Russian project of the tank without a turret and no name

In the history of Russian tank design was a huge amount of unique thoughts. Some of them had found expression in vsepolnotsennyh projects that have reached large-scale mass production, but some have remained at the level of the initial idea. With all of this some technical suggestions, applied designers and Russian military is not found the introduction of zabugornyh designs. Similarly, a number of developments zabugornyh not intrigued by our engineers and soldiers. One example of the latter was made public only recently. News agency "Bulletin of Mordovia" a few days back published a small article about some unknown technical proposal, which is at the theoretical level could change the appearance of all these tanks and the Russian Union of Russia.

To the chagrin of the proposal, the project, named in the article "conning-tower tank", not a lot of very clear. Virtually all the information about it is limited to a few lines of text (besides the very general nature) and only one pattern with oblique view of the hypothetical nature of the tank. In addition, there is no disk imaging of the creators of the technical proposal. For these reasons, most of the information that can be retrieved on drawing and other data likely will be the real face of suggestions rather indirect relevance. But still make out all of the available data and try to understand that this was a very "conning-tower tank" and why it has remained in the picture.

Soviet tank design with no towers and no nameThe history of "shearing of the tank," most likely began in the late 60-ies of the last century, when the Russian military tank builders, and learned about the Swedish tank Strv.103. The main feature of this project was to deploy zabugornogo guns. 105-mm rifled gun with a barrel length of 62-gauge aggressively attached to the body of the tank. Guidance to rotate (horizontal) and tilt (vertical) of the housing. For the vertical inclination of the assembly tank had a specially designed suspension. Perhaps the Russian commanders intrigued similar scheme and they have requested from engineers see her for effectiveness and prospects. But likely, and other preconditions for the emergence of the "shearing of the tank": Russian military tank builders and completely independent from the Swedes could come to the idea of reckless tank with massive weaponry.

Regardless of the "origin" Russian version of the tank to the left of the tower instead of chopping as similar and different from the Swedish Strv.103. The main common element is an exemplary assembly. In front of the "shearing of the tank" supposed to put the engine, box and office management. Judging by the picture, the engine had to be placed to the right of the axis of the machine. Aggregates box transmitted torque on the driving wheels located at the front of the housing. For the heavy Russian armor since it was an unusual decision. Most likely, the assembly with the front side of the engine compartment was also to contribute to an increase in the level of protection. In any case, in modern designs with frontal MTO usually provide quite a massive booking frontal projection. Completely may be that the "conning-tower tank", with a combat weight of about forty tons, could withstand hitting cumulative and piercing projectiles. But such details of the project are not known.

Soviet tank design with no towers and no nameOf a single figure that the chassis' shearing tank "had in its composition four road wheels on the side, leading and guiding the wheels. It should be noted that a small number of support rollers for the most direct impact on the contact area, and as a consequence, the specific pressure of the machine on the ground. Since there is no clear data on some geometrical dimensions caterpillar drive, four road wheels on the board can be considered a temporary solution or a preparatory one for assembling the chassis of the new tank. In this context it is useful to recall the degree of elaboration of "shearing of the tank": almost sketch is one of the of early ideas.

Apparently, the crew of the new tank was to consist of 3 people, as they say hatches in the roof of the case. Two of them are in the left-hand side (of the driver and, perhaps, the commander), third (gunner or commander) — on the right, between the MTO and fighting compartment. The location of such jobs crew that was supposed to equip the new tank uninhabited combat compartment with an adequate automation. According to the "Bulletin of Mordovia" project "Shearing of the tank," suggested the existence of the automatic loader for at least 40 rounds. The main armament of armored tank was supposed to be long-barreled gun, 130 mm. At the end of the 60s power such weapons would have been enough for the destruction of almost all tanks in the world.

Fascinating gun laying system. Like the self-propelled gun in the horizontal plane of the instrument was to be induced by the rotation of the entire machine. Maybe it was planned by a narrow leveling suspension systems tools. In contrast to the Swedish Strv.103, Russian "Conning-tower tank"Had more of the ordinary system of vertical guidance, in the middle of the rest of the increment allows the angles of elevation and lowering. To raise or lower the trunk of Russian designers have offered no sophisticated suspension system, but the ordinary and usual swinging suspension guns like a gun on the other armored vehicles. There is evidence of a hard link gun and automatic loader. This approach in theory allows to increment the highest rate of fire by eliminating the need to transfer the trunk to a horizontal position after each shot. Associated with the gun autoloader and ammunition container, rocking along with her little complicate the design, but make it easier to chambering a shell and liner.

In general, the "conning-tower tank" outside looks more like a self-propelled artillery system that is adapted to deal with moving armored targets. Yet, this project even at the level of the name was called tank. Try to understand why Russian "Conning-tower tank"Not only was not realized in the metal, and not got to the stage of this project. Let's start with the advantages. In rollicking assembly of the tank is only three noticeable advantages. This low height design and as a consequence, the smallest opportunity to defeat the enemy, the ability to install a harsh security frontal plane and some promise for improving weapons: cutting power for stationary gun is not as critical as for rotary devices tower. As for the negative features of the design, "shearing of the tank", here in the first place is the cost effectiveness. Start of production is so modern and bold for our tank production industry would have done in a very, very tidy sum. Moreover, because of the operation of the main features of "shearing of the tank" would have to be substantially correct all the regulations and the documents governing the introduction of armored fighting vehicles. Damage to any of the units uninhabited crew compartment could lead to a complete loss of combat power. In the end, "samohodochnoe" guidance very much pounding on the
turn rate guns and combat potential. For armored vehicles, which leads to the main fire point-blank range, is a feature of weapons would be disastrous. Of course, all these disadvantages have been found very harsh to close their eyes and to rely on existing advantages. In the end, as everyone knows, in a few decades, our tank forces have only tower tanks, and the project "shearing tank" remained on paper in the form of initial technical sketches.

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