Hidden negotiations of the United States of America does not stop with Afghanistan despite the fact that Hillary Clinton has recently stated that Washington did not have any more lust in Afghanistan, its "permanent bases."
The U.S. authorities for quite a long time are hidden talks on long-term strategic partnership agreement with the Afghan authorities, in which the U.S. military can "stay" in the Afghanistan for decades.
These "unofficial" talks on ensuring strategic partnership more than a month is in full swing. The issue that the South American troops by the end of 2014 will continue to be on the Afghan countryside, and question precise date of the withdrawal of all 30 100 thousand U.S. military
South American authorities agree with Hillary Clinton and her unwillingness to have a statement on Afghanistan "permanent bases", also with the fact that this formulation allows even a huge number of different arrangements.
"U.S. military units in various countries are quite a long time, though not constantly," — quote South American bureaucrat.
British units also have already planned their presence in Afghanistan after 2014, but as coaches and mentors, as stated by NATO control.
But that does not mean that those same battles teachers will not participate. They may, for example, constantly fight near the Afghan units.
In addition, NATO leaders believe that the unrest in Afghanistan will last and at the end of 2014.
In Afghanistan, there are already very low, 5 bases, the likely candidates for the deployment of U.S. forces, military equipment, tracking equipment and intelligence connections to the time after 2014. These bases are planning to have the status of strategic assets, and will be placed in the heart of the 1st of the most unstable regions in the world near the borders of Iran, China and Pakistan, is also nearby to the Persian Gulf and Central Asia.
These US-Afghan talks in the middle of a concern of most countries in the region, and beyond. Our homeland and India are very wary of long-term presence of the United States. China which has a policy of non-intervention beyond economic issues, also expressed concern. The adjoining Pakistan, and specifically senior non-official tried to convince their Afghan counterparts that as a strategic partner is to elect China, not the United States.
A new round of negotiations is scheduled for later this month in Kabul. Yankees preparatory project of cooperation was absolutely cut off Afghans. Two weeks back they presented their proposals to Washington. As stated by one Afghan bureaucrat, the U.S. draft was "vaguely worded".
Afghan officials are now preparing detailed additions to its proposals, which were reflected in their special requirements.
But Afghanistan is a fairly narrow game. Afghan President Hamid Karzai, along with the top leaders consider the continued presence of U.S. troops and enhanced strategic cooperation with the United States as necessary, in the main, that protect the government from its neighbors.
Rangin Spanta, adviser on national security of Afghanistan and the lead negotiator with the United States worried that Afghanistan is faced with the danger of global terrorist organizations that are dangerous not only for his country, and for the rest of the world, including those of the West. He stated that he would like a partnership that has managed to unite the region.
Ashraf Ghani, one of the participants in the negotiations with the United States found that although the U.S. and NATO consider the stability inside Afghanistan, the first requisite for their own key strategic objective-the elimination of the terrorist group Al-Qaeda, "prosperous Afghanistan," the U.S. is not interested. "That's our goal, and not necessarily their" — as he saw.
Despite the emphasis Ghani on "consensus on major provisions", as in the past are the place to be considerable disagreement.
One of them is the question of equipping amerikanytsami Afghan air force. Karzai asked workable and one hundred percent modern jet fighter planes. Americans expressed disapproval of fear of destabilizing the region and on the basis of prices such equipment.
Another is the issue of units of the U.S. Army, which would carry out operations outside Afghanistan from bases inside him. Thus, from Afghanistan the military power of the Yankees just might throw in Pakistan or Iran.
"We will never allow that Afghan soil was used against a third party," — said Spanta.
Third contentious issue — the legal framework through which the troops will be able to stay in Afghanistan. Afghan officials entitled to pursue that any foreign forces (in this case the military) were under their jurisdiction. They can also achieve something, that they are the last resort for the deployment and use of foreign troops.
"Also, there should be structures that are parallel to decide … Everything should be in accordance with our Constitution and sovereignty, "- said national security advisor in Afghanistan.
Both parties can not agree on the pace and take stock of negotiations to an end. The United States wants to have an agreement by the beginning of the summer, before Barack Obama will announce the expected withdrawal. It is "impossible" — made the objection Afghan bureaucrat.
Although, there is fear that the conclusion of such an agreement may also interfere with attempts to find a political compromise to end the conflict with the Taliban.
A European diplomat in Kabul saw: "It is unlikely that the Taliban will bring satisfaction the news that in the near future Afghanistan U.S. bases will be located. "
But the top leaders of NATO is said that the continued military presence will be a demonstration of the rebels that the West is not going to leave Afghanistan and will entice them to negotiate, but do not fight.
US-Afghan talks held in the heart of the battle between the favorites of the regions in order to take a position that senior officials of the United States of America at the moment is called "the place of NATO."
Mark Sedvill, NATO civilian representative in Afghanistan, recently referred to the danger of "the Great Game 3.0" in the region, referring to occurred in the nineteenth century destabilizing conflict between the British Empire, Russia and other countries by some of southwest Asia.
Usually Afghanistan is how to apply the major powers country. Dr. Ghani claims that it was not a "plan for 20 first century." Instead of this, he said, Afghanistan could be reincarnated as an "economic roundabout" of Asia.