The South American administration wants to increment the military presence in the Arctic. This statement was made senior vice-president of the American think tank "Center for marine research" (Center for Naval Analyses) Sherri Goodman, speaking at a conference initiated by the center. She noted that the Arctic attracts a lot of attention of the United States of America and in this region there is a "wide variety of interests."
"Center of marine research," which initially created to deal with the German U-boats during the second world war, the currently funded by the state and is engaged in research work for the government and the U.S. Navy.
The ideas articulated by Mrs. Goodman, repeatedly expressed by South American politicians and professionals, and in the near future, the U.S. government is increasingly runs from words to deeds.
Examples of this are the frequent trips South American Navy and Air Force flights distant parts of the United States in the Last of the North. Specifically, in October 2011, with Edwards Air Force Base, Calif., strategic bomber B-2 performed the unprecedented 18-hour "research" flight to the North Pole. What are the specific goals set before him the U.S. military, the general public has not figured out.
With all of this is interesting, that the Pentagon and not forgets about strengthening military forces in Alaska. In the northern state of America posted motorized infantry and airmobile brigade, the biggest missile defense site of the United States, five squadrons of fighters and coast guard ships.
Striking example: March 26, 2012 The U.S. Air Force began to enter combat strength of its own modernized F-22 fighter jets Raptor (this combat aircraft capable of mapping the terrain, identify enemy targets on the ground for the forthcoming guidance on their SDB bombs caliber 113 kg). Not surprisingly, that the first aircraft refreshed received 525 Squadron, 3rd Wing Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson, Alaska.
In Republican circles, and quite convinced of the need for the creation of the constant presence of the U.S. in the Chukchi and Beaufort Seas. So, Senator Lisa Murkowski said that "the time has come for the construction of a deepwater port on the north coast of Alaska."
Sherri Goodman in his own speech also highlighted that "the United States must uphold an active presence in the Arctic to protect their interests in the region" and expressed confidence that "this is — the question of State and Homeland Security." What threats to U.S. security were meant Mrs. Goodman did not specify.
But in 2008 the U.S. Geological Survey has published data showing that the Arctic accounts for 13% of global supplies of undiscovered oil and 30% natural gas supplies. Then service representatives highlighted that "gas is placed more on the Russian countryside." It has long been clear that the regions rich in hydrocarbons, commonly found in American interests. It is possible that this particular explains the application of Ms. Goodman, who, by the way, from 1993 to 2001 year collaborated with the Ministry of Defense.
In addition, the South American experts have concluded that in 2020 the Arctic during the summer season will be able to absolutely be freed of ice. This, in turn, opens up new prospects for hydrocarbon production and shipping, which, according to Goodman, will have a "huge commercial value."
Note that the South American management acts in accordance with accepted January 12, 2009 directive on Arctic policy of the United States, which emphasizes that in the Arctic, "the United States has a fundamental interest in the broad field of national security and are prepared to act independently or in conjunction with other states for the protection of those interests . " So makarom completely reasonable to expect that the U.S. will continue "patented" one-sided interests and policies regarding the Arctic region.
Ms. Goodman also believes that in modern conditions the first step of U.S. policy in the Arctic should be the introduction of trade, and the U.S. Navy on the Late North, which, in turn, will claim the development of icebreakers.
Recall, arctic areas and their resources are claimed by more than half the 10-ka countries in different military-political blocs and alliances. The process of global warming, which leads to the melting of the ice opens up entirely new perspectives in the northern region of the planet. For Russia, which rightly considers himself Arctic Power, the region usually has geopolitical importance, and the activation of new players in this arena requests an adequate response from the Kremlin.
At the current time, Moscow perceives unparalleled measures to strengthen the impact of the Russian Federation in the Arctic. Lokomotiv promote Russian interests in the region has always been the icebreaker fleet, and so in 2020 the country's management plans into the water three nuclear-powered icebreakers and six diesel-electric. In addition, Russian experts believe that the creation of new hubs in the Northern Sea Route will allow to increase the competitiveness of in the world of transcontinental transport sector. In 2011, Vladimir Putin has promised that "in the coming three years to build and upgrade sea infrastructure in the Arctic will be allocated over 21 billion rubles. "
The militarization of the Arctic countries concerned does not allow the Russian Federation to forget about the military component of the protection of their own interests. By 2015, the plan to create 2-arctic Russian Army brigades to be equipped with special equipment and weapons, and in 2020 — the creation of an aircraft carrier capable of operating in all weather zones. "In the future, the Arctic — a new theater of war. Because management solution to increase our country's military naval group in the north — is a very correct decision", — the last Inspector General of the Ministry of Defence Admiral Ivan Kapitanets.
In the end I would like to remind you that the basic document governing the conventional division of sea areas (including the Arctic), is the "United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea", which is a kind of "code of practice", in accordance with which all coastal countries agreed to find its own borders. But in the United States have not ratified the Convention, which, on the one hand, does not allow the Yankees to claim the continental shelf north of Alaska, and on the other hand — "free hand" in respect of the Last of the North. In light of this very revealing words from a limited analyst at the Heritage Foundation Steven Groves, believes that "the United States and south american people have a right to it all. They do not need to enter into a contract, that claim rights. They already have all this. "