Overview of promising sets of equipment for soldiers
One of the most basic military projects shortly programm is a South American Future Combat System, within which the range of promising samples of military equipment and weapons for the U.S. Army. Some reduction in spending on the development of the applets, but did not affect the projects related to the development of new equipment for the fighter — program from Land Warrior. This solution is clear — the possibility latest "big war" many are swings and local conflicts, where the soldier with an automatic rifle and a grenade launcher is playing a major role — taking place at the moment and obviously did not end in the future. Besides the U.S., their own projects for new equipment, many developing countries.
The main "highlight" of these kits is the introduction of a fighter outfit of modern information technology, dramatically increasing the connection information inside the unit and facilitate the coordination of the military. Prospective equipment contains within itself the means of communication, navigation systems, night vision goggles, laser range finders, electrical cards, as personal protective equipment (body armor, helmets, etc.), advanced small gun and uniform, made with the use of thermostatic fabrics that protect overheating or overcooling.
South American program that began earlier than the others, at the present time have gained great results. By 2003, the U.S. has made two sets of Land Warrior Block 1 and Land Warrior Block 2, the last — designed for fighter Stryker-brigade (a new type of compound, filled with fighting vehicles of the Stryker). In 2003, a set of Land Warrior Block 2, it was decided to make the main. At the current time, the development of a promising set of equipment, received a new name — Mounted Warrior, manufactured by General Dynamics C4 Systems.
Mounted Warrior Set includes: computer, helmet-mounted display (HMD), GPS-navigator, radio, power supply and armament control system. A fighter can be monitored over the battlefield thanks to video and infrared cameras mounted on the automatic rifle, the image of which is displayed on the screen. With all of this serviceman himself can stay in the shelter. In addition to the monocular HMD helmet is equipped with an optical system, headphones and microphone. All units with armored vehicles, "Stryker" combined into a single information system. Combat vehicles are not just for transportation and fire support fighter, and as a typical "information hub", "combat areas" (battlespace), permitting the exchange of information between different departments.
From May to September 2006 on the basis of the fourth brigade of the 23rd Infantry Division (Fort Lewis units. Washington) held the first field tests of Land Warrior 440 sets and 147 sets of Mounted Warrior. According to the results of tests in February 2007, the Pentagon said the likely closure of programs from due to its low efficiency due to lack of necessary technology.
But in June 2007 the 4th Brigade was oriented in Iraq, along with 200 sets of military Land Warrior and Mounted Warrior. Kits were tested during a patrol in the city and in the wilderness criteria.
In August, it introduced a new upgraded version of the combat kit. It became much easier to its predecessor and has a number of technical innovations. Namely, the weight of the electric equipment now is 3.2 kg and not 4.5 as before. In addition to the GPS-navigator and a helmet-mounted display, a new set equipped with positioning snipers "Boomerang" also a small-sized keyboard on the control unit.
The likely view Future Force Warrior. U.S. Army photo
New kits can communicate with BBM "Stryker" by they can also control robots and combat engineers.
In July 2007, the U.S. Congress Committee on Armed Services issued a report in which caused the necessity of the continuation of the Land Warrior. In the 2008 defense budget, the money. has been allocated an amount of 18.7 million dollars to continue field testing and improvement kit.
Entertaining the fact that in February 2005 programm Land Warrior was merged with the project Future Force Warrior, which was aimed at creating a set of Land Warrior II with a completely new, "futuristic" technology. Regardless of their union, the program Future Force Warrior is seen as a promising and will be financed even in the event of the closure of the project Land Warrior. One of the main parts of the kit FFW will suit exoskeleton that protects fighter and increase his physical abilities due to electro-mechanical "muscle."
According to the statement of the military command, sets of Land Warrior and Mounted Warrior during their introduction to the criteria of combat in Iraq have allowed significantly increase the level of awareness in urban fighter criteria also make better coordination in combat missions.
At the same time, the fighters themselves they say that the set is inconvenient, unreliable, often turned off because of the feeble parts supply. In addition, have difficulties with the transfer command with the latest electrical equipment. Also set hinders decision-making in extreme conditions.
Despite the negative attitude of a fighter to the new systems, the project is expected to continue, but to increment the number of field tests in actual combat to identify all the shortcomings of the new equipment. In general, the project has been spent around 500 million dollars. Approximate price of the 1st set of Land Warrior is about 70 thousand dollars.
The principal programs from the United States in the area of personal combat sets initiated the development of similar projects in the Federal Republic of Germany (IdZ), France (FELIN), England (FIST), Spain (COMFUT), Sweden (IMESS), Australia (Land 125).
Almost all of them have followed in line with U.S. and concepts aimed at integrating fighter in the digital control system fight.
Further progress in this matter, France and Germany. They began to implement their projects almost immediately after the United States — in 1996. First mock combat sets the Germans and the French have tried to apply during the fighting in Yugoslavia. But they showed their poor performance — and their funding has been cut.
Development resumed when the armed forces units France and Germany have been focused in Afghanistan, as a great training ground, will determine the main directions of improving the available operating time.
In 2003 the French army during the tender chosen company Sagem for the ultimate development of a set of first generation FELIN-I. According to the contract
signed in 2004, the company has until 2010 to put 22.5 thousand sets of 20 infantry regiments and an additional 9 thousand sets in armored, engineering and artillery troops.
50 of the first prototype in September 2007 were delivered to the French peacekeeping forces stationed in Afghanistan. Delivery of the next batch of 358 experienced imagery is planned for February 2008. Until the end of this year to conduct field tests on the basis of 3 battalions involved in Afghanistan. Deliveries of the first 1000 sets made in the framework of the full-scale production is scheduled for late 2008. It is expected that by mid-2009, two-thirds of the infantry regiments will be equipped with new complexes, and by 2010, they will be fully staffed. Since 2015 it is planned to begin development of a set FELIN-II.
Weight of equipment, including electrical equipment (radio, navigation devices, video and infrared cameras, the control unit), guns, ammunition, helmets, body armor and uniforms with the parts supply is about 25 kg. A set will be available in five configurations. Each infantry regiment is equipped with 1,000 sets.
The kit includes assault rifle Giat FAMAS F1 5.56-mm sniper rifle Giat FR-F2 7.62 mm light machine gun FN Herstal Minimi 5.56 mm. Digital rifle is connected to the mini-monitor on the helmet fighter. In Germany, in late 2006, the Bundeswehr has concluded the contract price of $ 34.4 million with "Rheinmetall's Defence Electronics" for the development of the second generation of the layout set IdZ-ES with the delivery of the first 20 units by May 2007. These kits are undergoing tests in Afghanistan.
Each set IdZ-ES anticipates equipment for infantry squad consisting of 10 soldiers. A basic version of the kit IdZ-ES weighs only 6.5 kg, not including clay armor, extra gear and equipment for specific tasks.
The kit is a modular design, so the soldier can take only the equipment that he needed to perform certain tasks. Completion of the development of a new set IdZ-ES is scheduled for late 2008-early 2009.
A basic set of weapons are automatic rifle G-36 submachine gun MR7A1, 40-mm grenade launcher AG36, gun MG4, mnogokalibernaya sniper rifle G82.
MG4 machine gun
Martial sets of other states, namely Britain, Spain, Sweden, and Australia are only in the development stage. This is due to the late start of the implementation of projects in this area. For example, England has signed a contract with Thales only in March 2003, Spain — with the concern EADS in October 2006, Sweden — first, in 2006 Australia — in 2004.
Regardless of their time lag, field tests kits are planned for 2008. This is due, first, to the reduction of terms of research and development of conceptual solutions relevant technologies. The main production borrowed from the United States. At the same time, the military hurry to experience the new sets in actual combat against the criteria of the likely withdrawal of troops from Iraq and Afghanistan.
There are also other applets, such as African Warrior (South Africa), Soldato Futuro (Italy), Soldier Modernisation Program (Netherlands), NORMANS (Norway), Soldado do Futuro (Portugal), Advanced Combat Man System (Singapore), IMESS (Switzerland ), ANOG (Israel), BEST (Belgium) and the 21st Century soldier (Czech Republic).
21st Century soldier (Czech Republic)
They are all aimed at increasing situational awareness fighter through the introduction of navigation devices, digital binoculars, maps, different optical and infrared devices, to improve their level of interaction with the modern means of communication.
And what have we?
Equipment for the development of promising Russian fighter goes under the respective federal motivated applets.
Requirements for promising Gear was developed basic rocket artillery Department of the Ministry of Defence (Grau), with the participation of the respective structures of other law enforcement agencies, as specialized research institutions (CSRI "Tochmash" NGOs "Special equipment and communication", NGOs, and other special materials). The aim is to create programs from the basic set of personal equipment (BKIE) with the possibility of further development to different types of problems.
The first prototype was set BKIE "Barmitsa" successfully passed tests and is delivered to the troops. The kit comes an improved helmet 6B7-1M, body armor 6B23-1, improved communications and weapons — the modernized Kalashnikov assault rifles, machine guns single "Pecheneg" granamotety RPG-29 "Ghoul". Initially expected to be a promising set of automatic equipment of AN-94 "Abakan" but Armed Forces refused this weapon because of its lack of reliability and sophisticated design.
A single gun PKP "Pecheneg"
Antitank grenade launcher RPG-29 "Ghoul"
On the basis of sets of "Barmitsa" developed set "Warrior," which, at first, will feature improved navigation and communications equipment. The kit will include navigation system "GLONASS" also promising electrical apparatus that provides information sharing and giving orders in accordance with the concept of battle space. Development of the respective equipment is concern "Constellation" is already submitted the first samples of automatic control systems for the connection. Portable navigation system GLONASS for the armed forces of the Russian Federation developed the ICD "Compass".
Just as in the West, the basis of process control connections are software and h
ardware for all levels of the hierarchy — from a soldier to the division commander. Soldier's complex is a device that can carry voice, disk imaging as well as in digital format and displays the tactical situation on the arm-monitor. Their complexes are available at all levels of the perineum — the squad, platoon, company, battalion and regiment.
Twenty-first century — the century of hypersonic speeds, a global information and computer technologies and innovations. One of the most avoided topics in any country — the sphere of production tools. Our home is no exception. Because it is here that appear most leading technology. Owning the best standards in the world of weapons and military equipment, we actually do not know anything about their creators — the scientists and designers. Zahav secrecy over these famous people and the mysteries of the birth of modern weapons opens this documentary film.