FSB received from the President’s mandate to create a state system of detection, prevention and mitigation of cyber attacks on information resources of the country. This is a fundamental task, and the Federal Security Service pretty structure to do this — for example, such as the Information Security Center (CDC) and the Center for Communication Security (CLS) of the FSB. It is not excluded, but that Lubyanka will not only fight against intruders on territory of Russia, and gain access to the disk imaging hacker attacks worldwide.
For two years Russian secret services can not solve the puzzle posed by the Kremlin after the «Arab Spring» — make a general system of protection of cyberspace terrain CIS. The idea proposed by Moldovan secret services in November 2009 at the CIS summit in Minsk — make a single Security Center cyberspace CIS — all fancy, but there was the problem: Moldovans have offered to do this center according to the standard CERT (Computer Emergency Response Team — Center response to cyber attacks ). Such centers exist in most Western countries, including the U.S., Western Europe and countries of the former Russian Union, for example, in Uzbekistan and Moldova the same. That only such center in Russia, as it turns out, this is no time.
As the years passed, the head of the CIS continued to talk about the fact that such a center to protect cyberspace actually needed (the last time — at sammmite CIS in Yalta last September). Meanwhile Our homeland advance their interests, and basic organization of the CIS Security disk imaging became Russian Institute PVTI (leading in the field of communication research institute), he’s in May 2012 was appointed as the main center of the CIS to prepare technical professionals INFOBEZ. But as the staff of the Research Institute of me, creating the main structure, which should deal with cyber defense in the Commonwealth — Cybersecurity Center CIS — had always put as CERT State in Russia and has not appeared.
By that time in Russia there were several organizations claim the role of centers CERT, and the summer of 2012 made its bid Lubyanka: Security Council issued a document which provides for the creation of a unified state Cituatsionnogo center detection and prevention of computer attacks, and in June launched at FSB gov-cert.ru Center Computer Incident Response in the information systems of state power. What kind of incidents in the FSB have in mind, it became clear in the same June, when the Krasnoyarsk FSB accused local 19-year-old student that 6 and May 7, 2012 he stormed government websites and President after watching the video Anonymous.
But to assume the functions of the state CERT brand new structure under the auspices of the FSB, despite the title, can not. The fact that it was created 8th centers (communication security, the former General Directorate of Security Communication PLL), which is responsible for protecting the websites of ministries and departments, and the new center is also designed to protect only the municipal systems. So Makar, gov-cert.ru does not fit the role of protector against cyber attacks nationwide.
Putin signed a decree on January 15, it seems, must solve this dilemma: the FSB ordered to make a system that will protect not only the municipal information resources, and «other information systems, and information and telecommunications networks.» And, for example, to fight the hacker network «Red October», just recently uncovered by Kaspersky Lab.
In addition, the FSB is entrusted to find the procedure for exchanging information with the «competent authorities of foreign countries (international organizations),» which seems to mean cooperation with the Centers respond to cyberattacks CERT other states.
The fact that the State CERT — it is not only the opportunity to kiberstrukturu within the CIS under the control of Russia. Moscow understands that under the protection of cyberspace, we explained to Vladislav Shushin, advisor of the CSTO Secretariat and leading expert on information security, «states — CSTO member information security based on the belief stare protect the public interest. It is not only equipment — protection of computer networks, control system, etc., and the political and ideological sphere, countering the misuse of information technologies based on the beliefs of loosening of the political situation, the creation of confrontational relations … «
While more activists inspired example of the «Arab Spring», WikiLeaks and Anonymous, carry protest activity in the global network, the FSB, up to now shows itself not very experienced online, gain access to global best practices in the security services.