Dozhdenosnye clouds, sending its fertile land showers, seemed primitive tribe of Aryans celestial sources and wells: a metaphor, this is so simple, so natural, that it involuntarily in the mind, and led to the identification of the wandering clouds in the sky with the earth keys. Word utsa — well used in the Vedas to describe clouds. As the seat of the life-giving, inexhaustible rain that no matter how much is poured on the field and the fields, but it is always going to new evaporation, cloud sources is itself immortal, vsemolodyaschuyu moisture (Amrita). Along with this crowded mass of clouds that embrace him whole firmament, and then the sky is wide, limitless arena for which they are constantly worn, was accepted for the great store of water and called air (hanging over the heads of mortals) Ocean — samudra; Skt. avisha — ocean and sky, Irish. aibheis — deep sea and atmosphere. Forefathers Indo-European peoples, for 5000 or 6000 years before the present, lived in Central Asia between the High Himalaya chain and pain ¬ PWM Mediterranean Sea (the Caspian, which in ancient times extended much further to the east and connected to the Aral Lake), which subsequently southern sector of the population moved to India, and the northern pulled to the northwest in the direction of Asia Minor and Europe.
Even in the original home of his arias met with shipbuilding and seafaring, and therefore could easily be likened to the sky — sea, and walking clouds — floating on its ships. Presentation of these resist and Slavs. Czechs still fog or haze about a month called Studentsov (studankou).
In Russian folk conspiracy "ocean-sea" means the sky, which is obvious from the context in which this expression is used, so, in a conspiracy read, "in the middle of the sea-okian emerged cloud threatening with violent winds that northern winds, storm rose to the snow. "
Ukrainian mystery is expressed about the sun: "In the midst of the sea, the sea (= sky) cost Chervona Comoros." Under the influence of the aforesaid metaphor and agree a clear impression on which the firmament is hugging the ground, was born the belief that the earth is "approved at the waters' surface that it is a big circle, and that on all sides extensive ocean flows around the ring. So thought the Greeks in Homeric times, so thought and other people.
Verse of the pigeon book says: "ocean-sea all seas mother: that sea swept the whole world, it has bypassed the sea around the whole earth, the whole podvselennyya." The ancient Germanic tradition is combined with the idea dozhdenosnyh clouds (cloudy sky) in the form of a monstrous snake, according to the Edda, Odin threw velikanskuyu snake god born of lightning fire (Loki), and it fell into the sea and threw a ring of the whole earth, biting into a terrible graze his own tail: the name of the snake — Midhgardhsormr or I? rmungandr (ormr = wurm — serpens, midhgardh — median home of mortals, the same as iormungrund — terra).
Baltic citizens are convinced to this day that the sun every day swimming in the sea and because of that the morning goes so clear and bright, and if it is a cloudy day, they say that the sun mylos lazy.
The Slavs and Lithuanians, the sun was the beautiful goddess, who went through the heavens in a golden chariot weary day trips, dusty dust of the earth, she plunged into the sea in the evening and in the morning bath was again yasnoyu, svetlolikoyu, the execution of new blood. According to the Lithuanian songs, two stars Lucifer and little party, identified in legend with the morning and evening dawns, serve goddess, and gave her little party water for washing.
Ukrainians have a saying: "sonce Xia in sea to swim." In Russian folk tales often does heroine Maid-Zorya or the rising sun, it is called the beloved beauty or Tsarevna — gold braid, bare beauty, she is living in a golden realm of white light at the end — where the clear sun rises out of the sea, and she swims by sea in a silver boat, rowing gold paddle.
Likening the sky universally sea, our ancestors not only seen in the evening sunset sun dive into the sea, but also a night light that disappear with the dawn of the day, in their view, hidden in the depths of the ocean. Serbs think that the sun and the moon every day swimming in the sea, so as not to lose its luster. Until now commonly used expression: the moon comes up from behind the clouds float across the sky last month, etc.
Light blue, bright sky is in the clouds, rain or sea, to reach the realm of the sun, moon and stars, the air had to cross the water. Thus, it is the kingdom of heaven seemed imagination surrounded on all sides by the waters, that is an island. Very clearly, this metaphor serves Russian conspiracies — where states marvelous island of Buyan. The name "roughneck" (from the word buoy), which was adopted later for his own name, was originally nothing more than a characteristic epithet fabulous island, and in some counties until now instead of "Buyan Island" say: "Buoy Island." Bui is synonymous brightness as seen from the substitution of the sayings of one another in the Lay, both words combine identical values. Ardent, as explained above, contains the concept: a spring, hot, passionate, irascible, passionate, fertile, productive. The concept of a fertility ¬ Springs is in the word buoy: verb buyat — sprout, soak ("he buyal at the priest," or in the folk song, "cypress sapling ¬ howling where you grew, where Buyalo? Growing up on a steep hill, Buyalo against the sun "), and the adjective wild, when they talk about nivah, meadows and forests, is used to oboznacheg of the herbs and trees grow tall, thick and promise a rich harvest (exuberant forest, wild grain, wild berries, Czech, lush wheat obili exuberant) Generally exuberant (buyavy) is used in the sense of brash, arrogant, violent (= violent) buest — daring, courage, violent little head — a brave, bold, violent winds — violent, violent, violent winter — a sharp, icy; Bulgarians give this epithet and fire (Ogan stubborn).
"Island roughneck" — the poetic name of the spring sky. This island has a very important role in our national legends; Arcane spells the word, turned to natural deities, usually begins the following formula: "the sea on okiane, on the island of Buyan," without which it is not much, no conspiracy. On the island of Buyan concentrated all the powerful forces of spring storms, all the mythical personification of thunder, winds and storms, there are gained: snakes and snake all the eldest, and the prophetic crows, ravens all older brother who pecks fiery serpent, and the bird, every bird of the oldest and most , with iron and copper nails nose (reminiscent of the wonderful stratosphere bird, every bird mother that lives on the ocean-sea and creates its wings turbulent winds), and the queen bee, all the older dams, ie, on the island of Buyan is gromonosny snakes, birds' nests, storm and lightning swarming bees, honey is sent to the ground moisture rain. They are, in the opinion of the people, both the celestial mothers occurred and all earthly reptiles, birds and insects. According to plots on the same island and the maiden seated Zorya (= not only the spring sun, and goddess gromovnitsa), and Perun "the sea on okiyane, on the island of Buyan driving thunder Perun in a chariot with a great rain." This turned the ancient Slav with his prayers, begging the gods, the winners of Winter and Summer creators of fertility, to heal his wounds and disease, to grant him the military prowess, send the happiness of love, hunting, and in the home. Since spring sky vault is warm rays of the sun and the water of life that give the land fertility, dress her gorgeous greenery and flowers and induct her new and happy life, the imagination combined with it an idea of heaven or the blessed realm of eternal summer.
According to Russian beliefs, cuckoo and blue-gray checked shall keep the heavenly keys or keys vyriya, with their arrival awakened Perun unlocks the heavens and come down to earth fruitful seed rain, where the myth of the seeds brought by the paradise of the country on the wings of spring winds and scattered throughout the land. And mosquitoes fall sometimes carried away by the winds of the warm sea, and in the spring are brought back to Russia. Heavenly country, as a representation that is captured nature in spring, luxuriously in herbs and flowers and illuminated by the bright rays of the sun, portrayed evergreen garden with golden and silver fruit or forever flowering meadow. Word paradise, lit. rojus, Greek. ???? , Lat. paradisus, fr. paradis, App. parayso — everywhere to signify the garden, and many beautiful, blooming area in German and Slavic lands were called paradise, paradise. Slovaks and horutane say that heaven is a wonderful perennial garden in the possession of the god of light, where the righteous expect infinite pleasure; according to the Russian legend, the celestial paradise planted Krynica, "and over the Thea krynytseyu and skriz there takii Miscellaneous, prihoroshii, pahnyuchii tsvitky that berries Yabluko, hvygi, myndaly, rozynky (grapes) and all manner of herbs, and so well ptytsi spivayut that chirp, schoy skazaty not possible "
Folk charms, to retain as much of ancient poetic expressions know mythical alatyr-stone and put it in close and inseparable connection with the island of Buyan. Taking into consideration we explained the importance of this island and the view of the sun Aryan precious, firestone, we see that alatyr-stone is, in fact, a clear metaphor ve sennego sun. He lies on the ocean-sea or on the island of Buyan, and denotes the constant epithet white-flammable, that is floating on the ocean of air, the sky, and is stored in the area of Paradise, in the realm of eternal summer, the epithet "white-fuel" is sometimes replaced by the expression Kip-stone (from the verb to boil). On this stone sits red maiden Zorya "sea = on okiane, on the island of Buyan is white-combustible stone alatyr, sitting on the stone maiden" and sews up the bloody wound. On a pink veil Zori, spreading that morning goddess illumines the world and calls on him to life, the plot is expressed: "Your veil is as firm as a rock-flammable alatyr", about the same Alatyr says, "under the mighty power of the stone is hidden, and the forces there is no end ".
The Slavs, along with other Indo-European tribes, the highest honor are springs (keys, Studentsov, Krynica) and the rivers flowing from the mountain heights, it is attributed to the same holiness, the same miraculous power as rain. Like the rain streams flowing from the cloud of rocks and mountains, the springs and rivers make their way out of the veins of common ground and crevices of the mountains, and the fact that first linked the popular faith with the first, it was subsequently transferred to the underground and upland keys. Of these sources go to the people stories that they were from the Earth's interior after hitting the ground lightning, why they are called thunder, Gremyacha and saints. Some of them, according to popular legend, flowed from the impact fire arrows Perun or hooves of his heroic horse — on these sources and the geographical name indicates horse-pit, is found in some areas.
Thunder springs and holy wells and lakes in a variety known for various localities inhabited Slavic, Lithuanian and German tribes. Since rain is a gift of heaven wells = summer clouds, then transferring this view on terrestrial keys pagans of old began to turn to the latter requests for shedding rain — custom, still pinned to the masses. In a curious box, made by the ancient word translator Gregory the Theologian (XI century), said: 'S trebou target (the victim is under ¬) on stoudentsi, dzhda isky (looking for rain) from him, forgetting from heaven as God gives dzhd "
Czechs in dry years to go to the sources of worship and pray for rain. The Celts were the custom draw water from the holy of springs and poly ¬ Vat its stones, which are composed of a well, so that the sky rained ground.
And Slavs, and Germans combined with water dousing thought about calling dozhdya.Dlya call rain often resorted to walking Dodola rite. Which consisted of a selection of the most beautiful girls of the village, a special ritual vestments and pouring with water. After the commission of the rite, according to popular belief, is bound to rain — if not on the same day, then the next.
Under the influence of our water views were attributed to the same wonderful properties which prisvoyalis spring rains, as follows:
a) The strength of fertility. In a storm the ancient people saw marriage god thunder god with clouds, dozhdenosnoyu virgin, and in this union — the source of terrestrial crops. Relegating mythical representation on the ground, put people near Prince (King) Fire Princess (Queen) Water, the first — a symbol of the heavenly fire (lightning), the second — rain. The names of the Prince and Princess, the original significance, hitherto withheld in the ordinary common people celebrate these names of the bride and the bride, clearly indicate marital combination, in what is a poetic fantasy fire and water. To the spring of springs and, as it was but ¬ tale of old, treated with a prayer for rain: they, therefore, expected and pro ¬ silica abundance of fruits of the earth; processions planted on arable land and committed there public Te Deum accompanied by sprinkling fields creature of milking ¬ . Before sowing, farmers go out in the morning to Studentsov, derive key in ¬ dy and moisten it harvested seeds, while others wet grain of river in ¬ milking for three morning dawns, with the hope of undoubted harvest. This water power plodorodyaschuyu popular belief extends to the person that is evidenced by ancient wedding rituals — such as unmarried boys (Vitebsk region), abducting girls go around with them around the lake three times, and this ceremony is considered a valid marriage. Between Czechs maintained a belief that the surest union — one that is above the well.
b) The strength of the healing, cleansing. As living water spring rains enlightens hazy sky, and revives nature and therefore taken as a divine drink, drive the demons who gives beauty, youth, health and strength of the muscles, so the same life-giving properties of the popular beliefs and connected at all with water — especially since she really has property to refresh the body and rebuilding weary force. And the fire, and water — the element of light, do not tolerate any unclean thing: pozhigaet first and second flushes and drowns any adversity evil spirits, which are counted among the ranks in the old days, and disease. Near the fumigation patient transferring it through a flaming fire, carving sparks over sores, and similar traditional medicine uses dousing with water, bathing, vzbryzgivane, accompanying it all spells of illness, she left to man or animal, and withdrew into the wilderness. For the most healing properties attributed spring water. Springs and wells, deeply revered for its healing, known in all Slavic lands.
According to popular belief, water is their contracts and heals wounds, it is most of the mineral (hot, salty and sour), sources familiar Romans. In order to treat ailments by bathing German settlers go before sunrise and draw water out of the three key hitters — the vessel, preceded by vozzhzhennaya candle. In the sacred spring in the forest, where it flows, no one dares to cut it down or break off a branch, its waters are always clean, and whatever was thrown at them — once the storm rises. In Serbia, in the first days after the new moon ("Mladen week"), patients go to the spring, bathe in it and drink water.
In Russia from illnesses attributed to bad luck, early morning dawn to go to the key, scoop water with the flow, closed vessel and returned home in silence and without looking back, then put in the water brought by one or three hot coal, a piece Pecina (clay oven), a pinch salt and it is sprayed or poured over his patient twice a day at dawn the morning and evening, with the sentence: "water off a duck, swan water — with you skinny!" sometimes given to the patient to drink this water, moisten her chest over the heart and then all that remains in the cup, poured under pritolku. In the plots, spoken over the water, we find the following information:
"I went in the open field, took the cup wedding, drew water from Zagorny Studentsov";
"My bright star! get off at the wedding cup, and in my bowl of water Zagorny Studentsov ";
"I wash my maiden (name) of Zagorny Studentsov key water, wash me with a red girl with all uzoroki prizorokami."
Prisvoyaetsya healing power of water taken from the upland source, such as the logo of rain, drop down from the mountains, the clouds, the water, this, according to popular expression, must be nepitaya, neotvedannaya, because it is not assigned to the needs of ordinary people, and the religious thing, draw it on Morning dawn, because the morning = metaphor vseozhivlyayuschey spring: it banishes the demons of darkness of night and terrestrial sources of water makes a miraculous amrita, Pecina and hot coals suggest a link with rain water = fire = lightning. Instead of hot coals and use other symbolic signs god thunder god. So, with fear and souse is sprayed with water, which was redeems cock — bird of Perun and hearth (Agni), often in water, designated for bathing a patient, put thunder arrow in Ukraine "Vodohreschi" wash water from scab, which put red viburnum, moreover, throughout the custom of drinking nagovornuyu water and wash it with silver and gold, that is plunging into a bowl silver coin or gold ring: a washing saves from a lightning strike. Instead thunderous Kashubians arrows cast into the water three hot stone in the oven and then three times or three times three (nine times), pour a nerve. Red viburnum — emblem Perunova branches, and silver and gold — the light of lightning arrows.
The healing power of water is found mainly in the spring, when the rivers and springs of throwing off the chains of ice, snow translates into jumping the gullies and creeks sky unlocks your rainwater storage word, when God's world is washed by the running water.
In the days of the solar rotations by Kolyada Kupalu Slavic pagans celebrated creative feats dozhdyaschego and giver yields Perun, with winter turn he lighted the lamps of the sun, and in the sultry summer season turn repay its devastating fire in the streams of living water dozhdya.Predanie heavenly wells unlocks lightning Perun, was transferred to terrestrial sources. Water as an element, washes away all evil, evil, demonic, water, along with fire and educator, has been recognized for the surest means of internal, spiritual cleansing from sin. Here — the basis of the sacred "bathing", which prescribes the statutes of almost all ancient religions. In the hymns of the Vedas is called upon to give healing water body from disease, and lose the ulcer sins.
According to our tradition, every prayer, every treatment to the gods was preceded by ablutions, conspiracies usually begin etoyu formula, "the servant of God, I'm going to the open field, getting to the east of the red sun, wash with water dew or key." Before the family meal, which was accomplished in a remote antiquity in the home and was accompanied by offering victims ancestral hearth, peasants (mostly — Old Believers) wash their hands and to pray, and this custom was observed between the Serbs.
c) Power of broadcasting. Living Water celestial wells = amrita by tales of Indo-European tribes, gives gifts of the highest wisdom and foresight. Reveling in it, the fate of the gods and maidens ignorant all past, present, future and issue its own immutable verdicts, what to be and not be. From heavenly springs flowing into the realm of the immortal masters, the prophetic power was transferred to the terrestrial sources, and at the same time having the court of the gods and divination by water.
God the thunder god was chastiser evil demons, human wickedness and falsehood, his fiery arrows he smote the sinners and offenders. Brosatel as lightning, he was recognized as lord of the fire as nizvoditel rains — ruler of groundwater. With it, and the fire and the water got in the eyes of the Gentiles sacred authority and does not resistible force to expose and punish false. Therefore be given to the judgment of the bright, true elements seemed to them a matter of religious duty and the surest means to uncover the truth. Court trial by fire and water is common property not only Aryan, but also many other nations.
Test a hot iron and water was in the old days all the Slavic tribes, and traces of it even to this day preserved in Bulgaria, Serbia and Dalmatia. According to Vuk Karadzic: if someone would say that he stole, and the accused would recant, then pour the entire pot of hot water, put in a piece of red-hot iron, or stone, and the one who was suspected of stealing, must roll up their sleeves and take of iron or stone water with both hands, and if he is right — it would not burnt, in the case of genuine participation in the theft of his — on his hands will obzhogi.
Deification of the waters and worshiping them expressed by the Slavs in the same way and with the same characteristic features, like the other tribes of Aryan origin. Evidence of Procopius know that Slavs worshiped river and nymphs (= water maidens), brought them to the victim and the victim were wondering about the future.
In the Old Slavonic translation of Gregory the Theologian was admitted curious insertion of vodopoklonenii Slavs, from which we see evidence of the sacrifices of Studentsov begging for rain, then read: 'S rivers naritsaet Bogin, and the beast is alive NIL it Naritsa Thou God, requires to create "
According to folk tales, some silnomoguchie heroes and their wives dying, spilled wide, glorious rivers. Russell Europe, the Slavs gave those rivers ancient name made them from the East, which from the beginning were used as common nouns or river water at all. Thus, the name: the Sava, Drava, the Odra (Oder), Ra, Upa, Oka, Don, Danube, Dvina — Aryan descent, and have allied themselves in Sanskrit forms and roots with this common value: dhuni, dh? Ni (river) hitherto retains its original meaning in the Caucasus where the Ossetians form tung and do mean every river and the water, the Slavs as Don turned into a proper name, but a form of dun with the end the author has formed: the Danube, and then the Danube. Word of the Danube, which serves his own name famous river, still used as a common name for all kinds of large and small rivers, and examples can be seen in the Galician and Polish songs, "rivers of the Danube." Such nominal names assigned to an earthly rivers, could equally serve to characterize aquifers clouds. Both, as we know, in the mythical stories of the native people and beliefs concerning ownership of heaven flows were prikreplyaemy to terrestrial waters, on the banks of which are inhabited by tribes. While the tradition of rule over the whole structure of life, the localization of the myths continued with each new relocation. That is why, according to the ancient idea gromonosnyh, rainclouds powerful giants divine breed Russian folk epic embodies familiar to him as the great rivers of the old-time heroes, hero (from the word God) is the essence of the divine, and therefore endowed with extraordinary strength and size velikanskimi ¬ ramie, decent menacing elements of nature. Indians are recognized as the deity Ganga, the Germans — the Rhine, as the Slavs combined essence as the Danube, Dnieper, Western and Southern Bug and other great rivers. Bug name is only a special form of the word God, Czech. b? h4, and ARTICLE XVII century instead of the list: "Bug River" meet with the form: "God is a river."
The water was so sacred elements for our ancestors purity, healing power and possessed magical properties. Stories about the living water found in many folk tales and epics.