Mandala — Perhaps the most mysterious character in the history of mankind. For his understanding and interpretation is not enough of a definition: it focuses a beam of different values and meanings of prisoners in complex geometric designs.
A clear opinion about the origins of the mandala there today. Some researchers trace the connection with the planning of megalithic architectural structures, others — with a shaman drum, and put on them maps of the world, the structure resembling a mandala pattern. But despite the diversity of cultural and historical interpretations and subtlety of shades of meaning, this sophisticated design is not just a collection of geometric shapes.
First, the external, the circle is a miniature of the universe, the second, inner — sphere of deities, Buddhas and Bodhisattvas, and the intervening square is oriented to the cardinal points. Thus, the mandala as a whole is a kind of mini-model of the universe, "map space" magical diagram.
Initially, the principle of the mandala was used in temple architecture in India. All Hindu shrines were built on the same plan, called Vastu-purus a-man d ala, or "Vastu Purusha Mandala." In this case, "Vastu" is translated as "place" or "container", "Purusha" — a "cosmic man", "universal Being," and "Mandala" is treated as a "scheme". Thus, we get a kind of plan of the Cosmos, a sacred space, marked by the divine presence.
Before the erection of the temple were drawing a mandala on the ground. First sketched square, upper side is always facing east. Sometimes this figure is inscribed the figure of the Purusha, with his head held the north-east corner, and the feet — south-west. The square is crushed into smaller pieces of eight on the side. Each of them was devoted to some god, whose name was inscribed on this site mandala.
The eastern side of the temple was considered sacred, so here are the main entrance to the temple. It is also curious that the mandala is determined not only the structure of the building itself, but also the behavior of believers in the church, how to perform certain rituals. The faithful should at the very beginning of the worship deities is the eastern door, and then the southern, western and northern — in a strict sequence.
Despite Eastern origin, the principle of the mandala in the architecture was so versatile that is also present in the temple architecture of Islam and Christianity. In the medieval cathedrals of Europe, the symbol is often represented near the entrance. Gothic stained glass "socket" — a vivid example of this.
Union with the Absolute
Buddhism, in turn, borrowed the Indian sacred symbol and in a way it has rethought. It is the Buddhist mandala is an essential element of spiritual practice — meditation. A believer in contemplation merges with the image of the deity in the center, followed by a higher stage — cosmic unity with the Absolute.
Moreover, the Buddhists were the first to draw a mandala. Production of the first such works attributed to Guru Padmasambhava, a Buddhist tantra teacher VIII century. But in contrast to the Hindu tradition, Tibetan mandala is oriented to the west, not east, but the key layout of the Buddhas that does not change.
Nowadays, the practice of contemplation and creation of the mandala helps to learn to focus and direct attention. They are used followers of many spiritual teachings. Especially these practices developed in the Vajrayana, Tantric Buddhism direction. It sacred circle of colored sand mandala symbolizes the structure of the world, and the path to the Buddha nature, and the frailty of earthly existence.
WAY TO HARMONY
The famous psychologist Carl Gustav Jung in the XX century has become a pioneer in the mandala motif Western cultural tradition. He saw it as a symbol of an excellent tool for inner transformation of the person. The therapist was convinced that in life's difficult times of our subconscious urges us to draw something like a mandala, or see her in a dream.
Of course, visually it will be different because of what we see in the religious and philosophical traditions. There is no longer important crisp lines and severity of proportions. The symbol is born spontaneously in free conditions and is an expression of the inner state of man, his desires, aspirations, strength.
Eastern traditions have become a trend in Western society. That is why in modern psychology is a thriving area as "mandalaterapiya." The symbol in this case acts as the energy matrix, drawing and contemplating which a person is healed, get rid of their problems, achieves harmony and peace of mind.
"Everything that has accumulated in the recesses of the soul, all the emotions and experiences are reflected in the pattern mandala — said the astrologer and diviner Povsekaky Bogdanov. — The subconscious mind will pick up the very pattern, reflecting the characters in the picture, shape and colors that spontaneously arise in the process of drawing. It is important to focus on the person that the creation of the mandala of his he should start being in a peaceful positive attitude, with peaceful and harmonious state of mind. "
DRAW THE FUTURE
To create a mandala of any suitable material. You can use anything you want: pencil, ink, pastel. Draw a large circle. Put a dot in the center of the circle. In any mandala she is the personification of the Creator of the universe and of life-giving energy, and also acts as an energy center.
Now close your eyes and concentrate on what you're creating a character. Pay attention to what colors, images and feelings arise in your mind's eye. Being in a contemplative state, let your subconscious mind to drive a hand.
Mandalas can be created as a talisman or a specific purpose. For example, to heal, to attract money or love and dreams. But in this case, the process of creativity is necessary to put a powerful emotional message, and then to destroy his work. Thus you put the universe in about their plans, and the complexity of the picture and its subsequent destruction declare seriousness.