Eni has recently announced an agreement with Gazprom, on the basis of which it will provide access to Russian natural gas deposits in North Africa in exchange for improved access to its own gas fields in Russia. Comment: "North African natural gas is often seen as an opportunity for Italy and Europe have different sources of supply and, especially, to avoid acute dependence on Russian gas. Providing control over Gazprom North African deposits of course detrimental to efforts to diversify energy supply Euro Union. "
It affects the openness with which south american salting in Italy Ronald Spolli (Ronald Spogli) expressed in this dispatch, classified as a "confidentiality" and that the newspaper «La Stampa» could receive under federal law. The paper was written in April 2008 and sent by priority mail specifically to U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice. For reference, the document also enrolled in the State Security Council white houses and the Ministry of money. At this point, Silvio Berlusconi has just defeated in the elections and in a hurry to form their new, fourth in a row the government, which will come into effect on May 8. Recently the administration change South American Embassy in Rome (Via Veneto) inform Washington of one of the priority issues for the American public interest: the Energy Policy of Rome which Eni weaves through the transactions entered into with Russia, with cases usually underway in the North Africa, from Libya.
This topic is gaining tremendous importance in our days are tomorrow's meeting the other day at the UN, where it will open a discussion on the question of the reconstruction of the former Italian colony that during the uprising ousted Gaddafi izTripoli. Only just last Friday Eni confirmed its decision to cede half of Gazprom's own quota of 33% in the Libyan oil field Elephant, continuing such Makar, an open door policy with Moscow against which Washington protested three years back. The April 2008 report, indeed, begins with a very clear provision: "Ambassador Spolli discussed energy security with a group of managers led by Giulio Tremonti, the man which, according to the most vserasprostranennym expectations, should take the post of Minister of Economic Affairs in the government of Silvio Berlusconi. Salting was that very unsafe to trust Gazprom, and that we need to diversify sources of energy supply in Europe.
Italian oil and gas company Eni (controlled and subsidized by the state) has not been openly named in the discussion, but understand what it is. Indeed, the diplomacy of the company, whose emblem is a dog with six legs, and here was on the move: "Some members of Eni here we got a call, asking to give them an opportunity to" clear up some misunderstandings "about their relationship with the Russian. Vice president briefed our economic adviser, as we will report separately. " A bit later, Eni CEO Paolo Scaroni called the ambassador asked for help in the organization of meetings in Washington May 5 and 6. Scaroni traveled to Brussels on April 16 that was part of the same sample to "clarify some misunderstandings."
Spolli, do not seem convinced arguments you used the responsible persons of the Italian company, and explain their world to Secretary of State Rice and other representatives of the South American governments, anticipating, in essence, abstracts, which will arrive in the U.S. Scaroni: «Eni is firmly convinced that the pipeline" South Stream "( gas pipeline, Gazprom designed to bind Russia to Europe along the bottom of the Black Sea) does not threaten Nabucco (gazoprodu to deliver the resources of the Caspian Sea and the Middle East to Austria via Turkey, specifically in order to reduce dependence on Moscow, the laying of the Yankees and is supported by the European Union). " According to this central Fri ambassador seems that the Italians just laugh at him: "We have indicated Eni, that even Putin himself, it seems does not think so (see« l'Eurasia Daily Monitor »on March 5, 2008).
In addition, Gazprom CEO Alexei Miller said on February 25 this year that the "South Stream" "eliminates" the need for the construction of Nabucco. Russia, in fact, deny comfortable for the Italians in their own version of the quest for a global, as it seems, control over the sources of energy supply. This is a scary game, besides a position of strength as the show a few months later, in August 2008 war, which broke out in the region between Russia and Georgia. As follows Spolli confirms outlook of America: "Our position regarding the impact of the" South Stream "on Europe's energy diversification was clearly stated the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State Matthew Bryza, February 26:" Of course, it does not contribute to diversification. "South Stream" increases dependence on a single supplier. " At this point, the report Spolli runs across to the other junk topic concerning cooperation between Eni and Gazprom, and particularly to the North African resources.
In the picture painted ambassador, these resources are the basic dilemma in reducing Europe's dependence on Russia, because they provide a strategic candidacy affect that Moscow does not have any abilities. As can be seen, he criticizes the decision of Eni Gazprom provide access to the North African gas, explaining that those harmed strategic goal of diversification. Next, the document provides a biographical reference to CEO Eni, that seems to be the ability to make Washington strike: "The responsible person who will meet with the Scaroni, should be aware that, according to the press, in 1992, he pleaded guilty to corruption in the construction of power plant in Brindisi. "
This investigation was part of giant scandal of corruption ("Operation Clean Hands"), after which a post-war Italy was left political parties. Scaroni was sentenced to year and four months bullpen, but he has not made it any day or 1st. Some reports about corruption in Eni nedavneshnee have elapsed. The company owns 25% of the consortium Tskj, which is under investigation by the Sec for alleged payments to officials in Nigeria. In addition, in March 2008, British and Italian authorities began the investigation into the corruption in the sale of a large mobile communication system in Italy. Alleged that employees of Italian energy company Enel, which is controlled by the state, received bribes from an Egyptian company, which could purchase the system. Scaroni was the CEO of Enel at this time.
Spolli, but does not close question and relies on the likely explanation: "We understand that Scaroni confirmed the meeting with the assistant secretary and deputy national security advisor. Bezotstupno we advise that these meetings took place. " We are talking about the main characters in the American administration, which is responsible for the development of relations with Europe, for economic and energy problems in the U.S. State Department, and the white-house. Reports Spolli not explain in detail how they met in Washington Scaroni and what explanations were made. In Eni, but they say that all the problems have been solved thanks to a series of meetings at the highest levels. New South American special envoy for Eurasian Energy Richard Morningstar weakened criticism of the "South Stream", an
d the penetration of Gazprom in Libya in real time due to the oil, not gas.
Tomorrow all of these themes will open a discussion at the negotiating table in a meeting "Friends of Libya to the United Nations," where some 80 delegations will discuss the future of the country, as well as it should, and access to natural resources, which should enrich Tripoli.