One such legend is — the image of highly maneuverable army that almost all moved on BTR-ah, trucks, bikes. This is depicted in the feature films: Russian Red Army is constantly on foot, in the best case on the carts. The German army is, 100% of motorized and moving "lightning", bypasses the fortified positions, not just the songs, surrounding our hundreds of thousands of infantrymen.
But — this is another myth, the filmmakers made, one hundred percent motorized was very unimportant part of the Wehrmacht. More 80% of the division — it's infantry divisions, with a base, the only horse-drawn carts.
In Artillery Regiment Infantry Division statewide was 2696 people and 2249 horses. On the whole division was supposed to have more than 6 thousand horses. In the standard Wehrmacht in 1941, it was more 1 million horses, almost 90%, which was in the infantry divisions.
How, nor surprisingly, the Red Army was a war more motorized than the armed forces of the Reich. In the infantry divisions, according to the state of war (№ 04/400) had a 2-va artillery regiment, one on a horse-drawn rod, the other on a mechanized. In mechanized were 48 tractors "STZ-NATI" for the 122-mm guns, 25 "S-65 Stalinets" for the 152-mm guns. And at the zenith division was supposed to have — 5 tractors "STZ-NATI" for 4 x 76-mm anti-aircraft guns. Other guns and mortars were on a horse-drawn traction.
In the Wehrmacht infantry divisions in all guns carried horses.
Prototype in the Wehrmacht in the infantry, in the Red Army in the infantry divisions were motorized anti-tank battalions. We had 21 crawler tractor "T-20 Komsomolets", 18 45-mm cannon in the Wehrmacht 37mm cannon trucks drove Krupp "Protz."
In other words, Wehrmacht had advantages in mobility. For example: the French army and expedition of the British had a higher mobility.
Above the Red Army in the Wehrmacht was a small an advantage, since he stormed into the main part of the neotmobilizovannye.
Feature T-20 "Komsomolets"
Mass in the equipped state without load kg 3460
Platform capacity, 500 kg
Towing capacity 2,000 kg
The seats in the cockpit, pers. 2
The seats in the back seat, man. 6
Dimensions in mm:
— length of 3400
— Width 1850
— height of cab (no load) 1580
Base rollers, mm 1775
Track (middle track), mm 1480
Track width, 200 mm
Ground clearance, mm 300
Average ground pressure with a load on the platform, kgf/cm2 0.54
— maximum capacity, l. s. 50 … 52
— speed at peak power / min 2800
The highest speed, km / h 47.5
In store down the highway with a trailer, 152 km
Gradeability limit on the hard ground without the trailer, hail. 32