During the stateliness Russian War he was Chairman of the Municipal Defense Committee (SDC), the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces of the USSR, one of the favorites of the anti-Hitler coalition.
Let's try to look at the activities of Stalin without ideological stereotypes, based on what tasks were standing in front of him, and he fulfilled them.
The pre-war period — preparation
Russian Our homeland was after the First World War, during the reign of the Provisional Government, plainclothes war, a war with the adjacent states (Poland, Finland) in a very difficult situation.
According to Stalin, we are lagging behind the advanced nations of 50-100 years in development. He had a clear understanding that the recent war was inevitable, the very "nature" of capitalism leads to wars. Western leaders in most detested the USSR. In the East intensified militarist Japan, which occupied North China and preparing for the upcoming war. In Europe, Nazi Germany gained momentum in Italy, the Nazis came to power. London was generally hostile to Russia.
Because Russian leaders belonged to the defense of the country with extreme seriousness and responsibility, as one of the major priorities of the Union. The main efforts were directed at the creation of the country's industrial, scientific, technical and overall economic base of the country. You need to keep in mind that the young Russian country was not important branches of the industry — tank, aviation, auto, machine tool, instrument. They were made from scratch.
— Despite the mass of problems, thanks to heroic efforts of the people, first working-class engineering and technical intelligentsia, in the short term has been carried out in the main industrialization of the Soviet Union. One should not forget about the organization of the planning process. By the beginning of World War II, the USSR was created by high military-industrial complex, which can create all kinds of techniques and tools — fighters, attack, bombing, including the distant light, medium and languid tanks, guns, ships, including submarines and battleships, small arms, etc.
— Was created by a great strength in store for the economy — almost from scratch created industrial base in the east of the country — the Urals, Kazakhstan, Siberia. In 1940, their share in the production of important products was 25-30%. In addition, businesses have been made, "doubles", so that if one company is lost, the other left.
— Was made simply magnificent leap in the industrial development of the country and the strengthening of its power. For example: in 1928, the Red Army had only just 200 tanks and armored vehicles, 1,000 aircraft obsolete design, 350 trucks, and antitank and antiaircraft guns were not there. Before the war, the armed forces of the Soviet Union there were 67 thousand guns and mortars, 1,860 new tanks and warplanes over 2700 new types of old times and a significant number of tanks and aircraft. And Stalin himself thoroughly delved into the important questions of creation of new tools and technical equipment of the Red Army.
— Reddish army, like the company, and was mentally prepared, motivated. Patriotic education was up to par.
— Before the war was eliminated a "fifth column", including in the Army — Trotsky's legacy. Because Berlin was unable to cause serious acts of sabotage, subversion, rebellion in the Russian rear.
Time was hard enough, almost all do not have time. Stalin had vast plans for radical reform and increase the combat power of the Armed Forces of the USSR, designed for many years to come. "When all this is we made — read it — Hitler did not dare to poruha Russian Union ". But all of this, unfortunately, was not destined to perform. War caught our country in many stages of unfinished business to rearm, reorganize and re-training of the army and navy, the creation of the defense industry restructuring, municipal reserves accumulation and mobilization reserves. Some of these plans have been implemented in the process and after the war.
In other words, for a short time — two five — Stalin as a military leader of his own people just did unspeakable things. He is one of the country's third-Soviet Russia has made majestic power with a strong army, strong fleet, advanced defense industry, a strong scientific base, with a strong, energetic people.
Foreign policy from the standpoint of preparation for war
— Resolved the question of the danger of Leningrad, the Soviet-Finnish border pushed back, attached Baltic.
— The boundaries of the West moved away, joined Moldavia, Ukraine and Western Belarus, Lithuania. In other words, Reddish Army received additional room for maneuver.
— A contract with the German non-aggression pact, the Soviet Union received this additional time to prepare. Japan enters into a contract of neutrality, Tokyo stunned non-aggression pact between USSR and Germany, began to lean to the idea of expansion to the south.
— Stalin showed patience and the will in the languid beginning of the war (for example, do not leave Moscow during the German "Typhoon"), this instilling confidence in the municipal apparatus, the army, the party and all the people in general. Most important is the indomitable spirit of the ruler of the country: the panic, fearfulness would lead to dire consequences.
— Stalin was able to identify more than capable of managing the military, pushing them upwards.
— Stalin was able to successfully manage the national economy during the Great War, and the economy is not only not degraded, and became stronger. In 1942-1943 in the eastern part of the country was re-built in 2250 and restored in the liberated areas above 6 thousand companies. The defense industry in 1944, each month produced tanks and planes is 5 times more than in 1941.
— Supreme managed to make a temporary alliance with former enemies — the Anglo-Saxons, and even forced them to assist — Lend-Lease.
— The High Command, headed by Stalin managed to find true that the Germans "exhausted" at Moscow, and elect a time counter-attack. It is true made possible the defeat of German forces at Stalingrad and the course of the operation of Kursk.
— In the following years of the war to the Stavka, headed by Stalin, usually manage to find a more profitable direction for strikes with a determined concentration of the major efforts in key sectors of the front.
Shorter but true volumetric characterization of Stalin gave AM Vasilevsky: "On Stalin as a military leader during the war to write the truth. He was not a military man, but He had an excellent reason. He was able to seep deep into the matter and give a hint military solutions. "