Most shark species threatened with extinction in the Atlantic

© StormyDogMost species of sharks that live in the Atlantic, are threatened with extinction, and the catch limits imposed for only 1% of the species of marine predators, said in a statement on Tuesday the international public organization to protect the world's oceans Oceana.
The document is addressed to the representatives of 48 countries out fishing in the waters of the Atlantic, which met in Istanbul (Turkey) meeting 11-19 November under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT).
According to the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), the world caught annually around 100 million sharks, with 80 to 90% of the largest populations of these predators have been destroyed.
"While progress has been made in respect of production of sharks in the Atlantic Ocean, but according to the latest data, the ban on fishing or limitations imposed on less than 1% of shark species," — said in a statement Oceana.
In general, about 75% of the species of sharks, which is fishing, are threatened with extinction. So, for example, a complete ban on fishing of endangered species, such as silk shark (Carcharhinus falciformis) and Atlantic porbeagle (Lamna nasus).
"The international list of endangered plant and animal species (IUCN Red List) includes silk shark in the north-west and the east central Atlantic in the category of" vulnerable. "Also found that the north-western Atlantic population silky sharks declined from 1992 by more than 50 %, and, according to another study in the Gulf of Mexico shark of this species was 92% less than in 1950, "- the authors claim.
Defenders of sharks also show rapid recovery of populations, as silk sharks grow slowly, live up to 22 years and bring 6 to 12 pups every two years.
Also, the statement authors recommend to introduce evidence-based measures to protect against the blue shark (Prionace glauca) and mako sharks (Isurus oxyrinchus). According to the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tuna (ICCAT), which are listed in the document, the blue shark catch in the Atlantic has increased since 1995 by almost half, despite the fact that its population is declining.
However, as Oceana, for the effective protection necessary to carry out a more thorough survey of the state population, because this is not for all types of sharks have reliable data.
International anti-poaching program TRAFFIC results evidence that twenty major countries miners annual catches of more than 640 thousand tons of sharks, or almost 80% of the global catch. The top ten "leaders" are Indonesia, India, Spain, Taiwan, Argentina, Mexico, Pakistan, the U.S., Japan and Malaysia.
Commercial production of sharks from the interest in the food industry — shark fin soup is a popular dish in many East Asian countries. In addition, the interior of sharks are used in cosmetics and medicine, and from its skin made wallets and belts.

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