Dogs of the Russian army on the front lines of World War I

After the first few months of the first World War, the band edge froze vegetable garden barbed wire and covered with minefields. It is in this period, the widespread use of suddenly got a four-legged friends of people dog. Dogs were used as signalers, medics, security guards, all taking part in the war of the country.

Dogs Russian army on the front lines of World War I

Dogs Russian army on the front lines of World War I

Dogs Russian army on the front lines of World War I

Dogs Russian army on the front lines of World War I

Dogs Russian army on the front lines of World War I

The first implementation of the dogs in the Russian military command has decided to organize the Southwestern Front, flu service appeared in the shelves of good bands. First, the spring of 1915, State Councilor Lebedev, in the town of Lviv in Ukraine organized a "school of military guard dogs and sanitation," which he had previously engaged in training police dogs. Which began in May 1915, the coming of the Austrian army forced the evacuation of a school in Kiev. Coupled with the move and there was a change of control, as the head was appointed Lieutenant-Captain Prince Shcherbatov experienced hunter and a military officer. The school appeared approved staff and first instruction on the use of dogs. The Manual states: "With the proper respect and a decent education, dog can become an indispensable assistant in secret at the forefront of the band, for detection of enemy intelligence and subversive parties for the transmission of reports in cases gust telephone under strong enemy fire and to find and eject from the battlefield the wounded warriors. " In the state of Skoda considered six instructors and 109 enlisted men, of whom attended special on appeal with the dogs. In the school in the main office credited to former instructors noncommissioned police officers who know how to work with the dogs were picked up in the lower ranks of the educated people of infantry, cavalry regiments and hunting teams. The contingent consisted of four-legged ex-police dogs, and dogs voluntarily transferred to the school by their masters, number students were recruited according to the number of dogs. In autumn 1916 the school there were 97 dogs of their Airedales 19, 12 Dobermans, 3 beagles, 37 Central European Shepherd, 21, a Belgian shepherd, and 5 captured.

First graduates of the school went to the front line at the end of September 1916. 23 September 12 four-legged students trained were oriented in the 136th Taganrog and Novocherkassiy 145th infantry regiments, the 12th Hussars Akhtyrsky regiment, Kabardian horse regiment. From now on school began to make regular issues of cooked dogs.

After the start of the permanent replacements dogs fighting advanced units, Front Command and the head of the school engaged in gathering information about the actual combat service issued pets. Reviews of advanced units commanders were in the main positive.

So for example the third commander of the Life Guards Infantry Regiment, Major General Usov January 17, 1916 reported: "In view of the undisputed usefulness brought by dogs while on duty communications, please do not refuse to despatch entrusted to me Regiment 6 dogs. During the reporting period for dogs Delivered reports were used more than once, and always with success and usefulness. Now number dogs decreased due to the loss in battle. "

The commander of the 71st Infantry Regiment Belevsky General Galkin gave following comment: "We sincerely thank for sending the dog" tungsten ". Serves fine. If perhaps wanted to get another one, as a service for the few."

In the end, of a partisan detachment of the 12th Cavalry Division, said two dogs "have made many wonderful intelligence."
But there were also cases when some army leaders were unhappy with their four-legged soldiers.

Thus, in March 1916 the commander of the 16th Infantry Regiment, sent to him by asking to deduct the service dogs because of their unfitness for the intelligence service. A similar report was received from the 4th Infantry Zaamurskogo border it said: "Two dogs escaped from the collar lowered one deaf two bad bear guard service, apparently having lost the scent."

Self managing school staff-captain Shcherbatov noted that such misunderstandings are caused by the reluctance of officers to be held view instructors, counselors about the procedure and methods of implementing the dogs, the dogs also hurt performance fighter inflicted habit to feed them the remains of their own food. Found in food spices and salt partly fought off the dogs nose, school feeding dogs specially in the main raw meat.

But all the same the whole experiments with dogs in the front received a positive assessment of command of divisions and armies of the South-Western Front.

These are the results of the first dog on the introduction of advanced Headquarters Supreme Commander forced to think about the equipment of the army in the entire four-legged structure. Chiefs of Staff and Commander of the Army has been focused telegram demanding the reviews and make demands on the need and the number of dogs. In acquired in response to the reports was reported that the views of the majority of army control to organize the regimental command — to 6 dogs in the cavalry and 8 — in the infantry.

Rate was approved by the state for 2000 dogs. School was tasked, to supply the required amount of troops dogs. So many pets school did not have, because the chief command of the front of the school offered to requisition applicable to combat service dogs in the population. Requisition of the event can be called very conditional, with the trained dogs were given price 60-125 rubles for nedressirovannyh 25-45 rubles. Greatest preference Airedales, Dobermans, Rottweilers, and sheepdogs.

To the chagrin of information about the fate of the upcoming dog school and released her pets did not survive.

In conclusion I would like to mention about the barbaric project V.P.Priklonskogo of a sovereign, who proposed the use of dogs as human min. The plan Priklonsky, mines should be fixed on the body of a dog or trans
ported on a cart, use of such live mines planned for the destruction of the fortifications and field-type barbed wire. Against such barbaric use of dogs made by the head of the school Shcherbatov than many lives and helped four-legged friends of man.

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