The hottest week of the year began in Italy, meteorologists warn

Italian meteorologists warn of the hottest start in their forecasts, week of the year in a country where in some regions the temperature is very close to the 40-degree mark.

Last weekend, the Apennines, came under the North African anticyclone formidable name "Lucifer", which brought the huge mass of hot air from the Sahara desert. As a result, in many parts of the country the temperature has risen to nearly 40-degree mark.

According to forecasters, on Monday in Florence the temperature rises to 40 degrees, in Rome, Bologna, Ferrara, Rieti — up to 39 degrees. Record high temperatures are expected in the north-east Italy, in the Veneto and Friuli-Venezia Giulia. According to forecasts, in the mountainous province of Bolzano heat peak at 37 degrees, which will be recorded here for the first time in 100 years. In addition, particularly intense heat will be marked this week in Lombardy, Emilia-Romagna, Tuscany, Lazio and metropolitan area in Sardinia.

Meteorologists warn that it is a broad atmospheric front, which will lead to a gradual increase in temperature throughout Italy until Wednesday, when abnormally high temperatures are expected. In addition, beginning on Wednesday added to the stifling heat extremely high humidity, creating in many cities unbearable stuffiness.

According to the leading association of agricultural producers in Italy Coldiretti, the current heat, accompanied by severe drought, has led to a serious reduction of yield. So, tomatoes and sunflowers will be harvested at 20% less corn — by 30%, soybeans — by 40%. In the northern parts of the country farmers can collect only half the usual crop of sugar beets. Large losses this year will suffer and Italian wine, though the quality of the wine is high.

The current heat has caused serious problems in the national livestock and poultry. Milk production in Italy these days decreased on average by 15%, significantly decreased egg production. Heat wave threatened and honey production of apiaries.

The current heat is a considerable danger to the health of citizens. Back in June, the Ministry of Health of Italy began a nationwide information campaign called "A peaceful summer: how to beat the heat." The country has a free referral telephone line in 1500, on which day the experts answer all questions concerned citizens.

"Lucifer" was the seventh of this summer African anticyclone, triggered by a sharp increase in temperature in the Apennines. Heat waves established this year in mid-June and continues for more than two months.

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