During my trip to Krakow I visited an interesting museum — Museum of the History of Polish aviation. In fact, it a huge part of our history, carefully kept, but, alas, not at us, and in Poland. Strolling through the whole "street" instants and dryers, constantly ask yourself, why on Khodynka rot which year planes why Monin recovery vehicles engaged enthusiasts? Why aviation sites like IL-14 in the Bulls,
1. Museum — it is a huge complex, located on a disused airfield
3. The central building is currently being boring, in my opinion, an exhibition of American aviation, as it only shows the most minuscule of its historical piece, the outbreak.
4. Right at the exit to the inside of the museum, the viewer encounters parade colored Sparkle (PZL TS-11 Iskra). First jet aircraft developed in Poland, the main trainer aircraft of the Polish Air Force, the oldest of all used at the moment in the country's air force (announced in 1960), but incredibly reliable.
- PZL TS-11 Iskra
4. Poles hoped that spark will be the main training aircraft for all countries, "Warsaw Pact", but the choice fell on Czechoslovakian L-29. In 2011, in the ranks of the Polish Air Force had 79 training Sparks.
- PZL TS-11 Iskra
5. A little further, you can see the hard worker, my old friend, the Yak-40 — passenger aircraft for local airlines, developed in the USSR in
1960 egody. Of the 1013-built aircraft, 125 were exported. This aircraft carried the higher ranks of the Polish state. This is the plane landed at the Smolensk airport a few minutes before the tragic fall of the presidential Tu-154.
6. Next to Yasha another one of my favorite, Ilya — IL-14. These aircraft were units. More recently, the barbarians destroyed the monument of IL-14 near the former a / p Bikovo, but in Poland, so the history is not forthcoming. It should be a beauty!
7. This IL-14 — one of the 80 built under license at an aircraft factory in Dresden East Germany, and he worked there, drove the party chiefs of East Germany.
8. Proud handsome. What a beautiful machine.
9. And for the IL-14 are the most interesting, in my opinion, the exhibits. IL-28 and IL-28SH. The first Soviet jet tactical bomber.
- IL 28 and IL 28SH
10. Vaguely in my head trying to scrape together the memories of this plane, but can not do it — I see this for the first time. Useful to Wikipedia, and understood. They remain in the world no more than 20 pieces.
- IL 28sh
11. Here's a little quote from
14. Following is one of three built in Poland, regional aircraft PZL MD-12. And not having gone to a series of plane, according to the designers, was easier to manage than the IL-14 and more economical (with two engine more? Doubt), but the main customer, a / k Lot decided that they do not need a separate plane for regional routes, and refused to use it. The project never went to series. One aircraft was flying on the line Warsaw — Poznan, transporting visitors Poznan International Fair.
- PZL MD-12
eneral view of the MD12 and Ilya
16. Following is the legendary Li-2, producing since 1942 in Tashkent copy of the American Douglas DC-3. The plane is a DC-3, the design documentation which has been redesigned with a translation into metrics, taking into account the use of domestic materials. In the structure, compared with the DC-3, also made some non-critical changes. Engines do not copy, use existing national analogue-62IR A. Shvetsov 1000 hp (The same that is still used in the An-2).
17. We turn and get to the whole "street" lined with the MiG-15. MiG-15 — Soviet fighter developed by OKB Mikoyan and Gurevich in the late 1940s. The most massive military jet aircraft in aviation history, which consisted in service around the world. There were built 15,560 (!) Units of this aircraft in all possible versions.
- MIG 15
18. A little further on is the MiG-19PM — the first Soviet supersonic fighter serial. It was he who fought with the Phantom in the folk song of the same name and in real combat conditions of the Vietnam War.
19. Another turn, and another street, this time the MiG-21. The most common supersonic combat aircraft in the world. Mass-produced in the USSR from 1959 to 1985, as well as in Czechoslovakia, India and China, and has been used in many armed conflicts.
20. Due to mass production, featuring a very low cost: MiG-21MF (pictured), for example, cost less than even the BMP-1.
- MiG 21 MF
21. MiG-21 was in service with the Air Force and was used in more than 65 countries. Soviet pilots for a distinctive appearance was nicknamed "balalaika". Before 1966, the countries of the Western bloc had no definite idea about the plane, but very eager to take possession of them, August 15, 1966 the plane was hijacked in Israel to Iraqi pilot Munir Redfa. It is considered one of the most successful and prominent Mossad operations.
- Mig 21
- Mig 21
23. Mig-29. Of course. The famous 29th and also has a museum, and in the Air Force, Poland. This particular aircraft was delivered to the Air Force of the GDR in the late 80's, and after the reunification of Germany began to serve Bundesluftwaffe. In 2002, all the MiG-29s were sold to Poland for the symbolic sum of one euro. Here they were repaired, were sent to Israel for upgrading and returning, began to serve in the 41st Tactical Regiment in Malbroke. Well, that moment was decommissioned in 2007 and donated to the museum.
24. For the MiG street starts agricultural aviation. In Russia now this class has no aircraft can fly only a few, and in Poland agriculture is developing rapidly. During our trip, the tractor worked on almost every field, which to my eyes looked very strange.
25. Then, at the end of the exhibition, is a unique and very interesting aircraft — WSK-Mielec M-15 Belphegor — jet agricultural aircraft, designed and produced in Poland in the 1970s, commissioned by the Soviet Union. He is the only jet agricultural aircraft and the only jet biplane. For his very strange looking and howling jet engine was nicknamed "Belphegor" on behalf of the demon Belphegor.
The plane made a biplane to reduce labor, take-off speed, the stall speed. Bucky brought to the wings to reduce the torsional moment at the base of the wings. In this case, the tail had to do more to make up for the moment of inertia, and lift up high to take out of the swirling flow of air remaining for the fuselage and fuel tanks.
About 150 of the 175 built aircraft were delivered to the Soviet Union and used in 1976-1983, after which they were withdrawn from service and scrapped. More details about this car can be an interesting read
- WSK-Mielec M-15 Belphegor
26. Nearby stands the honored worker of the village, forest, farmland, north, south, east, west — An-2 — corncob.
In 1958 the Soviet Union signed a treaty with Poland and gave her the right to produce the An-2. Conditions of sale were signed by these aircraft in the USSR. By the leading Polish producer of An-2 identified the airline WSK PZL-Mielec in Mielec. Annual production of the An-2 was initially about 400 copies in 1965 reached 500 copies, and in 1973 — 600 copies. September 24, 1984 the stocks Mielec airline descended 10,000 th An-2 (serial № 10208-28, registration number of the USSR-81528).
An-2 — the only aircraft in the world, the production of which has been going on for over 60 years (now it is made in China). The aircraft was exported to 26 countries.
However, the rate of production of An-2 decreased by only 40%, the plane continued to enjoy strong demand even after the An-2M and An-3.
Only in 1989 the demand for the An-2 has been steadily decline, which ultimately led to the termination of its full-scale production in 1992. However, small series of AN-2 were collected and later, until January 2002, when four cars were assembled by order of Vietnam.
Only in Poland was issued 11,915 copies of An-2 (of which 10,440 delivered in the USSR and CIS).
27. Nearby are the An-26 and Tu-134, which in Russia is surprised no one so far. Workhorses, loyal and reliable aircraft.
28. Well, then show the remains of exposure. Here, for example, the Yak-11.
And if you think it's a miracle the whole exposition of the museum, you are wrong.
To say that would not go away — to say nothing. My dream is that in Moscow or in Zhukovsky, there were such a museum, where it would be coming with children, students, friends, and explore our history and achievements of our science. But while this is all a dream …
By the way, this museum was not just me,