The victory in the Battle of Stalingrad was a turning point and led to the upcoming course of the second World War, radically changed the balance of power in favor of the USSR and the Allies.
In 1943, just after the Russian victory ruler George VI of England by a special decree ordered to forge a "Sword of Stalingrad" with an inscription: "The citizens of Stalingrad — people with iron hearts of King George VI in the symbol of the deepest admiration of the British people."
U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt, in those days wrote to Joseph Stalin: "courage, fortitude and dedication of the defenders of Stalingrad will always encourage the hearts of all free people."
How annoying would it sounds, now many of these "free people" they say more willing (and even accept the resolution) of the adjustment of Nazism and communism, "the equal responsibility of the USSR and Nazi Germany in the outbreak of the second world war." Heirs favorites often heed them with respect. While Germany insistently disclaims any responsibility for the greatest tragedy. In the current battle of Stalingrad German press has openly referred to as "the duel for prestige between with 2 dictators."
Will sing «O, du lieber Augustin» in the town on the Volga?
In Russia, are already preparing for the anniversary date. 21 September President Vladimir Putin signed a decree "On the celebration of the 70th anniversary of the defeat of Russian forces of Nazi troops in the Battle of Stalingrad" with the purpose of organizing committee head Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin. Rogozin, first through "Twitter" and "Facebook" invited wanting to share my thoughts, "how best to organize the celebration."
It is not clear whether it was the "voice of the people", but after a few days the newspaper "Sight" said the organizing committee is considering the idea to invite to the celebration of … veterans of the Wehrmacht. Those, in turn, expressed their willingness to come. "The visit to the banks of the Volga would be very crucial for the present and future generations of our countries and throughout Europe. Look at the Second World War has changed, it is no longer enmity and hatred, "- responded through some newspaper Adrian Werner, presented as" a veteran chronicler and a division of the 6th Army Paulus. "
In Russian veterans of such a turn of events did not cause ecstasy. Participant defense Marina Rokhlina even complained that the arrival of the Germans for the sake of power Volgograd reduce the number of invitations for themselves Stalingrad, "to live through the nightmare of bombings, shootings, hunger, cold, constant voltage and will never make peace with the Germans" ("Views", 26.09.12) .
Indeed there is reason to express bewilderment, at least, why suddenly this hospitality with snaps for the Germans, and not for the Allies in the war — the British, the Yankees, Canadians, Australians, South Africans? ..
No hesitation that appropriate anniversary to be marked in Belarus — there is a very cautious attitude to the memory and veterans. They said that the government of Azerbaijan to congratulate all the participants of the Battle of living in this country.
It remains to assign as the Ukrainian administration with its "Humanitarian block" does not remain on the sidelines, as it did 10 years ago …
"Cinema and the Germans"
Just a few years back the famous filmmakers in Russia Fyodor Bondarchuk and Alexander Rodnjansky, collecting 30 million dollars of state-owned and private funds, have announced they will remove the movie "Stalingrad" — besides the trendy format 3D. "Stalingrad" is a picture where everything is, what makes the South American cinema universal "- promised Rodnjansky (see the way, who became first occupant of the 90 German Dusseldorf).
And Fedor Bondarchuk boasted that I went to Volgograd and talked to veterans — to write the script. Fertilize in place, gave birth to the subsequent story: "several Russian fighter boost the Volga and lodge in the closely-house on the other side. There they meet a woman who has not had time to escape before the arrival of the enemy. Against the backdrop of the heroic defense of the house unfolds the story of love "(" Komsomolskaya Pravda ", 09.02.12). Well, intriguing historic discovery and originality of the plan …
It remains to impose that Fedor stared reel own stately father Sergei Bondarchuk's "They Fought for Their Country" — by Sholokhov — the beginning of the Battle of Stalingrad. And his film will give reason to doubt the thesis that, he says, rests on the nature of the children of geniuses, entrenched after he was attributable to the same Rodniansky "the American adaptation of" ispohabili Strugatsky brothers novel "Inhabited Island".
And even consumptive Ukrainian cinematography, it is a stretch to say, did not remain on the sidelines. We are talking about the movie Eva Neumann "House with a tower," as reported, "filmed for the money" 1 +1 Production », namely, through investment Igor Kolomoisky."
The movie was made on davneshnemu (1964), the short story by Friedrich Gorenstein. The plot is simple: train from evacuation vorachivayutsya mom with a small son. The narrative goes against the Volga steppes left after the battle of Stalingrad piles of twisted iron, which see the train passengers. In a way the lady falls ill with typhoid, it is placed on a station in the clinic, where she dies. A boy with a light heart release back home, the charging to take him "my grandfather" random home a couple with a child, the benefit at the little boy is the means by which it can stolovatsya the way. That's how he rides with strangers, do not feed any compassion for the smallest of his grief. Even the old man — a sort of itinerant philosopher — quietly steals the baby patty. No, really, one regular all the same, and even met a little boy has left its own good cigar case, which served as a repository of sauerkraut for a snack — it's a drunk with a disability.
That is, in fact, that's all. Some biographers Gorenstein say that the story is autobiographical. Others reject it on the grounds that his mother died in the evacuation in the town of Namangan in Uzbekistan (this republic in the war took hundreds of thousands of refugees), then the coming of the writer passed into the care of a children's home in the city. And as proof of who had a link to the creator of the official inquiry that he who has moved in 1980
to relocate to Germany, where a broker to make a Holocaust victim allowance of 2,200 marks.
During the war, hundreds of thousands of people had to leave their homes, often under German bombing. Later vorachivatsya, not knowing what uzreesh home … Each family, for sure, its own history. Here's my grandmother said as she vorachivalas of evacuation from the Far East to the Chernihiv region with a four offspring — my dad. The boy was singing "Goodbye, my beloved city, we leave tomorrow in the sea …", "In the far edge of the companion flies …". And who were traveling in the train military smeared him huge pieces of bread butter and canned meat from their own rations. Grandmother asked them not to give the child as much food — like did not become ill, because living from hand to mouth.
At the same time on a station conductor threw the train legless disabled — raised as a bag, and tossed to the apron.
And in a war, and a few years after her such a lot to beg on trains — not so much on the food, but on the vodka. Does anyone vorachivatsya relatives died and there was no place, others do not want to become a burden on the helpless, the third — not accepted. That's why the corny song they sang, — "My dear wife, I am disabled …" It says the officer's wife that he had lost legs and arms. Wife responds that she does not need disabled. And the only daughter in a letter pleading "dear daddy" to come back, promising to wear it on the handles. So she meets him at the station — and the father goes out to her from the car in great shape with medals, hiding dentures …
So that's, that prank conductor saw the sailors of the adjacent tier. They pulled to the ground, and the boy remembered for a lifetime, as the sun gleamed polished shoes and belts whistled. One conductor is no longer up …
This is all to the fact that neither the story Gorenstein, no movie Neiman for a generalization does not pull. Not as an example, let's say, high-pitched film "wounded animal" orphaned in the war Nicholas Gubenko — about themselves and their peers in an orphanage (according to statistics, only in the year the movie — 1977 — in cinemas USSR it looked 20 million 300 thousand viewers) .
But some people really hunt to pull the story along with the movie Gorenstein to Solzhenitsyn's pedestal. For this columnist South American propaganda "Radio" Liberty "Dmitry Volcheck refers to the authority's own school teacher. That, he says, kept on the shelf numbers "Youth" and "New World" — with this story Gorenstein and "Ivan Denisovich," Solzhenitsyn. There also he forcefully drags and directed by Eva Neumann: "Volcheck: The last sentence of the movie -" Is it ever going to end? "It's about what?
Neumann: Oh horror that around during the war, about those of human suffering.
Volcheck: This is not necessarily a war. Russian life was all like that.
Neumann Russian life was different, and there were people who were happy, I even know of such "(RL).
As we see, Ms. Neumann politely refused the offer Volchek honor to be at the forefront of the anti-Soviet front. A phrase of the happy life in the Russian people, for sure, and pointed to his family. According to his official biography, she was born in 1974 in Kiev. My father — an engineer, his mother — a musicologist. Eva herself, teaching a little in college, emigrated in 1993 to Germany. Biography silent on what the government of this country applets she used: either the "Law of exiles and refugees" for the "return of ethnic Germans to their historic homeland," or reaffirmed his Jewish background to qualify for the program from taking "contingent refugees" …
Germans about Stalingrad: lonely in the middle of the Führer "resistance"
In contrast to the Russian and Ukrainian media, the topic of the Battle of Stalingrad for months firmly holds the leading position in the German press. The favorite of the number of publications not only on the battle itself, and about the events that preceded it on the Soviet-German front remains newspaper Die Welt with almost a million copies everyday. By the way, it was based was in 1946 by British occupation authorities in the framework of programs from denazification, I mean re-Germans, their deliverance from mania "supermen." And the writing on the topic of Stalingrad the same creator — the constant observer of Berthold von Zeevald.
He began to be selected events from afar. Yes with any titles! "Triumph of the Wehrmacht on the way to Stalingrad" in its issue of May 17 — it's about capturing Germans Kharkov in 1942. I do not of a semi-official mouthpiece of Nazi Volkischer Beobachter that time borrowed?
And here is his opus in the July issue — "Space for yuzhnotiroltsev — Assault Hitler Crimea." "Located in the Crimea, Sevastopol was considered the strongest fortress in the world. Only at the cost of huge losses in July 1942, the Wehrmacht managed to capture this city, "from the first row with the same" beobahterovskoy "pathos reports created with the baronial title.
What do you mean in the title of Southern Tyrolese, you ask? Background Zeevald seriously informs citizens that the plans of Hitler Crimea had to be a "living space" for "purely German" settlers of South Tyrol. Specifically so — settlers, and not, for example, the invaders or colonizers. Von Zeevaldu, Crimean land was inhabited by the Goths in the era of late antiquity. Good arguments, at least for the moment perceive the law of return to the "homeland."
But in September bravura tone in background Zeevalda disappears, although his opus he had often as peas: "Day by day or becoming more and more natural that ambitious goal, first" final victory "before the end of the year will not be achieved. Yet Hitler was a fierce fighter in his own throwing stupid fight. Refineries in severity and Astrakhan, the capture of which was the purpose of his coming, he was bombed and so devalued as prey. Then he gave the order to 6th Army to kill a city that earlier time, the number of steps only his victorious campaign — Stalingrad "(07.09.12).
The question is, who "became more and more obvious?" Indeed, 10 September 1942, Hitler sent into retirement Field Marshal Liszt, who was unable to perform the intended purpose: to surround and kill the Russian troops in izluke Don and Volga. Moreover, the troops of the Kalinin and Western Fronts in August had Rzhev-sychevskoj offensive, without giving the Germans the ability to throw out the reserves to Stalingrad. That such a situation and clocked Hitler tail Liszt and took command of themselves.
Of course also the Baron browser generally primitive way of trying snivelirovat value of Stalingrad. A whole German strategic plan to take over Russian oil fields in Baku and severity, on the mastery of important transport route along the Volga announce foolish and untimely idea. Although, in which became a popular expression, that war was "a war of engines." Moreover, specifically in 1942 over a large-scale rearmament of the Russian Army with new equipment — like Stalin planned before the war, in every way trying to pull her. In case of success, German troops would leave on the border with Iran and Turkey, for the time to count their profits out of the war on Germany's side …
Russian victory at Stalingrad sobered not only Turkey, and Japan, and has not reshivshuyusya poruha in the Far East. Russian salted in Sw
eden, Alexandra Kollontai began to decline to negotiate a withdrawal from the war sober-minded politicians Finland (she made the wrong choice Paasikivi, who after the war, the president, while eight of his colleagues went to jail as "guilty of war"). And soon, Finland proposed a cease-fire on the Soviet-Finnish front. Well, in the most neutral Sweden, thinking about the prospects: cool steel for aircraft contrary to the duties before the Germans began to sell and the Soviet Union — for the pure Russian platinum (oh so pawned the real basis of the future "Swedish socialism"). Guarantor of the transaction is the eminent banker diplomatic Wallenberg family, who knew how to keep your nose to the wind.
After Stalingrad, the query in the anti-Hitler coalition and the Vatican, before intending to join the Hitler coalition. In the words of Stalin's Polish General Sikorski, the Holy See has just found a way out of the subsequent conflict: the Polish people for the Vatican was "the most faithful of the Holy Church," but for the Nazis — "inferior Slavs" …
So Makar, background Zeevald offers primitive (well, not new) explanation: Hitler was obsessed with the unstable capture the city ("tantrum", defines this historian, "the analyst und"), named after Stalin, and "smart generals" pushed them to retire. And this despite the fact that in past publications, he himself stated, success in Kharkov and Crimea assured those literate in the "genius of the Fuehrer" …
Naturally, the creator of Die Welt does not miss the ability to walk and Stalin, puzzled why he had "decided to fight for Stalingrad" (06.09.12). Say, for Stalin — a city of his youth, where he showed himself in civilian war, and for the first time in conflict with Trotsky, well, and most importantly — he met his one and tragic love Nadezhda Alliluyeva …
The myth of the wise and generous generals, it must be said, has long been driven around in official German historiography, the strengthening and the efforts of show business, first motion picture.
Revealing the story of the perpetuation of the memory of participants poor attempt on Hitler in 1944 right up to 1980 in the courtyard of a former Army Staff in Berlin was unconvincing statue of a nude man holding a sign with the names of five generals and officers' deaths in Germany. " Later, it was born out of a "Museum of the German resistance." The further — the thicker the ranks of the "resistance." In 2008 came the movie "Operation" Valkyrie "with the Hollywood star Tom Cruise in the role of Colonel Stauffenberg — Motor komplota. The filmmakers want to reassure the audience: even if the entire Wehrmacht and preyed on lone Hitler, he vigorously "resist" …
But arrived in time and the movie "Desert Fox", made specifically for the show in these days of the German public television — the commander of the German and Italian troops in North Africa, General-Field Marshal Rommel. Even before the screening of the film angered the son and granddaughter of the Nazi's, who said that filmotvortsy reduced "his role in the resistance to Hitler." Yes there filmmakers, if he did not think out the Fuehrer that Rommel fought him! According to another unless he would declare a day at the funeral of the deceased high level in 1944, the wounds are on the Western Front Rommel national mourning?
In the "resistance to Hitler" and hard to convince the British, whose troops Rommel much ruffled in the deserts of Libya and Egypt. So much so that we had to issue a special circular against panic and rumors that he "dark magician and sorcerer." Apparently, after the ceremony, the royal Stalin "Sword of Stalingrad" in the chest Churchill fell more cool toad, because after the war, he (and with it the British official historiography) endeavored to prove that the battle with the forces of Rommel at El Alamein in Egypt are not inferior by the value of the Battle of Stalingrad. "History will se what I will write it" — Churchill promised …
No, guys, particularly after Stalingrad in the future, "resisters" has begun clearing the head, before clouded, according to background Zeevaldu, "faith in the genius of Hitler." That's when they search for candidates attended, vividly presented surrendered prisoner Field Marshal Paulus, soon began to intensely broadcast on Russian radio as a control anti-fascist "Free Germany".
Surely, they possessed information about the circumstances of life Paulus shortly before the surrender at Stalingrad. This, by the way, reminded Michael Zonthaymer from the weekly Der Spiegel, citing Russian officers Distiller and Soldatov, first entered the headquarters of Field Marshal: "He was lying on the bed, was in his coat and cap. He had a two-week beard, it was evident that he was in despair. There was almost to the waist gryazyuka, human feces, and all that jazz "(22.10.12).
Our officers also noted that Paulus and 24 generals were left private instrument. But none of these are those who went under the generals themselves do not even tried to commit suicide.
We Zonthaymera surprisingly poorly with an unhappy German pedantry about statistics. He states that "about 60,000 Germans were killed in the Stalingrad pocket". While long been promulgated in the Germany number indicates that only in the period of the coming of the Russian and the defeat of the encircled Wehrmacht lost more than 800 thousand people. According to another in Germany would not announce about mourning. Not 60 thousand, much less 50, the Germans had lost in 1940 during a two-month war against France, which ended with the surrender of the latter. And this figure does not clouded joy when Nazi victory — mourning in the Reich did not declare.
It is also interesting that today's German creators opus about the battle of Stalingrad stubbornly silent on her role in Nazi Germany allied countries. While on the side of the Germans fought a war there 3rd Romanian Army. It has been virtually destroyed, and the loss of thousands of Romanians were killed and 159 missing. Stalingrad was utterly defeated and the 8th Italian Army, killing 44 thousand soldiers and officers, and nearly 50 thousand surrendered. Small Hungary sent to attack Stalingrad his 2nd Army in the 200 thousand warriors — and only the number of dead was 120 thousand Hungarians
By the way, there were press reports that this year the Ministry of Defence of Hungary survivors honored as "heroes of the Don." Mark heroism came to them at Stalingrad aspiring Italian and Romanian colleagues … And there were parts of Finnish, French, Dutch and other "racially close" European volunteers …
A silent because it destroys quite so carefully lining up their madcap explanation of Hitler, "smart generals" and polls "resistance". For such a generous living part of the same Romanians, Hungarians and Finns explain the insanity of said "genius Hitler" will not work. Oh how they were interested in a full and final defeat of the Russian Union as already lopped off for themselves a decent location — in the Ukraine, for example. And hoped for more.
"A German proletariat did not rise …"
Background Zeevald, zhivopisuya success invaders recently Stalingrad, notes that already troubled Goebbels propaganda department: lustration fighter letters from the front showed that they do not write about "Russian cowardly subhumans", as written in 1941 Moreover, there were horror and even reverence for the Russian. Goebbels immediately gave an indication to raising campaign that "the resistance of the Bolsheviks — is not nothing like a primitive animal reaction resistance in slaves" is not going to any comparison with the "heroic German soldier."
However, it i
s fear about the fact that "in the midst of our nation still has 6 million people who once voted for the Communists" did not materialize. Such expectations, it should be noted, were very strong in the Russian Union before and even in the first months of the war. Allegedly, the German soldiers — is dressed in a military uniform workers and farmers with the revolutionary traditions of the Russian republic of Bavaria in 1919, "Rot Front" half a million strong Communist Party, Comrade Ernst Thalmann, not so long ago were singing in the multi-million dollar columns in Berlin and Hamburg are fiery songs Ernst Busch as "alarming march":
The worker, can you hear the whisper of war / military ministers and industrialists? / They whisper about the war against the Russian Union! / This is a war against the heart of your revolution! / This is a war against you, the working class! / Worker, peasant! Take the gun in his hands! / Let's smash the fascist clowns! / Labour reddish flag over every factory, every hill! / An old world is behind / approaching global socialist republic!
Communist Albania favorite, Managing guerrilla struggle against the Italian occupation, Enver Hoxha recalled how after the war, Stalin had read to him: "We made two big mistakes. Incorrectly determined the timing attack us in Germany. And had hoped that German will raise the proletariat uprising. And he has not raised. " At these words, Hodge pointed out, Stalin smiled bitterly …
What did the Germans moved? Fascinating for its interpretations of the publication of "obedient soldiers of Hitler" in other mass German newspaper Die Zeit (14.10.12). We are talking about new scientific work of German historians on the basis of the English archive wiretaps captured discussions among themselves. The conclusions follow. The Germans fought wars with hunting, and diligence — "made war on Hitler's own self." Rapidly getting used to kill — this helped example and encourage fellow commanders, no matter who had to kill — the captive, lady, baby … Did not feel any pangs of conscience — "work is work, orders are orders." Contributed to the fact that, as established by the researchers captured by the British, "90% of fighter negative attitude to the Russian Union, while a quarter of them responded negatively on the UK."
But the main emphasis publication — in fact indulgence: it turns out, the soldiers of the Wehrmacht in the vast majority were apolitical and "deeply flegmantichnymi to the ideas of National Socialism." Of course, they could not care deeply in the soul on the postulates of the Nazi Party, not to read "The myth of the twentieth century," Rosenberg, but it was real benefits to them are understood to be close, and most importantly — accessible promised "living space" (as in the Crimea — for the inhabitants of South Tyrol ) in the form of his farm or farms to local obedient slaves. Such imported slaves from the occupied territories, many have worked at home on the farm …
Mass psychology, more precisely, its key one more sharp turn — usually too tough a nut for social psychologists, and sociologists. In this respect, curious recollection Zoe Resurrection, once a famous children's writer. Not many people know that before writing career she was a colonel Rybkina — an employee of the German department of Russian intelligence. Exclusively in the early 1990s, it was persuaded to write a short memoir about his own work.
The news of the death of Stalin in March 1953, caught Rybkin-Resurrection in Berlin: "Berlin was still in ruins, but the former Friedrichstrasse betrothed Stalin Allee, to rebuild the beautiful, light houses. On the square stood a superb monument of Stalin. We were amazed that with all the sides to this, it is now the monument were Berliners. They carried the flowers in the pot room and set them neatly around the pedestal. Hundreds of pots already covered area, and people kept coming and coming. We took it as a symbol of gratitude to the Russian people, who freed the country from the Nazi plague. But many of these people with the same enthusiasm only recently praised Hitler. When they were sincere? .. "
It is also noteworthy that in these and other publications of the current German press are completely absent mention of "racial doctrine" of the Nazis, of detailed plans for alternate liquidation of each of the Slavic nations, colonizing their territories. In short, everything that made the volume documents the prosecution at the Nuremberg trials.
The atrocities committed by the German army called "violent behavior in the occupied territories." The same background Zeeveld only one day's casual slip of the tongue, that "the civilian population subjected to terror." As if the question about breaking up demonstrations and, at the moment they say, "the use of excessive force by the police."
The reason is clear: the Germans do not want a repeat of the recognition of the responsibility for the Holocaust, turning and continuing to the present billion dollars of compensation payments, and free for construction of new Israeli submarines capable of carrying nuclear warheads.
On the other hand, the official Berlin insistently pulls on his clothes, "and victims of war." It is not so long ago was created government agency whose job it announced "the study of the history of deportations of totalitarian regimes." It would seem that there is disgusting. But behind the guise — the exact plans prinevolit Poland and the Czech Republic to repentance for the post-war deportation of Germans from East Prussia, Silesia and the Sudetenland.
Back in the 1970-1980-s activities in the Federal Republic of Germany 'unions expelled "was considered as a revenge-seeking, bordering on unconstitutional. The government of Germany has officially dissociated themselves from their claims — as contrary to the peace treaties with Poland and Czechoslovakia, as well as undermining the Helsinki Accords on the inviolability of the postwar borders in Europe. But a couple of years back they have the support of the ruling party HDS.I now protesting only a few in the Bundestag, the German "Left". As Poland and the Czech Republic. Forever if he was worth it enough to resist "the locomotive European Union?" Meanwhile, the "exiles" have already assessed the claims to Warsaw and Prague in the hundreds of millions of dollars …
"Stalingrad — an order of courage on the chest of the planet Earth"
Meanwhile, the Russian public (as opposed to the organizing committee for the celebration of the 70th anniversary of the Battle of Stalingrad, the decisive — to invite or not the Wehrmacht veterans) disturbs another question, as yet it is not heard by the organizing committee. Veterans' organizations, active groups, ordinary citizens are sending letters to the press and act with a proposal to return to Volgograd historical name — Stalingrad. And with it the honor of which the majestic Chilean Nobel laureate poet Pablo Neruda said, "Stalingrad — an order of courage on the chest of the planet Earth."
By the way, in Paris alone, are the name of Stalingrad area, the boulevard and the metro station. Avenues and streets of Stalingrad still has four campuses in France and in the Belgian capital city — Brussels (ibid., and four-star hotel "Stalingrad"), also in Italian Bologna. The streets of Stalingrad were in the towns of Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia …
My grandfather was the battle of Stalingrad, from beginning to end. While he was alive his hopes that the town on the Volga return his name. About the ability to mark another anniversary together with veterans of the Wehrmacht never dreamed of. Well, what he would read to said "veteran and chronicler of one of the divisions of the 6th Army
Paulus", eager to come poprazdnovat and speculate that, they say, "Look at the Second World War has changed"?
Grandpa often reminisced about the war: the tragic and touching. For example, that during the war he only just managed to take a nap in the house — it was in Poland. In response to a request by an assertive owner to accommodate a large white feather grandfather had doubts: "That E brudnі!" "No, proshe panuv! — Did not take objection to the Pole. — That Teuton Brudno was! A Gentlemen naychisteyshi! "Gunners slept on a feather bed, but in turn carried the guard. Known cases in which "friendly" owner later signaled the militants' krayovey Army "(AK), and they cut the sleeping soldier … This is for those who now runs the risk of praise akovtsev as defenders of the peace of the Polish population from the relentless Bandera …
But the battles and their own participation in the not say never. And I'm just not so long ago, only about one vyznat his days of Stalingrad — exactly 70 years ago — thanks to the Web site "The feat of the people» (www.podvignaroda.mil.ru), which laid out a military award archive documents. Oh, so this day is described in its submission for the award of the medal "For Military Merit": "In the battle of Stalingrad in the hamlet of Lower Zatonskiy 15.11.42, working instrumentation room, a private military precision work helped combat mission battery to repel enemy air raids and shoot with all this 2-enemy aircraft. Upon reflection attacks of the enemy machine gunners, in conjunction with the office, personally destroyed 2-enemy soldiers. "