How to produce Kalashnikov

Having read the news about the woes of the plant "Izhmash", I decided to see for myself how he lives and breathes today than legendary producer "Kalash". Picked up the old ties and eventually won an invitation to a private company. Finally fulfilled my boyhood dream — I was allowed to take pictures of the shop, work and, of course, the weapon itself. And while all around writing about bankruptcy and imminent death of the plant, I suddenly realized clearly that the "Izhmash" very much alive — he worked for two centuries and as many more will stand. I tried to convey this feeling in my humble photo essay. So, my day started in Izhevsk, as soon as I got off the train.

  • How to produce Kalashnikov
  • How to produce Kalashnikov

Many Muscovites are used to thinking that prevails in the regions of continuous decline. I have not been in Udmurtia, and is not expected to see a brand-new St. Michael's Cathedral.

  • How to produce Kalashnikov
  • How to produce Kalashnikov

The old building in 1937 suffered a sad fate of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow — it was destroyed. But in 2004 at the same place laid another cathedral and built it in just three years.

  • How to produce Kalashnikov
  • How to produce Kalashnikov

Of course, I could not visit the monument of military and labor glory, the heroism of the inhabitants of Udmurtia in the Great Patriotic War. The monument is located on the area of 50 October.

  • How to produce Kalashnikov
  • How to produce Kalashnikov

But the main purpose of my visit — to get acquainted with the industry Izhevsk, in particular, with the defense giant "Izhmash", whose products are taught to love me in the army stronger than his own girl.

  • How to produce Kalashnikov
  • How to produce Kalashnikov

Back in 1941 manufacturing center of small arms placed on the eastern edge of Izhevsk, an area of 96 hectares — to understand, which is twice the Vatican, well, or half of the European principality of Monaco. Power of "Izhmash" stretch to the horizon.

  • How to produce Kalashnikov
  • How to produce Kalashnikov

Perhaps some will be surprised to learn that "Kalashnikovs" assembled by hand. On the one hand, skeptics easy to complain about the lack of automation. But that did not stop "Izhmash" for the last 60 years to produce 50 million machines.

  • How to produce Kalashnikov
  • How to produce Kalashnikov

It just seems that the work is flowing slowly. In the best years "Izhmash" issued on 95 machines per hour. With these very hands!

  • How to produce Kalashnikov
  • How to produce Kalashnikov

The trunk is connected to the fore. An employee in blue overalls told me that although the implementation of this simple action, there are special tools, he sometimes ignores conventional hammer. But this can only afford a real guru, whose hand does not tremble.

  • How to produce Kalashnikov
  • How to produce Kalashnikov

Details are processed. Today, the plant is testing two types of nano — one of them to prevent corrosion, the second reduces friction in the moving mechanism to recharge it easier. All of this expertly told me a stern woman.

  • How to produce Kalashnikov
  • How to produce Kalashnikov

A worker collects receiver box and inserts the bolt carrier — the first time it requires manual adjustment. Please note that we have quite a young man. Myths about aging frames and dispels the following photo.

  • How to produce Kalashnikov
  • How to produce Kalashnikov

This lovely girl is spinning all the cogs when the mechanism is adjusted by hand specialist. In the design center "Izhmash" now has 15 students.

  • How to produce Kalashnikov
  • How to produce Kalashnikov

By subject, already looked like a weapon, in the final stages of the attached butt — with a light hand harmless "hostess", which is easier to imagine on a dairy farm, rather than in the assembly shop of the defense plant.

  • How to produce Kalashnikov
  • How to produce Kalashnikov

You can not say that the plant is not at all no automation. Even Vitali Klitschko could not tighten all the bolt as tightly as this heartless machine.

  • How to produce Kalashnikov
  • How to produce Kalashnikov

And that weapon in the hands of the experienced worker. It has survived not only one of the three presidents and secretary-general, but several directors of the plant. On previous — Vladimir Grodetsky which he worked until 2010 — speaks disapprovingly. Says the main devastation fell on him: the plant has lost many platforms, and wages were not paid for months.

  • How to produce Kalashnikov
  • How to produce Kalashnikov

His words were confirmed by quality controller assembly. According to her, in the last year and a half the situation in the "Izhmash" has begun to improve. Today, the average salary — 16 000 rubles. When Grodetsky she was at a subsistence level — 5-6 thousand rubles. And even these meager money had to wait for months.

  • How to produce Kalashnikov
  • How to produce Kalashnikov

This employee — something like a final inspection. It depends on the opinion, leave the weapons shop or go to completion. Colleagues are waiting with bated breath the verdict.

  • How to produce Kalashnikov
  • How to produce Kalashnikov

Neither do I.

  • How to produce Kalashnikov
  • How to produce Kalashnikov

But this nice guy, oddly enough, is the big boss. Alexander 21, and he is a senior master. As I explained, the key to rapid career — it's higher education. Sasha goes to the Izhevsk State Technical University. Has not yet decided — stay here or go after studying in Germany, it was too loves his city.

  • How to produce Kalashnikov
  • How to produce Kalashnikov

Finishing touches applied — trunks are polished to a shine. Now the "Izhmash" can show showmanship. Export contracts have always helped the company to stay afloat even in the most difficult years — production of the plant is supplied in 27 countries. Now a large consignment of AK can purchase the Indians. But they want the machines have interchangeable barrels and fired cartridges of various calibers. "Izhmash" ready to fulfill these requirements.

  • How to produce Kalashnikov
  • How to produce Kalashnikov

I suggest a game: let us count the number of trunks on the trolley.

  • How to produce Kalashnikov
  • How to produce Kalashnikov

Head of "Izhmash" Maxim Kuzyuk won me over by the fact that it allowed freely to come to his office and take pictures of the work. I broke down and asked if it was true that the company may close. Kuzyuk said the figures: after the "Izhmash" came under the wing of the state corporation "Russian Technologies", revenue increased by 40% compared with the 2010th, wages increased by 21%, and some designers receive a bonus 50% of the salary. Is it like a dying plant? In my opinion he was even a little offended.

  • How to produce Kalashnikov
  • How to produce Kalashnikov

According to this young worker also did not say that it is working on a depressed industry. It has been engraved on the gun, that is responsible for the aesthetic component production. Fight or hunt, too, need a soul.

  • How to produce Kalashnikov
  • How to produce Kalashnikov

I asked for something to write on memory, and a student for 10 minutes on a piece of iron engraved names of the months.

  • How to produce Kalashnikov
  • How to produce Kalashnikov

And that's what professional heights she ever reach, if it is a lot of practice and study.

  • How to produce Kalashnikov
  • How to produce Kalashnikov

At the gun, "Saiga-12" sank even the Americans — they recently bought a party to arm its police. In 2011, sales of sporting and hunting weapons "Izhmash" earned U.S. $ 15 million.

  • How to produce Kalashnikov
  • How to produce Kalashnikov

Before you sell weapons, it must be experienced. My age Alexander great authority in this area. It can be said that checks Kalashnikovs dog ate it — over the years never missed a defective sample.

  • How to produce Kalashnikov
  • How to produce Kalashnikov

"Kalash" in the fire does not burn and water does not rust. I. First, thoroughly wets the machine under artificial rain …

  • How to produce Kalashnikov
  • How to produce Kalashnikov

Then freezes in conditions which both enemy does not want …

  • How to produce Kalashnikov
  • How to produce Kalashnikov

And heated in an oven …

  • How to produce Kalashnikov
  • How to produce Kalashnikov

But this does not end the torment AK — in the final he will have three to five times with a sweep shmyaknut on a concrete slab.

  • How
 to produce Kalashnikov
  • How to produce Kalashnikov

And after all this weapon fires as if nothing had happened! If the 2012 end of the world will happen after all, and after a couple of centuries our descendants dig up in Izhevsk Kalashnikov, they need to be careful — because he would still be in working order.

  • How to produce Kalashnikov
  • How to produce Kalashnikov

In general, the plant conducted from the day I got a lot of fun. On the "Izhmash" I met a lot of people smiling, despite the fact that I'm not the president and not the minister — for me one of Potemkin villages do not line up.

  • How to produce Kalashnikov
  • How to produce Kalashnikov

When I went through the checkpoint into the fresh air, I saw all the same industrial landscape, but in the evening light. It was time to go home — to share the truth about the "Izhmash".

  • How to produce Kalashnikov
  • How to produce Kalashnikov

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