U.S. scientists have unraveled the secret idols of Easter Island, forcing them to walk (VIDEO)
U.S. scientists may have solved the mystery of giant statues from the island Paschi by guessing how the creators could move them over long rasstroyaniya, reports National Geographic.
According to the new theory, the huge monolithic statues moved 18 kilometers from the quarry where they were carved, to the sacred places on the island where they were housed in groups of seven or eight idols, without the help of carts, cranes and even large animals.
Previously, scientists assumed that the statues were transported on wooden runners set for logs: people were pulling the ropes attached for housing the statue logs rolled and "sled" went.
But now a team of American researchers led by professors of anthropology and archeology Terry Hunt of the University of Hawaii and Carl Lipo of California State University at Long Beach were able to develop a new theory, and even to demonstrate concretely how, without any special adaptations transported the giant stone statues, said Inopressa.
Scientists have noted that the statements of the descendants of the Polynesian tribe, about the year 800 AD to sail to the island of that stone statues of themselves, "came" to their current location, not so incredible. In their latest assumptions, due to the massive belly statues of the center of gravity and a rounded base, the statue could "move" in a vertical position, thanks to the rocking them from side to side, the so-called technique of «rock 'n' roll», specifies The Daily Mail .
Last November, the National Geographic's Expeditions Council has funded an experiment in which the cameras a group of 18 people was carrying a statue ("moai") weighing 5 tons and a height of 3 meters. Moai moved with ropes and all the while kept upright position. In this case, the impression that huge figure dances and moves with only a few people.
Previous attempts to transport idols vertically held with varying success. So, in 1986 Czech engineer Pavel Pavel, together with the Norwegian researcher and explorer Thor Heyerdahl and a team of 17 assistants, swinging and turning over from one foot to the huge statue tried to move it to a few meters. Soon, however, the base devyatitonnoy moai were damaged and had to stop the experiment.
Cherz another year has tested the theory in practice, American archaeologist Charles Love. He and 25 helpers hoisted devyatitonnogo statue on wooden sleds, put on a log, and just two minutes could thus carry the statue is 45 meters.
What a way to use the natives centuries ago, for sure, scientists still can not say, but note that the boulders that dot the road on Easter Island indicate that, most likely, the theory of Hunt and Lipo used in practice for centuries.