After the battle of Smolensk (more details in the article IN: Smolensk battle 4-6 (16-18), August 1812) Russian army left the city, crossing the night of August 18 at the right Preserving the Dnipro River. The Russian rearguard, which was abandoned in the suburbs of St. Petersburg, could not keep the French army, which captured a bridgehead on the right bank of the river. During the same day or the French engineers repaired the crossing, and on August 19 the enemy went after the retreating Russian troops. Napoleon had the opportunity to pre-empt the Russian troops 50 km east of Smolensk in Solovevoj ferry and capture the crossroad near the village of Lubin (15 km from Smolensk). Because Barclay de Tolly, Bagration pointed to the need to retain these pt, while the 1st Army released a connection with the 2nd Army. Bagration's army moved to Solovevoj crossing of days on August 18. Bagration left at Lubin squad AI Gorchakov and Cossacks AA Karpov. Gorchakov was ordered to retreat when a part of the 1st Army. August 19th, the 2nd Army crossed the Dnieper at Solovevoj crossing and braked before reaching Dorogobuzh.
Problem departing 1st Army under the Barclay de Tolly was complicated by the fact that most road to Moscow took place specifically on the banks of the Dnieper River and was in the zone act hostile artillery. Russian military command has decided to move back roads roundabout way, first to the north of Porec, then east exit to the Moscow road.
The army was divided into two columns. First column-by Dmitry Dokhturov in the 5th, 6th Infantry and the 2nd and 3rd cavalry corps with artillery and baggage train departed on a circuitous road through the village and Stabny Prudischevo. This column appeared on the Moscow road just near the crossing. The second column under the Nicholas Tuchkova in the 2nd, 3rd, 4th Infantry and 1st Cavalry corps was to go on a rather short but rugged road through the village and Gorbunovo Kataeva. Parts under the Tuchkova out on Moscow road near the village of Lubin. Head of the column was avant-garde, consisting of 3 infantry and hussar regiments under the command of Cherenkov Tuchkova third. He had to change the screen of the 2nd Army, under the command of Prince Gorchakov. Rearguard under the Korf owed to cover the retreat of Russian troops and then retreat as a roundabout way, moving beyond the 2nd Infantry Corps Baggovuta. Both columns were planning to join in Solovevoj ferry in the evening on August 19.
The Battle of Gedeonovke. At night the forces of the 2nd and 4th corps lost their way in the forest Gorbunovsky. August 19 they went to the village of Gideon, which was located 1.5 km from the St. Petersburg suburb of Smolensk. With them was the headquarters and Barclay de Tolly. By the village moved from the Smolensk third French corps under the command of Ney. The French were going to go to Lubin, which moved two Jaeger Regiment who defended Petersburg suburb. To the right of Ney's troops, near the Smolensk hosted Murat with the cavalry. More to the right, at Prudischenskogo ford, placed 8th Corps Junot. The French did not mean that they face in a particular proximity to force the 1st Russian army. For disparate Russian troops, these French corps, which had a total of about 70 thousand difficulties fighter, represented a great danger.
Barclay de Tolly, assessed the situation, gave the order to speed up the movement of bodies in Lubin. Their departure was due to cover the flank rear guard, who finished Gedeonovo. Corps troops Baggovuta vyshybli Gedeonovo vanguard of Marshal Ney. Left the village to cover the 4th Infantry Division Eugene of Württemberg. Division head held back the French rearguard corps covering the retreat of Corfu. Her, not realizing Russia's "maneuver" and the fear of the unexpected, acted slowly and cautiously. Wurtemburg waited Korff, has teamed up with him and he stepped back.
Quest for Lubin (Valutina battle at the mountain). At this time, Napoleon found that the Russian troops entered the Moscow road and occupied the intersection tract in Lubin. He gave the order to go from Ney Gedeonovo to Lubin and storm the Russian troops. Corps of Murat and Junot were to support the strike.
The advanced part of the column approached the Tuchkova Lubin at a time when the battle was over Gedeonovo. As the vanguard of the column appeared under the PA Tuchkova Gorchakov carrying out orders given away Bagration, was take the rearguard of the 2nd Army to Solovevoj crossing. In Depth he left only three Cossack regiments A. Karpov. So Makar, a crossroads was almost bare. This allowed the enemy to attack the units of the 1st Army, while she was on the march. Then Tuchkov third on his own initiative turned his squad to Kolodnaya to cover up the Moscow road. Then he led the rearguard of the second column and took up a position near the river Kolodny. Three thousand Russian troops fought off pressure forces until mid-day or Ney. Uniformly drawn battle of the new Russian. This bout was the title fight at Valutina mountains since before settlement Lubin position of Russian troops was placed on bolshennom hill, its French dubbed Valutina mountain by name known to them the coming of the village Valutina. This rearguard action called Lubin still struggle with, because the battle unfolded near the village of Lubin on the way to Moscow.
Ermoloff, which assigns great importance to retain this position, sent forces in support Tuchkova two Grenadier Regiment, which forces him to increment to 5 thousand fighter. Paul Tuchkov Valutina moved to the mountain, where the Cossacks Karpov, he paused to 15 hours, and then the pressure of the enemy forces withdrew across the river Stragan (slicing). Ermoloff at this time Tuchkov sent to help the Cavalry Corps Vasily Orlov-Denisov. Vanguard force grew to 8 million people, with 18 guns. Slightly reinforcements came as the French went in the latest attack. Housing Ney tried to break through the center of the Russian position on the road to free Lubin. Artillery fire and counter-Russian infantry troops head Ney was recaptured. Soon Russian forces strengthened 3rd Infantry Division PP Konovnitsyn. Trying to get around the French right flank of the Russian position was reflected by a counterattack Life Grenadier Regiment, who approached the place of battle (from the 1st Grenadier Division).
Increasingly insecure situation was on the left flank, where there was a cavalry corps Orlov-Denisov. Some of its own forces, he has arranged a four-lane to a creek, where his position. The main forces put in a line across the creek. Horse artillery was at the height of the right wing. Soon Orlov-Denisov received reinforcements — infantry with 12 guns, he endeared her to the center. Housing storming of Junot and Murat, but enemy attacks were repulsed. Successful acts of the Russian troops were forced to abandon Murat's forces continue attacks cavalry. He was thrown in an infantry division of the Corps Junot. Let a Russian opponent at a distance of canister shot, and then began to shoot the crossfire. The enemy suffered heavy losses and retreated, pursued by the hussars.
The fight ended at 8 o'clock in the evening. During the last attack of the forces in the center of Ney, Paul Tuchkov organized a counterattack by three regiments, and he personally led Ekaterynoslavsky Regiment. During the battle he was severely wounded and taken prisoner (Tuchkova sent to France as an honorable prisoner of war and he was released in the spring of 1814). The last attack corps of Ney end
ed without result.
Quest for Valutina Mountain 07 (19) August 1812
During the battle at Mount Valutina French army lost about 8-9 thousand people. Russia's loss is estimated at 5-6 thousand fighter. Russian army won, reflecting enemy attacks on all fronts. Under the cover of Russian troops, which reflected the pressure on the enemy positions Lubinski, artillery was at first, and then the infantry and cavalry. The two Russian army came under attack from enemy forces and continued to retreat in a steady environment. On the night of August 20, the 1st Army came to the crossing Solovevoj and 21 August ran across to the left Preserving the Dnipro.