On the predictions and interpretation of the stars in the Middle Ages

In Western Europe, the heyday astrology as a science of interpretation of the fate and the stars, reached in XIII, XIV and XV centuries. XIII century was marked by the appearance in 1245 of the didactic poem about astrology "world view", owned by Walter Metz. The poem contains a chapter tells of the virtues of the sky and the stars, which serves as an interesting source of information about the astrological practice of the Middle Ages. In particular, one can find justification for the fact that in 1179 the Arab, Jewish and Christian astrologers announced the great catastrophe that threatens the end of the world in September 1186 on the occasion of the conjunction of most planets.

Also characterized by knowledge of astrology Arnold of Villanova. His treatise «Nova exposito visionum quae fiunt in somnis» («The new interpretation of dreams") contains the influence of the planets on the study of man. At that time, the court astrologer in the service of all the rulers of European countries, where they enjoyed great influence and honor. Many religious and political leaders personally involved in astrology and the interpretation of the fate of the stars. Guido carbonate was the official astrologer of the Florentine Republic. Astrology was also engaged in the Spanish King Alfonso X the Wise. Astrological treatise Cardinal Aili "Alliacus tractatus de imagine mundi" written in 1414, was widely released later after the invention of printing. Michael Scott, the court astrologer of the German Emperor Frederick II, was the creator of the first in Western Europe, the fundamental astrological encyclopedia stored in the manuscript department of the Munich Library.

Astrology also enjoyed the patronage of the Popes. So, Julius II was determined by the stars of the day, favorable for the accession to the papal throne, and Paul III — hours of consistories. Leo X even set up a chair in the astrological Sapienza — Catholic University of Rome. The University of Padua, Paris, Bologna and other cities in astrology is not only widely taught, Department of astrology was considered one of the most important of the other sciences.
Perhaps there was not a single scientist or public figure in the late XIV-XV centuries, which would retain their indifference regarding astrology. Its adherents are Giordano Bruno, Giambattista della Porta, Marsilio Ficino, Pico della Mirandola, Pomponazzi, Galileo, Kepler, Cardan, Paracelsus, Michel Nostradamus, Jean-Baptiste Morin, Auger Ferrier, a Franciscan Roger Bacon, the Dominican Tommaso Campanella, who supports orthodoxy, and Cardinal of the Holy Roman Church d'Ayli Pierre, who believed in changing the dependence of cults and traditions in the world of the great conjunctions of the planets. Stars have the ability to exert a beneficial influence on the destiny of man and help him in his endeavors — wrote Pietro d'Abano astrologer and physician versed in physiognomy and knowing how to recognize the hidden meaning in the visible. Astrology continued to prosper and in the XVI century, when he lived most famous in the history of science astrologer Nostradamus (1503-1566).

Nostradamus' writings were considered worthy of the highest trust in astrological matters, with faith read more than two centuries, and even after 1781, when they were issued against the papal prohibition.
Even Kepler himself, to whom science is obliged to establish the exact laws of planetary motion, not only believed in astrology, but he himself was engaged in drawing up horoscopes and protected the art against the attacks of the more enlightened scientists. He enjoyed great fame as a composer of successful predictions, although some argued that he did not believe in them, and engaged in the manufacture of horoscopes as a means of earning. In his essay "Tertius interveniens" there is a warning of some theologians, doctors and philosophers, a particularly Philip Fezeliyu them to "if carelessly discarding zvezdoslovnogo superstition not throw the baby out with the bath water, and none would harm their own profession."

The latter is more prominent astrologer was Jean-Baptiste Morin (1583-1656), who in his youth astrologer bishop of Bologna, the Duke and others Lauenburgskogo Jean Baptiste Morin — author of the fundamental works by 30-year-old works on astrology yuditsialnoy "Astrology Gallica» (Astrologia gallica) , published in 1661 and still has not lost its value.

On Christian prophecy in the Middle Ages

Since the early Middle Ages knows enough prophecies and visions revealed by Catholic monks and Christian saints. Part of them was later rejected by the church and some predictions and prophecies declared heretical.

Elizabeth of Shonoya. She lived in Germany, was born in 1129. With 12 years she began seeing Jesus, angels, the Virgin Mary, mostly Christian holidays and reading the Bible. Description of one of her visions:
"On Christmas Eve, I saw, as in reality, an unusually bright sun, the center of which was the Virgin, a beautiful and attractive in appearance.
She had long hair on his head — a crown of shining gold, in his right hand — a golden bowl.
Sunlight illuminated on all sides, reflected from her at the house and then — to the world. "

Joachim del Fiore. Around 1191 AD Joachim del Fiore rejected the administrative duties at the Abbey Corazza in Sicily to go to the mountains to meditate on life. Italian mystic and theologian, he developed Trinitarian philosophy. According to this doctrine, the story develops into three epochs growing spirituality. The first two periods are the Old and New Testament, Yahweh and Christ cycles. The third era — the Holy Spirit — will come only after serious searching and great disaster for humanity.

After a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, Joachim founded the religious order of San Giovanni del Fiore. During the life of Joachim proclaimed prophet of his admirers, endowed with the inner vision, his ideas were widely popular and in volume compared to the prophecies of the prophecies of John concluded in the Book of Revelation, the Apocalypse.

Despite the fact that the IV Lateran Council accused of Joachim in 1215 for heresy, his teachings influenced the minds of many monks and religious activities of many sects and monasteries until the sixteenth century.
John of Jerusalem. For centuries, "Secret register prophecies" John of Jerusalem was considered a forbidden text. John of Jerusalem was a Benedictine monk, who from 1100 about twenty years he lived in Jerusalem, and perhaps a moral and prophetic leadership of the Order of the Knights Templar. In 1307 John of Jerusalem, the registry was seized in Paris, together with all the property of the Order of the Knights of the Temple, intended to serve as a clue "pact with the devil Templars" — these "knights of evil" and "soldiers of the devil."

Category: The prophecies and predictions, visions and hypotheses

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