Occupies a special place among the samovar water heating devices. In Western Europe, it was called "Russian tea machine." The word passed into all the languages of the world. It is quite clear that the word is derived from combining the two, and as is typical of the Russian language on the functional significance of "myself" and "cooking" may seem strange, but as a process of boiling water, you can say, "cooking." But here it is necessary to delve into the history of the Russian language and be clear — the word "cook" was used in all welding values of food (cook soup, fish), as well as for water, along with the word "boil". Furthermore, in addition to the samovar boiling water boiled soups and was brought down.
In the historical information samovar there in 1745, and fits snugly into the life of the Russian people by the middle of XVIII century. Peter I introduced the custom drink tea and coffee, which has contributed to perpetuating traditional Russian samovar utensils along with Bratina, valley, buckets.
Samovar said Chinese predecessor device ho-century, which also had the ash pit and pipe. But the lack of ho-nose has always been used as tableware, which was served in soups or broths never cooked. Similar inventions have also been found in ancient Rome utensils are found in 18th century England dish, but nothing like water for welding of similar design was found. And because nothing like a samovar could not find it can be concluded — the birthplace of Russia samovar.
Over time, the samovar has undergone changes, changed its look and design, while the device remains unchanged. Although at the end of the factory of brothers Chernikov XIX century began producing samovar with a side tube, which causes the air to move faster and thus reduces time to boil, at the same time appeared and kerosene samovar.
The design of the samovar complicated. The inner part consists of a broiler-like tube and is called — "pitcher." To gain traction under the "jug" is the ash-pit. Tank samovar-vases (torso) on top with a rim on it rests the ring cover. The cover has two "bumps", grasp and parovichki — small swivel caps on the holes for steam to escape. Samovar-tank vase rests on legs, often on a pallet. Fastened to the tank valve with-spigot to drain the excess water. The-sweep always different intricate shapes. Brazier covered with a cap burner for teapot. Samovar decoration and functionality are the holes on podduvalah and burners, and most decorative always handle and curved legs in a bird or lion's paws.
The main advantage of a samovar — flue pipe inside the tank with water, but because the heat loss is minimized, thereby efficiency is very high. Samovar master planned and Extension tube that is worn during firing to increase the chimney draft.
Samovar form enhances the resonance, and so he is able to emit a different sound, fully characterize the state of boiling water: the beginning of the water in the samovar, "singing", then "noise", and finally the water "boils". It is good and that the samovar is not just a device for boiling water — he perfectly softens hard water, making tea is tasty and healthy. Through boiling water hardness is reduced, and the resulting insoluble carbonate (scale) to precipitate on the walls of the pipe, casing and the bottom. That is why the masters make samovar tap above the bottom, preventing limescale get settled in a cup of tea.
A variety of forms of samovars are conical, smooth, cut, spherical, in the style of "neogrek" are reproduced antique forms of amphorae, which produced factory in XIX century, made this century "golden age" of samovar business in Russia. Each factory is trying to come up with their own, unlike other samovar. They were of different sizes from a few liters to cups of water. Depending on the shape of samovars received Common name: "bank", "wineglass", "vase", "acorn", "module", "turnip", "easter egg", "flame", etc. However, by the middle XX century, there were only three common forms of samovars: cylindrical, conical (like a vase) and flattened spherical (like turnips), and a wide variety of forms received construction cranes, pens, pins, Hob.
In the early twentieth century, the satellite becomes bouillotte samovar (from French bonillir — boil) — a small vessel on a stand with a spirit lamp. Bouillotte filled with hot water, which is heated by the burning of a spirit lamp from below, through this water keeps the temperature constant. Meanwhile, a new cold boiled water samovar.
Flame to heat the samovar best pine cones, tea is scrumptious, as well as charcoal, dry lumps and chips, and in any case the kerosene.
To date, there are three types of samovars: kerosene, flame, electric. But electric samovar — it lzhesamovary. In fact it is an electric kettle, and the water in it turns out not so tasty.