Tatarstan scientists have concluded that after the heat wave, which this summer was on the territory of Russia, the Volga River was rapidly dry up. As representatives of the Scientific Council on environmental issues at the Presidium of the Academy of Sciences of Tatarstan at a meeting of the regional government, 80% of the river, which flows in the country, has turned into a swamp, and the process continues, according to "Nezavisimaya Gazeta".
As due to the level of water in the Volga increased concentration of pollutants in water, Tatarstan was imminent ecological disaster, experts warn. After all, the Volga and the Kuibyshev reservoir fed by water utilities dozen settlements of the republic.
Due to the drying of the Kuibyshev Reservoir death threatens 80% of fish, according to biologists. According to them, unless urgent measures in the next year will be lost two-thirds of the fauna of the reservoir, and the region will leave 90% of the mammals.
According to scientists, in Tatarstan heat completely destroyed dozens of rivers, 79 rivers have dried up considerably longer than 100 km, and 260 river up to 60 km. Drastically lowered the water level and flow of the Volga River Kazanka, on the banks of which is the capital of Tatarstan, Kazan. According to local residents, the river became a stream.
According to the publication, found that anxiety for the fate of the Volga have only environmentalists, but not officials. According to the latter, drying up the Volga is not catastrophic, as appears from the reports of experts, and also it's only temporary. If next summer is not as hot as the past, the water level in the Volga River rise again, confident in the government. The main problem is the regulation of water quality, pollutant concentrations which increased two-fold. This problem will be solved.
Recall that this summer, exhausting heat at 40 degrees was in the central regions of Russia in the next two months. Unusual weather was not the only cause of the numerous forest fires in the country, but also led to the loss of crops and drying up rivers.
The fact that the shallow river in Tatarstan, media reported at the end of June. It was reported that in Kazan dry river Knox, also a tributary of the Volga. Then the course of the river was a ravine with dried seaweed. The country had problems with the provision of drinking water.
Volga is the central waterway of Russia. The river originates in the Valdai Hills, and flows into the Caspian Sea. The length of the Volga — 3530 km, basin area is 1360 sq. km.
According to "Wikipedia", the river system of the Volga Basin includes 151 thousand streams with a total length 574 thousand km. Volga takes about 200 tributaries. Volga basin occupies about one third of European Russia, stretching from the Valdai Upland and in the west to the Ural Mountains in the east.
The structure of the Volga Basin includes Astrakhan, Volgograd, Saratov, Samara, Ulyanovsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Yaroslavl, Ivanovo, Kostroma, Moscow, Smolensk, Tver, Vladimir, Kaluga, Orel, Ryazan, Vologda, Kirov, Penza, Tambov region, Perm Region, Udmurtia , Mari El, Mordovia, Chuvashia, Tatarstan, Bashkortostan, Kalmykia, Komi, Moscow and Atyrau region of Kazakhstan. In the Volga River is home to about 70 species of fish, 40 of which are commercial.
Kuibyshev reservoir — The largest reservoir on the Volga River. Arose in 1955-57 years after the construction of hydroelectric dams Zhigulevskaya, blocking the valley of the Volga in the Lada at the city of Stavropol.
Length of the reservoir more than 500 km, maximum width at the mouth of the Kama River, water surface area — 6,5 thousand square meters. km. Large bays reservoir formed in the valleys of the Kama Sviyaga, Kazanka and other rivers.