Until the end of this year, Iran intends to begin construction of the shipping channel length of about 600 km, recently told the Minister of Energy of the Islamic Republic of Iran Majid Namdz. This water line will connect the Caspian Sea to the Persian Gulf. As a result, the opportunity arises out of the Arctic seas and the Baltic region on water-transport system of Russia in the Persian Gulf and the Indian Ocean. In Russia and many countries in Eastern Europe for the first time will be able to choose a route alternative to the current through the Bosporus — Dardanelles — the Suez Canal and the Red Sea.
First project of the canal from the Caspian Sea to the Persian Gulf would be developed in the early 60-ies of the last century, with the then Iranian authorities planned to implement it with the help of the Soviet Union. But under pressure from the United States who had the most influence in Iran at that time, the plan was foiled.
At the beginning of the XXI century Iranian delegation visited Russia and detail acquainted with the creation and operation of the Volga-Don Canal and Volga-Baltic Waterway. Therefore, the Iranian side expects to contribute to the implementation of the project on the part of Russia, at least the process.
According to the current draft, up to half the length of the channel will pass through the channels of the rivers and Kyzyluzen Kerhe, respectively flowing into the Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf. The investment cost of the project at current prices reached $ 7 billion. The channel will be used primarily for mixed "river — sea". Is scheduled to complete its creation in 2016.
The Iranian side has not yet reported on the participation of foreign investors in such a project. But according to some sources, the interest in him showing companies from Japan, China, Pakistan, India and Scandinavia. In the economic and geographical terms, this project is beneficial and Russia since the first time will have a real opportunity to dramatically reduce transit dependence on Turkey and Russia at the same time by one-third to reduce transport distances with the countries of the Middle East and a quarter — with the countries of South and South-East Asia.
According to a recent estimate by the deputy minister of industry, transport and natural resources of the Astrakhan region Stanislas Fedulova, the development of the port of Olya at the confluence of the Volga to the Caspian Sea is of particular importance in light of plans to build a navigable canal Caspian Sea — Persian Gulf.
The news of the plans for construction of a new shipping channel says historian and orientalist Sergei Nebrenchin.
— Ever since the days of ancient Russia was aware of the existence of geo-strategic water communication from north to south along the great Slavic river Ra, now — the Volga. In this way our ancestors did business not only with Persia, but also reached the Persian Gulf. So conducted trade, cultural, military and political influence of Russia on developments in the Caspian Sea, Iran and other countries in the region. Cultural and economic interaction enriched the Russian people, provided the development and prosperity.
Since the beginning of the spread of Islam in the mouth of the Volga settled center of the Khazar state, which for many years has deprived Russia the ability to directly interact and trade with southern countries and peoples. The famous victory over Svyatoslav "unreasonable" Khazars in the X century helped Russia to come back to the Caspian Sea.
The revival of the ancient path through the construction of an extended channel in the current environment will positively impact not only on the trade and economic sphere, but will sposobstvat security in Eurasia. This will also dramatically change the global traffic flows in Eurasia and Russia — significantly strengthen its political and economic influence in the southern strategic direction, improve national security, survival of the state in the era of global challenges and threats.