October 2 Our homeland brought another GLONASS into orbit, vorachivayas to the size of the system sufficient in order to provide global coverage. Four more "birds" GLONASS should go into orbit before the end of the year (as a replacement), three of them in a single Proton carrier. A similar launch 10 months back was a failure, and three satellites fell into the Pacific Ocean. The reason for this was an error made in the injection of fuel into the Proton launch vehicle. A very large amount of watery oxygen was pumped into a tank, resulting in a rocket became very weighty to follow the programmed line of motion of the flight. High-ranking members of the Federal Space Agency of the Russian Federation have been laid off, and start-up procedures have been reviewed and modified. The December prevented the disaster lead to a full operational GLONASS size for the first time since 1996. It was not the first time the GLONASS though she was close to success, but still not close enough.
Three years back in Russia believed that the GLONASS ready for prime time. Three more GLONASS satellites had just gone into orbit. These, in addition to derived a few months earlier, and brought the total number of GLONASS satellites to 20. Our homeland meant to introduce the system into operation by 2010. The plan fell apart. For example, last year, of 22 Glonass satellites in orbit worked only sixteen. This is especially discouraging, since the last least 18 GLONASS satellites to be working properly in order to provide service to all over the world.
Whenever system almost reached the full functionality of something happened nibudt bad. Two years back in a party of six satellites ready for launch, were discovered some severe technical shortcomings. Some of the already orbiting also had drawbacks. What is even worse, the rest of the world is tired of waiting. Manufacturers of devices that use satellite navigation, overwhelmingly prefer to use the old, good and reliable GPS. So Makarov, our homeland, together with the installation of GLONASS in a lot of its own military equipment, and also established a GPS-receivers. The two systems provide a spare copy for each other.
GLONASS was at full strength (24 satellites, including those held in reserve) in 1995, soon after the end of the cool war in 1991. But end the cool of the war meant the end GLONASS permanent financing. To keep the system in working order requires replacement satellites every 5-7 years. In the 1990s, there simply could not afford. By the end of 2002, only seven GLONASS satellites were operational. Yet a series of launches in 2003 to increment the number of operational satellites to 12, the number grew to 18 by the end of 2007 and was scheduled to have all 24 satellites in orbit over the past year. This delay was not a surprise.
Because of all the drama with the 1990 Russian military personnel informally mastered the GPS. If the government is able to save GLONASS functioning all over the world for a couple of years, and the troops and the Russians as a whole will start to change their mind. iPhone is very popular in RF, and an understanding that this phone uses GLONASS, will help speed up the process.