Created by nuclear explosions underground gas poisoning all life. Why "Gazprom" hides information about the threat of environmental catastrophe in Astrakhan.
In early September, the inhabitants of Astrakhan, once again swept the slight panic about the secret gas storage Astrakhan gas processing plant. They are known to have been created almost thirty years ago with a series of underground nuclear explosions and now considered "uncontrolled storage sites highly radioactive waste."
Constant measurement of radiation at the sites of the "Vega" near Astrakhan
Panic arose after one small Moscow newspaper published an article about how to "Gazprom" is trying to prevent an environmental disaster near Astrakhan. " It it was about the tender for the work on the "Anti-Radiation Protection of wells at the site" Vega "- that once called this place, those who blew up underground Astrakhan suburbs at least 20 nuclear weapons capacity from 3.2 to 13.5 kilotons .
The world-famous environmentalist, corresponding member of Russian Academy of Sciences Alexei Yablokov, commented on these reports, "This place is very dangerous. Nuclear scientists themselves admitted that all objects of underground nuclear explosions are out of control in places of high level waste storage. But since we do not like to think of ten or a hundred years from now, it seems, there really was something that they are concerned about the scale of three to four years. "
At the end of the Soviet era officials from the Ministry of Medium Machine Building of the USSR, which was engaged in nuclear projects, and from the Ministry of Oil and Gas Industry of the USSR with military conducted a series of underground nuclear tests in 30 (!) Kilometers from Astrakhan. Formed after the explosions in the land of emptiness would be used for storage of gas condensate to a nearby processing plant. Officials believed that underground nuclear explosions at great depth will be safe for people, but after a certain processing of underground voids gas will not contain dangerous radioactive elements.
But after decades, scientists say that this nuclear-gas experiment in motion a terrible ecological time bomb that threatens current and future generations of Astrakhan. And in Astrakhan and Astrakhan watermelon fish radioactive traces of the underground explosions can crawl all over the country.
Astrakhan field experiments
In Astrakhan region you each tell a dozen apocalyptic stories related to underground nuclear voids. They say that the water in the lower reaches of the Volga River after those nuclear tests poisoned, because the underground water table removes radionuclides in water. It is this link Astrakhan sharp reduction of fish stocks in the region. They also say that the yield of grain and melons has fallen sharply in recent years due to the depletion and disturbance of the soil, which were radioactive elements underground nuclear explosions.
Death and the disappearance of some species of fauna, strange diseases of livestock, scabs on his feet grazed near the core of a nuclear test cattle Astrakhan also associated with the consequences of those experiments. Given that the formal analysis of the health of the population in the region is not in the public domain, in the Astrakhan region covered chilling rumors that used in the region of the town gas remaining in the operation of underground storage is the population cancer, infertility, familial asthma, a disease associated with dramatic inhibition of human immune system.
People can understand such experiments conducted near Astrakhan — a series of powerful underground nuclear test and then stored in the gas creates gaps and use of this gas to the population — in the world almost was not.
Scientific collection of "USSR Nuclear Tests", Volume II. "Technologies of the USSR nuclear tests. The impact on the environment. Security measures. Nuclear test sites and platforms. " Chapter 4: USSR nuclear test site. Site for nuclear underground explosions for peaceful purposes. Playground "Vega":
"Platform" Vega ", where the two salt dome uplifts by underground nuclear explosion (nuclear explosions) in 1980-1984. was established on 15 cavities for various purposes for the Astrakhan gas processing plant (AGPK), located 50 km north of the city of Astrakhan in the desert region. All work associated with the preparation, slope and erosion of charge by specialists KB ATO in consultation specialists VNIITF — major developers to use charges.
… All 15 nuclear explosions carried out in individual wells 1T-15T. 13 produced in UNE-bending Aksaraiskaya Utigenskoy ridge at a depth of 1000 m with a relatively deep-lying roof salt deposits around 520-720 m with steep sides. Two UNE held at the same depth within the Sary-Sora and Aydikskogo domes.
Underground tanks … (PR) to create 5 AGPK queues, including the series of near-simultaneous bombings of two, four and six bombs.
Due to delays in opening and arrangement of underground tanks are examined and surrendered for trial operation regularly. In 1986, it registered a sharp decline in the 13-PR on Aksaraiskaya Utigenskoy ridge, and evidentiary explanation for this phenomenon has not yet been found. In 1987, seven PR reduced volumes were filled with gas condensate, and 2 PR in Sary-Say — Aydikskoy ridge used as purge tanks exploration wells AGPK. 5 PR so lost volume that are not suitable for use and must be destroyed.
There was … there was a sharp increase in the radioactivity of vegetation in areas "Vega" in excess of the specific activity of an order from the normal background level. The samples were subjected to radiometric analysis and examined for the content of individual radionuclides. As a result of the analyzes in samples of plant ash were identified: Ce-141; Ru-103; Zr-95; Nb-95; Ce-144; Ru-106; Cs-134, previously observed in the district.
06/26/91 … created an emergency situation related to the expiration of the radioactive brine wells through 5T Christmas tree valve. The average content of radionuclides in brine made of cesium-137, 1.104 Bq / l. "
Heavy legacy of the "Vega"
Until now, information about these underground nuclear explosions in the public domain is very small. It is known that 13 underground storage facilities, made with the help of underground nuclear explosions, eventually become unsuitable for use. However, there are still two stores, go to the "Gazprom" inherited from the Soviet government, which still keep gas liquids for use in the Astrakhan gas processing plant. Environmentalists say these underground cavities from nuclear explosions, as used by "Gazprom" and the abandoned, has now turned into an uncontrollable and extremely dangerous ecological time bomb, the timer is set at an unknown time.
Journalists "Top Secret" found several scientists who have information on the Soviet nuclear project "Vega". However, only one of them agreed to talk about it openly, to give his real name.
All these people are still somehow closely connected with military science and the defense industry. So, we had to make longer talks about the meeting, and then pass sophisticated "test talks". One of the experts explained that such precautions due to the fact that "the bowels of the Astrakhan store and most dangerous secrets, the possession of which for all its media rather" dangerous unwitting trap "that can work at any time."
But to speak of these mysteries still needed because "the problem with the project" Vega "is not solved, and even from a standstill and aggravated."
Andrew Xin (name changed for security reasons) — Scientists working in various research institutes of the defense-industrial complex. Previously lived in Astrakhan:
— I learned about the "Vega", when I worked in the mid 90's on the order of extra-budgetary fund for environmental drafting software calculations on environmental taxes. Then I met with representatives of the international environmental monitoring organizations who worked in Russia. Then came to Astrakhan experts from Finland, Japan and France. I'm interested in their map on the wall, which had dark spots in Russia. I asked — what is it? I was told that it is polluted areas.
While one newspaper flashed article "The" Vega "," literally 2-3 thousand words, no more. About how to use nukes to create underground reservoirs for gas storage. Had information that the foreign engineers and contractors that the project of "Gazprom" to work with them after those nuclear tests just break all ties and left. Because to work in unsafe conditions and perform insane projects they would not.
Said and that the construction of these facilities were the victims in the gas sector, with great sacrifice — it's a hundred or more people.
The last nuclear explosion project "Vega" was in 1984. To do so: drilled hole, laying the nuclear charge, blowing at a depth of at least 500 meters. Was to get a sphere with glazed edges, inside of which were to be kept under pressure chemicals — liquefied gas, or something else. But creating a full tank does not work — base attacked, tanks were sealed.
Then in the USSR was money crisis — early 80's, and after oil prices fell, decided to reduce the cost of projects and resolve this issue with the help of nuclear industry and the military — to kill two birds with one stone. On the one hand, nuclear tests, on the other, that they were given here these structures. In the nuclear testing program, which took place in the country, of course the goal was military, strategic: improvement of weapons of mass destruction to counter NATO.
And in terms of gas workers — would reduce the cost of construction of storage facilities. The yields are much higher than the bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. These were the charges 09.10.15 and 20 kilotons. Most striking, it was close to town. From the outskirts of Astrakhan — about 30 miles, — says Andrey Sinyaev.
On the question of whether someone is thinking about radiation, our source said, "When I asked this question to one academician, he said," And why not? 500 meters underground — what problems? "But in that area groundwater rock — sand, salt, and more — it's not rock. Clearly, this breathable layers of sedimentary rocks. That is, when it rains, it's leaking. Like a brick wall — she's missing, and water, and the air, despite the fact that the firm. So the radiation leak is inevitable ", — says Andrey Sinyaev.
Meanwhile, Andrei Sinyaev states that, "In fact, some pieces of the alloy after the Astrakhan nuclear explosion rocks are not radioactive. But others have a long his radioactivity, radiation, nuclear elements are divided on the half-life varies from case to case — charges there were different, but we can talk about the hundreds and thousands of years. "
"Place of the Astrakhan nuclear test was chosen because it is there to be closer to the gas production to avoid losses and the cost of transportation. Near the ground — Europe's largest plant for the production of sulfur and gas condensate. Sulfur deposits are not many in the world. So now in Astrakhan even another part of the plant they want to build. "
Hangover from radioactive brine
Boris Golubov from 1999 — senior researcher at the Institute of Geosphere Dynamics, RAS, candidate of geological-mineralogical sciences. The situation on the project "Vega" studied before he became Acting Scientific Secretary of the Scientific Council on the biosphere of the Presidium of RAS. This council was the focal point for the issue of "Environmental impacts of underground nuclear explosions." The Council is headed by the late academician AL Yanshin, the 100th anniversary of the birth of which recently was celebrated in Moscow, Novosibirsk, Kazakhstan and other countries.
The exhibition devoted to this anniversary in the Moscow Museum of. Vernadsky Moss, Golubov introduced clipping from the local newspaper of Astrakhan, where published an appeal AL Yanshina to the meeting on the problem of object "Vega". Golubov then read out this message at the opening of the meeting.
Boris Golubov said that the first held in the places of the underground explosions expert work in the late 80's — early 90's. Participated in a number of examinations, after which a meeting was held on the subject "Vega" in the Astrakhan Regional Committee for the Protection of Nature:
"In the early 80's" VNIPIpromtechnologii "and" VNIIPromgaz "developed projects created 15 tanks AGKM (Astrakhan gas condensate field — approx. Aut.) By nuclear explosions in salt complex. It was assumed that due to the elastic-plastic properties, strength, and the relative homogeneity of rock salt in it can create sustainable development of a significant size.
Calculations convinced that the creation of storage facilities with the help of underground nuclear explosions reduces material costs, that is, the economic efficiency of the explosion was identified with the process.
In 1982-1984 was detonated 14 nuclear warheads. And the time between individual UNE (underground nuclear explosion) in each of these series is 4-5 minutes.
Prior to 1986, the volume of containers created remained unchanged. But in 1986, a sudden onset of rapid progressive decrease in 13 tanks, concentrated in the knee-bend-Aksaraiskaya Utigenskoy salt ridge. Part vessels pass and was pressing radioactive brine up to "the surface." Note that at the beginning of the project "Vega" had already been known for a number of accidents in the operation of underground storage in salt strata. This information is penetrated even in the open press. However, the lessons of these accidents were not included.
Techno destabilization AGKM subsoil, while growing steadily over time, led to the 1986 emergency, the development of which, along with other factors, trailing and leading role played by UNE. From the category of long-term storage of hydrocarbons cavity UNE translated now into the category of radioactive waste, requiring constant monitoring costly.
An emergency situation is compounded by the threat of flooding AGKM territory in connection with the anomalous increase in the level of the Caspian Sea.
Meanwhile, supporters of a purely technocratic approach focus attention only on the issues of the radiation situation in the local area well and fighting to find squeezing "the surface" of radioactive brine cavities UNE event seems to be negligible. Thus denying the existence of an emergency situation on AGKM, they try to smooth out flaws of the "Vega" — told the "Top Secret" Boris Golubov.
Nikolai Volkov (name changed for security reasons) — Russian scientists associated with geology, knows the problem of the Astrakhan underground nuclear explosions in great detail. In the early and mid-90's he worked on the project "Vega":
— What's going on — it's LP. However, the "Gazprom" completely closed access to the information on the object. The fact that the condensate, which is producing wells at a depth of 4100 meters of carbonate deposits Bashkirian, we can not immediately apply to the processing of the gas processing plant. Need to prepare and require its container. To do this, create gas tanks. But felt that the traditional way to build is not very profitable, and decided to use a saline formation, salt domes, exploding a nuclear device in them. And supposedly these areas are impermeable and keep the pressure.
The project was simple: there is thrust nuclear charge and get ready in a second underground storage — about 30,000 cubic meters, with a radius of about 15 to 30 meters — such as pears capacity.
In Astrakhan in 1984, spent the last 5 series of explosions, but after two years most of these cavities shrank, became compressed. They decreased in volume and bypass — underground lateral water gushed into these cavities, dissolved residual explosion and under great pressure, both from the enema, were pressing them to the surface and squeeze to this day, — says Nikolay Volkov.
According to him, the radioactive water still tends to come out of the wellbore. There was an emergency. As a result, gas producers, instead of underground process tanks, received 15 of uncontrolled disposal of radioactive waste and what to do with them — do not know yet.
— When viewed from space or from the aircraft to the place — a desert area. As if seen from above the path — the path of migration of animals. But the area cordoned off, the roads that lead nowhere, locally, these objects — 100 to 100 meters — shut down a wire fence. And like them, and not — as if they had forgotten. Although the two stores are still in use — they are working people, — says Andrew Sinyaev.
— I well remember the event in childhood, when we were told that it echoes some of the earthquake, or Baku or even some, it was just the 82-83 year-Sinyaev continues. — I was in school. I remember, "kiss" with her wardrobe. Came into the room — rocked so much that I ran into the door. There pobilas dishes, rocked, were pushing. It was like an earthquake. Astrakhan but not seismic zone. Historically, it is the bottom of an ancient ocean. There plain and sedimentary rocks. What I remember as a child — I loved the swallows and swifts. We had a villa with large trees. Grandfather always made birdhouses — the more birds, the less chemicals all have to spray the vines and the rest — all the birds peck bugs.
And suddenly, from the birds were only rooks. All swallows and titmouse, all very elegant and very beautiful — was gone. Even many of the insects disappeared. Even changed the color of water for 2-3 years in the area. If before we dive into the lake, and there is like a mirror you can watch the water was very clean and the Volga was much cleaner, after — can cry was, not water, and emulsions.
Was contaminated area as a whole life there subsided. It is felt only in the Volga delta, where a lot of reeds and water. But even that is not what it was 20-30 years ago, when it was almost hands to fish. And caught in the warm season, during the flood of Volga — the nets when the fish were sluggish. Fish had hundreds of thousands of tons.
There was a lot of spawning grounds. Now, fishing is prohibited — everything disappears. Catastrophic state of the pool. Quotas terrible to even fish is gone, a lot of sick fish. Roughly speaking — as if nature AIDS infected. The immune system is self-cleaning compromised.
Interesting fact: 20-30 years to learn that there were doing the people you see, I knew, was friends with their children, relatives, but had no idea what the people. The staff of "Gazprom" for fear of losing their jobs, even at home did not tell what they are doing. Were subscription serious penalties for disclosure. We do not know the real information that was going on, — says Andrew Sinyaev.
According to the recollections of the scientist Nikolai Volkov, each underground explosion in Astrakhan cause an earthquake with a magnitude of 4-5 points — medium strength earthquake.
— During the passage of the shock wave two pulses. After the explosion, when a cavity, in 40 minutes or even a day later, there was a set of cavity collapse — a huge chunk fell from the top to the bottom and follow the muted impact. And then began aftershocks — smaller earthquakes post-explosion. These effects were observed at the sites of both our and the Americans.
Aftershocks usually last for 2 to 3 months and cover a radius of 30 kilometers. But in America, underground nuclear tests laid down, even at a distance of 70 km. This is a small earthquake with a magnitude of up to 2 points, and sometimes almost more than the explosion itself, but then they calm down. But it does not end there: start sluggish geological processes in the months, years, centuries, — says Wolf.
According to some, "Gazprom" has recently created the "Vega" geodynamic polygon to monitor seismic changes, but the results of studies classified.
Radionuclides. On the beds of ancient rivers
According to Nikolai Volkov, those salt domes, which were carried out bombings in Astrakhan at 800 and 1,000 meters, is located next to the deeper rapoproyavleniyami — salt water, which is concentrated in the groundwater lenses.
— There are over salt domes, which conducted nuclear tests, a lot of embedded paleovalleys — rivers. They are made with pebbles, conglomerates, and so what comes with depth, falls into these paleovalley rivers. And for these radionuclides paleovalley can "unload" in the Volga River and the Caspian Sea.
One of the epicenters of underground nuclear explosions: the attempt failed conservation
The explosions were at a depth of 1 km, and gas condensate extracted at a depth of 4100 meters, it goes through the tube. Likely to be contaminated is almost zero. But the equipment — yes, dirty.
Groundwater is naturally rich in radium, and is the following process: radium as sulfate deposited on the drill pipe, and thus the industrial pollution is combined with the natural — it increases. Now Astrakhan mercury and radionuclides to the surface of the rod. Such a bouquet, biochemical gift — emonatsii mercury and mercury evaporates — says Wolf.
The terrible secret "Astrakhangazprom"
According to scientists, the "consequences" of an underground nuclear explosion in Astrakhan on the underground ancient river can reach even the Volgograd and Stavropol and Krasnodar.
Already in 1989, it was well established that half the underground tanks "lost commercial value", and it was decided to close. Although then for many gas companies history of building these stores has been a mystery, there were sensible people who talk about the problem quite frankly. There came the time of the disclosure of the many sinister secrets. And in the report of the technical meeting on health security, the environment and the environment of 1989 appeared the phrase "radiation safety."
Officially registered "cases of local spill contaminated brine underground tanks at the sites." The same protocol was noted with concern that the mouth of the tank is not equipped with the equipment of radiation safety. Environmental situation in the same facility "Vega" is named in the "normal." But with an important caveat — except for those parts that are "dirty" vylivshimsya from underground brine tanks.
In the early 90's "Vega" interested Gosatomnadzor. Finally, his commission was extremely serious: 13 underground tanks are pre-emergency condition, four of them measured radiation dose exceeded background levels in the tens and hundreds of times. Lots of ground around were found infected.
And then it turned scandalous and terrible thing: at exploiting these storage "Astrakhangazprom" was not a license to work with sources of ionizing radiation, there was no special storage facilities for radioactive waste, sanitary certificates for their storage, etc. In the future leaders of the "Astrakhangazprom" repeatedly stated that all this was due to lack of reliable information on how to build these stores by nuclear explosions. However, despite the decisions and orders of various instances, Astrakhan daughter of "Gazprom" in no hurry to follow the laws. License to work with sources of ionizing radiation have been obtained only in 1998.
For almost 10 years, "Astrakhangazprom" hid from their employees information about the level of radioactivity of natural gas storage facilities. Brigades of workers poured radioactive brine from wells contaminated soil was removed, washed instruments and pipes, not even thinking that they actually do the work of the liquidators of a radiation accident.
In 2003, a prominent official of "Gazprom" Alexander Solovyanov easily explain this criminal delay in obtaining the necessary licenses complexity of the bureaucratic procedures, "Since the ratio of radiation hazard in our country special, especially since we have suffered in part from the Chernobyl accident, the number of documents who had to reconcile — enormous. Each step requires coordination with the special organs, because the process is long in terms of its design. "
In March 1998, representatives of the Committee for Environmental Protection of the Astrakhan region officially declared a radiological accident at the facility "Vega". As reported in one of the newspapers of Astrakhan, "… according to their data, the excess radioactivity was 265 times. Moreover, the territory in which, contrary to all the laws of stored radioactive waste, not guarded — around wells peacefully grazing cows. Moreover, the "Vega" could quietly endure all that is bad. For example, a pipe. They pulled out of the well as unnecessary and lay right there in the open. The diameter of the former gas was the most suitable for garden irrigation. And one day, 800 m from the territory of the tubes just disappeared. Stolen looking helicopters, the FSB, he "Astrakhangazprom", but in vain. "
After the daughter of "Gazprom" has received the appropriate license and issued a work underground storage related equipment and dosimeters, held a special briefing, and the secret finally became apparent among workers unrest started. They demanded compensation for the harm. During the conflict, even wrote a letter to Vladimir Putin: "… In 1998, we were given a dosimeter, recording ionizing radiation only in the gamma range, and we have learned that in some parts of the territory and fountain equipment exceeds the natural background radiation is 2000 times — 32000 microroentgen an hour. "
But "Astrakhangazprom" did not fulfill the requirements of the workers and decided to get rid of them — by cutting. The workers began to seek justice through the courts, but without success. They were supported by one of the most respected scientists in Astrakhan, a professor of Astrakhan State Medical University Edward Giants.
Terrible problems of radioactive storage, he studied for many years, many years demanded of the authorities at all levels to deal with this environmental disaster. Defending the rights of the workers underground storage, he even filed a lawsuit in the European Court of Human Rights, wrote to all the possibilities of the Russian authorities, require that the Astrakhan gas storage allowed the IAEA Commission. Astrakhan journalists and environmentalists called him only as "righteous." But in 2008, the Giants died suddenly at age 65, and while in Astrakhan righteous man like him does not appear and no one now in the city does not raise the problem of radioactive storage.
In the completed shortly before his death, the book "Political Ecology" Professor Edward Giants told about many problems of the Astrakhan region — from the possible flooding of the Caspian Sea to the detailed analysis of radioactive and chemical threats looming over Astrakhan. In it, he also said that local officials were deliberately concealed from the federal government the most dangerous consequences of the destruction of radioactive gas storage because "prikormleny" by "Gazprom".
Atomic tender bakers
In 1999, "Gazprom" gave Astrakhan underground gas its subsidiary OOO "Podzemgazprom." Four years later, the head of the Office of Energy Efficiency and Environment JSC "Gazprom" Alexander Solovyanov said that working with radioactive objects "fully licensed" Podzemgazprom "also has the safety of these operations is almost guaranteed." He said this at a press conference in Astrakhan in late November 2003 and promised that the complete preservation of the object "Vega" to be finished in 2006. At the same press conference, the chief engineer of "Podzemgazproma" Eugene COSNA said that the elimination of "Vega" is on the "Target program of work to address the problem of environmental protection for radiation facilities of OAO" Gazprom "for 2001-2005" and on it will be allocated 670 million rubles.
But it took another seven years before "Podzemgazprom" announced in March last year a tender for "the right to contract for the emergency repair work" on several wells' radioactive facilities "Vega" Astrakhan gas condensate field "and" the right to contract for execution of construction control and monitoring wells on the radiation monitoring Akchagyl aquifer in the area of the underground tanks radioactive facilities "Vega".
And earlier this August, "Podzemgazprom" announced another tender for the establishment of radiation insulation along one of the well object "Vega". The outcome of this tender will be announced in September and October. Under the contract, all work must be carried out during the four months. This means that the complex process of the open site in the Astrakhan steppes have to spend the winter. The sum of the last contract — 45 million rubles. Contract amounts previous tenders were not announced.
Experts were surprised that all previous tenders for work with radiation facilities "Gazprom" won two company — "Volgaburvod" and PKF "Eurasia". Sometimes contract with them is without competition "on the grounds that there had been one competitive bid." Renowned environmentalist Alexei Yablokov about this loss: "Why do they stir? Because there is a budget cut? Or is it the kind of slight panic, and they are not finishing all we are trying to do something. "
But in easy panic it does not seem, if you know that the company "Volgaburvod" and PKF "Eurasia" licensed "to decommission a nuclear facility — a complex with nuclear warheads intended for peaceful purposes," the object "Vega" well before the announced "Podzemgazpromom" tender back in 2007 seems they seriously prepared in advance. The only question is, what — to "saw cut the budget," or "do something"?
However, both of these organizations to obtain the license had never not had a similar job. LLC "Volgaburvod" — burilo water wells and water wells for various purposes, and PKF "Eurasia" was engaged in trade at all at first, "an everyday consumption" enterprises "for the production of bread and bakery products", then building houses and interior decoration. By the way, the founder and owner of the IBC "Eurasia" Gennady Arustamyan of Astrakhan officials famous person: a few years ago, he worked as director PL SE "Gosspetsmontazhpredpriyatie Interior Ministry of Russia", and then director of the FSUE "Astrahangostranssignal."
But despite the fact that the problems of radioactive storage will work so interesting experts, environmentalists believe all these works can only delay the environmental catastrophe, as well does not mean isolation isolation of the whole cavity of an underground nuclear explosion. "Now this issue must be addressed at the state level, since this is a global inter-industry problem. This is a matter of security of the whole region, "- says a leading researcher at the Institute of Geosphere Dynamics RAS Boris Golubov.
All the more so because of corporate secrecy "Gazprom" scientists do not quite understand how it will be carried out by isolation of radioactive gas storage facilities.
Nikolai Volkov said: "When we were working there, there were two concepts of conservation storage. Representatives of the Ministry of Atomic Energy floated the idea of pumping there polymer viscous material, and they shut the well. I then spoke to them — come to your senses, what you do, you will plug the well bore, but there around the annulus, a lot of cracks and fractures. Let the well is a radionuclide. It can capture and perezahoranivat already more reliable and secure manner. If you shut up the well — will begin unchecked. It is not known where and when the pop up is crap. Some time will be quiet — 5-10 years, maybe 15 or even 20. But then the water will find a hole. But our proposal could not be discussed with Minatom, they do not listen. Nuclear workers are not afraid of the word, no shit do not understand the geology.
The second way — the object of a dangerous, let's work on a "no flap": to move away from the object, not to drill wells around the cavity, do not touch the meter in the area of the explosion. A number of sites already irreversible process. And so we must flee far away from these facilities. But this "rose", "Gazprom". Because they have in the area of the explosions nabureno about 300 wells for the extraction of gas condensate. Therefore, gas producers supported nuclear scientists.
Our proposals included with Minatom and "Gazprom" hawking. And we have removed to the devil, so that we do not poke your nose there. Did not prevent them to make money, "- said Nikolai Volkov.
In what way isolation of radioactive gas storage officials stopped now "Gazprom" correspondents "Top Secret" to find out as yet. Concerned authorities prefer to keep secret their plans for a radioactive gas storage Astrakhan gas processing plant.
Yet, apparently, the rights corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences Yablokov that "gazpromovtsy" "stir" due to "mild panic" that occurred for some unknown reason, while the public. Three months ago, on June 28, OOO "Podzemgazprom" tender to "Work on the periodic inspection of the state of well-head, around the clock to ensure the task force on radioactive facilities" Vega ".
Although 7 years ago, at a press conference in Astrakhan, a prominent official of "Gazprom" Alexander Solovyanov reassured that the "object" Vega "- it is not real and the imaginary danger." Because "the depth at which there are capacity — 1000 meters, besides, they are surrounded by a monolith of rock salt, the thickness of which may be several kilometers in some places, which prevents ingress of radionuclides in groundwater."
"Most likely the process of reducing the internal volume of underground tanks has accelerated dramatically, and the radioactive brine is pushed to the surface is so fast and in such quantities that the emergency process requires constant monitoring" — agreed we interviewed experts, who spoke of "Top Secret" about Astrakhan underground Hiroshima.
— Ten or fifteen years ago, the risk of harmful effects of underground nuclear explosions could still somehow smooth, soften. But because of the arrogance of nuclear scientists, and singing along to them gazpromovtsev, the situation was pounding hard in an endless stalemate.
Features of the "deep hole" everyman, and many spices, and now almost fully felt. But blow a dozen years and this is the "top secret" still pops out, — said Boris Golubov.