but the wind will scatter her fiercely stories! (Stalin, 1943)
Stalin's contribution to the development of Russia is enormous so that to this day do not stop heresy and mud flows from the haters of the Russian people and the Russian Federation in its eradicator the address and the address of which were created under his rule. Pouring gryazyuku Stalin Khrushchev once marked the beginning of the degradation of the elite of the USSR, a flurry of false legends in the restructuring was necessary for the collapse of the Soviet Union, at the time of heresy by the Stalinist Soviet Union needed to somehow distract people's attention from complete ruin. Personality is now the powers that be and their lackeys so small, their purpose in life so insignificant, and harm to the country of their actions so mountainous, there's nothing else left to do them, not counting a yelp, as if the pug on a dead lion. True, it gives more working effect. Sassy heresy and exposes more than a candid assessment of the era. Former lying bastards start to wriggle to the glory and honor of the people to Stalin.
But it's the lyrics, and now just the facts.
a) The number of Russian (Great Russians, Ukrainians and Belarusians) during the reign of Stalin rose censuses an average of 1.3-1.5 million per year.
1926 — 113.7 million (146.6 million — the total population of the USSR)
1939 — 133 million (170.6 million)
1959 — 159.3 million (208.8 million)
For comparison: during the Yeltsin Russian population in Russia fell by 6.8 million, during the Putin era — 6.4 million.
b) As a result, lower mortality in the USSR, the average life expectancy has increased significantly in comparison with the pre-revolutionary period, reaching the European average (70 in 1971-72 compared with 32 in 1896-97).
c) The overall mortality rate in Russia under Stalin fell almost 3-fold (10.1 per one thousand inhabitants. in 1950 compared with 29.1 in 1913). At the same time, decreased fertility and 1950 (26.9 per 1 thousand inhabitants. In 1950 and 45.5 — in 1913), due to the effects of the war, with an increase in the number of people inclined their age, the growth of the urban population, the involvement of women in the sphere of production. But the natural increase of the population, even a little increased and amounted to 16.8 persons in 1950. per 1000 inhabitants. (16.4 — 1913).
d) If the child mortality rate was in 1913 — 268.6 per 1,000 live births, in 1950 — already 81 in 1000, in other words reduced by 3.3 times. The average number of babies born to a lady, in 1950 it was 2.89, in 2006 — 1.38.
e) Under Stalin, alcohol consumption was more than 2 times smaller (maximum of 1.9 liters per DN unblemished alcohol a year — in 1952) than in the Russian Federation at the Royal in 1914 — 4.7 liters. and more than 10 times less than the active time (20-25 liters). Our homeland is leading the scale of child alcoholism.
Addiction under Stalin was not, because there was no drug mafia. For 20 years, the number of drug addicts has increased more than 10 times and at the moment according to the Federal Drug Control Service of the Russian Federation, is 5.1 million. From drug once a year are killed from 70 to 100 thousand people. Our homeland is one of the favorites on the scale of child abuse.
g) Prostitution under Stalin was seen as a form of parasitic existence, and its organized forms have been one hundred percent destroyed. And at the moment Our homeland is one of the first places on the scale of prostitution, child prostitution, crimes sexy character, sex-slave trade.
h) Immediately after the war, in 1945, around Stalin's Soviet Union, there were 678 thousand orphans. Now these kids in Russia 850 thousand, 760 thousand of them — are social orphans, that is, kids, abandoned by their parents.
i) If the 1956 income differentiation ratio was 3.28, and in 1986 — 3.38, then the next, according to Rosstat, it increased from 13.8 (1998) to 16.8 times (2007 .). This means that the official income, net of shadow and criminal, 10% of the richest of 16.8 times higher than the incomes of the poor. Many experts, taking into account the shadow economy, believe that the real characteristics of the break — up to 25-40 times.
At the moment fraction of the population with incomes below the poverty level is 15%. Under Stalin managed to achieve a level of income above the minimum for all people.
a) During the reign of Putin's only official billionaire oligarchs with whom he Tipo fights and who profit at the expense of the looting of state assets of, grown from 8 in 2000 to 53 in 2007 — almost 7 times! Their general condition, according to the magazine "Forbs", grown from 12.4 billion dollars. Up to $ 282 billion. $ 23 — fold!
As demonstrated by studies of the Institute of Socio-economic problems of Population Sciences, the share of 15% of the population of the Russian Federation accounts for about 85% of all savings, 57% of foreign exchange earnings, 92% of revenue from supplies. According to the late manager of the economic section of Sciences Dmitry Lvov, in the hands of a small group of oligarchs (approximately 1,500 people., Representing 0.001% of the total population of the Russian Federation) are more than 50% of the public wealth of the Russian Federation, 85 percent of the population, in other words, in fact, the whole Our homeland, do not have a penny of income from the wealth that went from God — oil, gas, timber, gold and other resources — and should belong to all the people, by definition.
And under Stalin national wealth belonged to the people and the income from them were used for the benefit of all people. Previously, people were paying for the many needed services pennies or simply nothing (the government was taking on a huge part of the cost), then at the moment they are obliged to pay the full program there and for housing services, and services for the communications, transportation, culture, recreation, nutrition, education, etc. — For everything! Despite the fact that at the moment kind of constitutionally enshrined free health care, more than half of the population is almost paid for it, and those costs are approximately equal economical.
l) The population of the Russian Empire at 79% was illiterate (according to the 1897 census), in other words, not even artfully neither read nor write. Under Stalin, illiteracy was eradicated. The literacy rate has risen to 89.1% (1932).
School starting (in brackets — students): 1914 — 106 thousand (5.4 million), 1940 — 192 thousand
Middle school (students): 1914 — 4000 1940 — 65000 (13 million)
Universities and technical colleges: 1914 — 400, 1940 — 4600
Before the October Revolution of 1917 in Russia with 159 million population accounted for 290 thousand professionals. The total number of workers employed in the more intellectual work in the Soviet Union in 1973 have gained about 33 million people. During the years of Russian power is 90 times the number of scientific workers, in 1972 there were 1055.4 thousand people
Under Stalin, the planned economy run by reasonable means as a single organism, thereby managed to make large-scale projects and achieved its highest performance and growth.
After the war, having been refused the West in the credits for the restoration of the Soviet Union, Stalin was able to get the country back on dates that no European country — participant of the war could not be repeated, even with South American loans.
The country is prepared and won in the war, twice recovering from the ravages of war and became the second world power precisely because of the planned method
Russian plan which have implemented in their businesses billionaires many states. In 1991 in Moscow, at the Academy of Labor and Social Relations held a Soviet-American Symposium, which included people from the country of the rising sun. Here's what it said Japanese billionaire Heros Teravama in response to the ranting Russian economists and sociologists about the "Japanese miracle": "You are not the voice of an underlying. About your primary role in the world. In 1939, you're Russian, were smart, and we in the land of the rising sun, the fool. In 1949, you became more intelligent, and we were still fool. And in 1955 we have become smarter, and you are reincarnated as a five-year kids. Our entire financial system is actually quite copied to yours, with the only difference that we have capitalism, private producers, and we are more than 15% growth never reached, you are — in the public supplies the means of production, reaching 30% or more. In all of our businesses are hanging your slogans Stalinist era. "
At this point, the system of economic planning at the municipal level, absolutely destroyed and Russia eventually ekes out a miserable existence resource colony of the West. In Russia there are two parallel economies: bezplanovaya (brainless) and a criminal. According to the Academy of the Interior Ministry's economic security at the end of 2005, the level of criminalization of the economy in Russia is "critical" and the underground economy "is over a 40% of GDP" (1991 — 11%). According to the Center for Anti-Corruption 09.2007 research Transparency Int (TI) index of perception of corruption in Russia is 2.3 points, 143rd out of 180. At the same level, Gambia, Indonesia and Togo. Rated criminalization and corruption of power Our homeland at the end of 2005 is lower than in Kenya and Zimbabwe, and is 25th in the world.
In the current market size of RF corruption exceeds 240 billion. According to U.S. estimates Indem, this value is even higher: only in the business sector of the Russian Federation has increased the amount of corruption between 2001 and 2005. from about 33 to 316 billion dollars. per year (9.6 times)
a) The State's per capita income of the USSR was ($ in 1980 prices):
1913 — 350 (15% of the U.S. level)
1920 — 120 (5%)
1929 — 365 (13%)
1938 — 640 (24%)
1950 — 1100 (26%)
in 1987 — 3900 (57% of the U.S. level), in other words, when Stalin managed to not only bring back one hundred percent human well-being after a 3-destructive wars and a couple of times to increase it, and in spite of the war, 2 times to beat Yankees in the pace of growth. And this is the toughest external criteria and without any help, whereas, for example, to the 1913 fraction of foreign capital (French, Belgian, British and German) in investing in the Russian economy reached 72%.
For comparison, in 2007, GDP per capita, calculated at purchasing power parity possible, Russia amounted to 28% of the U.S. level. In other words, in comparison with the Yankees for 20 years, we have approximately 2-fold degraded — and this without any wars!
Public productivity in 1950 increased in comparison with 1913 by 3.2 times.
b) The total volume of industrial production per capita for the years 1913-1950. USSR in increased 4-fold. Fraction of the world's industrial output in the USSR:
1913 — 3.6%
1920 — 0.6%
1938 — 5.6%
1950 — 6.9%
1986 — 14.6%
In 2007 the fraction of in the world's GDP — 3.2%.
The increase in production c / agricultural products by 1938, up 45% compared with 1913 and 100% compared with 1920.
c) Gold in store.
July 16, 1914 in the storerooms of the State Bank of the Russian Federation, there were approximately 1,240 tons of gold. Still about 110 tons stored abroad. Total approximately 1,350 tonnes.
In 1914 — 1917 years. listed banks in New York, London, Paris, land of the rising sun about 690 tons of gold in the first payment for the supply guns, and then just to be, that they did not get the Bolsheviks. At the 1920 reserves were already 317 tons
By the end of Stalin's rule in 1953 in store gold rose 6.5 times in 2050 and headed for that
Recently the restructuring in 1985, the Soviet Union was in store ash about 2,500 tonnes, but by 1991 had decreased by 10 times!
Supplies of gold in the municipal Reserves as at 01.12.2008 amounted to about 445 tons
d) Since 1933 unemployment in the USSR was not. According to estimates from sample surveys Rosstat total number of unemployed is at 01.2008, about 4.6 million (2000 — 7.1 million). But the number of officially registered unemployed (another indicator) rose to 1.6 million
e) The real income of workers in 1940 increased in comparison with 1913 by 2.7 times, farmers — by 2.4 times.
e) In 1947, the Soviet Union, the first since the war of the nations of this planet, canceled card system. And in 1948, a year — until 1954 — to reduce the price of food products and a wide use. For example, here is the ratio of price levels as of 01/01/51, the cost to the city on 01.01.46: bread (39%), meat (42%). At the moment, inflation is satisfied that holders of municipal companies at the expense of growth rates, pounding on the wallet ordinary people.
g) Housing stock in the towns and villages of the mountains. type made in 1913, 180 million m2, and in the period from 1918-1956 gg. was introduced 953 million m2 of (useful) area homes. In Soviet housing provided by the State free of charge, in perpetuity use. Currently, the free volume of the dwelling decreased almost 10-fold. Young family needs or accumulate ten years for an apartment, provided the postponement of her own income, or climb into the yoke of debt and eventually pay even longer. Housing prices grow (2006 — 50%), and it is becoming less readily accessible to the majority of the population (only about 12% of Russians can afford to purchase a home yourself, about 5% — to use a mortgage)
h) the number of doctors in 1950 increased in comparison with 1940 by 1.5 times.
The number of scientific workers in 1950 increased in comparison with 1940 by 1.5 times.
Number of scientific institutions in 1950 increased by 40% compared with 1940
The number of university students in 1950 increased by 50% compared with 1940
i) The atomic bomb made the United States in 1945 and tested it on the inhabitants of the Japanese cities. We made the atomic bomb in 1949, the U.S. experienced a hydrogen bomb in 1952 — we are in 1953. So Makarov was laid desired potential to retain nuclear parity and the security of the Russian Federation, respectively. The nuclear shield of, made in the USSR, at the moment heavily destroyed. Yeltsin destroyed the 3807 component of the strategic nuclear forces of the Russian Federation (with 10271 in 1990. To 6464 in 2000), while Putin still ugrohal 3380 strategic nuclear forces of the Russian Federation (eventually left in the third part of Russian weapons (3084), and the liquidation lasts) namely the first and the most massive and invulnerable missiles in the world — Satan (they killed 105 and left Putin, 75).
And nothing new is created. Even the "newest" missile Topol-M and RS-24 — only just modified Russian missiles.
a) Since 1946, the Soviet Union had also initiated work:
1) air defense
2) on the Missile Technology;
3) Automation of technological processes;
4) the implementation of the new computer technology (in 1950 created the first computer);
5) at gallakticheskim Operations (in 1957 we launched into space the first in the world of satellite, in 1961 — the first person);
6) on the gasification of the country;
7) in household appliances, etc.
3. The army and the war
Recently the German attack on the Soviet Union — in 1941, Stalin was elected chairman of the Council of People's Commissars (Government of the USSR) and the People's Commissar of Defense. Since the beginning of the war, and Stalin became the sup
reme commander of the Red Army. The main issues in this topic are: preparedness for war and the loss of it. In the West, were convinced that Germany will defeat the Soviet Union for 2 months, but made a mistake in the estimates of the power of the Union. Stalin's victory in the war are inseparable.
a) The balance of forces other day of the war.
Combat and the size of the armed forces of Germany, its allies and the Soviet Union before the war Russian majestically at the western borders of the USSR:
Personnel (million).: Germany — 5.5; USSR — 2.9 (1.9:1)
Artillery and mortars (thousand units).: Germany — 47.2; USSR — 32.9 (1.4:1)
Tanks (thousands of units).: Germany — 4.3, the Soviet Union — 14.2 (0.3:1)
Combat aircraft (thousands of units).: Germany — 5.0; USSR — 9.2 (0.5:1)
The total (cumulative), the ratio of forces and assets in Germany, its allies and the Soviet Union (1.2:1)
So Makarov is not to say that Stalin Tipo not prepared the country for war.
b) The losses in World War II.
+ By the beginning of the war in the Army and the Navy and other agencies — 4901.8 thousand people.
+ In the course of the war aims, mobilized — 29574.9 thousand
Total: 34,476.7 thousand
Sunk loss of the armed forces of the USSR
+ Killed or died of wounds on the steps of evacuation — 5226.8
+ Died of wounds in hospitals — 1102.8
+ Died from the disease, died as a result of the unfortunate cases, sentenced to death (non-combat losses) — 555.5
+ Missing, taken prisoner — 4559.0
Total non-performing loss — 11,444.1 (33.2% of the total number. Troops)
— Returned from captivity — 1836 (40% of captured)
— Designed in the liberated areas and is oriented to the troops of the military who previously were surrounded or Missing — 939.7
Total non-performing demographic loss — 8668.4 (25.1% of the total number. Troops)
During the war, brought into the armed forces of Germany in view of serving until March 1, 1939 — 21107
Sunk human loss of the armed forces of Germany and its allies in the army of the Soviet-German front from 06.22.1941 till 05.09.1945, the (thousand).
+ Killed or died of wounds and disease, missing, non-combat losses — 4273.0
+ Were taken prisoner — 4376.3
Total non-performing loss — 8649.3
(Including Germany — 7,181.1 (34.0% of the total. Forces of Germany))
— Returned from captivity — 3572.6 (82% of captured)
Total non-performing demographic loss — 5076.7
(Including Germany — 4,270.7 (20.2% of the total number. Troops))
As can be seen, transient loss of the forces of Germany and her allies were too enormous (8.6 million)., Not to mention their complete defeat and surrender. Plus you need to take into account 1.59 and officers of the Wehrmacht soldier, capitulated after 9 May 1945 just before the Russian Army.
The ratio of non-performing losses of troops of the USSR and Germany (with allies)
Non Return loss: 1,32:1
Non-performing demographic loss: 1,71:1
The difference can be explained because of Nazi captivity came back in less than 2 times of war, than ours (40% vs. 82%), not surprisingly, taking into account the objectives of the Nazis to enslave and kill the Russian.
c) On the heroism.
In the Second World War deserted — 588.7 million (1.7% of the total number of troops). For comparison of the First World deserted 1,865.0 million (12.1% of the total number of troops) — 7 times more!
During World War I the Royal Army officers of the Russian Federation lost (dead, dead of wounds, gassed, wounded and shell-shocked, captured and missing), more than 72 million (14.6% of the number of officers). In the Second World War battles just killed or died of wounds and disease, missing and taken prisoner 1023.1 thousand people. (35% of the total number of officers). Non-performing demographic loss of the Russian army in the war of 1914-1918. totaled 2.25 million (14.7% of the total raised in the army and navy during the war), yet our home could not bring the war to a victorious end. In the Second World War, we have overcome, despite the fact that the human transient loss was even greater than that of the opponent (25% vs. 20.2%), which reads about solidarity and heroism of the Russian people under the Stalin.
d) On the Tipo repressed part of the team of the Red Army from May 1937 to September 1939 in the amount of 40 thousand people. Specifically referred to a round figure for the first time the magazine "Ogonek" (№ 26, 1986), followed by the already "Moscow News", etc. Where did And this figure? And that's coming from.
The fact that the 5 May 1940 the chief of the Head of Staff of People's Commissariat of Defense, Lieutenant General E.Schadenko presented Stalin, "Report on the Work Management" for 1939 It said that in 1937-1939. 36898 from the ranks of the Red Army commanders were fired. Of them in 1937, laid off 18,658 people. (13.1% of the payroll-command officers and political composition), in 1938, laid off 16,362 people. (9.2%), in 1939, laid off 1878 people. (0.7%).
Motives were of the following: 1) age, 2) for health reasons, and 3) of disciplinary and 4) for the frailty 5) dismissed on political grounds 19,106 (out of them after complaints and inspections conducted in 9247 restored 1938-1939 years.) 6) arrested, punished in other words, it was 9579 people nachsostava (from their 1457 restored in 1938-1939.).
So Makar, the number of officers arrested in the years 1937-1939. (No air force and navy) is 8122 people. (3% of the total kom.sostava to 1939). Of them were sentenced to death about 70, shot 17 — the most senior in the main, for example, two of the five marshals (Tukhachevskiy for the company Trotskyist military komplota, Egorov for his role in espionage, terrorist training and participation in the counter-revolutionary organization) Once Marshal Blucher was arrested for his role in the military-fascist komplote, leading to unfounded and deliberately inflicting losses on the failure of the operation oz.Hasan, but died in the bullpen. It is also particularly unsafe for such atrocities were shot 5 of 9 1 rank commanders (Belov, Yakir, Uborevich, Fedko Frinovsky) and other representatives of the "fifth column".
"… The Wehrmacht just threw me, I perish at the hands of his own generals. Stalin made a great move by staging cleanup in the Red Army, and getting rid of a corrupt aristocracy "(from an interview with journalist K.Shpeydelyu Adolf Hitler at the end of April 1945)
e) On the war. Another myth lying perestroechnikov-dermokratii that almost all Russian military freed from German captivity, push off to the gulag.
In fact they were held to test the filtration camps liberated from captivity, which was then a necessity. On March 1, 1944 by the NKVD were tested 312,594 former soldiers of the Red Army who were taken prisoner or in the environment. 75.1% of former prisoners successfully tested and who were targeted in the army, who in the economy who are being cured. Another 0.6% were lost, not surprisingly, given the conditions of life in the German concentration camps, where they were released. Were also repressed (arrested or deported to penal battalions) of just 6.2%.
f) The detachments. Frame in detachments jammed Jews were shot on location all fled from the front and specially shot in the backs of the soldiers. Is this true?
From the report: Since the war began on 10th October 1941 Particular divisions of the NKVD and the obstruction of the NKVD troops to protect the rear detained 657,364 soldiers who have fallen from their own parts, and fled from the front.
Among the detainees, especially departments arrested 25,878 (4%) patients, the other 632,486 people are formed in the part and re-oriented to the front.
Among those arrested Particular departments:
Spies — 1505
saboteurs — 308
traitors — 2621
cowards and alarmists — 2643
deserters — 8772
distributors provocative rumors — 3987
samostrelschikov — 1671
other — 4371
Total — 25,878
ording to regulations Especial departments and sentenced by a military tribunal executed 10,201 people (1.6% of the detainees) of their shot down the line — 3321 people.
g) The penal battalion. Throughout the war in penal battalions and companies were targeted 427,910 people. On the other hand, through the Russian armed forces during the war, 34 were 476.7 thousand people. It turns out that the fraction of military personnel who visited the penal battalions and battalions is just only 1.24%. So Makar, despite the assurances of careless writers, the contribution of the penalty box to the Victory is relatively moderate. The average monthly loss of constant and variable personnel of penalty units for the year amounted to 14,191 people., Or 52% of the average of their numbers (27326 people).. It is 3-6 times more than the total average monthly loss of personnel in the ordinary troops in the same offensive operations in 1944
and) Terrorism. According to official data, the Interior Ministry and the rulers, the number of terrorist acts in Russia 1994 — 18 1999 — 20 2000 — 135 2001 — 327 2002 — 360 2003 — 561 2004 — 265 2005 — 257 2006 — 112 2007 — 41. As you can see, from the beginning of "counterterrorism" operations in Chechnya in 1999, the number of attacks grown in 10's again. It creates the impression that the problem of terrorism was created and inflated most of Putin's power to intimidate and rallying the people around him. This justifies the involvement of the FSB in the bombings of apartment houses in 1999 in Moscow, Volgodonsk and the attempted bombing in Ryazan and other terrorist acts.
Meanwhile, in 1943, Beria in a few weeks provides complete disarmament in Kazakhstan and the eviction of all Chechens, Ingush, and other peoples of the Caucasus, a massive shift to the side of the invaders. Terrorism under Stalin did not consider the problem of over and successfully fought with him.
4. About Crime and prison
a) Due to the declassified archival data heresy of "billions of innocent victims" trivial unmasked.
According to an official report to Khrushchev for the period from 1921 to early 1954 for counter-revolutionary and other particularly unsafe municipal crimes was sentenced to the death penalty 642,980 people to prison — 2,369,220, to exile and expulsion — 765.180 (total: 3,777,380 people ).
In another archival document number convicted of counter-revolutionary and other particularly unsafe municipal crimes in the period from 1921 to 1953. are:
— capital punishment — 799455
— camps, colonies and bullpen — 2634397
— link and expulsion — 413512
— other measures — 215942
Total number of convicted — 4060306
* SARF, f.9401, op.1, d.4157, l.201-205
By "other measures" refers to offset the time spent in detention, forced deportation and healing abroad. But it should be borne in mind that in the table "wormed" significant number of criminals. The fact is that one of the certificates stored in the archive, which is made on the basis of this table, there is a pencil-litter: "Total convicted for 1921-1938 years. — 2944879 people., Of them 30% (1,062 million) — the criminals" . In this case, the total amount of "repressed" does not exceed 3 million
b) As part of the prisoners of the Gulag, the example on 01.01.1951 convicted of counter-revolutionary and highly insecure gos.zlodeyaniya was 23% (more frequent articles treason, komplotah role in the anti-Soviet, anti-Soviet propaganda, espionage, sabotage, etc.), other — criminals.
c) The mortality of prisoners of the Gulag (average): 1931-1940. — 5.1% in 1941-1945. — 12.7% 1946 1952. — 1.7%.
On a snow-white and reddish terror: in 1918-1921,. reddish been convicted civilians 356655 people, of them were sentenced to death 6543; snow-white for the same period were killed only by a court 111730 civilians.
The number of all prisoners are at once in all places of detention (bullpen, camps, colonies, etc.) on average for 1935-1953 years. was 2 million (1.13% of the population)
In Russia, on November 1, 2008 in facilities in prisons contained 0.9 million (0.64% of the population). In the United States at the beginning of 2008 prisoners were 2.3 million people. (0.77% of the population).
g) Shred acquittals in 1937-1953 gg. in the USSR was 10.9%.
In 2007, according to the Judicial Department of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation fraction of acquittals was 0.8%, caught in the dock (in Moscow — 0.3%). In the U.S. fraction of acquittals — 17-25%.
e) In 1946, when the west has acted in full gang Bandera has not been eliminated military homelessness, the Soviet Union had committed 0,546 million atrocities of all kinds (detection rate 90%). For comparison, according to the Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation in 2007, has been committed to 6.6 times more atrocities than Stalin in 1946 — 3.58 million (50% detection rate).
Murders in the USSR in 1946 was 10.3 thousand (in 1940 — 6.5 per thousand). Kills in Russia in 2007 made more than 2 times higher than in the first post-war year — 22.2 million
5. On the Famine
a) History of the Russian Federation is a very long series of lean years with a steady increase in the number of crop failures and famines directly to the XX century. The fact of that crop failures in Russia are repeated every 6-7 years, going on for two years. During the second half of the XIX century, a special ruthlessness different years of famine generated by poor harvests in 1873, 1880, 1883, 1891, 1892, 1897 and 1898. In the XX century, in particular stood out in mass starvation, 1901, 1905, 1906, 1907, 1908, 1911 and 1913, when famine and hunger related diseases were the great characteristics of mortality. But more on that for some reason prefer to keep mum, lamenting only the "Holodomor."
b) in 1921-1922. under the threat of hunger and epidemics were 23 provinces with a population of 32 million people. Yes, the famine was, but Russian authorities organized the fight against this scourge. Were collected 120 million pounds of bread. From famine-migrated to the grain on the ground of the USSR and abroad 5,053 million. This decline in the value of the relocation and the "play" liars, presenting them as definitely dead from starvation. But most of all lies around the so-called "Famine."
c) Frame Bolsheviks seized from poor farmers and all the bread they were golodovat. In fact, grain procurement, for example in the Ukraine in 1932 were lower than in 1931, when there was no famine. In 1930, the volume of procurements in Ukraine amounted to 6.92 million tonnes (30% of gross production), in 1931 — 7.39 million tons (40%), and in 1932 — 4.28 (29%). In other words, all the bread no Bolsheviks seized, on the contrary, even reduced their purchases. But what was the prerequisite for the fall grain harvest in 1932 almost 35% compared with 1930. and the ensuing famine? And why famine affected in the main only Ukraine and don? But the fact is that in 1932 in the Ukraine and Don planted almost a third of the arable land, and it is an indisputable cause of the famine. Why not much planted? In Ukraine, the Don and the land plowed no horses in the Central Russian Federation, because the black soil they are rapidly running out of strength, and oxen. And the oxen — is beef, eat them. So here's livestock herds in Ukraine has decreased from 593.7 million (1929) to 105.2 million (1932), in other words, almost 6 times! Prerequisites: sabotage, propaganda and greed antikolhoznaya. As a result, people were killed and ate their own livestock, not even to take into collective farms.
g) Wines of Stalin in this, of course, there is. In-1's, it was necessary to take effective measures to maintain working animals. But the most important thing more. Now, focusing on his article "Dizzy with success", believe that collectivization was necessary to conduct
a "soft" — to make the sample farms and seduced them into others. Collectivization began in 1929, and in March 1930 issued a decree of the Central Committee of the prohibiting of forced collectivization, some newly minted collective farmers began to come out of the farms back, and it was restored to half of the dispossessed farms. But "soft" collectivization — a direct path to the division of rural societies, and the division — this is war. Mass corral people into collective farms would cause Matyukov waterfalls, but within a year everything and everyone would have forgotten. Immediate rejection of mass collectivization was embracing a major mistake.
e) Who should address the question of the number of victims of the "famine", which, as we litsezreem, staged Ukrainians and Cossacks for themselves. The number of deaths from malnutrition was not enough. But, certainly, the famine affected the incidence and duration of life of the population and consequently on mortality and fertility of the population.
According to the results of All-Ukrainian population census inventory on January 1, 1927 was 29,043 thousand people, on 1 January 1939 — 30,946 thousand (the territory of the USSR decreased during this period by 2%). Such a small population increase (+6.6%) over the 12 year period partly clarifies the significant outflow of the population in the newly formed industrial and industrial centers. But at the same time, the growth of the population adjoining Belarus, which is not affected by hunger, for the period was 11.76%. Because we can agree that on placed in 1938 to the population of Ukraine should make more than 32 million people.
The birth rate of the population of the Ukrainian SSR in 1927-1931 the average. amounted to 1080.4 thousand, death rate — 521.8 thousand, an increase — 558.6 thousand in 1932 were born 782 thousand, 668 thousand deaths (up 114 thousand — for less than the previous five-year period 444.6) in 1933 born already 359 thousand, thousand died in 1309 (950 thousand decline — at 1508.6 less). In other words, the loss of the population of the USSR in 1932-1933. Accompanying hunger, can be estimated at about 2 million.
Naturally, it's a lot of present day or the position. But let's say, in the United States caused by the depression of 1929-1933 stateliness. with its 15-million-strong army of unemployed and thousandths queues for a free soup famine resulted in the loss of population is about 7 million.
i) In 1946, when the country was just beginning to recover from the war and ammunition to do was not anything else, the Soviet Union realized a terrible drought in the south of the river sohnuli. Eventually, in 1946, was a collection of 39.6 million tons of grain — 2.4 times lower than in 1940 and a famine in 1947 but in 1947 only in the RSFSR were 35.7 million tons bread, and hunger of the Soviet Union was gone forever.
A) But, so far the problem of hunger remains topical: According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in the year 2000-2002 in Russia were suffering from hunger 4% of the population (5.2 million people).
6. On the dominance of Jews
In the vastness of the web is often in one form or another fake propaganda walk the dominance of Jews in the Russian government bodies.
According to the plan of counterfeiters who believe, apparently, well in advance of the Jews zlodeeyami, guilty of all real and fabrications failures of, ordinary reader must be inflamed with righteous anger against the revolution, the Bolsheviks and everything connected with them. We will not stoop to the discussion, all the villains are Jews or not, just make out the real state of Russian power structure. The benefit guides and genealogical databases allow you to do it without much difficulty.
First Russian Government (1917) consisted of 15 Russian and only the 1st Jew (of 18 people).. And for the period from 1917 to 1924 (Lenin's Guard) under the supreme control of the country was Russian — 48 (67%), and Jews — 8 (11%).
The Central Committee of the CPSU (b) in 1924: Russia — 54 (62%), Jews — 14 (16%)
Cheka-OGPU-NKVD on May 1, 1924 in the central office worked 2,402 employees. Of them Russian — 1670 (70%), Latvians — 208 (9%), Jews — 204 (8%), Poles — 90, Belarusians — 80 Ukrainians — 66.http :/ / www.liveinternet.ru ">
7. The murder of Stalin
Stalin died March 5, 1953 from a brain hemorrhage, during which he was for a long time was not provided medical care. According to the investigation conducted by Yuri Mukhin in the book "The Murder of Stalin and Beria," Stalin was poisoned by Khrushchev and his entourage, and later was killed by them without trial near associate of Stalin Beria. It was manufactured in order to prevent the implementation of adopted decisions XIX Party Congress Stalin to transfer all the power of the party state.
Version poisoning proved officially Poltoranin Misha, who headed the commission for the declassification of KGB archives.
Stalin was killed, but he continues to live forever in the hearts of honest people of the Russian Federation!
8. Lofty about Stalin
From time to time have to meet people's judgments about Stalin that nothing, not counting his own wife had never run, but with a hint of absolute knowledge of a subject of conversation and historical realities, the broadcast of the atrocities heard on TV.
Yuri Mukhin noticed a fascinating pattern: the lower the moral man, the farther it is from the real affairs and management, the worse it is Stalin.
In my opinion, impartial assessment of such figures as Stalin could only be given more or less equal to him — the same leaders majestic empires. Because listen to them.
Winston Churchill (England)
"The great joy for Russia was that during the hardest trials country was headed genius and unutterable military leader Stalin. He was the most prominent figure, appeals to our changeable and fierce that period of time, which took place in his life.
Stalin was a man of extraordinary energy and indomitable will-power, harsh, bitter, mercilessly in the conversation, which I even brought up here in the English parliament, could not do anything to stop. Stalin initially had a great sense of humor and sarcasm and the ability to just take thought. This force was so great to Stalin, he seemed an inimitable midst of Governors of all time.
Stalin made us the greatest memory. He had a deep, devoid of any panic, logically meaningful wisdom. He was undefeated master to look for in the difficult moments of the way out of the most hopeless situation. In addition, Stalin in the most critical moments, as in moments of celebration was a prototype low-key and never give in to illusions. He was extraordinarily complex personality. He did and conquered for itself a huge empire. This was the man who destroyed his own enemy as the enemy. Stalin was the greatest that has no equal for themselves in a world dictator who took Russia with a wooden plow and left it with atomic weapons.
Well, the history, the people of these people do not forgets "
(W h e r and l l s Speech in the U.S. House of Commons, December 21, 1959, a day of the 80th anniversary of Stalin).
Adolf Hitler (Germany)
The strength of the Russian people is not its size or organization, and in its ability to generate the personality scale of Stalin. According to his military and political qualities far superior to Stalin and Churchill and Roosevelt. It is the only global policy worthy pochteniya.Nasha task — to crush the Russian people so that people did not turn up the scale of Stalin.
Charles de Gaulle (France)
"Stalin was a huge credibility, and not only in Russia. He knew how to" tame "their own enemies, do not panic at a loss and do not delight in victories. And he has more victories than defeats.
Stalin Our homeland — it is not our old home, who died along with the monarchy. But the Stalinist governm
ent without worthy successor to Stalin doomed …
… Stalin said there (in Tehran. — Ed.) As a person who is entitled to seek the report. Without opening the two other participants of the conference Russian plans, he headed for the fact that they have laid out their plans, and he brought them to the amendment in accordance with its requirements. Roosevelt joined him, that tear away the idea of Churchill's broad Western military forces coming through Italy, Yugoslavia and Greece to Vienna, Prague and Budapest. On the other hand, the Americans, in agreement with the Soviets rejected, despite the insistence of the British proposal to make out on the conference policy issues related to Central Europe, and in particular the question of
Benes informed me Poland, where were about to enter the Russian army. about their own talks in Moscow. He described Stalin as a person, reserved in speech, but firm in intent, having regard to each of its European problems his idea has been hidden, but completely certain.
Wendell Willkie gave realize that Churchill and Harriman returned from his own trip to Moscow unsatisfied. They were faced with a mysterious Stalin, his mask was left for them impervious "
(L e T o l l a r s h o m. Military memories. Kn. II. M., 1960, p. 235-236, 239, 430).
Averell Harriman, U.S. salting in the USSR.
"I. Stalin has in-depth knowledge, prodigious ability to delve into the details, lively mind and strikingly narrow the knowledge of human nature. I found that he was better informed than Roosevelt, more realistic than Churchill, and, in a sense, the more effective of the military leaders. "
Ribbentrop, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Germany
"Stalin from the first moment we met gave me the strongest memory: A man of extraordinary magnitude. His sober, almost dry, but so precise diction and hard, but with all this, and noble style of negotiating demonstrated that his name he wears on the right. The course of my talks and conversations with Stalin gave me a clear understanding of the force and power of this man, one wave of the hand which became the order of the most remote village, lost somewhere in the vast expanse of the Russian Federation — a man who was able to unite the population of two hundred millionth own empire stronger, than any government before. "