What is more important for the U.S. Foreign Broadcast: objective coverage of events or the expansion of American ideas in the world? About this debate was conducted in the U.S. Congress.
April 6 in the U.S. Congress held hearings on the role of the media, which are financed from the budget of the United States.
The hearing took place before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations Committee of Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.
The head of the subcommittee, Rep. Dane Rorbaker (Republican, California), said at the hearing that he was concerned about the issue, does not broadcast, which is financed from the budget of the United States, you too big for objective coverage of events, while paying little attention to the expansion of American values and interests.
"Primarily American strategic media communication and public diplomacy should expand the national interest of the United States through information and influence foreign audiences. This is often called the "war of ideas." The role and responsibilities of the Council of Heads of broadcasting is not only journalism, "- said the congressman Rorbaker during the hearing.
Broadcasting Board of Managers (Broadcasting Board of Governors) — it's 8 members appointed by the President of the United States for the supervision and guidance to all U.S. foreign vyashchannyaem (except for the military). The ninth member of the Council is acting secretary of the U.S. State Department.
Broadcasting Board of Governors oversees the work of the six organizations: the Voice of America, Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty, Radio Free Asia, Radio and TV Marti, Radio Sawa and Television Al-Hur. These organizations are broadcast in 59 languages to an audience that is estimated at a total score of 165 million people per week. Broadcasting Board of Governors asked to spend a year out of the state budget for these organizations to $ 767 million.
Committee on Foreign Affairs of the U.S. House of Representatives controls Ileana Ros-Lehtynen (Republican, Florida). She, like Congressman Rorbaker also a fan of the "war of ideas" in the U.S. International Broadcasting. Three years ago, when the newspaper «USA Today» on American broadcasting to Cuba, Ras Lehtynen said: "This is not an occupation under the title" Let us all kinds of thought. "Our mission is clear: the promotion of U.S. policy toward Cuba."
Critics of Ros-Lehtynen say they support the journalistic integrity and objectivity in news coverage is the best way to expand American interests than the current promotion policy of the U.S. administration. They argue that the journalist who voiced only official line of the White House, very quickly lose the trust of the audience, and then wait for the authoritarian regimes in countries where the U.S. is sent overseas broadcasting.
S. Enders Wimbush, a member of the Broadcasting Board of Governors, who took part in the hearing, argued that American foreign broadcasting throws an effective challenge the authoritarian regime in the world. According to Wimbush had been, a direct proof of this efficiency is glushenne American broadcast in Iran and China.
Wimbush also explained why the Broadcasting Board of Governors decided to This year, close the Voice of America broadcasts to China in the short wave. Wimbush explained this step decrease in the number of listeners to the radio on short wave and the growth of Internet users in China.