The Story of a myth of anti-Russian
Most of the anti-Russian myths born out of our country, in the camp of its geo-political and ideological opponents. However, a fair share of Russophobian sentiment is present in Russia, undermining foundations of the state. Create myths about people's unrestrained drunkenness, of the "Evil Empire", "prison of nations" and "religious obscurantism" is a sign of belonging to a special "elite" club where its members do not associate themselves with the "this" country. Vasily Rozanov in the "Apocalypse of our time" defined dangerous diagnosis: "Russia is killed by nihilism, that is, the lack of respect for myself."
Fight the Russo-phobia, and to eradicate the myths — is the task of every thinking person who feels involved in Russia, its past, present and future.
There is one "catch-phrase" long denigrated the name of the great son of Russia Pyotr Stolypin. The event took place on November 17 (old style), 1907, at a meeting of the State Duma III. On the rostrum known cadet Fedor Rodichev. The beginning of his speech vyzvavalo disgruntled reaction deputies. Then, losing self-control, in a fit of temper, Rodichev recalls the expression of V. Purishkevich "Muraviovka collar" (imelvas in mind the activities of General MN Muraveva to eliminate the Polish uprising of 1863 — Ed.) And then, according to the meeting transcript, he said, "that calls Purishkevich Muravyevsky collar descendants be named Stolypin necktie." Cadet mean by that rope to the gallows … the audience's reaction to those words was immediate. Everywhere swept cries of indignation. The MPs shouted that the dishonest and cowardly insult representative of the Emperor, rushed to the podium and tried to pull off with the power of her high-handed Rodicheva. In spite of different political views, members expressed their strong opposition to the disgusting comparison. Purishkevich himself was dissatisfied with speech cadet. The meeting was disrupted. Pale and agitated at the first cries of Stolypin left the room. It was followed by the chairman of the State Duma III NA Hamsters and ministers.
During the break, Stolypin, as a gentleman, gave Rodichev challenge to a duel. Rodichev immediately rushed to Stolypin, in the presence of several people repented of his actions and asked for forgiveness.
"I forgive you," — said the Stolypin, and the incident was closed. The news, as it is written in the transcript, that the Chairman of the Council of Ministers adopted an apology quickly spread through the Duma and made peace. But Stolypin, according to eyewitnesses, never after that did not serve Rodichev hands.
The reaction of the State Duma also not long in coming — as punishment for "unparliamentary expression" Rodichev was expelled by the Duma on 15 meetings.
It seemed that this fact will be only part of the story, but the myth began to live their own lives. The Bolsheviks made a big myth about the Hangman reformer that the decisions of courts martial killed many innocent people. VI Lenin in his article "Stolypin and the Revolution" (October 1911). Wrote of him as "the chief hangman, Pillager, who prepared himself for the ministerial activities torture of peasants …".
Of course, the Bolsheviks did not forgive Stolypin, the introduction of martial law, trying to knock down the flames of rebellion, to stop the looting and violence of the first revolution of 1905-1907, as well as the reforms that had been delayed by a bloody revolution in 1917. Under Soviet rule, the myth began to wander from one history book in the other. The phrase evolved with the filing of the ruling communist regime in the label. All the activities of the great statesman of Russia was reduced to a "catch phrase". And successfully lived up to the consciousness of today's younger generation.
It is noteworthy that the question of one of the social networks that is a "Stolypin's necktie", only 22% of respondents said that a label hung on the Stolypin cadet Rodichev, for which he had to apologize. 9% felt that it is — a popular resentment of mass repression and the "cleansing" of the revolutionary areas, mass executions of peasants, and another 9% — that was so fashionable in the early twentieth century, a tie, and wore what Stolypin, yet almost 49% — that is noose around the neck of terrorism, which tightened the Stolypin.
Another myth — the "Stolypin car." Different from ordinary car that the rear part was a room full width of the car that was meant for the peasant stock and cattle. Stolypin cars are offered for volunteers for those who are coming out of the community and that voluntarily went to Siberia to explore new lands.
Under Stalin, on the windows of cars appeared prison bars, cars acquired a sinister reputation as transportation for the people in the camp. But it was already a "wagon-Zak," and not a "Stolypin's car." Unfortunately, people who perverted good idea duel Stolypin could not …
AI Solzhenitsyn, a big fan of PA Stolypin was trying to protect his books this prominent public figure to debunk the myths surrounding his name. In As a replacement, he suggested the name "Stalin's car" that it would be more accurate.
Combating myths — a struggle for their history, for our future …
Author Maxim Shmakov