Today in force general contract for the construction of two units of Tianwan NPP in China. This was the outcome of the meeting held in Moscow on the Russian-Chinese subcommittee on nuclear issues, where they signed the relevant protocol. Thus, another important step in the development of Russian-Chinese cooperation in the field of nuclear energy.
The event was a milestone not only for the "atomic scientists." The signing of the agreement as a whole is of great foreign policy importance. In fact, China has chosen Russia as the most reliable partner for the implementation of joint projects in high-tech industries such as nuclear energy.
The document provides for the construction of the 3rd and 4th units of Tianwan nuclear power plant with a capacity of 1,000 MW. Meanwhile, according to the Chinese side, at the Tianwan NPP has a proven record of operating in China's nuclear power stations for the duration of non-stop operation during the first fuel cycle. To date, the blocks of the first stage of Tianwan NPP generated about 66 billion kilowatt-hours. electricity.
The main partner of the Russian company will become the "ASE", part of the State Corporation "Rosatom".
Rosatom head said that the pause between the signing of the contract for the construction of the second stage of Tianwan NPP and its entry into force has been associated with the need to further evaluate the project in connection with the accident at the "Fukushima" in Japan.
"We are very pleased that the Tianwan nuclear power plant, which was built by the Russian project, recognized as one of the safest. Proof of this is the fact that the pause between the signing of the contract and its entry into force is over, and we start the practical work on the construction of the second stage of Tianwan NPP, "- said General Director of the corporation, Sergei Kiriyenko.
Recall that the joint Russian-Chinese project to build Tianwan started a few years ago. The first phase of the project, in which it was built two nuclear reactors, was completed in August 2007. "ASE" He set the Chinese side of the two reactors of the new generation of reactors. With the implementation of the second phase of this ambitious project, which was launched today, will be used the same reactors, the quality and characteristics of which are expected with the large expansion in Russia in the international markets of electricity generation.
Recently, SC "Rosatom" has already implemented two projects with China. This so-called reactor operating in fast neurons — in fact a new word in the modern nuclear power. In the middle of this year, China was put into operation an experimental reactor of this type, built in collaboration of our countries, and in early July launched a new line of high gas centrifuge production.
China's need for new technologies in the field of nuclear energy can be easily explained. The plans of the Chinese National Development and Reform Commission increase the country's nuclear power from the current 1% to 6% by 2020. The implementation of this strategy will only be possible when the power from 9.1 GW to 70-80 GW. The need for such a rapid development of nuclear power in China due to the fact that today it is the only way to improve the environmental situation in the country, gradually abandoning coal power plants.
Selection of Russia as a major partner is also remarkable because in the past few years, China has "tested" almost all of the world's leading nuclear power. By the end of 2007, the country worked 11 nuclear power units, each of which was built with the participation of foreign partners. In particular, France, Canada and Russia. In this regard, the more revealing choice SC "Rosatom" as the lead partner. The Russian side has also established itself as a reliable partner in the construction of three phases centrifuge plants in the cities of Lanzhou and Hanizhu. The outcome of today's meeting was also agreement on the construction and the fourth stage of the centrifuge plant. In addition, Russia has expressed willingness to sell China technology of fuel for bystroneyronnyh reactors.
Obviously, the folding today in nuclear power situation is such that reason only perceive Russia as a supplier of raw materials biased. Trade and economic relations between Russia and China, which are often presented in more imports into our country of cheap goods of light industry, and look completely different. It seems that the domestic economy is breaking stereotypes must first "Rosatom". Practically today Russia won the competition for the supply of high-tech equipment from such serious konkuretov as the U.S., France, Japan, which puts our country a world leader in the production of high technology.
For the State Corporation "Rosatom" and for Russia as a whole Tianwan project is also important in that it allows for other possible partners to formulate a confirmed successful operating experience offer high-tech services in other markets electricity (Bulgaria, Czech Republic, India, Vietnam, and of t . etc.).
It is worth noting that a new stage in the development of nuclear energy started today, when the world after the accident at the Fukushima nuclear power plant, there is a big debate on how to further develop nuclear power. The issue of security, which in the past was given special attention, now unequivocally come out on top. Undoubtedly, significant is the fact that it was the Russian-Chinese agreement was the first international contract signed after the tragedy in Japan. The decision about which is the Russian partner after China took a deep analysis of all offers on the market from the point of view of safety, sustainability and technology.
Experts say directly that offer similar features and technologies SC "Rosatom", today simply do not exist in the world. According to the Chinese themselves, care and caution are well known, Tianwan nuclear power is the safest in the world.