April 2, 2012 10:48
The boldest predictions of science fiction is that people will live and work side by side with humanoid robots, have already started to come true. This thought occurred to me while exploring the exhibits new technologies CEBIT-2012 (Hannover), which took place in early March. Robot developers believe that it stands for the future of humanity — it would be more sensible view of the inhabitants of the earth.
Two major technology news. First, the models were first shown androids capable to engage in creative work — for a long time it was thought that painting, music, theater, dance and other art forms can only deal with people. Second, the developers identify the main scope of the two-legged robots — care for the elderly. Housing robot by its parameters should better match the human body in order to work in an environment designed for us. Android also has to be versatile for use in any area.
Wonders of technology: a kitchen robot
Visitors served robot bartender, which was designed to work in the services sector. Depending on the order he presents food and drinks, and then wants to "enjoy your meal." The exhibition robot independently determined amount of drink in the package, and then pour it into a glass. If the glass is not full, the robot is topped up with the necessary amount of liquid from another package.
But it is — not all. He knows how to work with most products that lie in the refrigerator. For example, to get the fragile eggs and move to the table in such a way as not to damage the shell. I promise that next year will be able to cook and egg. And after 5-7 years — to fully work as housewives.
Companion and actor
Attracted the attention of Jade — a robot companion for the elderly and disabled. His forehead is built into the camera, through which he focuses on the face of the interlocutor. For the experiment, it was even used as an actor in plays — he is "love" to talk, move and sing.
Was shown and robot artist. To paint the portrait, it uses an integrated camera. After processing, the human face special algorithm searches contrasting areas, turning them into a line on the paper. So far, the robot creates exceptionally contoured face textures — but after a while to learn and to represent details.
Wonders of technology: the robot-actor
Why robots HARD DANCE
Visitors to the exhibition and the experts say is the most impressive exhibit of a group of dancing robots. And strippers. They put on a show at the after party at the end of the first day.
Machine, code-named Tobit's Pole resemble droids from "Star Wars." Each of them the size of a man, and they have a head projectors. In addition, the trio playing and the DJ that plays music through speakers mounted above the shoulders. Humanoids are controlled by wireless communication, and their movements vary depending on the music.
It would seem, so what? In fact, to teach a robot to dance like a human — a super challenge. The fact is that if during slow walking people fully carries weight from foot to foot, then on the run, he neglects it, relying on quick change of feet. Because of the center of gravity centrifugal force tries to "drop" the robot.
Wonders of technology: the robot and the robot-DJ — stripper
People decide the issue by turning the body while running — similar to the robot body also need to build additional servo motors, so that he may turn the body, and tilt it to compensate for the centrifugal force. Dance also requires separation of both feet off the ground the robot, then it also must land.
Accordingly, the need and different sensors, actuators and carefully made, and special materials, and a powerful processor for fast processing of multiple parameters. Developers presented robots went further — they strippers dancing at the pole (see photo above), which requires a special plasticity.
MUSIC: ROBOT as a pianist
The use of robots as musicians — are not uncommon today. One of the brightest representatives of a company model Hiwin Technologies. A feature of this robot is that it uses to play all ten fingers, not one like the other robots pianists.
Naturally, the model was not created because engineers lazy to buy a ticket to the conservatory — a good way to experience the flexibility roboruk. After all necessary coordination of all the fingers, plus the need to press the keys at a certain speed, and strength.
AVATAR: repetitive movements
James Cameron's fantasy a month ago has become a reality. The Japanese have presented a robot that can be controlled with a virtual reality helmet, and gloves spetszhileta. Equipment installed on sensor detects human motion and force work to perform the same steps.
Androids are needed for emergency response — the existing machines on tracks proved extremely ill at the plant "Fukushima-1". That is why the creators of the robot-avatar (name — Telesar V) added to it tactile and temperature sensations in addition to the sound and video. Plus — Radiation detectors and gas analyzers.
Mimicry: BE HUMAN
Simulating human movement, the geometric parameters of the body and even facial features — a past stage of robotics. Next — the human facial expressions. This problem is an order of magnitude more complex than, for example, to teach a robot to walk. On a human face — 57 muscles. In addition, these muscles must work together in accordance with the current events.
This is what is currently engaged in the electrical engineering department of National Taiwan University. Their model yet learned to mimic emotion to 10, but the developers plan to 2017 to learn all the options mimic human facial expressions.
The similarity has not been reached
Yet, despite the progress of recent years, to give the robot the possibility of another person can not soon.
SKIN. Manufacturing of coating, which would replace the human skin — a super challenge. The main problem is that the artificial skin robots must have a high tactile sensitivity. In existing designs for plastic set lot of pressure sensors, and they demand for electrical energy. Have more input and current source (battery, solar panels). This can substantially increase the size of "skin." You also need to place the maximum number of sensors across the surface of the robot by connecting them to the supply chain. And this — too expensive. Together, the cost of such a robot is more than $ 10 million, which puts an end to seriality.
ENERGY. The second major problem — an autonomous robot. For example, a well-known model of the Honda ASIMO battery life is only an hour. This is if he will only walk. If we start to dance and jump — 15-20 minutes. This despite the fact that ASIMO is a battery pack on the back. Of compact and powerful battery talk time, but in practice they will not be soon.
INTELLIGENCE. Face recognition, objects and distances to them, perform simple actions and … everything. For more artificial intelligence technology itself is not capable of. Even if a computer has to create the human brain (in the long term — 10 years), a self-learning robot will be another 30-40 years.
FORECAST futurologist JAN PEARSON in 2030 there is a new intelligent race
Of course, looking at new models of humanoid robots, there is a question about what will happen next. In science fiction describes several scenarios: the war of people and robots for control of the planet to a peaceful coexistence. And that's what scientists predict? The opinions Ian Pearson (analyst British Telecom) — one of the most famous British futurists, whose past predictions have come true, by 70-80%.
2015-th. At home ubiquitous home robots as servants — in developed countries, their number compared with the number of cars. Simultaneously developing at a frantic pace of artificial intelligence.
2018-th. Artificial intelligence will receive the Nobel Prize.
2020-th. Electronic forms of life will have constitutional rights.
2025-th. In developing countries, there will be more robots than people.
2030-th. Robots, both physically and mentally surpass men.
Could be conflict and war? Hardly. After all, the machine is not motivation — instiktov. In addition, the projected Ian Pearson, the 2030 nanotechnology will directly connect the computer to the human brain at the molecular level, which in turn would "throw off the disc," his mind. People will gain immortality and will of the "digital" cloud control robots (artificial bodies) if they wish. That is, competition between humans and machines will not. We will have to work out the laws that have to co-exist two kinds of intelligent beings — biological species and electrons. And in the even more distant future will be a transition from one form of existence to another.
However, because of a futurist is technically possible — whether in a practical sense? Most likely, this is not about moving the mind to a computer in the literal sense (which is unlikely), but only to preserve the maximum amount of information about a person in a digital form: a diary (blog), photo-, video-and three-dimensional model of the body, and so the lexicon on. Up to the program to simulate the actions of individuals on the basis of previously recorded information about the life, attitudes, and habits of the individual.
By the way, today the U.S. lawyers are seriously discussing the question of who is entitled to inherit an account in the social network of a famous person in the event that he dies. More is coming.