearsan, Istanbul Denizcilik, ADIK, Celik Tekne, Desan and Sedef RMK, made programm building tank-landing ships .
Modern Turkish Navy — is a harsh force, which is constantly increasing and improving their abilities.