The sharp rise in the price of military training and security in totality with the technical progress in the Western countries will inevitably lead to the development of unmanned combat systems. While the greatest successes achieved in this direction in the development of unmanned aerial vehicles. With all of this on a theoretical level, most need to use bots Army. About Clockwork Sapper, robots, tanks and necessary creation of such types of systems become deputy director of the Institute of Political and Military Analysis, Alexander Khramchikhin.
Reducing mobilization resources, soaring prices of military training and support in their totality with technological advances in the West will inevitably lead to the development of unmanned combat systems.
While the greatest successes achieved in this direction in the development of unmanned aerial vehicles. With all of this on a theoretical level, most need to use bots Army as a «contact» and bearing the greatest loss in the war of any type. In practice, they are lagging behind on the aircraft, yet the development of unmanned technology is quite rapidly.
First, it is about Clockwork Sapper who have already used quite extensively, though not so much in the sun, but in counter-terrorism units. In the U.S., go to create experiences of walking traffic bots that should be used to carry cargo for different Marines.
The most famous example of this bot is Alpha Dog, representing a 4-legged walking mechanism for height and length of a meter. It is understood that he will be able to move 24 hours a day at a speed of about 30 km / h In addition, the bot will be able to recognize voice commands marines.
In the current time, the bot Alpha Dog by special sensors can detect and avoid obstacles. From the bot can charge your mobile device. Alpha Dog has a capacity of up to 180 kg, while one fighter carries on average for the burden of about 45 kg.
In the latter case, it may serve for military protection from fire small guns of the enemy. However, while this bot is wasting a lot of fuel and produces a lot of noise.
This makes it virtually useless for special forces and ordinary infantry in the United States now and so walk actually never walks anywhere, because such a bot it is simply not necessary.
In general, there is no hesitation that transport boats as walking and wheeled (including cars, trucks) will be further developed. But in the future value, of course, should be to develop unmanned armored vehicles, field engineer equipment and actually fighting bots replacing Marines.
Apparently, the main problem is that all this is necessary to create significant quantities, otherwise the process will be silly. In addition, in the field and, even more so, urban criteria will be very difficult to organize a remote control a huge number of objects, which, moreover, will claim a huge number of trained operators.
As in the case of the UAV will always be a risk of blocking an opponent robot control or even what is even worse, seizing control them. It is possible that the PMC will be more a cheap substitute for fighting bots, although work on them will still last, especially, of course, in the United States.
In case of severe breakthrough achievements in this field, this will give the Yankees a very harsh life, returning them to lead several wars at once and almost all fundamentally overcome the shortcomings of the principle of wage acquisition.
First, the U.S. needs to create specific robots infantrymen. These may be made on the basis of existing robots sappers. But here it is necessary to solve a lot of quite complex tasks first (not counting stability control) — decent coordination and flotation on the battlefield in a variety of criteria setting.
Functional mobile robotics light class Wara production KEMP, photo robotmobot.ru.
In addition, the boat must have a reasonable cost, so as not to be as cynical as it is heard, more ordinary infantryman. On the other hand, the solution of problems identified will give a very good effect, providing a sharp decrease in losses and, accordingly, the needs of the people.
In addition, the bots on the battlefield will create a very strong psychological effect on the enemy, besides forcing him to defeat bots spend a significant amount of ammunition.
More fundamental problem is the creation of robot tanks. There are likely two options. First — the creation of a fundamentally new machines, which, due to lack of crew still be smaller and carry even more ammunition than a regular tank.
As for security, then there is a rather complicated question. On the one hand, it may seem that the lack of people in the tank allows to reduce the thickness of armor and, respectively, the mass of the tank.
On the other hand, it may lead to a sharp decrease survivability of the machine that will make it create silly. With all this, it is obviously necessary to achieve order to tank robot was noticeably cheaper than usual tank.
Robotic system (RTC) «Alice» on the basis of the T-72, which provides distance control tank at a distance of 2 km, and the possibility of automatic traffic on the highway at speeds up to 20 km / h and over rough terrain at speeds up to 10 km / h Source: oborona.ru
2nd option — robotics existing tanks, first obsolete and in storage. He is very attractive particularly from an economic point of view, since it provides «the latest life» already existing, though in the main tank to be exhausted.
Costs will claim only the installation of equipment, providing remote control and auto-loading guns. With all this tank itself cost effective to the same in the sense that it almost is not sorry, because he was so deducted.
Accordingly, even if one tank is destroyed in battle, without achieving any success, he, at least, force the enemy to spend at least one expensive anti-tank weapons. If the tank robot enemy struck at least some loss, so it is pre-pay for their renovations. In case of a successful implementation of this project the U.S. could go to the full robotization tank fleet.
Europeans are more sensitive to losses than the Americans, because they needed more boats. But they almost certainly do not spend very zahochut significant funds for their development, and prefer or not to wage war, or do PMCs.
Or, in the latter case, buy bots in the United States. With regard to Asian countries, the harsh work on the creation of combat bots likely only in the Land of the Rising Sun and the Republic of Korea. In all other countries do not have sufficient technological level, but there is an overabundance of human resources at a low sensitivity to losses.
Rf create robotic infantry and, even more so, robot tanks not only can be, but need. We have a shortage of human resources, the presence of a significant amount of old, but able-bodied on the bases of storage tanks, with all this totally real large-scale tank battle. In this work seems to be appropriate under way.
Thus, SRI «Signal» of Kovrov (Vladimir region) is developing a project for conversion into bots obsolete T-72 tanks, but so far he has not gone from the stage of scientific research because of the shortcomings of funding.
Omsk Tank Engineering Institute did mechanized rifle range. This mechanism weighs 110 kg, dimensions — 90h40h55 cm clearance — 15 cm, speed — 10 km / h Armed with a machine gun RPK-74 or grenade launcher AGS-17. Range is 20 km from the machine, though, with all this, the range of radio control — just 1 km away, and that is its main drawback.
While here and it did not go further creation of an experienced reference. Again, because of the lack of funds. People have still yet cheaper bot.