MOSCOW, July 13 — RIA Novosti.Number of leaves and needles smaller than normal in 20% of the trees the most common species in Europe, according to the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Russia, with reference to the UN report "The State of Europe's forests."
"In 2009, 20.2% of the trees showed signs of weakening — the number of needles and leaves were smaller than normal, and just over 25% of European trees can be attributed to damaged or lost," — said in a report prepared by the Economic Commission for Europe, Food and Agriculture Organization and the Secretariat of the Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe.
The report's findings are based on many years of observations, which were conducted at selected forest sites in European countries for the most common types of trees. According to experts, to judge the health of the trees can be as their crown and stem. Based on this, the researchers recorded partially or completely "bald" trees, as well as damage to the barrels.
The most "sick" trees found the most common species of oaks, pines, firs and beeches. In addition to assessing "pain" of forest, the report also contains official data about the damage of forest pests, fire, storm winds and other natural phenomena.
"The biggest indicator of damage — 10% in the forest in the southwest of Europe in Europe, excluding Russia, this figure is about 6%, while for Russia — less than 1%," — said the report.
As explained by the RIA Novosti forest program director of WWF-Russia Elena Kulikova, Russia lowest definitely happy, but can not ignore the vast areas of our forests and non-public information about their condition.
In her opinion, the most important conclusion from the report should acknowledge the transition of the European countries on the economic model of forest ecological.
During its development, as clarified by Kulikova, Europe has largely eliminated the own forests and "titanic" effort has ensured that in recent years the reduction of forests gave way to progress.
"Russia is now necessary to apply modern forest management model based on the conservation of biodiversity. Outdated approach to farming, I would have reacted clearcutting, monoculture farming and forest clearing dead wood and fallen trees, which help shape the unique flora and fauna of the forest" — said Kulikov.