"The plan of the Entente" was adopted at a meeting in Paris on 23 December 1917 and promulgated by President Woodrow Wilson on the eve of 1918. The plan foresaw the RF section on the scope and impact of wearing the title of "Terms of the Convention."
In the British "sphere of action" includes the Caucasus, the Cossacks of the Don and Kuban region, Central Asia, and the French — Ukraine, Bessarabia and the Crimea.
London and Paris agreed on the fact that at this point will not consider Russia as an ally of the Entente, as the area for the implementation of the interventionist plans of their own.
The conclusion of the Anglo-French Convention is in line with the "nice" act of Western democracies as the signing of the Munich Agreement of 1938, in which they are issued democratic Czechoslovakia at the mercy of Germany, Poland and Hungary, which was the prologue to the second world war.
At the time of the Brest peace. March 1918
It is logical that these pages of its history trying not to remember the West — they are very inconsistent nabivshim-old allegations of high moral principles that Tipo Western politicians.
How annoying would it sounds, the 95 anniversary of the start of intervention in RF remains out of sight of Russian politicians, academics and the media.
I can make an objection, recalling that, since the beginning of Russian intervention made to date in the spring of 1918. But this contradicts to the fact periodization conclusion of the Anglo-French Convention and the invasion of Bessarabia to Romania's troops — another "ally" in the Entente. Both actions took place in December 1917.
This clarification is fundamentally important.
West justifies intervention in the internal affairs RF Brest peace and the need to fight against Germany. But the sequence of events was different.
Brest-Litovsk was signed in March 1918, and the signing of the Anglo-French Convention, and the invasion of the Romanians in Bessarabia occurred two and a half months earlier.
In December 1917, when Paris and London signed the convention, negotiations with the countries of the Bolsheviks Quadruple Alliance were just beginning.
You can somehow relate to Lenin and his party, but unrealistic to deny that, once in power, the leader of the Bolsheviks immediately appealed to the people and governments of the belligerent countries with a proposal to immediately enter into the democratic world — without annexations and indemnities.
And he sent a personal appeal, "especially to the conscious workers of the three most advanced nations of the world population and the largest of participating in a true war countries: Great Britain, France and Germany."
8 (21) of November the People's Commissariat for foreign affairs addressed to the ambassadors of the Allied Powers with a proposal to enter into an "immediate cease-fire on all fronts and the immediate opening of peace talks." Neither of which a separate peace with Germany, the Russian Federation of the question.
Entente Allies decided in general does not respond to the peace initiatives of the Bolsheviks. The local "Russian experts" were convinced that the days of Russian power were numbered.
14 (27) of November Germany announced agreement to begin talks Armistice. After receiving a response Berlin, the Bolsheviks made one more attempt to conclude a peace of the world.
Germany proposing to delay for 5 days of the start of negotiations, 15 (28), they have sought to join the peace talks to the governments of other countries. It remained unanswered.
Having started negotiations with Germany, Russian delegation immediately said she wanted to talk about ending the war in general, not of a separate agreement.
The differences in the positions of the rapidly transpired, and the Bolsheviks, having achieved a ten truce (from 7 to 17 December), and returned to Petrograd, where once again turned to the Allied States in proposing universal peace talks.
In December, the Russian government a couple of times to repeat the sentence. In vain: the Entente was categorically opposed the withdrawal of the Russian Federation of the war.
November 10th chiefs of the military missions of the Entente at the headquarters of the supreme commander, referring to the contract of August 23 (September 5), 1914, concluded between Russia, Britain and France, claimed the performance of the duties undertaken by the Provisional government and royal.
Because people did not want to wage war, and allies in the Entente — to negotiate peace, Russian government was between a rock and a hard place. Under the criteria of candidacy separate peace with the states of the Quadruple Alliance he was not.
This is realized, and far from being sympathetic to the Bolsheviks in Russia salting British Buchanan. In November 1917 at the Paris conference of the Entente, he warned the governing coalition of the zeal by brutal pressure to force Russia to wage war: "My only zeal and goal has always been to keep Russia in the war, but unrealistic prinevolit exhausted civilization beat her against her will."
But the approach has prevailed French Marshal Foch F., uzrevshih in the Romanian army skeleton around which to unite the anti-Bolshevik forces south of the Russian Federation (the Don Cossacks, Ukrainian nationalists and Caucasian) capable to continue the fight against Germany. And so that they could receive weapons and ammunition were asked to take possession of the Trans-Siberian railway backbone.
Is not there lie the origins of the Czechoslovak rebellion that contributed to the outbreak of full-scale war civilian clothes?
In March 1918, Our homeland has signed peace with the states of the Quadruple Alliance. This caused an outbreak of rage British and French politicians, who are used to look at the Russian fighter as "cannon fodder."
If the Bolsheviks clung to the last hope to avoid the ghost of a separate peace with Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey and Bulgaria, the countries of the West were not so scrupulous.
Already 5-6 (18-19) took place in Geneva on December covert negotiations between Britain and Austria-Hungary on the criteria for a separate peace with Austria-Hungary, the Western powers.
At the initiative of the British General Smuts open a discussion of possible questions concessions from Austria-Hungary, Italy, Serbia and Romania. These concessions in favor of, the A
ustro-Hungarian inflicted more damage in the war, and did not go …
Brest-Litovsk completely free hand to former allies in the Entente. In justifying interference in the internal affairs of the Russian Federation, they competed in hypocrisy.
November 11, 1918 at 11:00 am thundered first of the 101 gun salute, heralded the end of the First World War.
November 13 extortionate Treaty of Brest RSFSR canceled. "The main reasons allies to justify their troops were stationed in Russia collapsed" — rightly saw the South American historians D. Davis and J. Trani.
But the countries of the Entente and wondered leave of, continuing to violate its sovereignty. Former allies are not confused by the fact that during the revolutions in France, Russia troops it did not invade, and during the war, civilian clothes — did not settle in the United States.
The French have forgotten the words of Marshal Foch, "If France had not been wiped out in 1914, the first she has to this Russia."
This is not remembered the last salting of France in Russia M. Paleologos, who Aug. 4, 1914 tearfully asked Nicholas II: «I beg Your Majesty to enforce your troops move in immediately coming — at another French army was in danger of being crushed …"
The governor gave the order not finished mobilizing troops to attack. For the Russian army rush was a disaster, but France was saved.
Typically, Palaeologus took it as a tribute: "For cultural development of the French and Russian are not on the same level. Our homeland — one of the most backward countries in the world. Compare this with the ignorant masses unaccountable our army, all our fighters to form, at the forefront of fighting the young forces proved themselves in the arts, science, professional and sophisticated people, the cream of humanity … From this point of view, our loss will be more sensitive Russian losses " .
Its shirt close to your body — it is the most myagenkie words that can be commented mercantile expression diplomat.
Nepriznatelnoy turned and Romania. First World War, it took a wait-leading diplomatic bargaining with both coalitions. However, with Russia as early as September 1914, Romania signed an agreement promising to abide by benevolent neutrality.
Neutrality was not a bona fide: Romania allowed passage across its area in Turkey Austro-Hungarian and German goods. Exclusively in August 1916, Romania joined the war on the side of the Allies, declaring war on Austria-Hungary.
Troops Central Powers inflicted a crushing defeat on the Romanians, capturing two-thirds of the country. In December 1916, he was commissioned Bucharest. The royal family fled to Russia.
To save an ally, Russian commanders quickly redeployed 35 infantry and 13 cavalry divisions. Romania's entry to the Russian Federation into the war exacerbated the situation by extending the front of almost 500 km.
Year Romania later "thanked" saviors invaded Bessarabia.
According to the views of the historian Natalia Narochnitskaya, the meaning of the intervention consisted of "not for the purpose crush Bolshevism and the communist ideology … The main motivation has always been geopolitical and military strategy."
Unleashing intervention, former allies in the Entente were intended to divide the historic area of, creating a garland on its outskirts controlled West "independent" countries.
This conclusion finds proof and in a facility that shared with President Woodrow Wilson, the main developer of U.S. foreign policy, Colonel E. House: "The first, the question is whether the Russian territory synonymous areas owned by the former Russian empire? Clearly, this is not the case … It is necessary to predict the conditions for the withdrawal of all German troops from Russia, and then to the Peace Conference will lay unblemished sheet of paper on which you can inscribe a policy for all the peoples of the former Russian empire. "
Interested people held view of, whether they consider their history and countryside "clean sheet of paper" Western geopolitics was considered superfluous …