Scientists, students and residents of the cities of Siberia on Wednesday morning will be to observe the passage of Venus — a rare astronomical phenomenon that all regions of Russia will best be observed exactly in the Siberian and Far Eastern regions.
For observations will be used telescopes in planetariums, colleges in major cities organized viewing platform to the public.
Venus once every 584 days crosses the Sun-Earth system. If the plane of the orbits of Venus and Earth to coincide, almost every two years would be observed transit — Venus, passes directly between Earth and the sun, and we would see her silhouette against the background of the solar disk. But Venusian orbit is inclined to the Earth by 3.39 degrees, so these events occur much less frequently. Full cycle covers 243 years, it includes two pairs of transits separated by an interval of eight years. The first passage in the pair is observed in December, the second — in June. From the first pair to the second cycle is 121.5, between the second and the end of the cycle — 105.5 years. Then the cycle repeats. The last time there was the passage in 2004, and the next couple of passages will be in 2117 and 2125 years.
Astronomers of the past, watching the black "hole" Venus, heading against the solar disk, were able to calculate the distance from Earth to the sun, to get the first data about the atmosphere of Venus. Modern scientists due to this event will be to clarify the methods search for planets around other stars and the signs of life on them.
Transit will begin the evening of 5 June at 22.09 GMT (02.09 MSK 6 June) and will end at 04.49 GMT (08.49 MSK) the next day. Transit of Venus will be seen everywhere except South America, Antarctica, and western Africa. However, all phases of the passage (or transit, as astronomers say), will only be visible in eastern Australia and eastern China, the Russian Far East, Siberia, the Urals and the northern coast of the northern Kola Peninsula. In other regions, the sun or go down before the event is over, or will rise with Venus already on the disc. In Siberia, the astronomical phenomenon can be observed from the beginning of sunrise.
Telescopes in the city center
According to RIA Novosti director of Novosibirsk of the Youth Center "Planetarium" Sergei Maslikov, on this day to the public will be equipped with five viewpoints.
"In total, we will set about 70 telescopes, 50 of which provides Novosibirsk Instrument Making Plant. Beside each will be on duty at least two volunteers," — he said, adding that the volunteers will be students of the Siberian State Academy of Geodesy.
One of the sites will be "Planetarium" by The-Kamyshenskom plateau, in the left bank of the site will work on a monument near the monument of Glory and Pokryshkin Marx Square, in the center of the city to admire the rare event will be on Lenin Square and at the site of the Novosibirsk instrument-making plant in the area of Kalinin .
In addition, the webcast will be on the official city website. For the organization webcast will be held on-site point, then back to the telescope specialists to the territory of the planetarium.
"The phenomenon of long, we are now preparing information support broadcast — record video of those who has to Venus. These historians, artists, poets, witnesses the passage of Venus, which was in 2004," — said Maslikov.
He said that the plan to install ten planetarium telescopes, two of which will be used for scientific observations, all others, including those at other sites, available to everyone in turn.
According to the source, this celestial phenomenon is not as spectacular as a total eclipse of the sun, but, nevertheless, to see in Novosibirsk visitors come from other countries. In particular in Germany and Ukraine.
In Tomsk, also a rare astronomical phenomenon could observe anyone. "Tomsk planetarium together with the Department of Astronomy and Space Geodesy Faculty of Tomsk State University organizes free observation of this phenomenon. The square near the theater drama will be exhibited telescopes. Anyone will be able to come and witness the solar eclipse. Tomic We also offer to come with their telescopes," — RIA Novosti said the officer of the Tomsk planetarium Evgeny Parfenov.
He added that the phenomenon of Tomic is in place to tell the planetarium staff and students of astronomy and space geodesy TSU.
Irkutsk astronomers plan to equip the three viewing platforms. "One site will be divided into Angara embankment near the Arc de Triomphe. Irkutsk astroklub also make telescopes now under construction near Irkutsk in the planetarium and Technical University. Results will be billed a minimum of 10 Telescopes" — told RIA Novosti the head being built planetarium Dmitry Semenov.
He added that the Irkutsk scientists organize webcast events and will send video to the Novosibirsk planetarium, where the astronomical phenomenon will watch two hours later.
Omsk Planetarium will hold a "day of sidewalk astronomy" at the City Palace of children and teenagers, told RIA Novosti Vladimir Krupko planetarium director. "This morning, the owners of telescopes will put his tools. Lovers of astronomy and telescopes offer all owners wishing to look at the planet Venus, which is empty on a journey through the solar surface. It can be observe on the background of spots and active regions on the sun, try to see the atmosphere of Venus, as once saw her Lomonosov. approaches for monitoring makes sense after 8.00 am — Sun rises high enough, and the scenery is Omsk will not interfere with observations ", — said Krupko.
Old telescope involve in Chita
Amateur astronomers from the Transbaikal State Humanitarian Pedagogical University, teachers and students will observe the transit of Venus across the old Soviet telescope, projecting the image of a rare astronomical phenomenon on a piece of paper — the new equipment at the university there, and astronomy is not taught since 2009, said RIA Novosti employee of the university.
"New equipment we do not — no telescopes, no filters. Accordingly, we try to use to observe this truly unique phenomenon of the old Soviet telescope, which does not allow observation of the Sun. As the phenomenon of boys, we have already seen in 2004 , will be seen in the present ", — told the agency.
According to him, the situation is complicated by the fact that astronomy for several years not taught in schools or in schools.
"Interest in science is very weak. Our students at the Chita sites posted a message on the observation of this phenomenon, but have not received any response. Astronomy as a subject in high school is long gone, but her masters study in the special course. At school astronomy integrated into physics course. Previously, of course, it was different — Astronomers have studied at the institute for two semesters, there were labs. now we have nothing, "- complained the representative of the University.
He also reminded that the observation of this phenomenon 300 years ago Russian scientist Mikhail Lomonosov, scientist discovered the atmosphere of Venus.
Universities are open to anyone
In Gorno-Altaisk watch rare astronomical phenomenon will be the stadium of Gorno-Altai State University, where members of the club are planning to deploy an astronomical observation platform.
"The court can come not only students, but all residents of the city, everyone," — said the head of the agency astronomical club at the university.
According to RIA Novosti Head of Buryat State University Astronomical Observatory Lily Mironov, June 6, will put telescopes on the street to the citizens were able to see the rare celestial phenomenon. Mironov added that she will be on duty in place and ready to answer questions from residents.
In Krasnoyarsk, the main venue for observing the unique astronomical event will be the observatory of the Siberian State Aerospace University (SibSAU). As explained by the RIA Novosti the university entrance for all visitors will be free, the telescope will start from 10.00 local time.
All the power of weather
All interviewed by RIA Novosti scientists and organizers lookouts noted that the success of the event depends on the weather. If the sky is covered with clouds, and see what does not work. But, however, astronomers will try to observe the phenomenon, even in the rain.
Weather forecasters promise for a number of regions of the good weather, some Rain, Rain, rain and even hail.
"In Gorno-Altaisk will mainly clear cloudy expected in the northern part of the country, in particular, Maiminsky, Turochakskyi areas. In Gorno-Altaisk cloudy if will be, it is a small, but because of interference to oversee the astronomical phenomenon should arise" , — the representative of the Altai mountain meteorologist.
Head of the Novosibirsk weather forecasting meteorologist Marina Vinogradova told RIA Novosti that the morning of June 6 in Novosibirsk region and rain or cloud cover is expected. "At night, in the morning until around lunch, we expect a clear sky, and afternoon thunderstorms are likely. Temperatures during the day will be about 30 degrees above zero" — representative said, noting that, so the weather is not should obscure the rare natural phenomenon.
As reported at the Department of Middle Management Hydrometeorological Forecasting, on Wednesday within Krasnoyarsk precipitation is expected, but it will remain cloudy. As a small cloudy in Tomsk. Partly cloudy and mist are expected in the first half of the day in Irkutsk.
Watch the weather can interfere in the Omsk region, Buryatia and Transbaikalia. Thus, according to forecasters, day 5 and 6 June in the Omsk region and the regional center are expected heavy rains, lightning, large hail, squally winds up to 22-27 meters per second, weather forecasters predict clouds and rain and Chita. "Because we are the front surface by the end of tomorrow night or in the morning rain is expected, which will continue throughout the first half of the day," — told RIA Novosti the regional weather center.