Last weekend gave several interesting news related to the Russian Ministry of Defense Cooperation with foreign manufacturers of military equipment. Procurement of military equipment abroad invariably cause a wave of criticism, especially after the contracts for the supply of the French ships, Israeli drones and Italian armored vehicles. The latest news are interesting enough to consider them in detail and to understand how such cooperation is in our interest.
First, the representative of the Italian company «Oto Melara» Bruno Farina opened a little sense of resonance purchases for the test series wheeled armored vehicles «Centauro». Let me remind you that bought four cars with various weapons, have sparked a new wave of rumors about the production of the Russian army and betraying the domestic producers.
Because the plans are re-enters the new domestic wheeled armored vehicle, which is in a high degree of readiness and created at the request of Defense, it was logical to assume that the Italian machines we are interested in some of the technical features, familiarity with which it might be helpful to the domestic industry. This is all the more likely that all four samples have different weapons (guns with a caliber of 120 mm, 105-mm, 30-mm, 25-mm). And so, the representative of the Italian company («Oto Melara»), which produces just adopted these machines, on Tuesday reported a further aspect of cooperation. He said that the aim of the tests in Russia is not licensed assembly, and the "integration of military technology in both countries." Specifically, we investigate the possibility of use of Russian missile technology in the Italian military vehicles.
Here we can talk about domestic anti-complexes "Cornet" or "Attack-T," which is already used as a secondary armament of armored vehicles. And also about the range of the missile is shot through the barrel of a tank gun, made in western standard 120-mm or even 105 mm, similar to domestic "Svir" and "Reflex". All of these systems could greatly enhance the combat capabilities of Italian art. This explains why one of the leading companies producing modern weapons systems armored vehicles, went on an unprecedented collaboration with Russia, allowing detailed study of their products. For joint armament, «Oto Melara» does not preclude the formation of the Russian-Italian joint venture.
Another "sensational" news came from Paris exhibition Eurosatory-2012 arms. Visit the exhibition of the General Staff Nikolai Makarov, the chief, having examined the stand of the Finnish company «Patria Vehicles», which introduced a new version of the self-propelled mortar «NEMO Plus» wheeled armored vehicle chassis «Patria», said that Russia would like to test this car. Of course, after the tests will be reviewed and the possibility of purchase. Because of this statement commentators immediately concluded that the leadership of the Armed Forces once again wanted to bring to the domestic industry. But let's look at this issue more closely.
"Artillery« NEMO »with a 120-mm mortar in the tower has a small chance of a circular firing, very compact, weighs 1.5 tons, so can be installed on a wide variety of chassis. Automated loading is performed with the breech (recharge takes a few seconds.) Application of modular propellant charges and automated control allows shelling targets in the "barrage of fire", which provides up to six shots with different trajectory of the projectile (with a different elevation of the barrel), which hit the target at the same time. This mode is very important in modern conditions of quality intelligence and counter-battery artillery combat. now in NATO armies the coordinates of the leading battery fire, produced by the trajectory of projectiles in the automatic mode, with automatic data transfer is to suppress it at its missile and artillery means of ASUV. This does not allow even a self-propelled artillery batteries for a long time to fire from one location without the risk of return fire because the response time means of combating counter-battery is several minutes. Mode "barrage of fire" allows the battery to generate significant volley and begin redeployment before being released shells to reach the target. A fire will return be conducted on the spot where the battery was located a few minutes ago. "
Here it must be said that the implementation of such a ceasefire is technically challenging. It requires the automation of many processes of loading with modular propelling charge different capacity to pointing guns with different angles of elevation. In addition, this operation is not possible without automation of production data for the shooting. In this country it is not implemented in any of the currently accepted on arms artillery systems. Abroad, except the Finnish NEMO, he is a German self-propelled guns PzH 2000, and its modification DONAR. "Feel", as this task is implemented in the Finnish system, I think, it would be not harmful. But the statement Nikolai Makarov, the more likely a trial balloon, which should reveal the extent of the interest of the Finnish side. Even if you begin to consider seriously the possibility of purchasing the Finnish system, that should not talk about the car based on the BTR «Patria», but of an artillery system NEMO, for installation on domestic machines. Even in my humble opinion (as a hostile foreign purchases of military equipment), such a hypothetical possibility, would be more useful than the licensed assembly of armored SUV IVECO LMV. The time required to bring the domestic systems (mode "hail of fire" or "fire attack" worked out in a number of development projects) — at the moment is quite significant. The system NEMO, without modifications can use 120-mm mortar ammunition, including domestic production. A revision of the artillery system, for example, the use of a rifled barrel, similar to those used in the complexes, "Nona", can significantly enhance the ability of both domestic artillery equipment and Finnish. This cooperation would be quite appropriate, especially as Finland at the time bought a lot of our weapons.
Another piece of news from the Eurosatory-2012 — Continued already very successful and fruitful cooperation with the French company «Thales Optronics». This company has allowed us to gain access to their products, when in Vologda Optical and Mechanical Plant was started assembly of thermal imaging cameras «Catherine FC», in particular, for the Russian-Belarusian tank sight "Essa". Now agreed to assemble cameras «Catherine XP», which have a matrix of a new generation, through which a camera is much higher. At one time, we were the pioneers of thermal imaging technology. However, for obvious reasons, the development of a high-tech trend in the 90s did not receive. This has led to delays in the field of high-temperature thermal imagers, without which modern military equipment is inconceivable. Here we have an extremely good way of obtaining high-tech products, which do not have, with minimal involvement of the foreign manufacturer (In fact, the French only the matrix itself, with the prospect of the development of technologies of production in our country).
Another news related to modern technology and cooperation with foreign companies, it has become decision in the Russian Industry and Trade Ministry to create small-scale production of three-dimensional underwater zvukovizorov. 3D-high resolution sonar — a device which can be installed in various surface and underwater vehicles, in particular, autonomous and remotely o
perated underwater vehicles. Its use allows to obtain a three-dimensional and two-dimensional image of underwater objects or the seabed, which is necessary for search and rescue work, mapping the seabed, as well as search for mines and submarine tracking systems. Previously, under the Russian Technologies have been some agreement on the use of foreign developments and components, for purely peaceful medical equipment, such as ultrasound machines (U.S.). The work carried out on this subject, let Acoustics Institute named after Academician NN Andreev to work on the machine that has no analogues in the world, having been military applications. From a single foreign analogue produced campaign «Coda Octopus», the unit is different weight and size (about 5 lbs., Compared to 55 lbs.) And resolution. The importance of this technology due to the fact that at present the mine and anti-submarine warfare in the sea, has a strong tendency to use for the purpose of autonomous and remote-controlled robotic underwater vehicles, space in the creation of which we have, is quite obvious.
To eliminate the backlog in this area are purchased foreign models. For example, we purchased several autonomous underwater vehicles «Gavia» — development of small Icelandic company that can be used to find and destroy sea mines, underwater objects and for anti-submarine warfare. The quality of these devices is so high that the company was acquired by a U.S. «Teledyne Technologies» of its products for use by U.S. Navy and familiarize the American industry. Weight and dimensions of devices for use in such technology, are key. On the domestic developments in this area very little is known, which is understandable, given their importance. This advantage will be the one who will be able to create high-quality technology, or access them.
Americans have the financial ability to buy a worldwide companies with technologies such blocking access to them for others. For us, but to build up their own research and production capabilities, the output will be working with more independent foreign enterprises. There is no other way to recover its technological potential, given the long period of return on investment in its own database, I can not see.