— We stand at the Su-30MKI with three-ton cruise missileBrahMos.
You will be able to take off and, most importantly, landing with such a burden?
— I think so. The rocket is really big, but even with its mass of aircraft landing weight and center of gravity are within the approved limits. As far as I can see, with this suspension as SB173 pitch at the touch is not further restricted.
— Your flight suit decorated with the emblem with the words "Sukhoi30MKI1000HOURS+. " It turns out that you have spent in the cockpit of the Su-30MKI is more than a thousand hours. P. Lall — the only Indian Air Force pilot who has flown so much?
— No, not the only one. I think another 10-15 of my compatriots have the touch on this type of aircraft exceeding a thousand flight hours.
— Among the Russian pilots of one of the biggest raids on Su-30MKI/MKM a test pilot and Hero of Russia Vyacheslav Averianov. Do you know him?
— Yes, I know him personally. Glory took part in training Indian pilots came to India seven or eight years ago. At the time, together with other instructors from Russia, Averianov preparing the first group of Indian pilots to fly on their new aircraft type. That's when he and I met. I consider it one of the best test pilots OKB "dry." Of course, it is perfectly mastered the Su-30MKI. It was a pleasure to fly the crew and communicate between flights.
— What you experience, flying the Su-30MKI?
— On this type I fly for ten years (Ed: Given the Su-30K), but every time you take a flight test of a new deep feelings. The family of aircraft grade "Su" fourth generation went quite a long way before there was an advanced version of the Su-30MKI. This is a unique machine. I am happy that India got this plane, it's made specifically for our needs today and in large quantities operated in line units. You probably know that the Indian Air Force and Navy aircraft operate several types of fighters, which include the construction of local development and production, built on a foreign license, and purchased in Russia, France and the UK. Each time you select the type of aircraft we have set very strict requirements, choose among the offers of different suppliers. Su-30MKI was chosen because it represented a very good mix of combat power and potential for future development. You will understand what I mean by looking in the cockpit and being aware of its on-board systems and an arsenal of weapons. In the cockpit mounted multi-function color displays on the LCD display, the aircraft has advanced on-board systems. I believe that the system of the aircraft — the best of all is that the fighters used the third and fourth generations. Such a belief I have learned from my own practice flights on this type of aircraft. It is important to note that the car continues to improve going refinement, a high level of support it.
— Please tell us about the program of the flight display of the Su-30MKI aircraft at the showAero IndiaOf 2013. Are you doing "Pugachev's Cobra", the other "dangerous" maneuvers?
With me on the Yelahanka Air Force Base are five more pilots — my subordinates. Here at the show, we're not going to perform any dangerous maneuvers. According to the requirements of the program of demonstration flights at air show, pilots have to withstand, within certain limits, the flight parameters — altitude, speed, and so on. Of course, when performing aerobatic maneuvers at low altitude, the crew's no room for error. If such occurs, the lack of headroom height leaves no time for razdumyvanie on how to react to a dangerous development of the situation. Therefore, each performed a maneuver requires pilots concentration and precision performance. In my program of demonstration flights at the exhibition maneuver "Cobra" is not included. Generally speaking, the "Cobra" — a maneuver that can be performed on this type, and for this ability Su-30MKI is called "supermanevrennym." Of course, the implementation of "Cobra" requires more skill pilot compared with other maneuvers. Despite the lack of flexibility in my program, it, nevertheless, there are many complex aerobatics. In addition, I show the input plane into a flat spin and the conclusion drawn from it by means of the thrust vector.
— During your flight at the show watched many thousands of visitors. Many of those with whom we talked, admired by Indian military pilots …
— Indeed, a career military man in India is very honorable. So it was in this country since the establishment of the Armed Forces of the Republic. Serve them has always been a matter of prestige, and the officers were in great esteem and respect. This situation continues today. Notice how many children and adolescents have come today to show Aero India! And how many more are watching with great interest the flight, sitting on the airfield perimeter fence! Some of these boys dream of becoming pilots to serve in the Air Force. Others want to be officers to serve in the Army, Naval Forces. In general, a career military — a nice way, but at the same time, it requires a high voltage power. I think that is what attracts young people for military service to my country.
— Is it easy to the young man to go to flight school to become a military pilot in the Indian Air Force?
— I can not say that simple. Probably difficult. The fact is that those who have to go through the selection of a closer when entering the Air Force Academy. First, the process of selection is for health reasons, and secondly, on the knowledge acquired in secondary school, and, of course, the line corresponds to the summer trade — verified the basic functionality of the incoming needed to control the aircraft. Enrolment in the number of students, the selection process does not stop. He goes on during training at the Academy. First cadets pass the initial training on the ground. Then it is time learning the basics of flying a profession, the development of different types of aircraft. As you advance the course of training, cadets pass a very difficult test. To sustain them, you must not only have the requisite physical training and knowledge, but also to maintain the body in a healthy mind — all that is necessary to control the aircraft. Proper instruction in piloting also carries a lot of challenges, both in terms of physical and intellectual. In case you have overcome all obstacles and successfully coped with all tasks, it is usually within two to four years can become a military fighter pilot and begin to serve in one part of the Air Force.
— Right from the place where our conversation takes place, exposed to flying prototype aircraftLight Combat Aircraft"Tejas. " It is known that India has invested enormous resources in developing its own light fighter. If you get an appointment to head units equipped withLCA,
how do you react to such a task?
— I think after the Su-30MKI I did not have any problems with the development of this type of aircraft, and (laughs). I still have not managed to test Tejas in the air, but I think that the aircraft are not bad. As of this moment, this machine has not yet received all of the set of technologies and functionality that are willing to see him as the Indian Air Force. Currently, the Ministry of Defence and industry apply further efforts to bring the plane to the level of requirements for the customer.
— What high-tech aircraftLCAYou can highlight?
— For example, I can highlight the technology of information processing and presentation of its pilot through the multifunction displays. Also in this plane side the latest applied proprietary computers, other devices and systems high. They are installed on the aircraft to the pilot could best fulfill combat tasks. Design and technological solutions incorporated in Tejas, suggest the possibility of the successful use of a pilot multifunction displays and indicators on the background of the windshield, the information that is displayed to them.
— From the reports of the Indian press is known that now there is a requirement to developSuper 30 — modernized Su-30MKI. What do you want to see an improved plane?
— Options requirements for deep modernization of the Su-30MKI is currently still being formed. For its part, seems to me necessary to replace the existing light on the background of the windshield (HUD) for a more advanced model, with extended viewing angles. In addition, it is possible, using advanced technology, improve functional ability of the aircraft, its combat capabilities. In part this can be achieved by strengthening the software, as well as through the integration of new weapons, such as the BrahMos and others.
— What would you rather see atSuper30 — an improved model of the HUD or helmet-mounted sight display (NPI)?
— Well, I would like and that and the other. As for helmet-mounted sight, I think that the introduction of such devices — this is the way the world goes. When I turn my head to the left or right to view from the cabin air space, the presence of NPI will help me to better orient themselves in space. NPI provides greater flexibility in performing maneuvers. At the same time, the NPI must be well designed and executed constructively. Important parameters for the correct selection of the pilot on the NPI, treatment of the displayed information should be made with very high quality. The pilot did not have to restart the "extra" information — it is necessary to give him only the necessary minimum. In this sense, the NPI will not replace HUD. That's why I'd like to see and a good NPI, and a good HUD in the cockpit Super 30.
— However, the helmet-mounted sight — is, as a rule, the extra weight on the pilot's head …
— Yes, you're right — you do not want to "wear" on the head of the extra weight, especially when flying with a large overload. We are used to the Russian protective helmet (ZS). To draw a conclusion about the suitability of a national immunization program, I first have to try it and compare with the ZS. If the weight is comparable to or only slightly more, I will agree to "pay the price" for such an innovation.
— That the Indians expect from the "Russian Knights"?
— I think that all the people that today in large numbers gathered in the Air Force Base Yelahanka, eagerly await the arrival of Russian pilots and their performances here at the air show. The group is flying on the beautiful Su-27, which have a high flight performance and beautiful color. We have heard that the pilots "Russian Knights" — great "pilotazhniki" that their performances delighted audiences in Russia and many countries.
— Do you want to meet with Russian pilots, talk to them about general topics?
— Yes, me and my subordinates would like to arrange a meeting with the pilots of the "Russian Knights". I want to talk to them on professional issues, given the fact that they act on the aircraft, which are similar in structure to those operated by the Indian Air Force. Many of the systems on board the Su-27 and Su-30MKI are similar. Probably manage the aircraft has a lot in common. It will be interesting to talk to them about the features of the Su-27 pilot, to understand how it differs from our machines. I think that for its part the Russian Air Force pilots will be interesting to listen to our concerns about the specific features of piloting the Su-30MKI. Hopefully, we will find topics for communication and exchange of experience.
— What words would you like to give pilots "Russian Knights" before the meeting?
— Before going to say something, I would first ask them to look at my performance on the Su-30MKI air show here.
— Alluding to the fact that your plane — a new and more agile?
— (Laughs) So, let them look, and then we'll talk!
— You have reached great heights in the art of piloting the Su-30MKI. What is your next goal in life? Maybe you want to learn new types of aircraft? To land on an aircraft carrier? Become an Air Marshal?
— (Smile) … We, the officers of the Indian Air Force, strive to do well the work entrusted to us — professionally at any level. At their level, I try to accurately perform all the duties, assignments and tasks given to me. I'll fly on an airplane, maintain and improve their own flight and combat training. Also involved in training the personnel entrusted to me — young pilots. Currently I am fully concentrated on this work. And then — let's see what will be, what will be the result of my work at the office.
PS Gorgeous photos of the Su-30MKI at Aero India 2013: