Central Asia — 2011: some results of the year

2011 turned out to Central Asia, rich in resonance phenomena. Actions in Kazakhstan, the aggravation of the Caspian question, the election of a new President of Kyrgyzstan, the story of the tribunal sentenced Tajik Russian pilots — all of this, of course, will determine the situation in the region in a new year.

Central Asia - 2011: Some results of the year

Kazakhstan

Gone year Kazakhstan became the most hectic for all of his twenty-year independent history. Acts of terrorism and insurgency in a new Uzen, who was, in fact, attempting to start in Kazakhstan Arab revolutionary scenario has become a serious reminder that Kazakhstan is an important strategic region, the struggle for which acquired in the past year a special meaning: Kazakhstan entirely determine the values of external policy by deep integration with Russia. Here is one very noticeable fact is that immediately after the terrorist attack in Taraz which preceded the events at Mangishlak, U.S. Peace Corps volunteers, without much interference in Kazakhstan functioned almost all of the past 20 years, have been withdrawn in full to their homeland. This event is difficult to comment on other than the words "rats fleeing the ship," as justified or not spent on their maintenance funds, or South American government, with its well-known concern for U.S. citizens and indeed horrified about the fate of fellow citizens who may have been threats in the process of planned riots. Either way, just a month after the withdrawal of Peace Corps volunteers in western Kazakhstan have begun the true bloody unrest, which was preparing the ground for years and not far without the participation of overseas technologists.

Caspian and Turkmenistan

Old dream of the West about the establishment of Turkmen gas to Europe bypassing Russia, in the past year started to get real features. EU, Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan reached an agreement on the construction of the Trans-Caspian gas pipeline.

This event could not fail to result in growth in the Caspian region, the military tension. The situation worsens neighborhood of the Caspian region with a very explosive Afghanistan and Iran, against which the operation remains entirely plausible.

Against the backdrop of worsening of the situation surrounding the construction of a gas pipeline in Turkmenistan has made another anti-Russian steps: Russian citizens in Turkmenistan, holding local passport, put in a position where their condition is in Russian citizenship and prosperous living in the country are mutually exclusive. This issue was the subject of a article.

Kyrgyzstan

In 2011, Kyrgyzstan has occurred first in the history of this country a peaceful transfer of power. No matter how sad or funny though it may sound, but for Kyrgyzstan is in itself a historical event. With all this new Kyrgyz authorities have said about the absolute priority of Russian foreign policy direction of their own, as their desire to enter into the Eurasian integration associations, which, taking into account the total dependence on Russian fuel Kyrgyzstan, inevitably for this country. Proving his loyalty to the Russian Federation allied President Atambayev said the withdrawal from the territory of the country of the American air base, although this will happen only in 2014.

Tajikistan
From the perspective of relations with Tajikistan, in 2011, of course, be remembered in connection with the events related to the arrest and conviction of Russian pilots and the subsequent "asymmetric" actions of Russian rule, lies in the mass deportation of Tajik guest workers.

On the day or agenda of the Russian-Tajik relations are not ongoing issue of combating drug trafficking, which continues to have a serious impact on these very things: they are many underwater stones, of which inevitably stumble in the direction of movement of Tajikistan Eurasian integration.

Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan right after Ukraine joined the typical "non-aligned movement," Check out the behind the scenes in the middle of the CIS countries. Uzbekistan does not show any desire to entry into the Customs alliance or in the Free Trade Area of the CIS. It should be noted that the position of Uzbekistan on the country's entry in the integration process is defined with 2 subsequent conflicting each other factors. The first factor — the undeniable benefits that can be obtained from Uzbekistan elimination of customs barriers, which would have resulted in an enormous expansion of external markets and would guarantee a significant increase in the acceleration of economic growth. Second factor is that adherence to the integration process comes into conflict with the ideology of the struggle of Uzbekistan with the "cruel totalitarian legacy of the past."

This contradiction is clearly reflected in the disposition of the Uzbek hypocritical policy expressed in the contradictory words of President Karimov. On nedavneshnem CIS summit held in Moscow, he said that the Eurasian integration — "this is our future, this is the path, the direction in which all have to move." But Uzbek news agency UzA laid out his words quite differently, and it is unlikely happened without the knowledge of the president: on Eurasian integration and its inevitability is not a word was said, and the role of the CIS is reduced only to the fact that the organization is only "played an important role in the dismantling of obsolete system painless. " With all of this decision to join the integration associations of Uzbekistan will be determined by the "long-term public interest." Comments, as they say, are unnecessary …

This general is a very common sight on the situation in Central Asia, which continues to be very diverse and has a tendency to complicate if not, then to be so close to the final selection of the direction of future development, with Kazakhstan and if more or less clear — the republic made trivial choices favor of, then south all the not so perfectly well that, in general, it is logical and is a natural result of the act 20 years of separation.

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