Dogs on the front majestically Russian

The first animals in the military service of man are not horses and elephants. If you are going to plunder the adjacent villages, primitive tribes took the dogs with them. They defended the owners of the dogs of the enemy, and attacked the enemy, greatly facilitated the melee. Dog chased the defeated enemy, rapidly find the escaped prisoners. In peacetime, the dogs helped guard — guarding the village, bullpen, military troops on the march. In the sixth century before our era dogs have adapted to wear special collars, covered with ground edges. Later, the animals began to clothe a special iron armor that protected them from the cool tools. Armor closed the back and sides of the dog, and the Mail Connection covered the chest, arms and tummy. Still later came the dog hats made of metal.

For millennia, the dog was a very special animal fights. The Celts worshiped the god of war Gesu who took the guise of a dog. Dogs appreciated, grown and trained as a fighter prof. But in the twentieth century, almost everything has changed. There are new types of firearms, such as rifles and a machine gun. The cost of the lives of individual men, including the four-legged, fell to a minimum. Indeed, that could oppose the dog Small Arms. But the friends of man are not lost from the field of battle, they just had to learn a completely new profession.

Dogs in WWIIThe founder of a service dog in the Russian Union said Vsevolod Yazikova dog handlers. He has written a lot of books on dog training and use of dogs on the front. Later, he developed methods have been used as the basis of theoretical and practical training with the dogs in the army.

Back in 1919, the scientist-canine proposed headquarters of the Red Army to organize a service dog in the Red Army. Thinking nothing less than 5 years of the Revolutionary Military Council issued an order under the number 1089, according to which the capital on the basis of the school shooting "The Shot" was formed nursery sports and military dogs, under the title "Red Star". It became the first governor Nikita Yevtushenko. In the first of spices was a big drawback involved hunters, employees of criminal investigation and even circus trainers. To promote this good cause in the autumn of 1925 was organized by the All-Union Exhibition guard breeds, extensive press coverage. Students nursery showed the role of dogs is very beautiful staging a fight with shooting and smoke zaavesyu. Soon after that the whole country in the system began to appear Osoaviahima clubs and groups of dog. Initially, four-legged friends trained for reconnaissance, patrol, messengers and sanitation needs. Since the 30s, the dogs began to teach the undermining of tanks. And the first 1935 the dog has been tested for suitability for subversive activities. Of dogs dumped in special boxes with a parachute. On the back of their saddles were fixed with explosives, which they were supposed to deliver to the intended targets of the enemy. The death of a dog at all it was not expected, since she could just get rid of the seat thanks to a special mechanism. The tests have shown that dogs can completely do such acts of sabotage, as undermining the Tank-Automotive equipment, railway bridges and different structures. In 1938, the year of Languages Vsevolod died during Stalin's purges, but put it to them thrived. In the late 30's was a favorite of the USSR on the effectiveness of the implementation of dogs in the military, preparing four-legged soldiers on eleven types of services.

First baptism of our dogs were held in 1939, taking part in the winding up of the Japanese troops in the Halkin-Gol. There they were used in the main for the patrol and communication goals. Later, the Finnish war, where the dogs successfully found hiding in trees snipers "cuckoo." When the majestic Russian war, registered Osoaviahima across the country stood for more than forty thousand dogs. Only clubs Metropolitan area immediately sent to the front for more than 14 thousand of their own pets. Specialists clubs have done a tremendous job for the special equipment for the dogs. Many of them as counselors, nurses driving units headed to the front. Assisted other clubs service dog, as ordinary citizens. To train the necessary military profession adopted the Central Asian, German, South Russia, the Caucasian Shepherd Dog, Husky all varieties, hounds and mestizos of these rocks. On the territory of Ukraine and the North Caucasus fought and other species: short-haired and wire-haired continental cops, dogs, setters, hounds and their mestizo. During the war, the completion of a canine troops are almost always right on the spot by the withholding of dogs in the population or capture the enemy. By some estimates only Lofty Russian war on our part has taken the role of some seventy thousand four-legged friends, of whom 168 were formed separate groups. Pedigree and not so great and small, smooth and fluffy dogs brought their own contribution to the victory. From Moscow to Berlin and they marched shoulder on shoulder, along with Russian soldiers, sharing with them the trench, and rations.

24 June 1945 year on the Red Square in Moscow Victory Parade was excellent. The number of participants was more than fifty thousand man. There was attended by soldiers, officers and generals from all fronts of the Karelian and up to fourth Ukrainian, a composite regiment of the Navy and of the Metropolitan Area of the military. Once on the pavement rumbled Russian tanks drove artillery, cavalry progartsevala appeared … combined battalion of dogs. They ran off the left leg of their own guides, keeping the right alignment.

Dogs in WWII
Russian military dog breeders separate battalion communication with connected dogs

Service dogs during the war was very different. Sled dogs and sanitation have brought perhaps the most useful. Under fire, the Nazis, on sledges, carts and sleds depending on time of year and location criteria, dog sleds were taken from the field severely wounded soldier and a ride to the parts of ammunition. Thanks to the ingenuity and skills of, canine teams worked perfectly in harmony. There are many stories about dogs from Nartova sleds on the Karelian front. In the conditions of a complex forest and marshland, in the midst of the deepest snow and impassable roads that could not move even a horse, light sleigh rides have become the main mode of transport, delivering power to the front and ammunition, as swiftly and safely evacuates the wounded soldier.

Alone dogs made their way to places inaccessible medics. Crawled to the wounded, bleeding soldiers, four-legged friends were substituted for hanging on the side of the medical bag. Fighter had to dress the wound itself, then dog went on. Their unmistakable flair than once helped distinguish the living from the dead man. There are cases where dogs licked the faces of the soldiers that are in a semi-conscious state, bringing them to life. And during the terrible winter dog warmed freezes people.

It is believed that during the years of war have taken out more than 600 dogs thousands of seriou
sly wounded soldier officers brought combat units around 4 thousand tons of ammunition.

Dogsled counselor Dmitry Trohova, consisting of 4 huskies, three years and a half thousand carried the wounded Russian soldier. Troch only received the Order of the Red Star and three medal "For Courage". At the same time, the medic, which rendered the battlefield and more than eighty people were given the title of Hero of the Russian Union.

About 6 thousand mine-detecting dogs together with their counselors and combat engineers found and defused four million mines, bombs and other explosives. After saving a huge amount of human lives, the dogs had a huge help in clearance of large cities such as Belgorod, Odessa, Kiev, Vitebsk, Novgorod, Polotsk, Berlin, Prague, Warsaw, Budapest and Vienna. In total, they took part in the clearance of over three hundred cities. They have been tested fifteen thousand kilometers of military roads. The soldiers, working with these dogs were firmly convinced that the sites and objects tested their four-legged pets, it is not dangerous.

Dogs in WWII
Grave of the German working dog in the USSR. Plate inscription "Our watchdog Greif, 11.09.38-16.04.42." The territory of the USSR, spring 1942

Message of November 17, 1944, the first year all directions from the chief engineer troops of the Red Army: "Specially trained dogs, mine detectors, successfully completed their puzzle in Iasi-Kishenevsky operation. Their platoon accompanied the tanks during the depth of the zone barriers opponent. Dogs were traveling on the armor and did not direct attention to the noise of the engines and the firing of guns. In suspicious places mine-detecting dogs under cover of tank fire was carried out reconnaissance and detection of mines. "

In the difficult situation the dog is not just the soldiers and rescued as signalers. Small size and the highest speed of doing their difficult target. Also in winter, they are often put on white camouflage robe. Under heavy machine-gun and artillery fire dog overcame impassable for human space swam across the river, delivering reports to the place of destination. Trained in a special way they acted in the main under cover of darkness swiftly and secretly doing the job to decide the fate of entire fights. There are cases where dogs would either creep up when he was mortally wounded.

During the war dogs brought over 150 thousand principal reports, paved eight thousand kilometers telephone wire that is more than the distance between Berlin and New York. Connected to the dogs, and was assigned to another function. They trusted the delivery of newspapers to the front lines and letters, and sometimes even orders and medals, if there was no ability to get through without losses to the subdivision.

The main problem of all dogs, signalmen were German sniper. One dog named Alma was to convey the fundamental documents. As she ran, the sniper could shoot her two ears and crushed jaw. But still the Alma carried out the task. Unfortunately, it was her last, had to euthanize the dog. Another more daring dog Rex successfully delivered more than a thousand reports. During the battle for the Dnieper, three times during the 1st day or swam across the river. There was a time not injured, but was famous for always getting to Fri destination.

The absolute worst part, of course, was prepared for a dog-fighter tanks. During the war the four-legged soldiers was made about three hundred successful bombings armored fascists. Especially dogs bombers were noted in the battles of Stalingrad, Leningrad, Bryansk, Kursk and in the defense of Moscow. Such loss, equal to two panzer divisions, the Nazis taught to fear and respect the shaggy enemies. There are cases when an enemy tank attack ended in shameful flight, both in the field of view of the Nazis appeared hung with bomb dogs. Swift, inconspicuous dogs was very hard to stop machine-gun fire, try to use them against the network also suffered misfortune. Animals simultaneously getting to the dead zone, ran up to the tank or diving back under the moving fortress, hitting one of the most feeble of places — the bottom.
Only by the end of 1943, the German tank crews have learned to fit to kill dogs, at one point arose before them. How many dogs have died performing similar tasks, for sure it is not clear. I dare to imagine that a lot more than three hundred square meters. Initially supposed to be equipped with a special saddle with dogs explosives. Under the bottom of the tank, the dog had to bring relief mechanism, parallel to activating the fuse, and turn back. But the introduction of similar complex waste min showed their ineffectiveness in a real fight, then from their abandoned.

Dogs priuchivali to the task, placing a bowl of food near the truck caterpillar instigated the tank. In the battle with the dogs tethered mines produced from the trenches at a small angle to the path of enemy tanks. Oh, and then they subconsciously ran under the tracks. If the dog is killed on the way to the goal and the task is not completed, it returns to the owner's property Zhuchka has targeted for safety our sniper, included only for that part of the canine unit. That's it for the sake of winning the war by deceit man banished four-legged friends to certain death.

Dogs in WWII
Delivery of Russian field hospital for the wounded sleds with dogs. Germany 1945 year

From the report of Lieutenant-General Dmitry Lelyushenko the fall of 1941, during the fierce battles of Moscow: "In view of the massive introduction of enemy tanks fundamental part of the anti-tank defenses are dogs. Enemy fighters afraid of dogs, and even deliberately gunning for them. "

Separate jobs for dogs bombers were raiding operations. With them were blowing up trains and railway bridges, railway tracks and other strategic concepts of objects. Sabotage groups prepared separately. Commission specially made painstakingly inspected every person and every dog. After that, a group of Germans threw in the rear.

Used in dogs and patrol purposes. They found the Nazis NIGHT MODE and in not a good weather, walking with them in outposts and were sitting in ambush. Four-legged friends when an enemy is not barking and running toward him. Only on special tension leash and direction of the body a man could find the form and place of the impending threat.

There have been cases of capture in "captivity" of the German dogs. For example, on the Kalinin Front in 1942, into the hands of Russian soldiers got dog nicknamed Harsh, who served previously in a punitive detachment, seeking
out the guerrillas. Fortunately poor dog is not put to the wall, and retrained and sent into the ranks of dogs Russian Army. Later Harsh could not just show off their remarkable properties of the guard.

Dogs scouts together with their counselors successfully passed through the forward positions Germans found the hidden gun emplacements, ambushes, secrets, and helped in the capture of "tongues." Well-coordinated team of "man-dog" worked so silently, swiftly and surely that sometimes get up truly unique things. A case where a scout with the dog slipped unobtrusively inside the fortress swarming Germans, after staying in it and returned safely back.

Dogs in WWII
Russian soldiers counselors are dog-tank destroyers

During the defense of Leningrad was caught message German officer reported to the headquarters of the fact that their position at one point attacked by the crazed Russian dogs. These fascists have appeared to fully healthy animals that stand in the service of a special military unit, and taking part in the fighting.

Dogs were used in the units of Smersh. They found the enemy saboteurs, disguised as German snipers. Usually, in such a detachment included one or two infantry branch, the messenger with the radio, on-line employee of the NKVD and the leader with a dog trained service and forensic activities.

The archives GUKR "Smersh" was found following investigative notes: "We consider it necessary to recall that during the operation in the forest Shilovichi all dogs, owning a distant scent or having experience of finding caches and caches should be used on the most promising areas." And then further: "In the morning exercise walking their dog sluggish and had a sad look. Students at all it did not try to cheer them. Unit commanders declared outfit out of turn. "

Obviously, not all front-line dogs were a good dog training. Come across Russian soldiers in the liberated towns skinny mutts often became alive mascots units. They lived together with the people on the front, keeping the morale of the soldier.

In the middle of mine-detecting dogs have their own unique persons, forever gone down in history. Dog named Dzhul'bars, who served in the fourteenth assault field engineer brigade, are of extraordinary flair. Despite the fact that he was trained in all existed at the time kinds of services, "Rogue", as it is called war, distinguished himself in the search for min. Documented recorded that in the period from September 1944 to August 1945, he found a seven and a half thousand mines and shells. Only hearken to that number. Due to only one German Shepherd, have survived many globally significant monuments of architecture in Prague, Vienna, Kanev, Kiev, on the Danube. Dzhul'bars was invited to take part in the Victory Parade, but he could not walk, recovering from injuries acquired. Then the top management of the country ordered the dog to carry arms. Lieutenant Colonel Alexander Mazover, which is the main cynologist service dog and the commander of Battalion 30 of the seventh individual clearance, fulfilling the wishes of the authorities. He was not even allowed to salute the commander in chief and not a measured pace. After the war, the big-name Dzhul'bars participated in the filming of the movie "White Fang."

Lofty war justified the effectiveness of the implementation of dogs in the military. After the war, the Soviet Union occupied the first place in the world on the use of dogs for military purposes. Our allies have also used dogs in the service. The most beloved rock the U.S. military was a Doberman pinscher. They were used on all fronts as spies, messengers, engineers, sappers and marines. Four-legged pets perfectly followed the trail and worked on patrol, standing up at the end of the bay, not fear no fire, no water, jump to overcome any obstacles that could climb the ladder and do many other useful features. When these dogs were officially accepted into the United States Marine Corps, some well-worn officers indignantly stated: "Look, what has come to housing? '. But life has to judge who was right. According to the statistics of any one Marine died on patrol when a detachment led Doberman. Nor one Japanese, and has not managed to secretly infiltrate NIGHT MODE of the parts of the Marine Corps, if their four-legged security guard. And where they were not, the Japanese military forays led to tangible losses. Then Dobermans Marines were severely nickname "Devil Dogs."

In the Pacific Ocean, on the peninsula of Guam is a bronze monument depicting a sitting Doberman. He was placed Americans July 21, 1994, the year after 50 years after the liberation of the island. Storming the Japanese fortifications cost the lives of 20 5 service dogs, but for all that they helped ten times more infantrymen.

The French in the main used on the front, smooth-haired shepherd dog breed Beauceron. Is their pride, and similar to the Rottweiler and Doberman dogs left after the war only a few 10-s. It took a lot of effort to find a few purebred beaucerons and revive the breed of French sheep dogs.

For their feats of canine counselors get new titles, decorations and medals. Their own pets, delivshim par with them all the hardships of military life, it is often in the thick of war in the Russian Union no awards were not supposed to. In the best case, it was a piece of sugar. The only dog, was awarded the medal "For Military Merit", a famous Dzhul'bars. At Yankee was also an official ban on the rewarding of all animals. But in some countries, for example in England, the dogs were assigned rank and merit were awarded. All took place in a festive atmosphere like award ceremonies person.

Known curious thing that happened to Winston Churchill, who wished to be at one of the glorious return of the Order of the dog together with the members of the High Command. During the ceremony, Laika, emboldened bitten by the Prime Minister for his leg. According to the story the dog forgiven. Whether this is true or not is not clear for sure, but Churchill later admitted that he loves cats.

In 1917, Maria Dickin founded in the UK veterinary charity care company unwell and injured animals (PDSA). In 1943, this lady has organized a special medal for all the animals who have distinguished themselves during the war. First dog, which received merit was English spaniel named Rob, who has made more than 20 parachute jumps, taking part in the framework of the 10-fighting operations. During the war such medals awarded eighteen dogs and three horses, 30, one blue and one cat.

In the thirties of the last century, a number of scientists in Germany have put forward the idea that dogs possess abstract thinking, as well, as it should be taught human speech. Of course, the Fuhrer acquainted with this theory, the historians found the Berlin documents showing that Hitler had invested heavily in the construction of a special schoo
l for dogs. The Fuhrer was very attached to his own German shepherd Blondie, which he gave the order to kill a cyanide pill before he committed suicide. He was firmly convinced that the dogs do not mind people are inferior and ordered the SS officers prepare a project for the training of these pets. The schools German trainers and scientists have tried to teach dogs of human speech, reading and writing. According to reports, the military studied even managed to achieve some success. One Airedale learned with grief in half to use the alphabet. The other dog, a shepherd, according to the assurances of scientists was able to speak in German, the phrase "My Fuhrer". To the chagrin of more significant evidence for this in the archives found.

In these days of, even in spite of the rapid scientific and technological progress, the dogs remain as before the service of the country, while continuing to properly serve the people. Trained dogs will certainly come in groups of Inspection Team at customs, they are used in patrolling the cities in search operations of firearms and explosives, including plastic.

One English bloodhound, nicknamed Tammy has adapted perfectly to search for contraband consignments of marine mollusks. She was sent to "military service" on the customs in South America and almost a couple of months posed a danger whole criminal business in the region. Desperate offenders "ordered" the dog, but fortunately the attempt failed. After that, for the first time in the world the dog has several bodyguards. Armed guards watching all the valuable dog 20 hours a day.

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