Stalingrad Stalingrad operation and Super

70 years ago — November 19, 1942 began "Operation Uranus". Our army started coming to surround the enemy at Stalingrad. Started turning point in the history of Russian and stateliness the second world war. Germany, which reached a peak in 1942 illumine their own power, began losing one battle after another.

But in fact the plan of the Russian command was much more amazing. Stalin was going to kill not just the best German army and end the war by the colossal collapse of the entire German front.

To deprive "not our propagandists" trumps all at once, read about it in the West German historian who lived in Germany and wrote his book for a long time before his death, the Soviet Union.

Stalingrad Stalingrad operation and Super

Source: Paul Karel "Eastern Front", book 1 "Hitler goes to the East"

"The Soviet advent was based on accurate and deep obmyslennomu plan, in the image of the German maneuvers spanned 1941 While the northern wedge with 2 spikes hacked through the tumult of the Romanian 3rd Army, November 20, the second to hit the wedge southern flank of the Stalingrad front with the initial positions in Beketovka Krasnoarmejsk-and 2-other concentration areas located to the south …

Preceded the coming of the Russian vosmidesyatiminutnaya massive artillery bombardment. Then out of the thick fog came the first wave of attackers. Romanian battalions fought bravely. Moreover, the 1st Cavalry Division and the Romanian shelf of the 6th Infantry Division under General Misha Laskar stubbornly fought and held their position.

But soon, the Romanians were in a situation to which were not ready. They have become the victim of what Guderian referred to "fear of tanks" — panicked, which flow into the Marines who are not used to fight the enemy armored vehicles. Enemy tanks broke through the Romanian borders, at one point appeared in them in the rear. Someone shouted: "Enemy tanks in the rear!" — And defending shrouded nightmare. They ran. Unfortunately, the actions of the Romanian gunners to a large extent paralyzed by fog — was aiming shooting was not feasible.

By mid-day or 19 November, there have been all the signs of the disaster. Entire divisions Romanian fronts — especially 13, 14, and 9th Infantry Divisions were scattered in the remains, the men fled. "

When planning your own blow, Stalin chose the more vulnerable areas. On which positions were occupied by Romanians. Because the army of Field Marshal Paulus was surrounded by pretty fast. At a time when all German plans were for the salvation surrounded 6th Army, our army dealt a new blow. Now came under attack by the Italians. And at stake is not the fate stood surrounded in Stalingrad (200 thousand). There was a threat of "Super Stalingrad" — in the environment could get the German forces in the Caucasus. And this is a one and a half million people! This is how the Soviet Union was a management plan. Surround and kill the huge enemy group, then Germany would have suffered irreparable loss.

"And at that point in the process of all these calculations and computations, judgments and manufacturers to German front from the east has fallen off another misfortune: December 16, three Russian army launched an attack against the Italian 8th Army in the Middle Don. The newly elected Russian land held by feeble allied forces in Germany.

After a small but fierce fighting Russian troops broke through the front. Italians fled. Russia continued to advance rapidly to the south. One tank and two army guards knocked on the skillfully constructed, but the small contingent of the defending German positions on the Chira. If Russian managed to crush the German frontiers of Chira, nothing was able to stop them on the way to Rostov. And if Russia took Rostov on Don, a group of armies "Don" Manstein would have been cut off, and von Kleist's Army Group in the Caucasus would have lost communication with the rear communications. It would be a super-Stalingrad. At stake here was not the fate of 200,000 or even 300,000 people, but half a million. "

The fate of the ambitious plan now depended on the speed of its implementation. Russian armored columns were torn in the German rear. Purpose — Rostov on Don. In a situation where you could lose the war, Manstein, Hitler ordered that relieve Stalingrad group was obliged to transfer some troops to counter the latest threat. The fate of the army Pauwels has been resolved — their destruction is now becoming just a matter of time. The struggle was more severe for the prize — polutoramillionnom grouping in the Caucasus.

Well, the Germans at Stalingrad in order to avoid bloodshed, offered to surrender.

"The next day all the men could read that he wrote the commander of the German 6th Army, Colonel-General Rokossovsky Russian Commander Don Front. Everywhere in the boiler Russian planes dropped leaflets with the text on the Russian proposal of surrender. The appeal was made in writing and signed by the General Headquarters of the Supreme Commander of the Russian troops, as Rokossovsky: "All officers, non-commissioned officers and privates, who finished the resistance, we guarantee the life and safety, and the opportunity after the war to return to Germany or what- or another country for choosing a prisoner of war.

All Wehrmacht soldiers who surrender will be retained by their shape, insignia and merit, personal belongings and valuables. Senior officers can give to yourself when swords and daggers.

Those officers, non-commissioned officers and soldiers who surrendered in captivity, will be guaranteed once normal food. All the wounded, unhealthy and frostbitten get medical help. We look forward to your response in writing, January 9, 1943 at 15:00 pm Moscow time through a representative authorized by you personally, which should come to the staff car with a perfectly crisp white flag with signs along the road from the station Kotluban Cavalry. Your representative will meet at 15.00 January 9, 1943 authorized Russian officers in the area of 8, 0.5 kilometers to the south-east of the Bypass road number 564.

In case of refusal to accept our offer of surrender, we assure you of the real that troops Red Army and burgundy Air Force will be required to proceed with the liquidation of German troops. The deaths will fall on you. " The leaflet, which dropped along with the text of the letter contained, in addition, naizloveschaya line: "Anyone providing resistance will be fierce destroyed."

Paulus refused to give up. The first time. In — the second time, first in February 1943, after three and a half weeks, he, along with the remains of their own army surrendered …

And what about the "Super Stalingrad"?

Source: Paul Karel "Eastern Front", book 2, "Scorched Earth"

"However, for the apprehension about the situation in Stalingrad was hiding another, even more serious … The Russian tried to grab the booty than just one army. Operations 3 Russian fronts that ceaselessly attacked between the Volga and the Don since November 19, 1942, which was surrounded Stalingrad and broke the Italian-Romanian front in the hundred miles, were aimed at more than just the release of Stalingrad and the surrounding Paulus army. Painstakingly prepared a plan for a long time, not cheap paid tremendous sacrifices, losing armies, loss of territory, the real danger of losing the war, is an imposing counter-strike which will eventually be applied — here, in the Volga River, in t
he heart of Mother Russia.

All the same mistakes will be redeemed, it's time to majestic battle against Hitler — the time of the massive impact of this strike on Napoleon … Stalin intended to destroy, nothing less than, whole southern flank of the German armies in the East. Superstalingrad a million German soldier — that's what its purpose was. Means the operation of eight huge armies, attacks on the Rostov-on-Don and the lower reaches of the Dnieper from the Kalmyk steppes and the Middle Don, he wanted to cut off and then kill the German southern flank — three groups of seven armies in general. Military history does not know the operation plan, which is comparable with that on a grand scale. "

At the point of impact was the 24th Panzer Corps, General Badanova. After going 5 days a fighting 240 km, badanovtsy showed the speed is not the least than the German tank crews during the "blitzkrieg".

The main point of the fight was the battle for the village Tatsinskaya. Manstein had already moved there two armored divisions. Housing Badanova was surrounded, but in the most difficult criteria to fight out of the encirclement.

"Super Stalingrad" first came out in 1943, although the entire history of the war could have gone differently.

And what did "not right" General Badanov? Stalin was well aware that, in the circumstances, taking Rostov became impossible. General Badanov became the first officer of the Red Army to be awarded the Order of Suvorov.

When we talk about the victory at Stalingrad, we must not forget what sacrifices of blood and what it cost to our nation. Let's keep in mind about ordinary soldiers and officers.

But let's not forget the Supreme Commander-in-control and direct the development and implementation of strategic operations of our army.

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