In 1948, the volume of industrial production in the USSR not only headed for the pre-war level, and stole it. The industry has been restored to only a small strings. After the war, the country plainclothes took 6 years to return the economy. Bolshennye loss into a sublime Russian war with what is not comparable. Yet now recovery of the industry was made almost two and a half years.
In the end, heroic labor of the workers and tireless organizational activities of the party of the fourth five-year plan in the industry was carried out in four years and three months. Over the years it has been restored, built and put into operation more than 6 thousand industrial companies, that is almost the same as in the first and second five-year plan to put together. Gross production of industry in 1950 exceeded the prewar level by 73 percent, while the plan was supposed excess of 48 percent. Exceeded the pre-war level of pig iron by 29 percent, steel — by 49 percent, coal production — by 57 percent, oil — by 22 percent. Labour productivity in industry increased by 37 percent. Compared with 1940, in 1950 the gross social product of the USSR increased by 161%, produced national income — by 164%. Create the means of production in 1950 grown — by 204%, animal products — 104%, commissioning of fixed assets — 192%, serious investment — 196%, the number of workers and employees — by 119%, labor productivity in the industry — na145 %, in agriculture — 100%, at the railway transport — by 110%, in construction — by 125%. (HX USSR for 60 years. C.14. M. 1977) Stalin's economic growth and lasted after the death of Stalin.
In 1949, collective farms, MTS and state farms have tractors and agricultural machinery in the two and a half times more than in 1940. Turned electrification of collective farms, state farms and MTS. Supplemented the number of cattle western regions due east.
At the end of 1952 saw the publication of the last work of Stalin's "Economic problems of socialism in the USSR." In this book, Stalin, based on the teachings of Marxism — Leninism opened the aim of capitalist production: "The purpose of capitalist production — extraction of profits. As for usage, it is necessary to capitalism only in so far as it provides a puzzle profiting. Outside of this issue of the consumption of capitalism loses meaning. A man with his intakes disappears from view. " Then he opened the main issues of the political economy of socialism, of great importance, for the practice of the country and the Russian Communist Party. With an emphasis on the works of Marx, Engels, Lenin, summing up the experience of the Global history, experience of building socialism in the USSR, Stalin defined the basic economic law of socialism — "Ensuring the greatest gratification is constantly growing material and cultural needs of society — is the aim of socialist production, the continuous growth and improvement of socialist production on the basis of the highest art, — a tool merit purpose. (Stalin. Economic difficulties of socialism in the USSR. Pp. 76, 78, Moscow, 1952)
This law was the basis of all communist parties, building socialism and even the governments of some capitalist countries seeking to mitigate the effects of the economic crisis. This will be discussed further.
Stalin yearly decline in prices and the increase in wages is — nothing else, as an increase in investment and office workers, seniors and students across a large country in its economy. For example, if a citizen of increasing purchasing power, he spends more money on food and, by this means investing in agriculture, the food industry, increasing their sales and, of course, the profits of these industries. If he increased revenue, it spends more money on odezhku and shoes — helps light industry. If he has enough money, he builds for himself a new or improve existing housing, acquire building materials, makes it more profitable branch of the construction materials and the structure of organizations, and so on. If a citizen of the funds remain on the desired purchase or there is a need to raise funds for a major purchase, he invested in a savings bank and savings bank evolved from this. The investor receives interest, and the bank guarantee him safety of the funds. The economy ensured the continued development of all sectors of the economy without crises.
Postwar yearly reduction of retail prices
Just two and a half years after the end of stateliness Russian war, in December 1947, the USSR was carried out currency reform, canceled cards for food and industrial products, introduced a common municipal reduced the retail prices of products of mass consumption. In this, the first step of lowering prices cheaper products of mass consumption by only one state retail trade during the year amounted to 57 billion rubles. Besides lower prices on the collective farm and cooperative market prices were reduced by $ 29 billion. Total loss of the budget in 1947 to reduce retail prices accounted for 86 billion rubles. This amount was himself unspotted loss for the municipal budget, which was covered by the growth of labor productivity, increased production of mass consumption and lower production costs.
March 1, 1949 ended the second step of lowering the prices of products of mass consumption in state trade amounting to 48 billion rubles, in addition, in a cooperative and collective-farm trade — the sum of 23 billion rubles.
Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the USSR and the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) stated that "as a result of new lower prices will rise again significantly the purchasing power of the ruble exchange rate and improved in comparison with the rate of foreign currencies will rise again real wages of workers and intellectuals and again significantly reduce the cost of farmers for the purchase of manufactured goods. "
"In this event, the Bolshevik Party and the Russian government with the power of the latest apparent majestic care workers about their welfare, the growth of wealth and culture," it was reported in the editorial of the newspaper "Pravda" March 1, 1949.
Designated CM Resolution of the USSR and the CPSU (b) the prices were reduced in the following amounts:
Bread, flour and bakery products, cereals and pasta, meat and meat products, fish and rybotovary, butter and ghee, wool and silk fabrics, fur, metal-ware and household appliances, cameras, binoculars, and a number of other products — by 10 %;
coats, suits, dresses and other garments of wool fabrics — by 12%;
dresses, shirts, blouses and other garments of silk fabrics, footwear, headgear — 15%;
cheese and cheese, perfumes, hardware and saddlery, personal sewing some clothes and utensils and appliances made of plastic, and the stories are great, radios, pianos, accordions, button accordions, gramophone records, jewelry, typewriters — by 20%;
Teleki, vodka — 25%;
salt, cement, phonographs, clocks, hay — 30%.
The same Decree prices were reduced accordingly: in restaurants, cafeterias, tea rooms and other public catering enterprises. (The newspaper "Pravda", March 1, 1949)
Across the country, the enterprises held meetings, rallies, which had been brought to migrant Resolution "On a brand new lowered prices …"
Decrease in retail prices in the Soviet Union, especially after the Russian war majestically, during Stalin's lifetime, was carried out once a yea
r. First postwar five-year plan for the restoration and development of the national economy of the USSR was fulfilled ahead of schedule — for four years and three months. Significantly grown the creation of grain, meat, oil, cotton, linen and wool. Government revenue in the last year, five-year plan has grown, compared with 1940, by 64% over the last year — By 12%. An editorial of the newspaper "Pravda" for the April 1, 1952 noted: "Comrade Stalin teaches that essential features of the basic economic law of socialism is to ensure the greatest gratification is constantly growing material and cultural needs of society by continuous growth and improvement of socialist production on the basis of higher techniques. " This Stalinist policy has provided the economy of the USSR without crises in decades.
On April 1, 1952, on the basis of a massive rise in industry and agriculture has been made to the fifth post-war decline in prices for a total of 53 billion rubles, which caused general rejoicing of the population.
How many were high rates of growth of the industry in the years of Stalin's five-year plans they say the following data: "Produced government revenue in 1950, compared with 1913 increased by 8.8 times, all products are the industry — by 13 times, the creation of the means of production (group A) — 27 times the performance of public work — in 8.4 times. " (National Economy of the USSR for 60 years. C.12. M. 1977)
Once a year, increased wages for all categories of employees, increased pension and scholarship. With the simultaneous build-up of production reduction prices gave a tangible increase in the standard of living of the population.
After the death of Stalin, and even after the conviction of the cult of his personality, a policy of constant increase in wages, prices remained constant.
With the termination of lower retail prices began to fall and the rate of growth of national income. In the years 1980-85 he was in an average year, only 3%. HHU11 Party Congress put the puzzle to increase the rate of growth of national income in the years 1986-90 to 5% on average per year. (Materials HHU11 Party Congress. S. 228, M. 1987) Recall that in the Stalinist period, the rate of growth of national income amounted to 9.12% per year.