It was possible to detect the earliest remains of ships of Ancient Egypt — they are found in two underwater caves on the coast of the Red Sea. The discovery was made by a group of American and Italian archaeologists, led by Kathryn Bard (Kathryn Bard) at Boston University (Boston University). Found artifacts include two curved planks of cedar, which may be a portion of the steering oars. Scientists were also able to find the same spot fragments of pottery, which can help resolve disputes about the start of long-distance trade of ancient Egyptian flights.
At least some of the samples of pottery from these caves can be dated to the XV century BC — that is, the time a naval expedition to the mysterious "land of the gods" Punt, organized by the Queen (1501-1481 BC. E.) Eighteenth dynasty of the New Kingdom Hatshepsut, daughter of Thutmose I, half-sister and wife of Thutmose II and stepmother of Thutmose III, instead of which it was illegally proclaimed herself pharaoh. The history of this flight displays detailed terrain in the famous temple of Hatshepsut at Deir el-Bahri on the west bank of the Nile (near modern Luxor). Swimming took place along the shores of the Red Sea, which the ancients called the Great Green Sea. Perhaps at that time were organized and some other naval expeditions of which we still do not know anything, so strictly speaking, the ownership of these ships is Hatshepsut is not yet proven.
Led by a nobleman Panehsi expedition lasted three years. Hatshepsut sent the path to the giant at the time the ships with a raised high bow and stern, ending a huge papyrus flower, high mast, carrying a large sail. At the rear, near the stern, there were two steering oars, as well as on the nose, observation platform.
Alien ships met on the beach of Punta king Parekh, bearded, like an Egyptian man in a cap and unusual loincloth, with his wife Ati. During the exchange of gifts Egyptians were not only much coveted spices, but other gifts "gods country": ivory, ebony, malachite, gold and electrum, and live monkeys and giraffes. Masters of Hatshepsut depicted punt as a tropical paradise — palm trees, giraffes, small huts puntiytsev, standing on stilts in the middle of swamps, with stairs at the entrance. Among other things, the messengers of the queen were loaded on ships more than 30 live Ladanova and frankincense trees in tubs, which the queen then ordered to land in front of the temple at Deir el-Bahri.
Italian researchers believe that the found pottery may be a native of Yemen, where possible, and once housed the mysterious land of Punt (according to other sources, "the land of the gods" to look for on the coast of modern Ethiopia and northern Somalia). Ancient Egyptians gave out a variety of exotic products, including wood ebony (black) wood, incense, animals (elephants, giraffes, leopards), as well as gold and silver. All this proves the existence of the ancient contacts between countries with different coasts of the Red Sea.
So far it is not clear why all these things were sealed in caves. One possible explanation is that the find is the Egyptian peace offerings to the gods. At least before scientists have had to deal with the sacrificial structure made of stone anchors. It is assumed that in December of this year excavations will continue.
See also: the Hindu Cremation, Cremation Indians.