What we need to BMP?

None of the currently existing machines of this class name does not match.
It is finished. Announced the creation of a common platform of armored vehicles for the Russian army.

As stated in the interview with representatives of the Ministry of Defense, in addition to the new main tank it comes to developing on the basis of his infantry fighting vehicle, various engineering machinery and automotive systems — both artillery and rocket.

While there is little point in discussing and analyzing voiced decisions because other than "letter of intent", as it is found in the last 20 years, society is not brought anything yet. Obviously, the special problems in creating special vehicles (engineering, Bram and others) do not occur, nor should they occur, and when placed on the tank base of various weapons systems. The answer to the question why this has not been done before, lies not so much in the plane of the technical solutions, but in the grimaces of the socialist economic model, the legacy of which our defense is not completely rid the present day.

As for a single platform, then all of its components greatest interest is not even a new tank and infantry fighting vehicle, the most discussed recent appearance of armored vehicles. It is essential that in the end it was finally turned infantry fighting vehicle, and not known what it is now. With all the surprises of this statement for many the fact remains that none of the currently existing infantry fighting vehicles — both domestic and foreign, its name does not match. To verify this, you just have to understand that today is meant by BMP to determine what range of problems posed in front of the machines at the time of their inception in the 60s and how it has transformed over time.

As you know, a pioneer in the creation of a new class of armored vehicles was the Soviet Union. Catalysts for this process were the same intensive development of nuclear weapons and was outlined behind the Soviet Union in the creation of heavy tracked armored personnel carriers. In the late 50's — early 60's in the armies of NATO were adopted by M113 armored personnel carriers (USA), "Troudzhen" (UK), VTT M56 (France), and HS-30 (Germany). Do not depart from them, and neutrals — the Swedes took his PbV302, and the Austrians — 4K3F. All these machines had completely closed and sealed housing is quite powerful weapons — up to 20-mm automatic cannon. However, heavy tracked armored personnel carrier was also in the Soviet army — BTR-50P (embodied in the roof — BTR-50PK). However, this machine compared with Western counterparts had too large in size and extremely unfortunate layout with a front of the troop compartment. Apparently, for this reason, a major upgrade of its mainly in the part of strengthening arms, felt hopeless and went towards the creation of a completely new model.

The problem of choice

The new machine had to be more suitable for armored layout with rear troop compartment and the most important thing — to be adapted for fighting in a nuclear war, that is to have a sealed hulls with anti-nuclear system (ESD). As part of the weapons were guided by the most powerful Western models, but then came hitch. The fact is that during the reign of Nikita Khrushchev's no work on the creation of small-caliber automatic guns for the Army was not conducted and arm to 765 was just nothing. There was only one gun, suitable for the purpose, — 73-millimeter recoilless smoothbore gun 2A28 "Thunder", which allowed at ranges up to 1000 meters of strike armored vehicles, including tanks of the period. And set her on a new car, which had adopted in 1966 under the designation BMP-1, proudly calling it the progenitor of a new class of military equipment — infantry fighting vehicles. In this case, any harmonious concept of their operational use completely absent and most of the military were of the view that the BMP, as well as armored personnel carriers, transport is the only means by which under the guise of delivering your motorized infantry on the battlefield behind the tanks and then use it to occupy the territory . However, against more powerful than the then Russian armored vehicles, weapons, no one objected, but the problem it is also clearly not been determined. It is clear that arming the BMP-1 has a pronounced anti-trend: in gun ammunition "Thunder" were only anti-cumulative shells, and as an additional weapon in the car was placed ATGM "Baby". To support a dismounted infantry in infantry fighting vehicles remained only 7.62-mm machine gun (for comparison, the BTR-60PB were two of them — 14.5 — and 7.62-mm), which was not enough. Grenade introduced in ammunition only in 1973, but it has little give infantry because of flat trajectory. It should also be noted that BMP-1 was absent stabilizer arms and conduct aimed fire from a course all types of ammunition was impossible.

As a result, military-design circles turned a long discussion on how to be armed IFV. As part of this discussion were created prototypes of promising BMPs with the two directions of the development of weapons. The first — increasing the firepower of the gun "Thunder" by lengthening the barrel, which has led to the creation of 73-millimeter cannon "Summer Lightning" installed in pilot sites 768 and 681, made in 1974 and 1977. Second — go to the start of that time 30-mm automatic cannon, which established at sites 680 and 769 in 1972 and 1974. In this case, the object 680 gun and a machine gun was mounted on the remote rotating carriage, which had a standard turret BMP-1 and the second machine gun — on a hatch commander. The facility has 769 twin tower and an elongated body (the number of rollers increased to seven).

The competition between the 73rd 30-millimeter cannon ended almost nothing. Kurganmashzavod defended its object 675, armed with 30-mm gun 2A42 Tula KBM (Lead Designer VP dirt). In this he was supported by the General Designer of AG Shipunov and then Chief of HBTU Chief Marshal armored forces AH Babajanyan. However, the 30-mm gun for a long time was not perceived as a serious leadership Grau weapons. That it is pushed into service with an alternative BMP 73-mm cannon. And despite the fact that extensive tests 30-millimeter cannon showed sufficient flexibility of the system while shooting for a variety of purposes, including tanks. Have been carried out and comparative tests upgraded gun "Thunder-M" and 2A42 cannon at an expenditure of ammunition comparable, but at the insistence of Grau with twice for 'Thunder'. After the fire of the 73-millimeter gun tank was shelled militant. After shelling out 2A42 there is not enough any attachments (anti-aircraft gun, for example, flew 15 meters), and the fuel tanks ignited. After inspection it turned out that the tower and tank gun jammed, mask gun has a through hole, and all vision devices, and the sight overwhelmed.

Despite such impressive results, doubts continued to sharpen leadership of the Ministry of Defence. In the system of public procurement, for example, release of the new machine was planned in the amount of approximately ten percent of the production of BMP-1. The final positive point in the fate of BMP-2 only put Afghanistan.
The key to landing — the fire on the move

As a result, the main armament of the BMP-2 has reached, so to speak, the best international standard for military vehicles in this class: small-caliber automatic cannon, machine gun and anti-tank systems. At the same carriage "gun + gun" was stabilized in two planes. But if you adopt the BMP Top 80's able to bring to quite an acceptable level, then the rest of its parameters remain the same and allow to consider the BMP-2 is not more
than a well-armed heavy armored personnel carrier.

One of the fundamental requirements, making it the BMP infantry fighting vehicle is the ability to conduct airborne firefight with enemy infantry without dismounting. And it is to fight and not to shoot in the white light as a penny. To provide this in two ways: either to provide each infantryman in the car stabilized weapons mount or install again stabilized collective firing points. In addition, the possibility of fighting without dismounting implies that the BMP itself must withstand fire at close range at least from small arms, which, in practice, no. The level of body armor and infantry fighting vehicles does not provide the ability to conduct military operations in conjunction with the tanks.

The absence of any tactical application of the concept of BMP mentioned above. I should add that a bright display of her situation became the commander of the infantry branch. Initially, the commander of the BMP-1 was also the commander of the department, that is, the crew of the machine consisted of two people — the driver and gunner. All was well until the landing was in the car. After his dismount Chapaevsky question arose: where should be the commander? If he stays in the car, how will lead the fight of his unit? And if you hurry, as will liaise with the car, which by statute must be a few dozen meters behind the infantry circuit? In short, the question is not realized and designed. But apparently, the military found a way out: do not puzzling tactical explorations, simply increased BMP crew to three people. It turns out that it is now in the BMP two commanders — machines and office. That's the problem — cheap and cheerful. However, the problem of interaction between the department and dismounted combat vehicle still remains — it does not itself resolve. Abroad, it decided the development of means of communication, combining a single radio network is not only the greatest commanders of small units, but the rank and file soldiers. And we?

One would expect that all of these issues resolved with the introduction of the BMP-3. No such luck, the situation has only worsened due to changes in the normal pattern layout on the misanthropic (when crew compartment in front, obviously to all quickly killed), and the installation is oversized and totally unnecessary for this class of armored armament unit. Armament BMP 100-mm gun with a set of guided weapons (CHC) "Bastion" sharply again shifted the area of fire tasks to be solved by the machine into an anti-plane. But the fight with the tanks is not a task BMP, her business — support the infantry, and it is enough 30-millimeter guns, automatic grenade launchers and machine guns. ATRA on the BMP may be present for self-defense, just in case. But just in case, to install a 100-millimeter gun — this is too much.

But the museum is located in Kubinka prototype BMP-3 with normal weapons: gun carriage rendered with a 30-millimeter cannon, machine guns and antitank missile unit. But the series has gone a different military branch, has actually turned into a light tank BMP. As a means of fire support such a machine is quite right to exist, but the logic of linear BMP should be armed with the prototype. That is, by the way, the Western approach to the formation of a family of combat vehicles, whether tracked or wheeled chassis. But the West, as we know, we can not decree.

In the West, not better

In fairness, I must say that with foreign BMP, things are not better than ours. They also do not provide the opportunity to lead the infantry battle without dismounting, and also can not fight in the same order with tanks. From a tactical application of the concept of BMP in the West, too, is not all right. Perhaps, then escaped abroad, so it is with weapons extremes: the majority of foreign armed infantry fighting vehicles with automatic cannons 25-35 millimeters.

Western experts have tried to solve other problems. So, for example, the Germans set on the roof of the troop compartment BMP "Marder" machine gun in an armored shell. He had a remote control, and fire out of it led one of the infantry, paratroopers. However, the gun was not stable, and shooting out of it, especially in the movement, was not very effective. Apparently, so when you upgrade a machine gun shot. Considering that the body armor most heavily armored infantry fighting vehicles in the world (at least in the 80s) is not sufficient, the Germans set it side skirts, thus blocking the loopholes landing. In the same way the Americans did with the BMP "Bradley". But this BMP troops had fired not one of their regular rifles, and a specially mounted ball mount in the hull sides. These rifles had a shorter barrel and its ammunition, but again were not stabilized. With the modernization of these units blocked the skirt, as in the case of the "Marder", finally turning into BMP armored personnel carrier. However, loopholes for firing a gun assault on many Western BMP is available as standard. When you consider that many of these loopholes APCs present, but as the main weapons used automatic guns, then the situation becomes confused with the classification even more. For a long time there was such a strange definition — armored personnel carrier approached by their characteristics to the BMP.

All of this, apparently, and gave birth to a ridiculous definition, which appeared in the late 80s to the Vienna talks on the reduction of armaments and armed forces in Europe. To somehow separate from the BMP armored personnel carriers, the High Contracting Parties have decided to consider machine gun with a caliber up to 20 millimeters in APCs and above — BMP. And regardless of the type of chassis. The result is that the BTR-80 with a 14.5-mm machine gun — it's armored personnel carrier BTR-80A and 30-mm cannon — BMP.

Which of the above, it can be concluded? The conclusion is quite simple — a full IFV can only be created on the basis of a main battle tank. Only such a machine can have a comparable level of protection of the tank and, consequently, will have to act in the same order with tanks. As for the fighting without dismounting, on the basis of modern electronics this issue is resolved. We are not talking about remaking the tanks in infantry fighting vehicles (for some reason the critics of creating a heavy infantry fighting vehicles tend to concentrate on the shortcomings of just such machines), and an entirely new design with a more suitable arrangement for the BMP. MTO must be placed in the nose of the car, and the troop compartment — in the stern. Weapons shall be confined to the task of supporting the infantry. On today's crowded field goals all the less relevant are versatile machines. Their crews simply can not cope with the load of tasks, cracking down on them. It is hard to imagine, for example, how effective will act commander BMP-3, deciding from what, on what and how to shoot the event. Is not it better to entrust the solution of various problems on highly specialized combat vehicles. In this case, in addition to the BMP on the battlefield may appear to support the machine (you know, and a 100-mm gun work there), self-propelled anti-tank systems, and others. In this way, there is nothing new, the machines based on the same BMP-3 is already there, but that's just not clear what to do, such as "Chrysanthemum" in a battle with the BMP-3, which overlaps with the obvious? The necessary condition is only one — all of these machines should be merged into a single military complex on the basis of modern control and communication systems. However, all these are theoretical arguments. Let's see what offers developers a single platform.

Michael Baryatinsky

 

PS 

I'd add

In Russia there is development in the KLAS is a pity that she did not go in the series, but working hours are.

And perhap
s it is better not go, because the new platform will be more modern, secure, and better armed. 

That development  

Heavy armored personnel carrier BTR-T on the basis of the T-55

None of the currently existing machines of this class name does not match.
It is finished. Announced the creation of a common platform of armored vehicles for the Russian army.

As stated in the interview with representatives of the Ministry of Defense, in addition to the new main tank it comes to developing on the basis of his infantry fighting vehicle, various engineering machinery and automotive systems — both artillery and rocket.

While there is little point in discussing and analyzing voiced decisions because other than "letter of intent", as it is found in the last 20 years, society is not brought anything yet. Obviously, the special problems in creating special vehicles (engineering, Bram and others) do not occur, nor should they occur, and when placed on the tank base of various weapons systems. The answer to the question why this has not been done before, lies not so much in the plane of the technical solutions, but in the grimaces of the socialist economic model, the legacy of which our defense is not completely rid the present day.

As for a single platform, then all of its components greatest interest is not even a new tank and infantry fighting vehicle, the most discussed recent appearance of armored vehicles. It is essential that in the end it was finally turned infantry fighting vehicle, and not known what it is now. With all the surprises of this statement for many the fact remains that none of the currently existing infantry fighting vehicles — both domestic and foreign, its name does not match. To verify this, you just have to understand that today is meant by BMP to determine what range of problems posed in front of the machines at the time of their inception in the 60s and how it has transformed over time.

As you know, a pioneer in the creation of a new class of armored vehicles was the Soviet Union. Catalysts for this process were the same intensive development of nuclear weapons and was outlined behind the Soviet Union in the creation of heavy tracked armored personnel carriers. In the late 50's — early 60's in the armies of NATO were adopted by M113 armored personnel carriers (USA), "Troudzhen" (UK), VTT M56 (France), and HS-30 (Germany). Do not depart from them, and neutrals — the Swedes took his PbV302, and the Austrians — 4K3F. All these machines had completely closed and sealed housing is quite powerful weapons — up to 20-mm automatic cannon. However, heavy tracked armored personnel carrier was also in the Soviet army — BTR-50P (embodied in the roof — BTR-50PK). However, this machine compared with Western counterparts had too large in size and extremely unfortunate layout with a front of the troop compartment. Apparently, for this reason, a major upgrade of its mainly in the part of strengthening arms, felt hopeless and went towards the creation of a completely new model.

The problem of choice

The new machine had to be more suitable for armored layout with rear troop compartment and the most important thing — to be adapted for fighting in a nuclear war, that is to have a sealed hulls with anti-nuclear system (ESD). As part of the weapons were guided by the most powerful Western models, but then came hitch. The fact is that during the reign of Nikita Khrushchev's no work on the creation of small-caliber automatic guns for the Army was not conducted and arm to 765 was just nothing. There was only one gun, suitable for the purpose, — 73-millimeter recoilless smoothbore gun 2A28 "Thunder", which allowed at ranges up to 1000 meters of strike armored vehicles, including tanks of the period. And set her on a new car, which had adopted in 1966 under the designation BMP-1, proudly calling it the progenitor of a new class of military equipment — infantry fighting vehicles. In this case, any harmonious concept of their operational use completely absent and most of the military were of the view that the BMP, as well as armored personnel carriers, transport is the only means by which under the guise of delivering your motorized infantry on the battlefield behind the tanks and then use it to occupy the territory . However, against more powerful than the then Russian armored vehicles, weapons, no one objected, but the problem it is also clearly not been determined. It is clear that arming the BMP-1 has a pronounced anti-trend: in gun ammunition "Thunder" were only anti-cumulative shells, and as an additional weapon in the car was placed ATGM "Baby". To support a dismounted infantry in infantry fighting vehicles remained only 7.62-mm machine gun (for comparison, the BTR-60PB were two of them — 14.5 — and 7.62-mm), which was not enough. Grenade introduced in ammunition only in 1973, but it has little give infantry because of flat trajectory. It should also be noted that BMP-1 was absent stabilizer arms and conduct aimed fire from a course all types of ammunition was impossible.

As a result, military-design circles turned a long discussion on how to be armed IFV. As part of this discussion were created prototypes of promising BMPs with the two directions of the development of weapons. The first — increasing the firepower of the gun "Thunder" by lengthening the barrel, which has led to the creation of 73-millimeter cannon "Summer Lightning" installed in pilot sites 768 and 681, made in 1974 and 1977. Second — go to the start of that time 30-mm automatic cannon, which established at sites 680 and 769 in 1972 and 1974. In this case, the object 680 gun and a machine gun was mounted on the remote rotating carriage, which had a standard turret BMP-1 and the second machine gun — on a hatch commander. The facility has 769 twin tower and an elongated body (the number of rollers increased to seven).

The competition between the 73rd 30-millimeter cannon ended almost nothing. Kurganmashzavod defended its object 675, armed with 30-mm gun 2A42 Tula KBM (Lead Designer VP dirt). In this he was supported by the General Designer of AG Shipunov and then Chief of HBTU Chief Marshal armored forces AH Babajanyan. However, the 30-mm gun for a long time was not perceived as a serious leadership Grau weapons. That it is pushed into service with an alternative BMP 73-mm cannon. And despite the fact that extensive tests 30-millimeter cannon showed sufficient flexibility of the system while shooting for a variety of purposes, including tanks. Have been carried out and comparative tests upgraded gun "Thunder-M" and 2A42 cannon at an expenditure of ammunition comparable, but at the insistence of Grau with twice for 'Thunder'. After the fire of the 73-millimeter gun tank was shelled militant. After shelling out 2A42 there is not enough any attachments (anti-aircraft gun, for example, flew 15 meters), and the fuel tanks ignited. After inspection it turned out that the tower and tank gun jammed, mask gun has a through hole, and all vision devices, and the sight overwhelmed.

Despite such impressive results, doubts continued to sharpen leadership of the Ministry of Defence. In the system of public procurement, for example, release of the new machine was planned in the amount of approximately ten percent of the production of BMP-1. The final positive point in the fate of BMP-2 only put Afghanistan.
The key to landing — the fire on the move

As a result, the main armament of the BMP-2 has reached, so to speak, the best international standard for military vehicles in this class: small-caliber automatic cannon, machine gun and anti-tank systems. At the same carriage "gun + gun" was stabilized in two planes. But if you adopt the BMP Top 80's able to bring to quite an acceptable level, then the rest of its parameters remain the same and allow to consider the BMP-2 is not more
than a well-armed heavy armored personnel carrier.

One of the fundamental requirements, making it the BMP infantry fighting vehicle is the ability to conduct airborne firefight with enemy infantry without dismounting. And it is to fight and not to shoot in the white light as a penny. To provide this in two ways: either to provide each infantryman in the car stabilized weapons mount or install again stabilized collective firing points. In addition, the possibility of fighting without dismounting implies that the BMP itself must withstand fire at close range at least from small arms, which, in practice, no. The level of body armor and infantry fighting vehicles does not provide the ability to conduct military operations in conjunction with the tanks.

The absence of any tactical application of the concept of BMP mentioned above. I should add that a bright display of her situation became the commander of the infantry branch. Initially, the commander of the BMP-1 was also the commander of the department, that is, the crew of the machine consisted of two people — the driver and gunner. All was well until the landing was in the car. After his dismount Chapaevsky question arose: where should be the commander? If he stays in the car, how will lead the fight of his unit? And if you hurry, as will liaise with the car, which by statute must be a few dozen meters behind the infantry circuit? In short, the question is not realized and designed. But apparently, the military found a way out: do not puzzling tactical explorations, simply increased BMP crew to three people. It turns out that it is now in the BMP two commanders — machines and office. That's the problem — cheap and cheerful. However, the problem of interaction between the department and dismounted combat vehicle still remains — it does not itself resolve. Abroad, it decided the development of means of communication, combining a single radio network is not only the greatest commanders of small units, but the rank and file soldiers. And we?

One would expect that all of these issues resolved with the introduction of the BMP-3. No such luck, the situation has only worsened due to changes in the normal pattern layout on the misanthropic (when crew compartment in front, obviously to all quickly killed), and the installation is oversized and totally unnecessary for this class of armored armament unit. Armament BMP 100-mm gun with a set of guided weapons (CHC) "Bastion" sharply again shifted the area of fire tasks to be solved by the machine into an anti-plane. But the fight with the tanks is not a task BMP, her business — support the infantry, and it is enough 30-millimeter guns, automatic grenade launchers and machine guns. ATRA on the BMP may be present for self-defense, just in case. But just in case, to install a 100-millimeter gun — this is too much.

But the museum is located in Kubinka prototype BMP-3 with normal weapons: gun carriage rendered with a 30-millimeter cannon, machine guns and antitank missile unit. But the series has gone a different military branch, has actually turned into a light tank BMP. As a means of fire support such a machine is quite right to exist, but the logic of linear BMP should be armed with the prototype. That is, by the way, the Western approach to the formation of a family of combat vehicles, whether tracked or wheeled chassis. But the West, as we know, we can not decree.

In the West, not better

In fairness, I must say that with foreign BMP, things are not better than ours. They also do not provide the opportunity to lead the infantry battle without dismounting, and also can not fight in the same order with tanks. From a tactical application of the concept of BMP in the West, too, is not all right. Perhaps, then escaped abroad, so it is with weapons extremes: the majority of foreign armed infantry fighting vehicles with automatic cannons 25-35 millimeters.

Western experts have tried to solve other problems. So, for example, the Germans set on the roof of the troop compartment BMP "Marder" machine gun in an armored shell. He had a remote control, and fire out of it led one of the infantry, paratroopers. However, the gun was not stable, and shooting out of it, especially in the movement, was not very effective. Apparently, so when you upgrade a machine gun shot. Considering that the body armor most heavily armored infantry fighting vehicles in the world (at least in the 80s) is not sufficient, the Germans set it side skirts, thus blocking the loopholes landing. In the same way the Americans did with the BMP "Bradley". But this BMP troops had fired not one of their regular rifles, and a specially mounted ball mount in the hull sides. These rifles had a shorter barrel and its ammunition, but again were not stabilized. With the modernization of these units blocked the skirt, as in the case of the "Marder", finally turning into BMP armored personnel carrier. However, loopholes for firing a gun assault on many Western BMP is available as standard. When you consider that many of these loopholes APCs present, but as the main weapons used automatic guns, then the situation becomes confused with the classification even more. For a long time there was such a strange definition — armored personnel carrier approached by their characteristics to the BMP.

All of this, apparently, and gave birth to a ridiculous definition, which appeared in the late 80s to the Vienna talks on the reduction of armaments and armed forces in Europe. To somehow separate from the BMP armored personnel carriers, the High Contracting Parties have decided to consider machine gun with a caliber up to 20 millimeters in APCs and above — BMP. And regardless of the type of chassis. The result is that the BTR-80 with a 14.5-mm machine gun — it's armored personnel carrier BTR-80A and 30-mm cannon — BMP.

Which of the above, it can be concluded? The conclusion is quite simple — a full IFV can only be created on the basis of a main battle tank. Only such a machine can have a comparable level of protection of the tank and, consequently, will have to act in the same order with tanks. As for the fighting without dismounting, on the basis of modern electronics this issue is resolved. We are not talking about remaking the tanks in infantry fighting vehicles (for some reason the critics of creating a heavy infantry fighting vehicles tend to concentrate on the shortcomings of just such machines), and an entirely new design with a more suitable arrangement for the BMP. MTO must be placed in the nose of the car, and the troop compartment — in the stern. Weapons shall be confined to the task of supporting the infantry. On today's crowded field goals all the less relevant are versatile machines. Their crews simply can not cope with the load of tasks, cracking down on them. It is hard to imagine, for example, how effective will act commander BMP-3, deciding from what, on what and how to shoot the event. Is not it better to entrust the solution of various problems on highly specialized combat vehicles. In this case, in addition to the BMP on the battlefield may appear to support the machine (you know, and a 100-mm gun work there), self-propelled anti-tank systems, and others. In this way, there is nothing new, the machines based on the same BMP-3 is already there, but that's just not clear what to do, such as "Chrysanthemum" in a battle with the BMP-3, which overlaps with the obvious? The necessary condition is only one — all of these machines should be merged into a single military complex on the basis of modern control and communication systems. However, all these are theoretical arguments. Let's see what offers developers a single platform.

Michael Baryatinsky

 

PS 

I'd add

In Russia there is development in the KLAS is a pity that she did not go in the series, but working hours are.

And perhap
s it is better not go, because the new platform will be more modern, secure, and better armed. 

That development  

Heavy armored personnel carrier BTR-T on the basis of the T-55

 

The experience of warfare, including in local conflicts, revealed sharply vozrosshietrebovaniya to protect personnel mechanized infantry units from the modern means of destruction. 

Existing wheeled BTR-80, BRMD and light tracked vehicles BMP class and MT-LB does not always provide protection for personnel on the battlefield. Implementing the concept of maximum protection, CB Transport Engineering under the leadership of the project D. Ageev developed and produced in cooperation with the PA "Transport Engineering Plant" prototype heavy armored personnel carrier (APC-T) on the basis of the T-55, which is resistant to modern means of destruction at the main tank.

Sami T-55 tanks and their modifications are obsolete in today's conditions can not effectively perform its functions. They retired Russian army. A large number of these tanks was once delivered to the various countries of the world, and now they can be converted into highly protected heavy armored vehicles.

New Russian heavy armored personnel carrier BTR-T was designed and built on a trial basis in GAP "Plant Transport Engineering" based on the chassis of the T-55. First BTR-T was shown at the exhibition "VTTV-Omsk-97."

BTR-T has the following layout: the housing is located in the stern engine-transmission compartment and the front and middle of the chassis slot machine is performing the functions of both the driver's compartment, fighting and troop compartments. On the left in front of this compartment is the place of the driver, the right of the tower is mounted low profile with arms and the back of the compartment is designed to accommodate five infantrymen, paratroopers in full gear.

 

Placement of paratroopers in the APC-T

The fully-enclosed armored hull is different from the basic machine, especially explosive reactive armor, as well as additional mine protection. In term +30 ° angle equivalent level of armor protection increased to 600 mm. The sides of the body and suspension chassis covered with steel armor shields. The upper part of the hull sides has an internal (core) and outer (optional) armor plates, and between them on the fender placed various accessories, tools and supplies. This provides protection protivokumulyativnymi boards. Protection of the whole also increased by the use of twelve smoke grenade type 902, installed in the rear of the hull. However, for the landing and dismounting Marines must use the hatches in the roof of the hull, which in modern warfare leads to large losses. Crew compartment equipped with modern life-support system that allows the crew and troops to operate in the conditions of use of weapons of mass destruction in any climatic conditions.

Modernization of obsolete tanks in heavy BTR-T factory to carry out at the production facilities of the customer with the delivery of components from Russia.

Feature of the BTR-T is that the base of the tank is installed low-profile tower, which is a platform with a modern missile cannon armament — a 30mm automatic cannon and anti-tank launcher type "Competition". This makes it possible to adopt effective engagement as lightly armored ground and air targets and heavily armored ground.

Thus, the BTR-T provides transportation of personnel infantry units in the likely application of PSO and fire contact with the enemy, as well as effective engagement of targets on the battlefield. In this case, the possibility of doing battle paratroopers of the car is not available.

If changing the tank in armored vehicle propulsion, transmission and chassis base machine remain unchanged. When driving on the highway armored vehicle has a top speed of 50 km / h He is able to climb up to 32 °, vertical wall height of 0.8 m, 2.7 m wide moat and a water obstacle depth of 1.4 m (without training). When using OPV fording depth can be 5 m, which is a record for the armored vehicles.

Using design solutions incorporated into the project BTR-T machine of this class can be equipped on the basis of any outdated Russian tanks or hope, a landmark production.

Modular approach to the layout of the crew compartment allows equip BTR-T different sets of weapons, based on customer requirements. Installation of the production of weapons systems of NATO countries. At the request of the customer, the following options armament:

1 — automatic 30-mm gun 2A42, 2 anti-tank missile launchers "Competition";
2 — 30-mm automatic gun 2A42, 30mm automatic grenade launcher AGS-17;
3 — twin-barrel 30mm 2A38 automatic;
4 — 12.7 mm anti-aircraft machine gun NSV, 2 anti-tank missile launchers "Competition";
5 — 12.7 mm anti-aircraft machine gun NSV, automatic 30mm grenade launcher AGS-17.

KEY FEATURES:

Combat weight, kg
38500

Crew (troops), pers.
2 (5)

Main dimensions, mm:

— The length of the body (with gun forward)
N

— Width
N

— Height
N

— Clearance
350

— Base x track
3840 x 2855

— Axels
8 x 8

Average ground pressure, kg/cm2
N

Armament (ammo, rounds):

— 30-mm gun 2A42
— 9M113 ATGM launchers "Competition"
1 (200)
1 (3)

Angles vertical guidance degrees.
N

Stabilizer arms
N

Loading mechanism
2-belt feed

Aiming devices
periscopic., Daytime. / Night.;
AA

Monitoring devices
10

The number of embrasures (including for machine guns)
no

Means setting dymzavesy
902V 12 "Cloud"

Type and make of the motor
In diesel-or B-55B 55U

Maximum power, hp (kW)
580 or 620

Number of cylinders
12

Specific power, hp / t
15 or 16,1

Fuel tank capacity, l
N

Transmission
multi-disc main clutch, 5-speed gearbox, planetary rotation mechanism, final drives

Maximum speed, km / h:
50

Cruising range, km
500

Overcoming obstacles:

— Lift, deg.
32

— Roll, hail.
30

— Ditch, m
2.7

— A wall, m
0.8

— Ford, m
1.4 (s OPVT — 5)

Reservations, mm
equivalent to 600 mm

Radio station
P-173

http://btvt.narod.ru/4/btrt.htm

 

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