Chances Russian missile cruiser hit South American aircraft carrier compound negligible
Certain classes and types of warships cause high expectations of society, and attributed them Tipo high combat potential is reflected in the resounding nicknames, such, for example, as «the killer of aircraft carriers» — specifically referred to in the press as Project 1164 missile cruiser. How it fits their real abilities? Are they able to kill more massive warships modernity — languid South American carriers (AUT)?
Languishing on nuclear missile cruisers Project 1144 (of which more recognizable «Peter the Great»), Project 1164 missile cruisers and submarines of Project 949A (became known «thanks» catastrophe submarine «Kursk») really pinned great hopes. But if they are able, acting in a group numbering two or three of the ship (as is the case now when performing different tasks to our Navy support Russian diplomacy and show the flag) to kill or at least incapacitate South American aircraft carrier?
Referring to the main tactical and technical features of these ships.
Our ability to
Project 1164 missile cruiser with a displacement of more than 11 000 tonnes has as main armament complex strike missile guns P-1000 «Volcano» with ammunition 16 anti-ship missiles. Most firing range — 550 km.
The main anti-aircraft armament of the ship is represented by multi-complex «Fort» (C-300F) with a range of up to 90 km.
Heavy missile cruiser of the project in 1144 with a displacement of more than 25 000 tonnes resettled antiship missiles «Granit» with a range of about 500 km. The ship has on board 20 such missiles.
As the main anti-aircraft weapons ship features 2 multi-channel «Fort», similar to those installed on cruisers Project 1164.
On both ships foreseen basing helicopters Ka-27, which can be used for target designation main missile system at a distance of 300-400 km.
According to western professionals to engage or decommissioning of such vessels requires getting 4 — 6 anti-ship missiles, «Harpoon» or 2-3 «Tomahawk».
Submarine Project 949A has as cerebral missile weapons «Granit», similar to the established Project 1144 cruisers.
The main tool for finding compounds surface ships on this submarine is the sonar system.
Single combat system
Latin American carriers actually always act as part of carrier strike groups or carrier strike compounds. Typical structure of such groups includes one aircraft carrier, 6 — eight surface ships cover, including two or three missile cruisers of the «Ticonderoga», and the same type destroyer ORP «Arleigh Burke» and two or three nuclear submarines, the main type » Los Angeles. «
Aircraft carrier compound may comprise till 2 — 4 carrier battle groups operating in a single order of battle.
Currently, the base of the South American aircraft carrier fleet is the ships of the «Nimitz» different modifications. With a displacement of about 95,000 tons, as they head their own guns a deck aircraft aviation group total number of units to 100 different aircraft.
Typical composition comprises 48 aircraft carrier air wing fighter attack aircraft F/A-18S, E, F and D, 10 anti-aircraft «Viking», four — six air tankers, the same aircraft EW four reconnaissance aircraft, four — radar surveillance and Management of type E-2C «Hawkeye», 10-16 ASW and search and rescue helicopter.
Aircraft carrier air wing base is striking power carrier strike group and provides all of its defense.
Missile cruisers and destroyers ORP are the basis of the defense system aircraft carrier group.
Missile cruisers of the «Ticonderoga» with a displacement of about 9,600 tons as top weapons have different kinds of missile weapons, located in 2-universal vertical deck launchers Mk-41 with total capacity of 122 cells.
Typical loading rocket guns includes 26 cruise missiles «Tomahawk» PLUR ASROC 16 and 80 Zour «Standard 2».
Apart from this, the ship has 16 missiles «Harpoon» decked in launchers.
Destroyers ORP type «Arleigh Burke» in composition and range weapons like the cruisers of the «Ticonderoga», differing from them only reduced the amount of ammunition. Thus, these ships have 96-universal vertical launchers.
Both types of ship equipped combat information and control system «Aegis».
Carriers, cruisers and destroyers have a developed system of electronic means of oppression, enabling them to significantly reduce the possibility of defeat anti-ship missiles.
We can assume that the decommissioning of the liquidation or the South American carrier will need to hit 4 — 7 languid Russian anti-ship missiles. The comparable figure for cruisers and destroyers will be from one to three-bedroom units.
Multipurpose nuclear submarines of «Los Angeles» have 12 launchers, able to fit in any anti-ship missiles «Tomahawk» and four torpedo tubes with 24 torpedoes ammunition.
Solving the puzzle fight enemy surface ships, carrier battle group is able to strike the deck aircraft of up to 40 aircraft at a distance of up to 600-800 km and missiles «Tomahawk» to 500-600 km from the center of the order, with a volley of up to a few 10’s such missiles.
ASW aircraft carrier strike group is based on the depth and more than 600 km from the carrier. Antiaircraft — up to 700 km from the center of the order. Its base in the far and middle zones of the deck fighter aircraft capable of beating and supersonic cruise missiles. In the near zone base defense system consists of a multi-channel anti-aircraft firepower escorts collective defense.
In general, the U.S. carrier battle group is a single combat system, in which heterogeneous capabilities operate under a single ship’s automatic control system connections, solving all in one complex tasks of defense and coming assigned to it.
The possibility of defeat — zero
To strike an aircraft carrier from the carrier strike group, our naval group led by the missile cruiser or missile submarine should ensure timely detection of aircraft carrier group and organize it, get close to the distance of the introduction of missile weapons, maintaining combat capability, get the target information to the definition of an aircraft carrier in warrant and throw missiles, which, breaking the resistance of air defense and electronic warfare, have to hit the carrier.
Consider the ability to implement this complex events.
Own abilities of a group of naval missile cruiser and 1 st — 3 escorts and security for conducting reconnaissance limited almost beyond the radio horizon, in other words a few dozen miles.
Available on board ships helicopters for use in order to find the enemy naval forces in large areas of little area into force of the missing number of these vehicles on board ships of the compound (a maximum of two helicopters on a larger ship) and the small radius of action. They can perfectly be used exclusively for the benefit of target designation and is a part-range missile implementation tools.
Ability missile submarines 949A project for conducting reconnaissance is considerably more extensive. Using hydroacoustic own they can detect noises carrier battle groups at a distance of more than 100 nautical miles. In other words, when the submarine in a distant area of antisubmarine aircraft carrier group, where there is some (albeit small) possibility of its defeat.
But even more so to organize and find the enemy order of battle connection with the identification of brain orders with such unrealistic distance. You will need to close with the enemy to a few 10’s of miles. In other words get in the middle zone ASW enemy compound, where the possibility of its defeat is very important.
When created, these cruisers, in other words at the Russian Navy, their activities are expected to produce in support of Naval Intelligence on the ocean (sea) theater. It relied on an extensive network of radio and electronic intelligence, which were ground base centers located on the ground not only the Soviet Union, and other countries. Had she and efficient system of cosmic sea exploration, allowing not only to detect and watch for enemy naval forces, and give target designation missiles actually throughout the world’s oceans.
At the disposal of each of the oceanic fleets were one or two reconnaissance aviation regiment, the base of which were aircraft, allowing to conduct reconnaissance in the distant sea and ocean areas — Tu-95RTs and Tu-16R.
In the end, unnumbered and combat-ready nuclear submarine fleet to allow constant basis to keep the sea from 10 to 30 and more than nuclear submarines, which are also solved puzzles intelligence naval forces of the enemy.
This system enabled the intelligence to identify and track down the South American aircraft carrier compounds since their exit from the database.
Now of all this power remained practically only a limited number of nuclear submarines and significantly reduced system of radio and electronic intelligence, besides lost all their zabugornye centers (namely Lourdes in Cuba and Cam Ranh Bay in Vietnam). Reconnaissance aircraft from the oceanic zone remained single aircraft. These forces do not allow to effectively explore fundamental areas of the seas and oceans, much less provide the required volume of intelligence our connection to effectively impact on aircraft carrier.
Another picture emerges from an aircraft carrier compound that is capable of only their own to control air and surface location to a depth of 800 km or more.
With such an advantage, aircraft carrier connection will be able to prevent our missile cruisers at a distance missile salvo impunity (even if not found) dealing him a blow deck aircraft and long-range missiles.
Here the position of the missile submarine is much better. She is able to find and secretly move closer to the enemy aircraft carrier compound. But the possibility of its detection and engagement with all this is very high.
And in the case of ensuring relevant intelligence information to our little ship connections will need to move closer to the aircraft carrier at a distance of a compound rocket firing cannon.
Having an advantage in implementing distance carrier-based aircraft, the enemy strike by our union strikes up to 40 vehicles, of which about 25 are equipped with 2 missiles, «Harpoon». Strike aircraft and missiles will cover aircraft EW.
Volley 40-50 cruise missiles our naval forces will not be able to reflect.
These criteria most massive ship our SAM Connection «Fort» will be able to kill only a few missiles each. Self-defense each of the ships still in the best case they will kill one or two missiles, part obscured by noise. Ultimately, more than 2-10’s missiles hit their targets. We can confidently assert that ultimately our ships, including guided missile cruiser, with the highest probability will be sunk.
If this is insufficient, the impact can be repeated.
In other words, even our naval forces will not be able to go the distance the rocket firing.
Terms overcome enemy countermeasures for missile submarine project 949A much better. But in this case, the possibility of her death before the introduction of the position of essential tools.
If we assume that our missile cruiser or missile submarine have gained positions and fired his volley, the chances to hit an aircraft carrier still small.
Volley from 16, 20 or 24 ship missiles against a compound saturated multichannel air defense systems, fighter escort combat air patrol, has a strong EW, is unlikely to achieve its goal.
Two or three missiles can be destroyed fighters. Any of missile cruisers and destroyers ORP able to hit a few missiles. Given that the number of ships that are able to take part in repulsing the missile attack, may be three or four or even more, it becomes clear that remain virtually unaffected units missiles. Kill them antiaircraft defense or obscured purpose electronic jamming.
Likely to get hit by at least one missile is very small.
So Makar, we can say that even with the successful launch of its own missiles at the South American carrier-based compound chances Russian missile cruiser hit it void. And with the other reasons they are actually reduced to zero.
How to equalize the forces
So strong equilibrium enemy force, numbering about 10 ka warships and several submarines and about 100 aircraft, opposed only two or three Russian combat ship.
Comparison of the performance characteristics of American cruisers «Ticonderoga» and destroyers ORP type «Arleigh Burke» with our ships indicates that they are at least not inferior to the Russian cruiser Project 1164 and if inferior, then nekordinalno cruiser Project 1144.
With all this against the Russian Navy cruisers 6, half of them unfit for combat, the United States can put them equal about 50 warships.
Because few Russian raids groups of warships sent to the remote areas of the oceans and the hot points are actually only political significance. Their military impact slightly.
To successfully confront the U.S. aircraft carrier group, our fleet should oppose it adequate surgical connection.
His numbers should be comparable with carrier battle groups: one — three missile cruisers in 1164 and 1144 projects escorted 5 — eight surface ships class destroyer, a large anti-submarine ship, the frigate, three — 6 missile submarines project 949A, four or five attack submarines at support division two trehpolkovogo of naval missile-carrying aircraft or distant, at least squadron reconnaissance aircraft oceanic zone. The Northern Fleet in the strike group may be included aircraft carrier project 1143.5. With its introduction combat strength shock force of surface ships can be reduced by 20-30 percent.
This group is able to form a missile salvo, the South American equivalent: 40-50 missiles or more. In the battle with the South American aircraft carrier compound our group capable of his crush and kill the carrier. But for all that she will bear a very tangible loss and will need restoration of combat power.
Any of our ocean fleets will be able to make only one such compound (if restore combat capability ships). Americans are able to put up against each of them more than four aircraft carrier groups.
Shipbuilding programm USSR allowed to maintain parity of naval arms with the United States on the applicable level. The above-mentioned cruisers were introduced into our fleet composition actually sync with the South American «Ticonderoga.»
Our fleet by 1991 had five aircraft carriers, one of which was vsepolnotsennym aircraft carrier. Planned to build by 2000 an additional 3 nuclear aircraft carriers of «Ulyanovsk».
Our homeland could owning a massive fleet, guaranteed to defend their interests effectively on a global scale. Now she lacks this ability. Such cost of market reforms.
Konstantin Sivkov, first vice president of the Academy of Geopolitical problems, Doctor of Military Sciences
Published in issue number 38 (506) for October 2, 2013