At the request of Hope publish today another ancient Slavic rite, we know from an early age, but had no idea that he actually existed. It will focus on the ritual "perepekaniya child". Remember the old tale in which evil Baba Yaga is planted on a shovel next "Ivashechko" and shoved into the oven? So, this really was a ceremony at what was supposed to carry out his own mother …
"Scary" places in folk tales, Baba Yaga when Sinister tries to put on a shovel and put it in the oven Tereshechku / Ivashechko, in fact — an echo of the ancient rite "perepekaniya Child", which, despite its antiquity, was very tenacious and elsewhere remained until the XX century, if not longer.
In addition to the records of ethnographers and historians, survived and literary references to this action, which was very common among our ancestors. For example, he was exposed as a child Gavrila Romanovich Derzhavin, according Khodasevich, who left us a classic biography. However, procedural details were not specified.
Thus, the "perepekanie child" — an ancient rite. In some places, it resorted to in the event of a premature birth, a sickly child, in the presence of rickets ("old dog"), atrophy and other ailments. In others — were sent to the oven all in a row newborns. What for? That's what we'll talk.
It was believed that if the child was born prematurely, if it is weak or sick, it means that "not ripe" in the womb. And if so, then you need to bring it to the "desired condition" so that he not only survived, but also gained the necessary vitality.
Oven, as already mentioned, in the tradition of the ancient Slavs was a kind of reflection of the universe as a three-pronged world: heaven, earth and the underworld, as well as a place of communication with the ancestors. Therefore appealed to her aid to save the sick child.
In this case, likened the birth of a child baking bread, but because in the classic version of "perepekaniya" pre-baby daubed rye (and only rye) test, leaving him free from his mouth and nostrils only. Dough, by the way, too, was not easy, but on the water, brought to the dawn of the three wells, preferably — grandmother-healer.
Coated with the batter little child laid on a grain shovel, tied to it three times and sent a short time in a warm (not hot!) Furnace in which there is no fire. In some places, it instructed the grandmother-midwife, in others — the mother herself in the third — the oldest woman in the village.
Never perepekanie not been alone and is always accompanied by special speeches. But if my grandmother-midwife (where was the assistant to take the child with shovel), it was enough pobormotat something like "full sun, full sun, dog age", in other cases involve compulsory dialogue participants of the process.
Its meaning was not only in spoken words, parables, but also supported the rhythm in which it was necessary to send and return the child out of the oven, so it does not choke. For example, if the ritual was supposed to act shovel mother at the door could not stand in-law.
Entering the house, she asked: "What are you doing?" Daughter in law replied, "I bake bread" and with those words moved the shovel into the furnace. In-law would say, "Well, grill, grill, but do not Perepeka" and went out the door, and got out a shovel parent of the oven. A similar dialogue could happen to a woman who, three times surpassing the hut along the sun got up to the window and held the same conversation. By the way, sometimes the mother would get up at the window, and the stove was operating sorceress.
Russian stoves getting smaller. Infant mortality, whatever you say, much lower than in the old days. Babies these days do not overbake (unless placed in an incubator). Why should remember "old gray"? And remember, like a fairy tale geese stopped chasing the children only after they climbed into the stove?
The stove can be conditional … After all, the process perepekaniya was not only a medical procedure, but also no less — symbolic.