FREEDOM in prison — a new transmission of our radio for those who are in captivity. Now the country's 48 prisons are about 47 thousand people. It's more than 2,000 the number of Belarusians who were sitting in Stalin's labor camps and prisons in 1937-1938.
We can write: Minsk-5, PO Box 111, or to call on the answering machine: +375 17 2663952.
A transfer will start with a topic that after the tragedy of April 11 to discuss most of our readers and listeners. This is a terrorist attack in the Minsk metro.
And if to this day the question of the future of the death penalty was widely discussed at the level of legislators, and at the level of society, today more Belarusians are inclined to believe that capital punishment should be retained. With the sound of the Belarusian TV screens citizen demands to punish the terrorists death publicly.
"Such a decision is not made emotionally."
So says the former head of the prison number 1 in Minsk Oleg Alcala, who by the nature of the activity itself was involved in the execution of the death penalty.
Alkaev"Acts of terrorism occur here in Germany, where I live now, but talk about how to introduce the death penalty, no. Way, all cases of cancellation of the legislators of other countries of the death penalty — they committed against the wishes of the masses. Emotions of people living . And the law — it's a long time. He must act for a long time. When to take it in an emotional state, the present example, this is a very dangerous thing.
Yes, I agree that there are certain positions, but let's talk about it after the trial. Today, much remains unclear. And above all — as people, representatives of special services, such big on verbovtsy Michalevic, suddenly, within seven years have been so helpless in front of a regular guy — a turner and fitter. It is the fault of those who, being responsible for security of the state, for seven years, getting big salaries in vain. "
"100% sideltsev Belarusian prisons condemns terrorist attack"
So write in their letters Belarusian prisoners.
Peter concluded one of the colonies, "about the explosion in the subway, we have learned from the TV. Ability to watch TV BT we have. When we went to Otradnoe, he said:" If I got into the hands of the terrorist, would tear to pieces with his own hands . " One of the guys said Otradnoe:
"Like you, the characters in the Square — against unarmed women and adolescents. Namely, there were many at the time of the explosion on April 11 in Minsk metro."
Welcome offended and left.
35-year-old convict Andrew called us to the editor in the program, "Freedom in the prisons" and expressed his condolences to all those who survived the tragedy.
Andrew said that serving the sentence for the second time. For fraud. The first time the reason was the conclusion of a fight. We asked Andrew as a person experienced in criminal cases, to express their opinion about the events of April 11.
"Freedom in the prisons": Previously heard that if in Minsk in 2008 there was the first terrorist attack, then the organizers and those involved in the organization sought even in the zone. Namely — the questioning of those who were in prison, especially among the prisoners who were held in cases related to weapons … What was it someone found?
Andrew: I do not understand what it was. Maybe so, investigators acted out of fear, they were ordered to interrogate each in prison. It got to the point that people are sitting as 6 years, but it takes on the case with the weapon. He's shown this sketch and begin to find out the details about the gun …
"Freedom in the prisons": Do you think that people from the criminal world familiar to you still can not have a relationship?
Andrew: Never. Here, 100% sideltsev condemn. Such actions only bad people can do. And if there was a sudden, it is unlikely that he would have lived here somehow cozy. Would have torn it here. This action is directed against ordinary civilian citizens. Look at history. For example, Russia with its attacks. Never criminal world had nothing to do with it. All offenders who live at the expense of crime — different theft, something else — they have such principles and concepts common to the ordinary people do not become victims.
"Freedom in the prisons": You admit that such attacks can lead to a worsening of the situation with crime in the country?
Andrew: The explosion of crime goes, when the economic situation worsens. As it was in the 1990s, as now, due to the rise in price, the lack of currency. But after such cases, when someone feels that law enforcement officers have certain questions to him, he disappears from the horizon.
"Rational explain the high number of prisoners in Belarus — no"
In the words of the official Belarusian statistics directly or indirectly connected with the prison every seventh citizen of the country — serving a sentence, or the man himself, or his family. According to experts NISEPI, a large part of the population explains the situation to poor upbringing in the family and school, as well as the desire for easy money. In our program, their opinion on the matter expressed lawyer, political prisoner, former presidential candidate Ales Mikhalevich.
Michalevic: To be honest, I have no rational explanation for this situation. I've heard Americans in that the average sentence that gets people on the basis of the court — almost seven years. While even in the Soviet Union, the average term was 3 years old. This indicates kinks in the system. We also add that the Belarusian judicial system is almost no acquittals. If a person has served in jail, then it is guaranteed that it will be recognized that he is guilty.
And this system should change very seriously. Many articles that explain not just a normal person, what is the composition of his crimes. From which I conclude that Belarus anyway high percentage of prisoners, shall we say, wrongly or without cause.
Belarusian prison. History and the Present
In this part of the program we talk not only about the current state of the Belarusian penal system, but also about geography, history Belarusian jails, as well as their barman.
"The prison, which remembers a lot of the Belarusian national figures"
Today we tell about Vilna Lukishki that in neighboring Lithuania. At the beginning of the last century in the cells of the prison sounded Belarusian.
Prison Lukishki. Photo www.delfi.lt
Once upon a time this place was the old provincial jail, and the Russian Tsar Nicholas II ordered to build a prison. The prison facility, built in the years 1901-1904 (the Catholic church and the chapel completed in 1905), was one of the most modern in the Russian Empire and was called "the castle prison."
Prison Lukishki. Photo www.delfi.lt
The complex — a prison, remand center, the church of St.. Nicholas with five domes and a mural on the facade, a Catholic chapel, administrative offices for the head with the flat prison bakery, bath, kitchen, laundry and other outbuildings, surrounded by a brick wall.
The prison did not change his appearance and was used for its intended purpose by all the authorities. The prison compl
ex is protected by the state as a historical monument of the 20th century.
I now, even if you look at the pictures taken inside the prison today, into rooms with computers and flowers, kitchen, church and store-supermarkets for prisoners, one can imagine the conditions under which contained at the beginning of the last century concluded that one of the greatest in the Russian Empire "political" prisons.
The old building, which is recognized as a historical monument, does not meet current EU standards, and the current President of Lithuania Dalia Grybauskaite, who at the beginning of his presidency, visited Lukishki, called it "an open wound" in the center of the capital of Lithuania. Lukishki jail soon be closed — as planned by 2014.
Dalia Grybauskaite, however, said that the prison in which there and now "royal spirit" to "shut down as quickly as possible." The Minister of Justice of Lithuania said that if the prison closes, the building will be sold. Lukishki estimated at 120 million litas.
Prison Lukishki. Photo www.delfi.lt
Perhaps then there will be a museum, which is a significant part of its exposure to the Museum of History of the Belarusian literature, and want to see the camera, where in the last century, Mikhail Masharov wrote poems that Zoska Veras made of Lukishak secretly and issued his own expense as a separate book, where Anton Lutskevich translations into Belarusian "Jungle Book" by Rudyard Kipling, and Bronislaw Tarashkevich — "Iliad" of Homer. Maxim Tank in Lukishki not only wrote poetry, but also published a handwritten journal "Moles". Here's an example of what was then the prison poetry of poetry Maxim Tank:
Look, spring is coming.
Ringing in my window hardware.
With a rifle guard night and day
Incense lilac bush guards.
And he flourished, the fire is lit,
So fragrant, soft, blue,
At the barbed wire on the walls,
As a scarf, threw flames.
I quietly woke the others.
Chenille eyes from tears lilac.
And somewhere crunched into thin
Hands of rusty iron.
And here is an example of prison poetry Fedor Illyashevicha:
Street! Street! Street!
The ones that gave me the rhythm …
I want syagonnya raschulitstsa,
After all, remember you as a myth.
You have not seen for a long time, closed,
Long dreamed I dreamed,
I dreamed of noise and ringing,
The flood of electric light …
Syagonnya was bliss … I doused
Happiness — swan feathers …
Saw the streets if the police
Show on the pavement, bound in a chain.
In Lukishki sat many other well-known Belarusian writers — Valentine Tavlay, Ales Sologub. Some began to write poetry is in this prison. For example, Alexander Sologub only here and was a poet as well as after the release of secretly came over the border into the Byelorussian SSR, where he was captured and shot. His collection of poems "Lukishki" (1929) had come out into the light.
Lukishki — a historic place for the Belarusian literature, as evidenced by the ontology of the Vilnius Belarus Sergei Dubovcy poetry, part of which consists of Lukishki prison poetry.
Article 167 of the Criminal Execution Code of the Republic of Belarus provides conditional release from punishment because of severe mental, physical or infectious disease. In the language of the penal system is called aktyrovkay. In the former USSR aktyrovtsy be prisoners with diagnoses of schizophrenia, neaperabelny cancer, tuberculosis, with a number of infections caused by golden stafilyakokam, but with other life-threatening diseases. The final decision on the release of the arrested in connection with health and medical administration solve part of the colony.
In practice, most of the prison, so to say, "leave due to injury." This is when a prisoner receives a severe disability as a result of risky forms of suicide. Prisoner of conscience Valery Levaneuski recalls one of the cases which he had witnessed in the Mogilev Colony:
"When I was as a person stuck a pin in the heart itself. In soft muscle. Course, it took an ambulance. Incidentally, fast in jail or prison — this is an exceptional case. Usually cost within their means. And then the man was dying. After treatment He was released on parole on disability. This was an older man, he was a small sentence, but he did not comply. He was told other prisoners, among whom were physicians, where you can drive a certain sharp object. This is a point which is beyond the millimeter from vital organs. This is a big risk, but it go, because I do not stand sanctioned administration of torture. "
For heavy psycho-somatic diseases, the prisoner with them, according to Levanevskogo and other prisoners, "do not shine" not only parole, but with proper medical care.
On the history of 30-year-old Minsk resident Boris, a former athlete, who was serving a three-year sentence in prison and recently returned home very sick man, "Freedom" was told by his relatives. After serving his sentence leather men had many boils and carbuncles, get rid of that does not help any ointment. As it turned out the survey, it was not only in the skin. The young man had a lung abscess, serious problems with the gastrointestinal tract, the kidneys. Relatives of Boris managed to find an experienced doctor, who advised the patient to make imunagramu. Sowing showed that his body is full of golden stafilyakoku.
This microbe spreads easily in places zgramazhennya people with weakened immune systems, including those in prisons. Once in the body, anaerobic infection to multiply rapidly, creating a whole colonies of golden-yellow color. Golden stafilyakok can cause a range of illnesses, from boils, carbuncles, skin abscesses to pneumonia, meningitu, osteomyelitis, endocarditis, toxic shock, sepsis.
Boris shows that he was sick sore mostly in jail, where there was a lot of dirty bums, and they had to sleep on the floor. If the administration for any violations of the human throws in a punishment cell, it does not look that has a fever over thirty-eighth
Boris"I was really very sick. Temperature was below 39 degrees. Has led me in jail, and I said to them:" You have to take me at all. "What are they," Oh, no fooling! . " And, of course, did not lead. A doctor, of course, are not aroused. There are only inmates doctor. The camera starts pounding, screaming that person is bad. A physician is 10-20-30 minutes, although he is in a mere 25 meters, for half a minute.
They react only when some cut the vein, and the blood starts to flow along the corridor … "
Boris himself believes that if its conclusion has continued for several months, it would probably be transferred to the hospital, where he was a couple of days, as other severe patients have died quietly. As for aktyrovki, it is unlikely that it came to her at all.
Another prisoner, Sergey, in his letter to the "Freedom" wrote:
"In practice, aktyrovka used very rarely, with very severe disease at advanced stage when the person needs to live almost a few days. More often, there are cases when it is bought for money. As for categories of patients — Freaks, cancer and tuberculosis — which theoretically have a chance of release for health reasons, then placed in a spetspsyhushku Freaks, without any chance of getting out of there. tubercular taken to Orsha. Individuals with advanced cancer were taken earlier in the somatic bolnichki while she worked. principal anesthetic there were analgin yes aspirin. Some die
d there, some very rare, released to die in freedom. "