According to the views of management of the U.S. Navy, they are in urgent need of unmanned combat air systems (Unmanned Combat Air System, UCAS) to be placed on its own aircraft carriers. The current plan calls for the adoption of such systems into service for 6 years. Despite this, accompanied by significant efforts to get them as early as possible. The reason is that now for the efficient use of Bomber Command South American carriers have to come to a distance of 800 km from its goal. Potential adversaries are increasingly have planes and missiles with a range exceeding 800 km. According to the views of management of the Navy, the solution to this difficulty would be the impact unmanned aerial vehicle apparatus X-47B UCAS, wielding a flight range of 2,500 km.
Last year the management of the U.S. Navy also has ordered commanders of naval aviation discern the possibility of reducing orders for new manned aircraft F-35B and F-35C, and bring savings for the purchase of new X-47B, and similar to him fighting bots. At the current time, the Navy plans to buy 680 aircraft F-35B and F-35C on average $ 100 million each. UCAS (Unmanned Combat Aerial System) costs half as much, with all this, providing the same capabilities, and a huge range of acts.
In most of the past decade, the Navy hastily prepared for placement on the UCAS aircraft carriers and their use in combat. Over the next four years, the Navy wants to own often the opportunity to use the X-47B from the deck of an aircraft carrier and do combat operations (including reconnaissance and surveillance). It is understood that UCAS will be able to do at least the same assault tasks performed by the Predator UAV over a 10-ka years. Reaper UAV enormous size was developed to expand these combat capabilities. He should enter into operation as soon as possible faster to change in a combat zone F-16 and other manned aircraft.
X-47B weigh 20 tons, a little less than 24 ton F-18A. It has two internal bays to accommodate about 2-ton "smart" bombs. As the X-47B will be able to operate from the deck of an aircraft carrier, it will be used for bombing, acting the role of a kind of super-Reaper. Naval forces were satisfied successful application of Predator and Reaper, despite the fact that the Reaper weighs only 4.7 tons. Much more X-47B equip the engine F100-PW-220 used in the current time on the F-16 and F-15.
Two years have passed since the time when the U.S. Navy presented its own first battle UAV X-47B (now recognized as UCAS), made within six years of $ 636 millionth contract. Without refueling machine has a range of 2,700 km deeds. Among other, it greatly increases the ability of reconnaissance aircraft carrier.
Seven years ago, has made its own first flight UAV smallest size X-47A UCAS, the development of which began in 2001. Air Force is also developing UAV X-45 UCAS, a maritime version of (X-46). The program design X-45 began in 1999, and in 2006 vosmitonny (maximum take-off weight with 2 tons of payload), the device was ready for flight testing. X-46 has a different wing of the accommodation and range of acts of 1100 km with a payload of up to 2-tons. X-47A also has a two ton payload with a range 1,600 km. Unlike X-45, which is constructed for storage for a long period X-47A was constructed for use with an active carrier deck. All of these devices possess a low radar signature and are able to act completely without the help of others (including the landing and take-off) in accordance with the laid down applets. Initially UCAS were created for unsafe operations, such as the settlement of enemy air defenses, reconnaissance in the criteria of a strong enemy air defenses. But the Air Force closed the X-45 project, and the currently considering other options UCAS.
Air Force and the U.S. Navy have always been in his own eyes to the widespread use of unmanned aircraft in combat. 10 years ago, when the Air Force agreed to cooperate with the Navy in the project UCAS, the concept of the Air Force is largely implied placement of combat drones in reserve, so that their operational use in time of war. Navy, in turn, want to use them for the substitution of manned aircraft on aircraft carriers for one simple reason — the military operations carried out on board the aircraft carrier, it is not safe, and the training of pilots trained deck — employment is complex and precious. In this regard, management Navy believes that the UCAS — the future of carrier aviation. So makarom than previously UCAS will be able to prove that they are capable and perfectly harmless act from the deck of an aircraft carrier, the better. Notwithstanding the fact that the X-47B (or slightly larger projected X-47C) is not specially created UCAS for aircraft carriers, the Navy put their trust that they will be reasonably effective to show the ability of unmanned systems to make scheduled tasks. Typically, the aircraft with the index "X" are used as benchmarks for testing experienced technology. Despite this programm X-47 has continued for so long and has absorbed much of the already used in combat UAVs, with the result that X-47B will be able to do reconnaissance and bomber tasks as MQ-47B.
In fact, the project of the Ministry of Defense DARPA management plans must meet the Navy and provoke catch-up of the Air Force. At the current time, the Air Force could hardly produce enough MQ-9 used as a ground support aircraft in addition to intelligence and surveillance. But, as shown by the Navy, maybe build UCAS, able to carry more weapons, stay longer in the air and quickly emerge where they are needed most. DARPA will try to demonstrate this with the Air Force and Navy.