In summer, the 41st, we not only retreating. 19-year-old boy from the Eagles fought alone with a column of German tanks.
"The Germans ran into him as the Brest fortress"
Cole Sirotinin dropped in 19 years to challenge the saying "One man is no man." But he did not become a legend of the Great Patriotic War, as Alexander Matrosov and Nikolai Gastello.
In the summer of 1941 in the Belarusian town Krichev broke through the 4th Armored Division Heinz Guderian, one of the most talented German generals soldiers. Part of the 13th Soviet army retreated. Departed not only gunner Kohl Sirotinin — just a boy, a small, quiet, puny.
If we believe in the Orel essay collection "good name", it was necessary to cover the withdrawal of troops. "There remain two people with a gun," — said the commander of the battery. Nicholas volunteered. The second was the commander himself.
The morning of July 17 on the highway struck a column of German tanks.
— Kohl took up a position on a hill right on the collective farm. The gun was drowning in a high rye, but it was clearly visible highway and bridge over a rivulet Dobrost — says Natalia Morozova, Director Krichevsky museum.
When the head tank came to the bridge, Kohl's first shot knocked him. The second shell set fire to armored personnel carrier, bringing up the rear.
Here we have to stop. Because it is not clear so far, why Kohl remained in the field alone. But the version is. He probably just had a task — create a bridge "plug", the lead car shot down Nazis. Lieutenant at the bridge and adjusted the fire, and then, apparently caused by congestion of the other German tanks fire of our artillery. Because of the river. It is known that the lieutenant was wounded and then he went in the direction of our positions. There is speculation that Kohl had to withdraw to their completing the task. But … He had 60 rounds. And he was!
Two tanks tried to pull off the head tank to the bridge, but also were hit. Armored vehicle tried to overcome the river Dobrost not on the bridge. But stuck in the muddy shore, where he found her the next round. Kohl's shot and fired, knocking the tank for tank …
Guderian's tanks ran into Kohl Sirotinina as the Brest Fortress. Already burned 11 tanks and six armored personnel carriers! The fact that more than half of them burned one Sirotinin — precisely (and got some artillery from across the river.) Nearly two hours of this strange fight the Germans could not understand where the entrenched Russian battery. And when they came to Colin position at that there are only three shells. Offered to surrender. Kohl responded by firing at them with a rifle.
This, the last battle was short-lived …
"After all, he was a Russian, whether such worship?" These words of Lieutenant 4th Armored Division Henfeld wrote in his diary: "July 17, 1941. Falconer, near Krychau. In the evening, burying an unknown Russian soldier. He was alone at the gun, shot the long column of tanks and infantry, and was killed. All were amazed at his courage … Oberst (Colonel) in front of the tomb said that if all the soldiers fighting Hitler, like this one Russian, we win the whole world. Three times the salvos fired from rifles. After all, he was a Russian, whether such worship? "
— In the afternoon, the Germans gathered at the place where there was a gun. There also forced to come to us, the locals — says Verzhbitskaya. — I like knowing the German language, the main German with orders ordered to translate. He said that as a soldier must defend their homeland — Vaterland. Then out of his shirt pocket of a dead soldier got our locket with the note, but who is coming from. The main German said to me, "Take and write their mother tongue. Let the mother know how her son was a hero and he died. " I was afraid to do it … Then, standing in the tomb and covered the Soviet cape Sirotinina body of a young German officer snatched me a piece of paper and a medallion and said something rude.
The Nazis long after the guns were at the funeral and the tomb in the middle of the collective farm fields, not without admiration counting shots and hits.
As Kohl Sirotinin was in a mass grave Today, in the village of Falconer grave, in which the Germans buried Kohl, no. Three years after the war, the remains of Coley moved to a mass grave, the field was plowed and planted, passed a junk gun. Yes, and it was called a hero 19 years after the deed. And not even the Hero of the Soviet Union — he was posthumously awarded the Order of the Patriotic War I level.
Only in 1960, the staff of the Central Archive of the Soviet Army had scouted all the details of the feat. The monument to the hero, too, have put but ungainly, with a fake gun and just somewhere to the side. FROM THE FILES "KP"
Sergeant Nicholas Sirotinin native of Eagle. Drafted into the army in 1940. June 22, 1941 was wounded in the airstrike. The wound was slight, and a few days later he was sent to the front — in the area Krychau, of the 6th Infantry Division gunner. He was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War I degree posthumously.
Vadim tobacco, Victor Maliszewski. ("KP" — Minsk "). BTW
Why he was not given the Hero?
We found a sister in the Eagle Nicholas — a 80-year-old Taisiya shestakova. Taisa V. learned from the cabinet folder with old family photos — alas, nothing …
— We had a card with only his passport. But in the evacuation of Mordovia mom gave it to enlarge. And the master had lost her! All of our neighbors brought completed orders, but we do not. We are very grieved.
— Did you know that Nick stopped one armored division? And he did not get the Hero?
— We have learned in the 61 th year, when Krichevsky historians found the grave of Koli. Took a trip to Belarus as a family. Krichevtsov bustled to present Kohl the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. Only in vain: for the paperwork required needed his picture, at least some. And we also do not! And have not given Kole Hero. In Belarus, known for his feat. And it is very sad that in his native Orel about it, few people know. Even a small alley of his name is not mentioned.
When asked why Nick volunteered to cover the retreat of our army, Taisa V. raised her eyebrows in surprise: "My brother could not do otherwise."
Thank you Natalia Morozova, Director Krichevsky museum, and the museum staff member of the Great Patriotic War Galina Babusenko for assistance in preparing the material.
Irina NIKISHONKOVA, Vlad number. ("KP" — Eagle ").