An interview with a leading pioneer of the Center for Communication Studies ISESP Sciences, a candidate of sociological sciences Natalia Markova Efimovna:
Recently, psychologists are increasingly faced with a very distorted behavior of preschoolers. On the one hand, the extraordinary stiffness, underdevelopment of speech. On the other — increased aggressiveness and some wild, off-scale demonstrative. The child hesitates to answer a simple question, but it is not afraid of making faces at strangers adults, crawl under the table, and even make obscene gestures. It behaves completely unmanageable. Models of bad behavior it attracts like a magnet, even though he often does not see anything like this at home and, of course, a thousand times I heard from relatives that can not behave this way. For four or five years, such children love action movies and refuse to watch our domestic cartoons and fairy tales, saying that they are not interested. But after playing with a psychologist, it is clear that the case in the other. Just the content of our cartoon eluded their understanding, and therefore was not interested. When the underdevelopment of the child is compensated, he switched to the domestic cartoons and watching them with enthusiasm. In addition, these children are, first, mentally normal, and secondly, often grow up in wealthy families, where they have everything: toys, educational games, and books. They lead to different children's workshops, even invite teachers to the house. There are, however, a caveat. Almost all of them from an early age are passionate about video games and TV. What's the matter? Maybe the kids are the victim of some kind of social experiment? And if so, what?
We were asked to clarify the situation leading head of the Centre for Communication Studies ISESP Academy of Sciences, the candidate of sociological sciences Natalia Efimovna Markov, engaged in recent years, the study of the impact on children and adolescents of different media:
— You are absolutely right when you talk about large-scale social experiment, whose victims are children. Although the concept of the "experiment" implies some unpredictable results, and in this case, the result is predictable. The influence of modern media are obvious to the expert. Modern Western art changes and deforms the child's mind. First of all, we are talking about cartoons and computer games. Greatly affecting the children's imagination, they give the new settings and behaviors. Let us consider separately each of the aforementioned behavioral abnormalities. Let's start with aggression. Recall the "Pokemon". What it comes down the main action? Strange creatures under the name "Pokémon" …
— : … which translated to English means "pocket monsters» — pocket monster …
— Very true, but we are not going to discuss the question, whether we like them or do not like aesthetically, it's just different. These creatures affect each other, seek to destroy. Clear resemblance to the bloody fashion fun — cock and dog fighting, is experiencing a rebirth today. Watching the deadly clash of animals, adult overstep the limits of the human, allowing yourself to experience the pleasure of killing. What child is going through, looking cartoon? Naturally, he identifies himself with his heroes. These are the laws of perception of art. A self-identifying as a creature that successfully infects other creatures, the child gradually learns aggressive behaviors are rewarded with a sense of victory celebrations. In his mind, as it were produced by a kind of groove aggressiveness. Rolled track on which is accustomed to moving his feelings.
— But after all the cartoons is a struggle between good and evil. The Knights hit the dragon, Prince Ivan — Gorynych. Is there any difference between the traditional fairy-tale cartoons from the western "masterpieces" of the new generation?
— Of course, there is. Why the fixation on aggression? Unfortunately, in every man there is a hidden form of sado-masochistic complex, and the contemporary western cartoons exploit it, causing the child to feel pleasure when the hero of the cartoon is causing pain to someone. It skillfully driven audio-visuals. Repetition of such scenes is causing children to commit aggression and promotes the development of appropriate models of behavior. Catharsis, personality change, which is planning an artist, is just at the moment when the heroes of the product (for example, Pokemon) destroy opponents.
— But in the traditional cartoons did not relish details of the murder … Anyway young children tried not to show such scenes. Is not it?
— That's right. For clarity, let's try to imagine what was supposed to be "in the spirit of Pokemon 'look Ivan Tsarevich victory over the serpent Gorynychem. "Chop off one head Ivan snake and poked a knife there. His fingers slipped, krovushka warm … Smeared it over his face. Hot blood flowed … And Ivan laughing, drinking glasses krovushku, power gets from krovushki snake … "And then in the same spirit. Erection of sadism in the aesthetic category has a definite impact on the psyche of readers or viewers.
— And in other advanced Western cartoons it is?
— Unfortunately, there is.
— And in "Tom and Jerry"?
— Yes, but not the same extent. "Tom and Jerry" — the old cartoon, so it is up to the authors of this sophistication are not there yet. And in "Pokemon" is the work went on the newest technologies … Now for the other deficiencies. Children, on the one hand, terribly shy, but on the other they behave wildly.
— Yes, sometimes they show off borders on insanity.
— Poor things are simply repeating what they see on the screen. This is also a consequence of identification.
-But is not the cartoon characters are shy?
— No, it's the nature of the child. You yourself know that many children are shy by nature.
— And as cartoon characters behave defiantly, then to imitate them, the child has to break to pieces himself, and so he runs away?
— Apparently, yes. Anyway, long been known that those behaviors that demonstrate the charming characters the screen for the audience (especially the young) are very attractive. And if the deviant behavior in any way on the screen is not punished or even condemned, very high probability that many children and teenagers will imitate him. Back in the 70s. XX century. the famous American psychologist Albert Bandura has demonstrated this in his article "Social learning theory." He said that even the one and only TV model behavior can be imitated for millions! This is repeatedly confirmed by experiments, and the common practice of modern life.
— Please give an example to encourage demonstrative in cartoons.
— Take, for "Teletubbies". You probably know that each series is a kind of an instructive story, which theoretically should be useful to kids, including babies as age, which is designed series — children from six months to four years. Let's look at how authors explained the word "decoration". First decoration — bunch of flowers tied with ribbon — appears on the Christmas tree. "Adornment", — says the announcer. Then we see that a bunch tucked in his belt to one of the Teletubbies. "Decorating" — repeats the speaker, and suddenly … bouquet with a ribbon appears at the Teletubbies in the ass! He's like a little dog starts to run around in circles, trying to pull it out, and the remaining characters are fun to laugh. You see, what model of behavior instilled a small child? Decoration — something that stuck in the ass to someone and having fun together, because this is ridiculous. Demonstrative model of behavior are clear and punishable by no one, because the Teletubbies are not spanked, do not put in a corner and did not even say that so behave badly! On the contrary, it's great: stick something to someone in the ass and make fun of him.
— In passing, I note that there is still a very serious taboo removed. Even sverhdemonstrativnym children before and had no idea that someone in the ass you can stick something. The best that they are capable of, it's funny attach a face to someone else's back or put someone behind the horns. Although still like jokes existed among adolescents, not malyshni. And then, it is a serious disinhibition sphere of instincts, fostering homosexuality. Somehow I do not recall that even the most hardened hooligans boys got up before something like that.
— Yes, it is the destruction of all taboos, especially the unprecedented and totally unacceptable in our culture.
— And what about the underdevelopment of speech and all of the lockup of the mental development of children with consumers like film production?
— Here I refer to the research of a number of British and American psychologists who deal with troubled kids that have emerged in connection with the new galaxy of cartoons.
— When did this start?
— About ten years ago. Remember the cartoon "Beavis and Butt-Head", which went on channel MTV — the international television channel, specifically injects values counterculture pop-sex-drugs? Beavis and Butt-head, probably, the first characters who began to teach the audience to wild behaviors … But back to children with mental retardation. They can not assimilate in the school on hearing the information, suffer underdevelopment of speech and emotions. Western scientists have found that the children who are in early childhood, "raised", the TV. Expert in speech, Dr. Sally Ward (United Kingdom) said that over the past 20 years has sharply increased the number of children who could only perceive visual information. The words pass by them. The school "televospitanniki" have great difficulty with the change of the usual visual perception on the verbal, because they do not teach a TV, and a live teacher. And in addition they have to interact with other children, and for them it's not available.
— But exactly how these children form the cartoons of the last generation?
— Once again we turn to the "Teletubbies". Adults who viewed this series, often drawn attention to the strangeness, which had never happened in cartoons. First, play the episodes were two times in a row (which in itself is amazing, a sort of "swotting"!) And from time to time in the "Teletubbies" on display animated inserts, povtoryavshiyasya several times a week. Well, say, "The procession of animals": The screen suddenly appearing animals, are quite different, from different natural zones crocodiles mixed with hippos, penguins, ostriches. They are very slow, caravan and march across the screen is stretched about three minutes to four. For the film — it is a very long time. Or other insert. Three ships slowly float across the screen. No action is performed, they just cut the nose of a wave, pass around and swim away. And here's another characteristic picture. On the tree standing in the middle of the field and arrive at a time fifteen birds. Every little wagging tail, sits on a branch and freezes, just copying the previous movement. And this, again, lasts long enough! What kind of strange? Never in the movie was nothing like this, and could not be, because it is important to act. It has to evolve …
— And to be full of meaning …
— That's it! The authors of "Teletubbies" Ann Wood and Alice Kahn said that the transfer of used some very advanced scientific technology, developing young children. But in fact, the meaning of inserts in a different — in accustom children to the screen. And to housebreaking terrible, hypnotic! After all, the screen lights up. Its flickering that people perceive in spite of himself, has a certain rhythm. A flickering light, rhythm and definitely picked up noises hypnotic effect on the psyche. As a result, little man falls into a trance and is already quite uncritically accept everything that pours from the screen, is attracted to him. "Teletubbies" — is consistent creation of human-moron who will sit at the TV screen with an open mouth and swallow any information.
— Perhaps it is the influence of hypnotic screen can be explained by the fact that the child can not tear myself away from the TV, and when parents are trying to turn off the "box" into a killing frenzy, heart-rending screams, throws himself into the fray.
— Yes, of course, this is akin to drug addiction. A ban on the drug causes a strong reaction.
— What other behaviors are introducing cartoons such as "Teletubbies"?
— The child becomes immune to danger. For example, for all the three hundred and sixty five series Teletubbies to the call of "Time for bed!" Jump into the hatch located in the hill. But for young viewers this hatch is associated with a cozy house in which live television characters. Hence, the image of the door becomes positively stained, and some particularly suggestible and prone to risky behavior children may well follow the example of your favorite characters. In addition, children are taught to, like, run into danger, modeling risk-taking behavior, even in completely normal, standard situations. For example, the Teletubbies swinging on a swing. Voice-over says, "Lala rocks." "Lala" twice swayed and fell. She got up and sat down again on the swing. Again the announcer's voice: "Lala rocks." Teletubbies is falling again. And so a dozen times, as if in the child's head vdalblivaya link the concepts of "swing" and "fall." Then he shook his little Teletubbies normally, but the idea that swing on a swing due to the fall, the child will remain, and when he sits down swing, this idea may well emerge. You know perfectly well what it means for a person memorized course of action. As a result, the kid will make involuntary movement and also drops.
— Only for him it will not be without consequences, both for television characters.
— That's right. The same ideas were laid in the consciousness of the kids, when Teletubbies played ball. The display continuously shows some mistakes, failures.
— "But this is just to avoid the real failures" — the authors will tell you …
— You can say anything you want. However, we have not completely lost the memory of the norm and remember that children have been taught since time immemorial on the positive examples. Negative same tried not to show it, and most importantly, always accompanied by morality. And here — just a show without evaluative comments. Say, let them draw conclusions.
— Yes, this is one of the main principles of the so-called "nondirective pedagogy": "We give information, and the child makes his free choice." Often the difference between life and death, health and disease.
— Here is an example of sexual attractions release of "Teletubbies". It is not animated and documentary footage in some African embassy. Negro family of dance the lambada. Three-four-children, of course, desperately need a super-sexy dance where rubbing bellies, bottoms, where lining up voluptuously writhing chain … Imagine what it will, when children begin to reproduce what he saw. There were scenes where the boys wore Teletubbies girly dresses and did not want to take it off. Others tepuziki approved their behavior by saying that it was good, he was "like a girl."
— That is, is programmed violation of sexual orientation?
— In any case, this is an attempt to undermine the norm. After all, boys are generally very rarely tend to wear girly clothes. And if you suddenly put on, the surrounding say, "Why? Off! You're not a girl! "And just the opposite. Once again I want to stress that the "Teletubbies" was nothing more, nothing accidental. Absolutely all of the series have been carefully thought out and built. As, however, and in other similar cartoons. "The Simpsons," for example, focused on the introduction of deviant behavior in the family, and you probably know that even parents have sued …
— Please tell us a bit more about it.
— A young man of thirty noticed that his seven-year baby, very cute, good boy, suddenly became wildly behave: rub with his fists at his mother talk shit. My father could not understand what was happening, while his companion, did not say, "Look, he's exactly the same copies that show the cartoon Simpsons," and indeed, the boy twice a day, morning and evening, watching this animated series . A father and had no idea that in a children's cartoon can be something harmful. Indignant, he filed a lawsuit against Ren-TV, which shows "The Simpsons." The company began to wriggle out, saying that the father himself to blame. Say it is not children's cartoons. But it appears, according to the law in each particular broadcaster, large enough portion of air time should be given to screening films for children. And on Ren-TV is nothing but "The Simpsons" for the children did not show. So get out there, maybe not succeed.
— What harm in "The Simpsons"?
— How do you like these lyrics? The son tells his mother, in response to a request to do something, "make itself, the old slut!" Old people, for example, Simpson's grandfather, exhibited in the light of idiotic. Above the old age, senility, illness subtly and wittily (!), Which is especially scary sneer. That turtle is stealing false teeth old man and poor man can not catch up with her, before slamming the door in his face native son. Here are completely destroyed behaviors of children and parents. Yes, actually, in a normal society, so no one made behave!
— And the heroes of this, I may say, the cartoon is not punished?
— Of course not. On the contrary, all very cute and fun, "cool". How would such a "black humor". And here's another manipulation of children's minds. Familiar psychologist from St. Petersburg, MA Kurtysheva talked about the recent ill and completely unmotivated beating preschoolers yearling babies on the playground.
— Babies? But why?
— And because the hatred of babies now also inspired from the TV screen. Recall, mulserial "Oh, these kids." Infants are in it disgusting, ugly creatures with huge, swollen heads, which, as plucked chicken, stick rare volosenki. Kind of awful, and get up to these cartoon babes some terrible mischief. And since the real babies have all the same outward signs, then there is a double preschooler associative relationship: moving with monstrous animated "kids" on the real babies, whom he sees while walking. And there is the idea that they should beat, as this monster.
— In modern culture in general a lot of effort aimed at instilling aversion to children. This hidden "family planning", right?
— Yes, the destruction of family ties is closely associated with the ideology of birth control, it is a single complex.
— Parents of teenagers very often complain about the impenetrable cynicism of their offspring. And often there is not fuckin children, and those which, on the contrary, try to surround with care, go for them to make sacrifices. And in response to seeing a black ingratitude and some unusually stable cynicism. As he nurtured?
— All the same methods and techniques. Model cynical behavior is broadcast through a lot of American teen movies "American Pie," "Something sharp in the pants" … Hundreds of films form a coarsening of the concepts of identity with all walks of life, including the most intimate, the most subtle. Grows man, however hewn from logs: blunt, rude, animal.
— What can you say about the "Sesame Street"? This series also faced a great many children. In a suburban kindergarten I even saw a huge characters "Sesame Street," which were used in the training sessions. Satisfied teachers said that the children would like to be included in such gaming techniques.
— Children do like to play with adults, so this is not an argument. In the "Sesame Street", the same principles: promotion of deviant behavior and unsuccessful. In addition, the characters to be extremely ugly and disgusting. What is it for? — The fact that the child is identified by not only the behavior of the character. The mechanisms of imitation reflex in children and so thin that they allow to catch the slightest emotional changes tiniest facial grimaces. Look closely at her mother with a one year old baby, and you will notice between a mimetic resemblance. Children learn by imitation, including imitate the facial expressions of loved ones, favorite television characters. But the faces of the monsters in "Sesame Street" one another disgusting: stupid, evil or insane. When a child is identified with such characters, his inner sense of self is related to the expression of their faces. And the baby starts to behave accordingly: it is impossible to adopt the evil facial expressions and stay good-natured soul, to adopt a meaningless grin and strive "to gnaw granite of science".
— But why do children draw all those nasty movies, cartoons, computer games? After all, they are infected with even children from educated families, friends since childhood with samples of good, genuine art.
— Doctor of Psychology, Professor. LN Matveeva of Moscow State University conducted such an experience: young people while watching different movies were given into the hands of sensors and particularly interesting moments were asked to press a button. The result was astounding. It turns out that the audience is equally interesting and when shooting in the head or cut off his head, and when they kiss or winning hero climbs on a rock, which offers a beautiful view. That is, people are equally interesting and beautiful and terrible. This encourages that tickles your nerves. When this stimulation becomes familiar, pleasant, people can not get along without it. On the other hand, he now sees only a stimulation, unable to understand the finer feelings — such as in the old classic films. Therefore stimulation hard incentives of sex, violence, disgust, sadism becomes a norm. And the rest of the threshold of perception, like classical music to the profane.
— And what do you need to advertise deviant, aberrant behavior?
— This is part of the ideology of Western civilization. What is now called globalist project. The globalists believe that the planet's resources are limited, and the people too much and need to be "cut", as far as possible without resorting to outright violence. Technology "brainwashing" invented long ago, but now they have become perfect as ever. One group of brainwashed youth commits a crime, and its members can be put in jail. As a result, manipulators will be spared from the uprising, the leader of which could be brave, energetic, passionary personality. The other part of the population could live in peace, having a family and raising children. But since childbearing in the globalist world need to limit young people brought up in hostility to the children, and homosexuality and lesbianism are elevated to the rules and extolled. Now the sexual instinct can be satisfied without the "unwanted pregnancy." A third group of people will be with your mouth open and dripping with saliva to sit in front of screen. These are easier to manage everything.
— But why would form a complex of losers?
— And who else to sell drugs? This is one of the main items of income creators of "brave new world". Loser dissatisfied with their lives, tend to get depressed. And then he peddled "cure." After all, drugs are presented as a remedy for depression. Indeed, they allow for a time shake. However, then the depression rolled forward with renewed vigor, but it will be possible to take a new dose — and again rouse herself. Indeed, all three of the above groups of people — candidates for drug addicts. The man transgresses the norms of society, deeply unhappy. This is a great show Dostoyevsky's novel "Crime and Punishment." Among gay men and lesbians the largest percentage of drug addicts. And the representatives of the third group — those with saliva dripping — elementary zamorochit head, saying, as more recently in the United States said that the drug — a great tool for enhancing sexual activity or for personal growth. Drugs are gradually becoming the norm in Western society. Up to 40% of the male population of England, France, Spain, the Netherlands between the ages of 16 and 25 have tried drugs. Not for nothing in this country that focuses on the legalization of the drug trade. All drugs — a very effective weapon, a kind of dust, which is sprinkled with society so that "extra" people like themselves extinct.
— What measures in the current reality may take parents and the public?
— Of course, it is necessary to require the State of censorship on film and television for children. Otherwise, we get a whole generation of moral and physical freaks. But to shift the responsibility to the state, too, not worth it. Parents should understand that children watch these cartoons, action movies and so on. it is impossible. Strongly!
*** With the head of the Centre for Communication Studies ISESP Academy of Sciences, a candidate of sociological sciences Natalia Efimovna interviewed Tatyana Markova Shishova.