International Day for Biological Diversity is celebrated annually on May 22 since 2001. This memorable ecological date was proclaimed by the General Assembly in 1995, a special resolution (NA/RES/49/119) based on the recommendation of the Conference of Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), which was held in 1994. It should be noted that the initial resolution date was set as the International Biodiversity Day on 29 December, the day of entry into force. But later the UN General Assembly postponed the International Day for Biological Diversity on 22 May — the day of the signing of the Convention (resolution NA/RES/55/201). This was done in order to bring to the International Day bioraznooraziya more attention and supporters.
The main task of the International Day for Biological Diversity — to draw public attention to the problem of permanent disappearance of many in the world of flora and fauna. Biological diversity of the planet continues to decline, and ecological balance is still subject to change. About 60% of the ecological system degraded or used recklessly, resulting in the loss of biological diversity and the severe consequences that in the next 50 years could get worse.
Each year, the theme of the International Day is one of the priorities for conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. Subject 2012 — marine biodiversity. Choosing a theme for the Day of marine ecosystems in 2012 provide the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, and anyone interested in marine life opportunity to raise awareness of this problem and enhance practice in the conservation of marine and coastal biodiversity.
In a message to the UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon on the International Day for Biological Diversity says the call to increase the area of marine protected areas, reduce pollution of the oceans, to soften the impact of climate change and to reduce overfishing of commercial fish.
UN chief expressed concern about the growing incidence of the use of fossil fuels, which causes an increase in sea surface temperature, sea level rise and an increase in the acidity of sea water. However, Ban Ki-moon has called attention to the fact that over the last century, with the weakening or elimination of the adverse factors of human life, from 10 to 50% of populations and ecosystems partially restored. Ban Ki-moon called on to pursue a primary goal of protecting marine biodiversity — by 2020 to reach 10% of the protection regime of marine and coastal areas.
One of the main ways to preserve biodiversity on our planet — the protection of rare and endangered species of plants and animals, as well as respect for nature and the environment.