Degree motorizovannosti Wehrmacht

Degree motorizovannosti WehrmachtThe armed forces of Germany during Hitler — Wehrmacht, very much mythologized.

One such legend is — the image of highly maneuverable army that almost all moved on BTR-ah, trucks, bikes. This is depicted in the feature films: Russian Red Army is constantly on foot, in the best case on the carts. The German army is, 100% of motorized and moving "lightning", bypasses the fortified positions, not just the songs, surrounding our hundreds of thousands of infantrymen.

But — this is another myth, the filmmakers made, one hundred percent motorized was very unimportant part of the Wehrmacht. More 80% of the division — it's infantry divisions, with a base, the only horse-drawn carts.

In Artillery Regiment Infantry Division statewide was 2696 people and 2249 horses. On the whole division was supposed to have more than 6 thousand horses. In the standard Wehrmacht in 1941, it was more 1 million horses, almost 90%, which was in the infantry divisions.

How, nor surprisingly, the Red Army was a war more motorized than the armed forces of the Reich. In the infantry divisions, according to the state of war (№ 04/400) had a 2-va artillery regiment, one on a horse-drawn rod, the other on a mechanized. In mechanized were 48 tractors "STZ-NATI" for the 122-mm guns, 25 "S-65 Stalinets" for the 152-mm guns. And at the zenith division was supposed to have — 5 tractors "STZ-NATI" for 4 x 76-mm anti-aircraft guns. Other guns and mortars were on a horse-drawn traction.

In the Wehrmacht infantry divisions in all guns carried horses.

Prototype in the Wehrmacht in the infantry, in the Red Army in the infantry divisions were motorized anti-tank battalions. We had 21 crawler tractor "T-20 Komsomolets", 18 45-mm cannon in the Wehrmacht 37mm cannon trucks drove Krupp "Protz."

In other words, Wehrmacht had advantages in mobility. For example: the French army and expedition of the British had a higher mobility.

Above the Red Army in the Wehrmacht was a small an advantage, since he stormed into the main part of the neotmobilizovannye.

Feature T-20 "Komsomolets"

Mass in the equipped state without load kg 3460
Platform capacity, 500 kg
Towing capacity 2,000 kg
The seats in the cockpit, pers. 2
The seats in the back seat, man. 6

Dimensions in mm:
— length of 3400
— Width 1850
— height of cab (no load) 1580

Base rollers, mm 1775
Track (middle track), mm 1480
Track width, 200 mm
Ground clearance, mm 300
Average ground pressure with a load on the platform, kgf/cm2 0.54

Slider
— maximum capacity, l. s. 50 … 52
— speed at peak power / min 2800
The highest speed, km / h 47.5
In store down the highway with a trailer, 152 km
Gradeability limit on the hard ground without the trailer, hail. 32

Degree motorizovannosti Wehrmacht

Degree motorizovannosti Wehrmacht

Degree motorizovannosti Wehrmacht

Degree motorizovannosti Wehrmacht

Degree motorizovannosti Wehrmacht

Degree motorizovannosti Wehrmacht

Degree motorizovannosti Wehrmacht

Degree motorizovannosti Wehrmacht

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