For millennia, the dog was a very special animal fights. The Celts worshiped the god of war Gesu who took the guise of a dog. Dogs appreciated, grown and trained as a fighter prof. But in the twentieth century, almost everything has changed. There are new types of firearms, such as rifles and a machine gun. The cost of the lives of individual men, including the four-legged, fell to a minimum. Indeed, that could oppose the dog Small Arms. But the friends of man are not lost from the field of battle, they just had to learn a completely new profession.
The founder of a service dog in the Russian Union said Vsevolod Yazikova dog handlers. He has written a lot of books on dog training and use of dogs on the front. Later, he developed methods have been used as the basis of theoretical and practical training with the dogs in the army.
Back in 1919, the scientist-canine proposed headquarters of the Red Army to organize a service dog in the Red Army. Thinking nothing less than 5 years of the Revolutionary Military Council issued an order under the number 1089, according to which the capital on the basis of the school shooting "The Shot" was formed nursery sports and military dogs, under the title "Red Star". It became the first governor Nikita Yevtushenko. In the first of spices was a big drawback involved hunters, employees of criminal investigation and even circus trainers. To promote this good cause in the autumn of 1925 was organized by the All-Union Exhibition guard breeds, extensive press coverage. Students nursery showed the role of dogs is very beautiful staging a fight with shooting and smoke zaavesyu. Soon after that the whole country in the system began to appear Osoaviahima clubs and groups of dog. Initially, four-legged friends trained for reconnaissance, patrol, messengers and sanitation needs. Since the 30s, the dogs began to teach the undermining of tanks. And the first 1935 the dog has been tested for suitability for subversive activities. Of dogs dumped in special boxes with a parachute. On the back of their saddles were fixed with explosives, which they were supposed to deliver to the intended targets of the enemy. The death of a dog at all it was not expected, since she could just get rid of the seat thanks to a special mechanism. The tests have shown that dogs can completely do such acts of sabotage, as undermining the Tank-Automotive equipment, railway bridges and different structures. In 1938, the year of Languages Vsevolod died during Stalin's purges, but put it to them thrived. In the late 30's was a favorite of the USSR on the effectiveness of the implementation of dogs in the military, preparing four-legged soldiers on eleven types of services.
First baptism of our dogs were held in 1939, taking part in the winding up of the Japanese troops in the Halkin-Gol. There they were used in the main for the patrol and communication goals. Later, the Finnish war, where the dogs successfully found hiding in trees snipers "cuckoo." When the majestic Russian war, registered Osoaviahima across the country stood for more than forty thousand dogs. Only clubs Metropolitan area immediately sent to the front for more than 14 thousand of their own pets. Specialists clubs have done a tremendous job for the special equipment for the dogs. Many of them as counselors, nurses driving units headed to the front. Assisted other clubs service dog, as ordinary citizens. To train the necessary military profession adopted the Central Asian, German, South Russia, the Caucasian Shepherd Dog, Husky all varieties, hounds and mestizos of these rocks. On the territory of Ukraine and the North Caucasus fought and other species: short-haired and wire-haired continental cops, dogs, setters, hounds and their mestizo. During the war, the completion of a canine troops are almost always right on the spot by the withholding of dogs in the population or capture the enemy. By some estimates only Lofty Russian war on our part has taken the role of some seventy thousand four-legged friends, of whom 168 were formed separate groups. Pedigree and not so great and small, smooth and fluffy dogs brought their own contribution to the victory. From Moscow to Berlin and they marched shoulder on shoulder, along with Russian soldiers, sharing with them the trench, and rations.
Service dogs during the war was very different. Sled dogs and sanitation have brought perhaps the most useful. Under fire, the Nazis, on sledges, carts and sleds depending on time of year and location criteria, dog sleds were taken from the field severely wounded soldier and a ride to the parts of ammunition. Thanks to the ingenuity and skills of, canine teams worked perfectly in harmony. There are many stories about dogs from Nartova sleds on the Karelian front. In the conditions of a complex forest and marshland, in the midst of the deepest snow and impassable roads that could not move even a horse, light sleigh rides have become the main mode of transport, delivering power to the front and ammunition, as swiftly and safely evacuates the wounded soldier.
Alone dogs made their way to places inaccessible medics. Crawled to the wounded, bleeding soldiers, four-legged friends were substituted for hanging on the side of the medical bag. Fighter had to dress the wound itself, then dog went on. Their unmistakable flair than once helped distinguish the living from the dead man. There are cases where dogs licked the faces of the soldiers that are in a semi-conscious state, bringing them to life. And during the terrible winter dog warmed freezes people.
It is believed that during the years of war have taken out more than 600 dogs thousands of seriou
sly wounded soldier officers brought combat units around 4 thousand tons of ammunition.
About 6 thousand mine-detecting dogs together with their counselors and combat engineers found and defused four million mines, bombs and other explosives. After saving a huge amount of human lives, the dogs had a huge help in clearance of large cities such as Belgorod, Odessa, Kiev, Vitebsk, Novgorod, Polotsk, Berlin, Prague, Warsaw, Budapest and Vienna. In total, they took part in the clearance of over three hundred cities. They have been tested fifteen thousand kilometers of military roads. The soldiers, working with these dogs were firmly convinced that the sites and objects tested their four-legged pets, it is not dangerous.
In the difficult situation the dog is not just the soldiers and rescued as signalers. Small size and the highest speed of doing their difficult target. Also in winter, they are often put on white camouflage robe. Under heavy machine-gun and artillery fire dog overcame impassable for human space swam across the river, delivering reports to the place of destination. Trained in a special way they acted in the main under cover of darkness swiftly and secretly doing the job to decide the fate of entire fights. There are cases where dogs would either creep up when he was mortally wounded.
During the war dogs brought over 150 thousand principal reports, paved eight thousand kilometers telephone wire that is more than the distance between Berlin and New York. Connected to the dogs, and was assigned to another function. They trusted the delivery of newspapers to the front lines and letters, and sometimes even orders and medals, if there was no ability to get through without losses to the subdivision.
The absolute worst part, of course, was prepared for a dog-fighter tanks. During the war the four-legged soldiers was made about three hundred successful bombings armored fascists. Especially dogs bombers were noted in the battles of Stalingrad, Leningrad, Bryansk, Kursk and in the defense of Moscow. Such loss, equal to two panzer divisions, the Nazis taught to fear and respect the shaggy enemies. There are cases when an enemy tank attack ended in shameful flight, both in the field of view of the Nazis appeared hung with bomb dogs. Swift, inconspicuous dogs was very hard to stop machine-gun fire, try to use them against the network also suffered misfortune. Animals simultaneously getting to the dead zone, ran up to the tank or diving back under the moving fortress, hitting one of the most feeble of places — the bottom.
Only by the end of 1943, the German tank crews have learned to fit to kill dogs, at one point arose before them. How many dogs have died performing similar tasks, for sure it is not clear. I dare to imagine that a lot more than three hundred square meters. Initially supposed to be equipped with a special saddle with dogs explosives. Under the bottom of the tank, the dog had to bring relief mechanism, parallel to activating the fuse, and turn back. But the introduction of similar complex waste min showed their ineffectiveness in a real fight, then from their abandoned.
Dogs priuchivali to the task, placing a bowl of food near the truck caterpillar instigated the tank. In the battle with the dogs tethered mines produced from the trenches at a small angle to the path of enemy tanks. Oh, and then they subconsciously ran under the tracks. If the dog is killed on the way to the goal and the task is not completed, it returns to the owner's property Zhuchka has targeted for safety our sniper, included only for that part of the canine unit. That's it for the sake of winning the war by deceit man banished four-legged friends to certain death.
Separate jobs for dogs bombers were raiding operations. With them were blowing up trains and railway bridges, railway tracks and other strategic concepts of objects. Sabotage groups prepared separately. Commission specially made painstakingly inspected every person and every dog. After that, a group of Germans threw in the rear.
Used in dogs and patrol purposes. They found the Nazis NIGHT MODE and in not a good weather, walking with them in outposts and were sitting in ambush. Four-legged friends when an enemy is not barking and running toward him. Only on special tension leash and direction of the body a man could find the form and place of the impending threat.
out the guerrillas. Fortunately poor dog is not put to the wall, and retrained and sent into the ranks of dogs Russian Army. Later Harsh could not just show off their remarkable properties of the guard.
Dogs scouts together with their counselors successfully passed through the forward positions Germans found the hidden gun emplacements, ambushes, secrets, and helped in the capture of "tongues." Well-coordinated team of "man-dog" worked so silently, swiftly and surely that sometimes get up truly unique things. A case where a scout with the dog slipped unobtrusively inside the fortress swarming Germans, after staying in it and returned safely back.
Dogs were used in the units of Smersh. They found the enemy saboteurs, disguised as German snipers. Usually, in such a detachment included one or two infantry branch, the messenger with the radio, on-line employee of the NKVD and the leader with a dog trained service and forensic activities.
Obviously, not all front-line dogs were a good dog training. Come across Russian soldiers in the liberated towns skinny mutts often became alive mascots units. They lived together with the people on the front, keeping the morale of the soldier.
Lofty war justified the effectiveness of the implementation of dogs in the military. After the war, the Soviet Union occupied the first place in the world on the use of dogs for military purposes. Our allies have also used dogs in the service. The most beloved rock the U.S. military was a Doberman pinscher. They were used on all fronts as spies, messengers, engineers, sappers and marines. Four-legged pets perfectly followed the trail and worked on patrol, standing up at the end of the bay, not fear no fire, no water, jump to overcome any obstacles that could climb the ladder and do many other useful features. When these dogs were officially accepted into the United States Marine Corps, some well-worn officers indignantly stated: "Look, what has come to housing? '. But life has to judge who was right. According to the statistics of any one Marine died on patrol when a detachment led Doberman. Nor one Japanese, and has not managed to secretly infiltrate NIGHT MODE of the parts of the Marine Corps, if their four-legged security guard. And where they were not, the Japanese military forays led to tangible losses. Then Dobermans Marines were severely nickname "Devil Dogs."
The French in the main used on the front, smooth-haired shepherd dog breed Beauceron. Is their pride, and similar to the Rottweiler and Doberman dogs left after the war only a few 10-s. It took a lot of effort to find a few purebred beaucerons and revive the breed of French sheep dogs.
For their feats of canine counselors get new titles, decorations and medals. Their own pets, delivshim par with them all the hardships of military life, it is often in the thick of war in the Russian Union no awards were not supposed to. In the best case, it was a piece of sugar. The only dog, was awarded the medal "For Military Merit", a famous Dzhul'bars. At Yankee was also an official ban on the rewarding of all animals. But in some countries, for example in England, the dogs were assigned rank and merit were awarded. All took place in a festive atmosphere like award ceremonies person.
In 1917, Maria Dickin founded in the UK veterinary charity care company unwell and injured animals (PDSA). In 1943, this lady has organized a special medal for all the animals who have distinguished themselves during the war. First dog, which received merit was English spaniel named Rob, who has made more than 20 parachute jumps, taking part in the framework of the 10-fighting operations. During the war such medals awarded eighteen dogs and three horses, 30, one blue and one cat.
l for dogs. The Fuhrer was very attached to his own German shepherd Blondie, which he gave the order to kill a cyanide pill before he committed suicide. He was firmly convinced that the dogs do not mind people are inferior and ordered the SS officers prepare a project for the training of these pets. The schools German trainers and scientists have tried to teach dogs of human speech, reading and writing. According to reports, the military studied even managed to achieve some success. One Airedale learned with grief in half to use the alphabet. The other dog, a shepherd, according to the assurances of scientists was able to speak in German, the phrase "My Fuhrer". To the chagrin of more significant evidence for this in the archives found.
In these days of, even in spite of the rapid scientific and technological progress, the dogs remain as before the service of the country, while continuing to properly serve the people. Trained dogs will certainly come in groups of Inspection Team at customs, they are used in patrolling the cities in search operations of firearms and explosives, including plastic.
One English bloodhound, nicknamed Tammy has adapted perfectly to search for contraband consignments of marine mollusks. She was sent to "military service" on the customs in South America and almost a couple of months posed a danger whole criminal business in the region. Desperate offenders "ordered" the dog, but fortunately the attempt failed. After that, for the first time in the world the dog has several bodyguards. Armed guards watching all the valuable dog 20 hours a day.