Heavyweight tank Panzerkampfwagen VII Lowe (Lion)

The development of this super heavy tank first began in 1941, when the company Krupp took up the study of Russian heavy tanks. In the first months of 1942 Krupp was ordered to start designing the heavyweight tank PzKpfw VII Leo (project VK7201). Its design was based on a previously developed layout VK7001 (Royal Tiger) made as a rival super-heavy tanks layout of Ferdinand Porsche (including the first option Maus tank). VK7001 was armed with a 150mm. instrument Kanone L/37 (or L/40) or 105mm. KwK L/70. Leo used components and assemblies the Royal Tiger, for the unification of production and service. The developers planned to make two versions of this tank: a classical building and with rear mounted turret. Easy option (Leichte) had a front 100mm booking. and weighed 76 tons. Heavy (schwere) had 120mm front hotel. and weighed 90 tons. Both versions were armed with 105mm. L/70 gun and a machine gun. It is also understood that the embodiment 90 ton should been specifically classical building and walk to the sea Royal Tiger. Both versions assumed a crew of 5 persons. According to preliminary estimates of their maximum speed would range from 27km / h (light) up to 23km / h (heavy).

Heavyweight tank Panzerkampfwagen VII Lowe (Lion)

But Hitler gave the order to complete the subsequent development of lightweight Leo and all the power to throw a heavy fine-tuning options. "Lion" was redesigned in order so that it can be installed 150mm. tool L/40 or 150mm. L/37 (maybe it's 150mm. KwK 44 L/38), and the frontal armor increased to 140mm. Order to improve its features, track width has been increased to 900-1000mm., And speed up to 30km / h

Heavyweight tank Panzerkampfwagen VII Lowe (Lion)

But in late 1942, this project has been closed, and all efforts were focused on the development of the heavyweight Maus tank.

Heavyweight tank Panzerkampfwagen VII Lowe (Lion)

In the production of the Royal Tiger, designers planned to make a redesigned version of the Lion, armed 88mm. KwK L/71 gun and 140mm frontal armor. Its speed was to be 35 km / h, and the total weight — 90 tons. He should was equipped with a 12-cylinder engine Maybah HL 230 P 30, with a capacity 800l.s. The project length is 7.74 m (With gun), width — 3,83 m, height — 3,08 m The crew assumed the same as in the first model — 5 people. It was planned that Leo will replace the Tsar Tiger.

Heavyweight tank Panzerkampfwagen VII Lowe (Lion)

But the 5-6 March 1942 it was decided to develop a heavy tank and work on the project of Leo were curtailed. Leo never amounted even to the stage of the layout, but the work on its design were given the right experience for the creation of its more massive child — Mouse.

Like this post? Please share to your friends: